Celestial Seasonings – October 2021

By Heather Durham | September 30, 2021

Greetings everyone and welcome to the latest edition of Celestial Seasonings! This month, we have a plethora of meteor showers along with a new YouTube video for this month that I highly recommend you start with before planning your sky watching shows. Included as well, is a link to meteor showers created and maintained by NASA. You can put a meteor shower date on this NASA page and view prior showers. 

Our autumn equinox began in the afternoon of September 22. It’s pumpkin spice and apple picking season. Warm days and cool nights produce the changing color of the leaves on our trees. Then we are able to feast our senses on all that nature has to offer this time of year along with our journeys into the night skies. 

Have a pleasant month, enjoy yourselves and look forward to your astronomical offerings.


October 5. The Camelopardalis meteor shower will put on a fine display this evening. This comes from the Constellation Draco and should produce overnight with its finest show just before dawn. According to Wikipedia, this “is a large but faint Constellation in the northern sky representing a giraffe.”

October 8. On this date, we will enjoy another meteor shower from the Constellation Draco – the Draconids. Dusk will be ideal time for viewing. In 1933 and 1946, the Draconids were “among the most impressive meteor storms of the 21st century.”

October 9. The Moon and Venus will rise closely to one another while rising to the right.

October 10. The Southern Taurid meteor shower in the Constellation Cetus will display for approximately 12 hours from 7 pm until 7 am the next morning. Because of their occurrence in late October and early November, they are also called Halloween Fireballs.” Saturn will begin moving towards the east again.

October 11. The δ-Auridid [Delta-Auridid] meteor shower in the Constellation Auriga will bring a display tonight. The comet Kiess (C/1911_N1) is the source of this shower.

October 12. Tonight, our Moon will be at first quarter.

October 14. The Moon and Saturn will come close to each other and ascend right.

October 15. The Moon and Jupiter will come close to one another and rise to the right.

October 18. Jupiter will begin moving east again. The ε-Geminid [Epsilon-Geminid] meteor shower from the Constellation Gemini should be visible most of the evening. This is one of two meteor showers that do not stem from comets, but from object 3200 Phaethon, an asteroid.

October 20. The full Hunter’s Moon is tonight.

October 21. The Orionids meteor shower from the Constellation Orion will display tonight. According to Wikipedia, this “is the most prolific meteor shower associated with Halley’s Comet.” A dwarf planet known as 136108 Haumea, will travel close by the Sun. The Moon and Uranus will closely approach one another in the evening sky.

October 23. Mercury will move towards half phase and will be visible just before dawn.

October 24. Tonight, the Leonis Minorid meteor shower will put on a display but is faint. This comes from the Constellation Leo Minor. The Moon will move as far away from the Earth in its orbit. Mercury will travel to its farther distance from the Sun.

October 26. The open star cluster, NGC869 in Perseus will be in the evening sky, but difficult to see without equipment.

October 27. NGC884 also from Perseus will be on display but difficult to see with a naked eye.

This and NGC869 may be referred to as a Double Cluster.

October 28. Mercury will reach its highest location in the sky on this date. Venus will move towards half phase. The Moon will be at its last quarter.

October 29. Venus will move to its furthest distance from the Sun.

References:

Ford, D.F. (n.d.). October 2021. Retrieved from in-the-sky.org.

Jenniskens. P. (n.d.). NASA Meteor Shower Portal. Retrieved from cams.seti.org/FDL/index.html

Wikipedia, (2020, April 2). Aurigids. Retrieved from en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurigids.

Wikipedia. (2021, July 28). Camelopardalis. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camelopardalis.

Wikipedia. (2021, April 27). Draconids. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Draconids.

Wikipedia, (2021, August 13). Geminids. Retrieved from en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Geminids.

Wikipedia, (2021, July 4). Taurids. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taurids.

YouTube. (2021, September 15). October 2021 Astronomical Events. Retrieved from youtu.be/rCr6y2RIFsY

Celestial Seasonings – September 2021

By Heather Durham | August 31, 2021

This month brings a great deal of activity for sky watchers. We have three meteor showers, the Harvest Moon and also the autumnal equinox along with other sites. I’ve included a Youtube video in the References, which should be viewed first for a close up visual effect. Enjoy folks and feel free to write or comment please. Thank you so much and I hope you have an opportunity to enjoy what’s ahead!


September 1. The Aurigid meteor shower should reach its peak today. From the eastern horizon, this will become visible after 10 pm and remain active until dawn. This shower comes from the constellation Auriga. You may be able to see about 5 showers per hour providing the weather cooperates. The Aurigid does not appear every year according to Wikipedia. The last time it peaked was in 2007.

September 9. The September e-Perseid meteor shower will peak today and will be most vibrant. This is from the Constellation Perseus. The Moon and Venus will rise and head towards the right together. According to Wikipedia, “the constellation gives its name to the Perseid cluster, a massive galaxy cluster located 250 million miles from Earth.

September 10. The Moon and Venus will travel closely to one another.

September 13. The first quarter of the Moon will appear in the shy tonight. Mercury will travel to its further distance from the Sun heading east.

September 15. The Moon and Saturn will rise together and pass each other as closely as ever.

2021-09 - PlanetsSeptember 18. The Moon and Jupiter will rise to the right in close proximity to one another this evening.

September 20. The full Harvest Moon will brighten up the night sky. This is the Harvest Moon for it is the closest one to the autumnal equinox.

September 22. The autumn equinox arrives today in the northern hemisphere and spring in the Southern Hemisphere. An equinox date brings us almost 12 hours or daylight and nightlight.

2021-09 - EarthThis is the second of two equinoxes each year where the center of the Sun lies directly over the Equator.

September 27. The Daytime Sextanid meteor shower from the Constellation Sextans will peak today and might be visible from New Hampshire from around 4:23 pm in the evening until dawn comes just past 6:00 am. According to Wikipedia,” the Constellation is the location of the field studied by the COSMOS Project, under taken by the Hubble Space Telescope.”

September 28. The Harvest Moon will show its last quarter.


References:

Ford, D.F. (n.d.). September 2021. Retrieved from In-the-Sky.Org/Newscal.Php?Month=9&year=2021&maxdiff=1#datesel.

Wikipedia. (2020, April 22). Aurigid. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurigids

Wikipedia. (2021, July 13). September e-Perseids. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perseus_(constellation)

Wikipedia. (2021, July 13). Sextans. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sextans

Youtube. (2021, August 14). September 2021 Astronomical Calendar. Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDDAXcbbkKg

Celestial Seasonings – July 2021

By Heather Durham | June 30, 2021

Hi everyone! Welcome to this month’s edition of Celestial Seasonings! In keeping with my musings in the June addition, I have added a graphic and the only video I could find pertaining to the meteor showers we are expecting this month.  More time and research is needed. In the meantime, check out what’s available for your viewing pleasure this July.


July 1. The Strawberry Moon will be in its last quarter.

July 5. Mercury will be located at it’s farthest place from the Sun. Although we are in midsummer, the Earth will be located at it’s farthest point from the Sun.

July 9. Half of Mercury will be visible this morning.

July 12. The Moon and Venus will ascend to the right together.

July 13. Mercury will ascend to it’s highest location in the sky.

July 17. The first quarter of the Moon will appear.

July 23. The full Buck Moon will appear this evening. Bucks’ antlers grow this time of year.

July 24. The Moon and Saturn will ascend to the right and will be very close to one another.

July 25. The Moon and Jupiter will ascend to the right direction and will be close to each other.

July 28. The Piscis Austrinid meteor shower will peak today.

July 30. The Southern Delta-Aquariid meteor shower will peak today.  These showers are very faint. The Alpha-Capricornid meteor shower will also peak today during which time you may see up to five meteors. Most meteors are smaller than a grain of sand but usually disintegrate before reaching Earth.

Meteor Over LindisfarneJuly 31. The last quarter of the Moon is this evening.


References:

Anonymous, A.A. (2020, May 10). Meteor Shower. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meteor_shower

Ford, D.F.(2021, June 28). July 2021. Retrieved from in-the-sky.org/newscal.php

Now Next. (2021, May 27). July 2021 Astronomical Events. Retrieved from youtu.be/LmP66__L36Y

Wikipedia. (2021, January 15). Alpha-Capricornids. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alpha_Capricornids

Celestial Seasonings – June 2021

By Heather Durham | May 31, 2021

Hello there everyone!  Welcome to the month of June during which time we celebrate the summer solstice.  There’s plenty of excitement this month including two meteor showers along with a phenomenon commonly referred to as retrograde and the full strawberry moon.  This Moon is the most colorful one of the year.

Below is a meteor shower graphic along with three YouTube videos that pertain to the astronomical events this month along with a bit of last month’s activity.  I hope to add more references and graphics, photos and videos in future issues.  There’s also a link to a graphic description of the eclipse that will give you an idea of how it will appear.

So come along as we begin our adventure into the night skies of June 2021!


June 1. The Moon and Jupiter will rise closely to one another.

June 2. The Moon will be at its last quarter.

June 10. The Moon will pass the sun providing a 74% eclipse visible from Dover, NH The link below will give you a visual view of what this should look like. The Daytime Arietid meteor shower will peak today with the best viewing be after 2:40 am, but before sunrise.  This is one of the brightest daytime meteor showers there is.

Daytime Arietids - Per F.C. Cain
Daytime Arietids (Per F.C. Cain).

June 17. The Moon will be at first quarter.

June 20. Jupiter may be seen moving west to east.  This is called Retrograde. Today is the summer solstice and the longest day of the year. It may be referred to as midsummer.

June 24. The full Strawberry Moon will be full.

June 27. The Moon and Saturn will rise closely to one another. The June Bootid meteor shower will be at its peak today with the best viewing at twilight. The meteors are slow and are known to be unpredictable.

June 28. The Moon and Jupiter will rise closely to one another.


References:

Anonymous, A.A. (2020, April 20). June Bootids. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/June_Bootids

Anonymous, A.A. (2020, December 29). Daytime Arietids. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arietids

Cain, F.C. (n.d.). Daytime Arietids [Graphic]. Retrieved from www.universetoday.com/102715/june-arietids-the-invisible-meteor-shower-you-just-

Ford, D.F. (2021, January 5). June 2021. Retrieved from in-the-sky.org/newscal.php?month=6&year=2021&maxdiff=1#datesel

Late Night Astronomy. (2021, April 1). What’s Up In The Night Sky – May & June 2021. Retrieved from youtu.be/tuyNLOrQi5E

NBC News. (2019, June 19). Why June’s Strawberry Moon is the most colorful of the Year. Retrieved from youtu.be/7kbMuUeqoMw

Now Next. (2021, April 24). June 2021 Astronomical Events. Retrieved from youtu.be/Oi4BYiq3ero

Celestial Seasonings – April 2021

By Heather Durham | March 31, 2021

Greetings folks! It’s long overdue for adding a photo or two. I found this one and thought I would add it along with this month’s only meteor shower. Enjoy! There will be more in future postings.


April 1. The Moon will be in its final quarter.

April 6. The Moon and Saturn will rise in close proximity with each other.

April 7. The Moon and Jupiter will rise tonight in close proximity of each other.

Lyrid Meteor Shower
April Lyrids Over Thanlyin (Yu Aung Thu/AFP/Getty)

April 17. Mars and the Moon, in close proximity to each other will rise tonight.

April 20. The Moon will be at first quarter.

April 22. The Lyrid meteor shower from the Constellation Hercules will be at its peak. Earth will pass through the Comet C/1861 Thatcher, causing this event. The Lyrids are the oldest recorded meteor shower, first observed in China in 690 BCE. Occasionally, the Lyrids can produce up to 100 meteors per hour even though they are generally weak.

April 26. The Moon will be full.


References:

Anonymous. (2021, February 2). Lyrids. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyrids

Debczak, M. (2021, March 15). Dont Miss The Lyrid Meteor Shower Lightning Up The Evening Sky in April 2021. Retrieved from www.mentalfloss.com/article/643660/lyrid-meteor-shower-april-2021

Ford, D.F. (2021, March 20). Calendar of Astronomical Events. Retrieved from in-the-sky.org/newscal.php?month=4&year=2021&maxdiff=1#datesel

Thu, Y.A. (2018, April 17). April Lyrids Over Thanlyin [Photograph]. Retrieved from www.space.com/40303-lyrid-meteor-shower-best-photos.html

Vaughan, K.V. (2021, March 16). Heres When You Can See The Lyrid Meteor Shower in 2021. Retrieved from www.marthastewart.com/8075855/lyrid-meteor-shower-april-2021

Celestial Seasonings – March 2021

By Heather Durham | February 28, 2021

Daffodils by William Wordsworth

I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o’er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the milky way,
They stretched in never-ending line
Along the margin of a bay:
Ten thousand saw I at a glance,
Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.
The waves beside them danced; but they
Out-did the sparkling waves in glee:
A poet could not but be gay,
In such a jocund company:
I gazed – and gazed – but little thought
What wealth the show to me had brought:
For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood,
They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude;
And then my heart with pleasure fills,
And dances with the daffodils.

(Ed.: William Wordsworth would seem to have been a favorite poet of Milton’s Rev. Newell Wordsworth Whitman, who chose it for his middle name (As Walt Whitman was apparently another favorite poet)).


March 2 – Mercury will shine brightly as it moves to half phase.

March 5 – The Moon will be in its last quarter.

March 6 – Mercury will be moving away to its furthest place from the Sun.

March 9 – The Moon and Saturn will rise and travel close to each other.

March 10 – The Moon and Jupiter will rise together.

March 19 – The Moon and Mars will rise closely to one another.

March 20 – This is the first day of spring when everyone both in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres have close to equal 12 hours of daylight as well as 12 hours of night. The Sun makes it’s annual trip through the Constellations bringing it across the celestial equator.

March 21 – The Moon will be at first quarter.

March 28 – The Moon will be full. It will appear larger and brighter and will be high in the sky. There are many Moon names, but this one, whereas it is the first occurrence of a full moon following the spring equinox, may be referred to as the Egg Moon. Venus will delight us for being at its brightest.


References:

In The Sky. (December 28, 2020). Night Sky Guide. Retrieved from in-the-sky.org/data/data.php

Khurana, Simran. (2020, August 27). William Wordsworth’s ‘Daffodils’ Poem. Retrieved from thoughtco.com/quotes-about-daffodils-2831299

Wikipedia. (2020, February 18). William Wordsworth. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Wordsworth

Celestial Seasonings Special Report: Groundhog Day 2021

By Heather Durham | February 1, 2021

GROUNDHOG DAY – February 2, 2021

February 2 is the pivot point between the winter solstice and the spring equinox, Groundhog Day.  The largest celebration in the U.S. is held in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania where the folklore has it that their groundhog(woodchuck), named Punxsutawney Phil, emerges from hibernation on either a sunny day when he may be able to see his shadow or a cloudy day during which time, poor Phil won’t be able to see his shadow.  Accordingly, if Phil sees his shadow, we can expect six more weeks of winter, otherwise spring is on it’s way.

2021 brings us to the 135th year of their celebration which usually draws about 40,000 people. This year during our Covid pandemic, Punxsutawney Phil will be wearing a mask like the others in attendance. No fans will be allowed to attend and the others will be socially distant while the celebration will be held inside behind closed doors.

Regardless, you will be able to view this year’s events by clicking on the following: Groundhog Day 2021 Livestream, Punxsutawney, PA (Begins at 6:30 AM).

Groundhog Day - 2021GROUNDHOG DAY HISTORY

There are several cultures that celebrate this time of year.  Our traditions stem from the Pennsylvania Dutch who immigrated from German speaking countries of Europe. For Christians, February 2, also begins the celebration of Candlemas which is most widely known as a Catholic as well as Lutheran festival who accepted the same folklore as Groundhog Day. For the Celts, it meant looking forward to the birth of farm animals along with crop planting- time of Imbolc. There was a belief that bears and badgers came out of hibernation on this day during the Middle Ages. Many celebrations around the world occur on this date.

Victor Hugo, in “Les Misérables,” (1864) discussed the day as follows:

“…it was the second of February, that ancient Candlemas-day whose treacherous sun, the precursor of six weeks of cold, inspired Matthew Laensberg with the two lines, which have deservedly become classic: ‘Qu’il luise ou qu’il luiserne, L’ours rentre en sa caverne.’

[Let it gleam or let it glimmer, The bear goes back into his cave]” (Hugo, 1864).

At this point, you are probably wondering how Groundhog Day became so popular here, especially in Pennsylvania. Well, the city editor of a publication named Punxsutawney Spirit, Clymer H. Freas, became deeply intrigued by a group of groundhog hunters during the 1880’s. He repeated the folklore every year and embellished it to promote Punxsutawney Phil as the great long range weather forecaster.  These stories were told in other newspapers and publications to such an extent that Punxsutawney Phil and his predictions became known throughout the world.


References:

Breyer, Melissa. (2018, October 11). Punxsutawney Phil Is Correct Only 52 Percent of the Time. Retrieved from https://www.treehugger.com/punxsutawney-phil-correct-only-percent-time-4848611

Gunther, Shea. (2020, January 31). 6 Things Most People Don’t Know About Groundhog Day. Retrieved from https://www.treehugger.com/things-most-people-dont-know-about-groundhog-day-4862460

Holiday Insights. (2021). Groundhog Day 2021. Retrieved from http://www.holidayinsights.com/other/ghog.htm

Hugo, Victor. “Les Misérables.” Trans. Fahnestock and MacAfee, based on Wilbour. Signet Classics, NY, 1987. p. 725.

McLendon, Russell. (2020, January 31). Why Do We Celebrate Groundhog Day? Retrieved from https://www.treehugger.com/why-do-we-celebrate-groundhog-day-4862765

VisitPA. (2021, January 25). Groundhog Day 2021. Retrieved from https://www.visitpa.com/article/groundhog-day

VisitPA. (2021, February 2). Groundhog Day 2021 Livestream. Retrieved from https://www.visitpa.com/live-stream-phils-prediction

Wikipedia. (2021, January 29). Groundhog Day. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groundhog_Day

Celestial Seasonings – February 2021

By Heather Durham | January 31, 2021

This February is not only the shortest month of this year, but astronomical events as well are few and far between this year. Be on the lookout tomorrow, for a Celestial Seasonings special post about the story of Groundhog Day. There’s more to it than that which was written for us in the poem below. It is celebrated every February 2, the midpoint between the end of winter and the beginning of spring.

Groundhog Day
By Nancy Hughes

Out of his hole, he poked his snout
and wondered what all the fuss was about.
They snatched him up and named him Phil
Then took him to a Pennsylvania hill.

He lives up there in luxury
to predict spring’s arrival for you and me.
Just once a year he’s on display.
They’ve even named it Groundhog Day!

He’s quite amazed, he must confess,
that his shadow has brought him so much success.
He’ll never retire … not ever, no way.
He has the best job in the whole USA!


February 2 – Groundhog Day

February 4 – Today, we will have the last quarter of the Moon.

February 18 – The Moon and Mars will rise together as well as close to each other, in the evening sky. The Moon will be 7 days old.

February 19 – This day will bring the first quarter of the Moon.

February 24 – Mercury will ascend to its highest point in the sky this evening.

February 27 – The Moon will be full today. Because this is the third Moon of Winter 2021, this one is known as the Lenten Moon.


References:

In The Sky. (December 28, 2020). Night Sky Guide. Retrieved from in-the-sky.org/data/data.php

Scrapbook.com. (January 29,2021), Groundhog Day. Retrieved from www.scrapbook.com/poems/doc/12880.html

Celestial Seasonings – January 2021

By Heather Durham | December 31, 2020

“To appreciate the beauty of a snowflake, it is necessary to stand out in the cold.” – Aristotle.

January 2. The Earth will make its closest approach to the sun in its annual orbit.

January 3. Today we will have the Quadrantid meteor shower of the new year. This is from the Constellation Bootes. This named shower occurs in January and can be as rich and prolific as the Perseids or the Geminids. At times lasting for only a few hours, this will be at its peak intensity. Showers may seem faint in the night sky.

January 6. The Moon will be in its final quarter.

January 19. Today will bring another meteor shower: the y-Ursae Minorid from the Constellation Ursa Minor. This Constellation is also known as Little Bear when compared with Ursa Major.

January 20. The Moon will be at first quarter today.

January 21. Today, the Moon and Mars will rise closely with one another. Uranus will be joining the Moon and Mars. Mars is almost the smallest planet with the exception of Mercury. Uranus has 27 known moons.

January 23. Mercury will reach its greatest separation from the Sun today.

January 25. Mercury will reach its half phase today. This event may be a bit difficult to see with the naked eye.

January 26. Mercury will reach it’s highest point in the sky tonight. It is the smallest planet as well as the one closest to the Sun.

January 28. Full Moon today. Whereas it’s the second full Moon of winter, some refer to it as the Wolf Moon.


References:

In The Sky. (December 28, 2020). Night Sky Guide. Retrieved from in-the-sky.org/data/data.php

Wikipedia. (2020, November 23). Mars. Retrieved from en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars

Wikipedia. (2020, October 17). Mercury. Retrieved from en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercury

Wikipedia. (2020, December 4), Quadrantid Meteor Shower. Retrieved from en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Quadrantid_meteor_shower

Wikipedia. (2020, November 20). Ursa Minor. Retrieved from en.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Ursa_Minor

Celestial Seasonings – December 2020

By Heather Durham | November 30, 2020

December 21 brings with it the final solstice of 2020 – the Winter Solstice along with an astronomical once in a lifetime event that last happened in 1623. Here is a quote I selected to describe this solstice.

There is a privacy about it which no other season gives you … In spring, summer and fall people sort of have an open season on each other; only in the winter, in the country, can you have longer, quiet stretches when you can savor belonging to yourself. – Ruth Stout.

December 5. The φ-Cassiopeid [Phi-Cassiopeid] meteor shower, from the Constellation Andromeda, will show this date. It will be prevalent throughout the night.

December 7. Today, we will have the last quarter of the Moon.

December 8. The Monocerotid meteor shower in the Constellation Monoceros, will be on display. This will remain active until dawn.

December 11. The σ-Hydrid [Sigma-Hydrid] meteor shower, from the Constellation Hydra, will put on a show. As was the case with the Monocerotid shower, this too, should be visible until dawn.

December 14. Yet another meteor shower – the Geminid, in the Constellation Gemini, will sprinkle the evening skies on this date. Yet another one with prime viewing near dawn.

December 15. The Comae Berenicid meteor shower, from the Constellation Leo, will be great today. This should be around until after dawn breaks.

December 16. The Moon and Jupiter will rise closely to one another.

December 17. The Moon along with Jupiter and Saturn will rise closely to one another.

December 19. The Leonid Minorid meteor shower, from the Constellation Leo Minor, should be prolific today. It’s best show will be at 5:00 EST.

December 21. Today is the midwinter solstice – the shortest amount of daylight. Jupiter and Saturn will rise very closely to one another [The Great Conjunction]. These two planets haven’t risen this closely since 1623. The Moon will be at first quarter.

December 22. We will be delighted with the Ursid meteor shower, from the Constellation Ursa Minor today. This will be active throughout the night.

December 23. The Moon and Mars will rise closely to one another.

December 29. This date will bring us the first full Moon of winter. It is referred to as the Old Moon.


References:

Hunt, Jeffrey L. (2020, February 20). 1623: The Great Conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn. Retrieved from whenthecurveslineup.com/2020/02/20/1623-the-great-conjunction-of-jupiter-and-saturn/

In The Sky. (2020, November 28). Night Sky Guide. Retrieved from in-the-sky.org/data/data.php

Wikipedia. (2020, October 14). Coma Berenicids. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coma_Berenicids

Wikipedia. (2020, November 4). Geminids. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geminids

Wikipedia. (2020, November 29). Great Conjunction. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_conjunction

Wikipedia. (2020, November 26). Leonids. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonids

Wikipedia. (2020, November 21). Monocerotids. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monocerotids

Wikipedia. (2020, July 23). Sigma Hydrids. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sigma_Hydrids

Wikipedia. (2020, April 18). Ursids. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ursids

Wise Old Sayings. (2020 November 27). Winter Sayings and Winter Quotes. Retrieved from www.wisesayings.com/winter-quotes/#ixzz6f1YQxqKw