Celestial Seasonings – August 2021

By Heather Durham | July 31, 2021

Greetings Folks! I hope you are enjoying your summer and sky watching. This month, I added three videos that will give you a greater perspective as well as more in-depth information on our evening skies this month. There is one about our Moon, the most popular as well as easily visible happenings, plus.

The day will come when diligent research over long periods will bring to light things that now are hidden. A single life time, even though entirely devoted to research, would not be enough for the investigation of so vast a subject… And so this knowledge will be unfolded through long suggestive ages. There will come a time when our descendants will be amazed that we did not know things that are so plain to them… Many discoveries are reserved for ages still to come, when memory of us will have been effaced. Our universe is a sorry little affair unless it has in it something for every age to investigate… Nature does not reveal her mysteries once and for all (Seneca, Natural Questions, Book 7, ca. first century).

This month, we have the Perseids, the Seasonal Blue Moon and more so let’s get to reading this summarization.

August 2. Saturn will align with the Earth and Sun. Saturn will be as high as it ever is as well as very bright.

Sunrise Behind EarthWhen a planet is at opposition, it forms a straight line with the Earth and the Sun, with the Earth at the center of the three. According to Royal Observatory in London, opposition typically presents the best opportunities for viewing far-off planets like Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune because the planets will be brightly illuminated and riding high in the sky (Smithsonianmag.com).

August 11. The Moon and Venus will rise and ascend close together.

August 12. The Perseid meteor shower will peak today. Between moonset and dawn the next morning will be for prime viewing.

August 15. The Moon will be at first quarter.

SaturnAugust 20. The Moon and Saturn will ascend closely together.

August 22. The Moon and Jupiter will rise closely to one another. Jupiter will be bright and right above the moon then later, to the right of the Moon. The Sturgeon Blue Moon will be full.

The moon’s name derives from America’s largest freshwater fish, the lake sturgeon. While they used to thrive, sturgeon fish are now one of the most critically endangered species. Legend has it that, during August’s full moon, you can still catch a glimpse of a sturgeon fish in America’s lakes (Countryliving.com).

August 24. Mercury will peak today.

August 30. The Moon will be at its last quarter.


Brian Dunbar, B.D. (2020, April 10). Planets. Retrieved from https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/overview/

Eyes Turned Skyward. (2021). Astronomy & Cosmology. Retrieved from www.eyesturnedskyward.com/astronomyquotes.html 

Ford, D.F. (2021, July 10). August 2021 Events. Retrieved from https://in-the-sky.org/newscal.php?month=8&year=2021&maxdiff=1#datesel

McGreevy, N.M. (2021, January 7). 10 Celestial Events to Look Forward to in 2021. Retrieved from https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/ten-celestial-events-look-forward-2021-180976687/

Nieskins, A.N. [Old Farmer’s Almanac]. (2019, April 30). The Full Moon [Video]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/jiRUNI_GDwk

Now, N.N. [New Now]. (2021a, June 26). Perseids Meteor Shower 2021 [Video]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/tnluA3d6ehA

Now, N.N. [New Now]. (2021b, July 1). Blue Moon, August 22, 2021 [Video]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/MmDP6WKUe4c

Walden, L.W. (2020, August 2). The Sturgeon Moon. Retrieved from https://www.countryliving.com/uk/news/a28560453/full-sturgeon-moon-august/

Milton Mills’ Block Printer John Meikle (1835-c1904)

By Muriel Bristol | July 25, 2021

John Meikle was born in Glasgow, Scotland, circa April 1835, son of James and Jane Miekle.

John Meikle married, circa 1856, Mary McArthur (or McCarthy). She was born in Scotland, circa May 1836.

Daughter Mary J. “Jennie” Meikle was born in Milford, NH, in October 1858.

John Mickel, a machine printer, aged twenty-six years (b. Scotland), headed a Lowell, MA, household at the time of the Eighth (1860) Federal Census. His household included Mary Mickel, aged twenty-two years (b. Scotland), and Jane Mickel, aged two years (b. MA [SIC]). John Mikel had personal estate valued at $80.

Son John Miekle, Jr., was born in Massachusetts, probably Lowell, MA, in October 1860.

John Meikle, a calico printer, aged twenty-six years (b. Glasgow, Scotland), enlisted in the NH Militia in Milford, NH, October 24, 1861, for the term of three years. He was 5′ 7½” tall, with blue eyes, light hair, and a fair complexion. He was mustered into Co. B, of the 8th NH Volunteer Infantry Regiment, in Manchester, NH, December 20, 1861. He was promoted to Corporal, July 16, 1862; wounded at Port Hudson, LA, June 14, 1863; and mustered out at New Orleans, LA, October 24, 1964 (NH Adjutant, 1895).

Son Andrew J. Meikle was born in Milton Mills, May 30, 1866. (At the time of his death, in 1934, it was said in his death certificate that his father had been a dye mixer).

Daughter Jeanette “Nellie” Miekle was born in Milton Mills, circa September 1868.

John Meikle, a printer in woolen mill, aged twenty-eight [thirty-four] years (b. Scotland), headed a Milton household at the time of the Ninth (1870) Federal Census. His household included Mary Meikle, keeping house, aged twenty-eight years (b. Scotland), Jane Meikle, at school, aged eleven years (b. NH), John Meikle, at school, aged nine years (b. MA), Andrew Meikle, aged four years (b. NH), and Jennette Meikle, aged two years (b. NH). John Meikle had real estate valued at $700 and personal estate valued at $300.

John Meikle appeared in the Milton business directory of 1871, as a Milton Mills dyer and table-cover printer (or painter). He appeared in the directories of 1873, 1874, 1875, and 1876, as a Milton Mills table and piano cover manufacturer. (It is unclear whether or not he was involved also with the woolen mills already there).

John Miekle of the I.O.O.F. Miltonia Lodge, No. 52, was inducted into the I.O.O.F. Grand Lodge, in Manchester, NH, October 13, 1875, he being a former Grand Master.

John Meikle would later be said (in 1907-08) to have built the Union Felt mill in Wakefield, NH, some thirty years before, i.e., circa 1876-77.

The woolen mill of Arthur L. Taft at Union was built by John Meikle, about thirty years ago. For twelve or fifteen years, Mr. Meikle manufactured felt and carried on block printing there, until the plant came into the possession of the Star Woolen Co., which remained only a few years (Mitchell-Cony, 1908)

.On March 1st , 1876, an agreement was made between John Meikle of Wakefield and Robert Taylor of Sanford, Maine to form a partnership under the name of “John Meikle and Company” at Union for the purpose of manufacturing and printing felt and woolen goods. The capital amounted to $9000, with Mr. Meikle investing $6000 and Mr. Taylor $3000. The two parties agreed to share the profits and losses in that ratio – Mr. Meikle to be the manager of the manufacturing and printing department and to have exclusive control of the operations. They bought one mill privilege and 242 acres of land from Robert H. Pike. The mill, known [later] as the Star Mill, was a 4 story building in Union (MacRury, 1987).

Meikle’s partner Taylor was a native of Lancashire, England, and had arrived in New York, NY, August 16, 1863. Robert Taylor, a printer in a mill, aged twenty-nine years (b. England), resided in 1870 in the Milton household of Cyrus F. Hart, a farm laborer, aged forty-nine years (b. NH). Taylor was naturalized in Alfred, ME, September 27, 1874.

Meikle’s Union Felt Mill ran into financial difficulties fairly quickly. One might say nowadays that it had a “cash flow” or “liquidity” problem, rather than any basic unsoundness. Meikle did surmount these initial difficulties, but the ensuing legal snarl provided us with a unique snapshot of his mill, suppliers, equipment, materials, and consigners. (More than we have for the Brierley mill, the Townsend mill, or the Miltonia mill).

John Meikle of Wakefield, NH, “assigned” his assets to Nathan Wimpfheimer of Somersworth, NH, May 15, 1877 (Carroll County Probate, 25:196). As they would have said at the time, Meikle’s business had become “embarrassed,” i.e., it could not pay its debts, and Wimpfheimer had been appointed by the court to run the business, or even liquidate it if necessary, in order to settle the outstanding accounts, either in full or to the extent possible. (Original partner Robert Taylor was not mentioned).

Nathan Wimpfheimer appeared in the Great Falls, [Somersworth,] NH, directory of 1878, as working for Wimpfheimer & Co., with his house on High Street (opposite the Great Falls Hotel). Wimpfheimer & Co., a partnership consisting of Nathan Wimpfheimer and H.A. Hayes, were dry goods merchants at 12 Central buildings on High Street. His partner, H. Ansel Hayes, had his house on Pleasant street.

First, Wimpfheimer sought to determine to whom Meikle owed money and in what amounts.

A list of the names and residence of all the creditors of said John Meikle the debtor and the amount and nature of their respective claims.

Chamberlain Bros., Boston, Mass., Account, $691.58; W.S. & F. Cordingley, Boston, Mass., [Account,] $315.84; Davis & Furber, Andover, Mass., [Account,] $3.60; C&W Slade, Boston, Mass. [Account,] $1839,68; Rawitser Bro’s. & Co., New York, [Account,] 760.82; Joseph Plummer, Milton, [Account,] $77.60; A&W Smith, Providence, R.I., [Account,] $2159.72; Holbrook Manfg. Co., New York, [Account,] $70.12; Tibbetts Bro’s., Great Falls, N.H., [Account,] $73.10; Richard Rothwell, Dover, N.H., [Account,] $250.00; John F. Titcomb, [Blank,] Labor, $18.00; Sullivan & Bowman, Newton Lower Falls, Mass., [Account,] $270.90; J.H. Roberts, Boston, Mass., [Account,] $3.47; Townsend & Co., Milton Mills, N.H., [Account,] $84.81; E. Briely & Co., Milton Mills, N.H., [Account,], $34.21; J.J. Duxbury, Dover, N.H., [Account,] $42.34; Wombeck Manf’g Co., Milton Mills, N.H., [Account,] $11.69; Benjamin Edgerly, Wakefield, N.H., [Account,] $34.38; James F. Baxter, Boston, Mass., [Acct.,] $4.15; Hagen & Co., Boston, Mass., [Acct.,] $10.04; W.D. Carpenter, Rochester, N.H. [Acct.,], $9.72; James Jenkins, Wakefield, N.H., [Acct.,] $2o.99; Robert H. Pike, Wakefield, N.H., [Acct.,] $242.98; Eastern Railroad, [Blank,] Freight, $48.39; Eben Osgood, [Blank], Acct., $40.00; Swamscott Co., Newmarket, N.H., [Acct..] $100.00; Amount carried over, $7216.12.

Meikle’s New York creditors appeared in the New York, NY, directory of 1877, as Holbrook Manuf. Co., soap, 62 Church street; and Rawitser & Brother, wool merchants, 92 Warren street.

Meikle’s Providence creditor appeared in the Providence, RI, directory of 1877, as Albert W. Smith, wool and waste merchant, at 13 Exchange place.

Meikle’s Boston creditors appeared in the Boston, MA, directory of 1877, as James T. Baxter, wool broker, at 152 Federal street; Chamberlain Bros. & Co., cotton and wool commission merchants, at 114 Federal street; William S. & Frank Cordingley, dealers in wool, waste, etc., at 490 to 496 Atlantic avenue; Hagar & Co., paper merchants, at 35 Arch street; James H. Roberts & Co., machinery, 118 and 120 Merrimac street; and Slade Dye, wood and dye stuff mills, at New street, near Sumner street, East Boston.

Meikle’s North Andover creditor was the Davis & Furber Machine Co. It specialized in woolen mill machinery.

Meikle’s Dover creditors appeared in the Dover, NH, directory of 1876, as John J. Duxbury, commercial agent manufacturing supply, house at 1 Union street; and Richard Rothwell, machinist, house at Young street, near Water street.

Meikle’s Great Falls creditors appeared in the Great Falls directory of 1876, as Tibbetts & Bro., hardware, iron and steel merchants, at 20 Market street.

Meikle’s Milton creditors were: Ebenezer Osgood, a Milton Mills blacksmith; Joseph Plummer, a Milton farmer; and John F. Titcomb, a Milton Mills carpenter.

Meikle’s Wakefield, NH, creditors were Benjamin Edgerly, a hardware dealer; James H. Junkins, a blacksmith; and Robert H. Pike, a hotel proprietor.

Next, Wimpfheimer took an inventory of the assets belonging to the troubled business. It included Meikle’s assets, including his property, machinery, stock, materials and debts owed to him.

Schedule of all the property embraced in the assignment of John Meikle to Nathan Wimpfheimer, for the benefit of all said Meikle’s creditors, dated May 15, 1877, a copy of which assignment is hereto annexed as follows, viz.

Real Estate. Felting Mill, Mill Privilege, Dam & Land connected therewith, and the fixed machinery in said mill, all situated on Union River, so called, at Union Village in Wakefield in the County of Carroll and State of New Hampshire, being the same mill and property heretofore occupied by the said Meikle estimated to be of the value of Four thousand dollars; $4000. Said property is subject to a mortgage of Robert H. Pike to secure said Meikle’s two notes for the sum of three hundred dollars each, and the interest that may be due thereon. Also subject to a mortgage to the Wolfeborough Savings Bank to secure said Meikle’s note for the sum of Three thousand dollars on which interest is paid to June 2d 1877. Also to a lien of the Swamscott Machine Company on the Steam Boiler in said mill, for the sum of Five hundred dollars and the interest thereon.

Swamscott Machine Boiler
Swamscott Machine Company Corliss Steam Boiler

Personal Property. Movable Machinery. Embossing Machine, $400.00; 3 Embossing Plates, $125 e., $375.00; 3 Hand Presses, $100.00; Printing Blocks, $100; [Total,] $975.00.

Manufactured Stock. 360 yds. Red Felting, .25, $90.00; 1785 yds. Lining Felt, .35, $624.75; 582 do. [Lining Felt], .35, $203.70; (in hands of Robert H. Peirce, Boston); 323 Table Covers, .50, $161.50; 288 do. [Table Covers,] 0.60, $172.80; (in hands of H.B. Claflin & Co., New York); 39 yds. Carpeting, .60, $23.40; 40 yds. Duck, .30, $12.00; [Total,] $1288.15.

HB Claflin Dept Store, New York, NY
Stereoscopic View of H.B. Claflin Department Store, New York, NY

Robert Pierce, in whose hands the felting lay, appeared in the Boston directory of 1877, as a commercial merchant at 17 Kingston street, with his house at Melrose, MA. Horace B. Claflin, in whose hands the table covers lay, appeared in the New York, NY, directory of 1877, as a dry goods merchant at 140 Church street, with his house at 55 Pierpont street, Brooklyn, NY.

Unfinished Goods. 324 yds. Felting, .20, $64.80; 94 do [yds.] Carpet Felt, .45, $42.30; 54 do. [yds.] Felting, .25, $13.50; [Total,] $120.60.

Wool and Shoddy. 560 lbs. Wool, .50, $280.00; 250 do. [lbs.] Blk do. [Wool], .30, $75.00; 148 do. [lbs.], Wool and Shoddy Mix, .25, $37.00; 1095 do. [lbs.] Shoddy, .17, $186.45; 578 do. [lbs.] Black do. [Shoddy], .08, $46.24; 100 do. [lbs.] do. [Black Shoddy], .15, $15.00; 150 do. [lbs.] Card Waste, .05, $7.50; 800 do. [lbs.] Felt Rags, .12, $96.00; 125 do. [lbs.] Grey [Rags], .08,; 80 do. [lbs.] Black Shoddy, .08,; Packing Cases & Wood,,; 5 Cords Soft Wood, 1.50,; 50 Packing Cases, 0.38,; Dyewoods, Dyestuffs, Chemicals &c.,,; 44 galls. Fastic, 4½,; 125 lbs. Grey Rags, .08, $10.00;  80 do. [lbs.] Black Shoddy, .05, $7.50; .08, $6.40.

The crossed-out error would seem to have been a “category error.” Wimpfheimer had begun to include packing materials and dyestuffs under wool and shoddy materials, rather than in their own category.

Packing Cases & Woods. 5 cords Soft Wood, 1.50, $7.50; 50 Packing Cases, .38, $19.00.

Dyewoods, Dyestuffs, Chemicals &c. 44 galls. Fastic, 4½, $1.98; 44 do. [galls.] Extr. Sapan, .15, $6.60; 10 do. [galls.] Archel, .25, $2.50; 12 lbs. Oxalic Acid, .75, $9.00; 6 do. [lbs.] Blue Stone, .12, $.72; 6 do. [lbs.] Bro. Potash, .20, $1.20; 40 do. [lbs.] Cochineal, .75, $30.00; 4 do. [lbs.] Sal Ammoniac, .16, $.64; 6 do. [lbs.] Calorinc, .20, $1.20; 270 do. [lbs.] Alum, .03, $8.10; 100 do. [lbs.] Tin Crystals, .18, $18.00; 6 galls. Extr. Indigo, .20, $1.20; 18 lbs. Gum Arabic, .35, $6.30; 18 do. [lbs.] Block Tin, .25, $4.50; 400 do. [lbs.] Pipe Clay, .01¾, $7.00; 500 do. [lbs.] Fulling Soap, .07, $35.00; 60 galls. Red Liquor, .20, $12.00; 25 do. [galls.] Chlorite Potash, .20, $5.00; 60 do. [galls.] Extr. Logwood, .32½, $19.50; 55 do. [galls.] Red Liquor, .20, $11.00; 400 lbs. Soda Ash, .04, $16.00; 10 do. [lbs.] Nitric Acid, .60, $6.00; 150 do. [lbs.] Muriatic do. [Acid], .02½, $3.75; 25 do. [lbs.] Picric do. [Acid], .40, $10.00;; 12 do. [lbs.] Copperas, .01½, $.18; [Total] $1003.46; 6 lbs. Flavin, .60, $3.60; 188 do. [lbs.] Starch, .06, $11.28; [Subtotal,] $14.88; 2 Scales, $12.00; Horse Waggon, Sleigh & Harness, $100; 150 lbs., Chloride of Lime, 0.04,  $6.00.

Accounts Due. Jordan Marsh &Co., $248.00; F.E. Duglas, 43.50. [Total,] $1811.59.

Jordan, Marsh & Co. was a well-known Boston department store right up until a few years ago. They presumably carried Meikle’s products in their store. (See the References for a link to their lunch counter’s blueberry muffin recipe).

The assignment’s outcome was not clearly explained, but Meikle seems from the following to have been up and running not long thereafter.

UNION. Will you please accept a few lines from old Union. Although we have no great enterprises here yet we are a stirring people, and trying to keep pace with the outside world. We support four stores and two blacksmith shops. For manufacturies we have the Union Felt Mill, John Meikle Prop’r, Union Lumber Co., Union Marble Works, and Excelsior Mill of S.H. Buzzell (Farmington News, March 21, 1879).

UNION. The Union Felt Mill, John Meikle proprietor, is running on full time manufacturing carpets, table covers, and shoe linings (Farmington News, May 2, 1879).

UNION. The Eastern Railroad Company are putting a large stone culvert across the railroad and the main road between the Freight house and Passenger station, to turn the brook that comes down back of the station into Meikle’s mill pond. Hitherto it has run under the Freight house, through Mr. Gilman’s land, and thence across the street and flowed into the river below the Felt mill. What little business we have here looks as though it would be good during the fall and winter, as both the Felt and Excelsior companies have quite a number of  orders for goods, and are receiving more by nearly every mail (Farmington News, October 10, 1879).

John Meikle, felt mill, aged forty-four years (b. Scotland), headed a Wakefield, NH, household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. His household included Mary Meikle, keeping house, aged thirty-nine years (b. Scotland), Jane Meikle, a bookkeeper, aged twenty-one years (b. NH), John Meikle, works in felt mill, aged nineteen years (b. MA), Andrew J. Meikle, at school, aged fourteen years (b. NH), and Nellie Meikle, at school, aged twelve years (b. NH).

Other Wakefield inhabitants identified in 1880 as working in the felt mill were Henry W. Burnham, brothers George B. and John E. Corson, Charles W. Horne, Anson A. Moore, and Herbert D. Stevens, as well as Miekle’s brother, William Meikle, and a niece’s husband, Ogilvie Heggie. (Heggie was married to Mary Mickle, i.e., Miekle). The felt mill employees appeared in a cluster on the same Union village page as Meikle, as did his creditor, Robert H. Pike, hotel proprietor, aged fifty years (b. NH), several railroad employees, and Daniel S. Burley, commission business, aged thirty-eight years (b. NH), or on the following page.

William Miekle, works in felt mill, aged forty years (b. Scotland), headed a Wakefield, NH, household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Catherine Miekle, aged thirty-eight years (b. Scotland), and his children, John S. Miekle, at school, aged eight years (b. ME), William A. Miekle, at home, aged five years (b. ME), Mary A. Meikle, aged four years (b. NH), and Ellen W. Meikle, aged nine months (b. NH). Their daughter, Catherine E. Meikle, at school, aged ten years (b. NH), boarded with Rhoda Burley, keeping house, aged sixty-eight years (b. NH).

Ogilvie Heggie, works in felt mill, aged thirty years (b. Scotland), headed a Wakefield, NH, household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Mary Heggie, keeping house, aged twenty-five years (b. Scotland), and his children, Andrew M. Heggie, aged four years (b. Scotland), and Ellen Heggie, aged two years (b. Scotland).

UNION. John Meikle, proprietor of the felt mill, had just erected a brick picker house, which is the first brick building ever erected in this place. Mr. Meikle now gives employment to over twenty hands, and he intends to increase the number as soon as he can put in more machinery. He is manufacturing crumb cloths principally with a few robe linings and table covers. Varney & Drew are doing a driving business at their mill. Mr. John Hart of Milton Mills has purchased an interest in the saw mill here, and, it is reported, contemplates going into the excelsior business. Reuben Sanborn, our popular chair manufacturer, is about to put up a new mill. Success to all of the above parties (Farmington News, December 17, 1880).

UNION. Mr. Meikle is now putting additional machinery into his Felt Mill, preparatory to doing a more extensive business (Farmington News, January 14, 1881).

UNION. Mr. Geo. E. Prescott, second hand in the card room of the Union Felt Mill, got his left hand caught in the cards on Monday of last week, and nearly the whole hand was drawn in before he could extricate himself. The flesh on the inside of the hand was very badly lacerated and at first it was thought that he might lose the use of his hand, but hopes are now entertained that it will be saved. Mr. Prescott is a young man about 18 years of age and is full of courage. He is under the care of Dr. John E. Scruton (Farmington News, March 25, 1881).

The unfortunate Prescott was a son of Jonathan and Deborah (Gile) Prescott of Lebanon, ME. (He would later be a carpenter in Alton, NH).

UNION. Business is still good with us, though a few of the hands at the Felt Mill are working on short time while some changes are being made in some of the machinery, but they will be going full blast again before this is in print (Farmington News, August 12, 1881).

UNION. Mr. John Meikle is putting additional machinery into his felt mill (Farmington News, January 12 1883).

John Mickle of Union, [Wakefield,] NH, appeared in a list of American textile manufacturers published in Dockham’s Directory in 1884.

Despite John Meikle’s initial opposition, his son, Andrew J. Meikle, went to work in 1884 as a brakeman for the northern division of the B&M railroad.

Meikle, Andrew J - PH340728FIFTY YEARS IN LOCOMOTIVE CAB. Engineer Meikle Rounds Out Half Century Of Railroad Life With Fine Record. Fifty years in the cab of a locomotive as fireman and engineer without an accident is the record of engineer Andrew Meikle of North Conway who hauls to North Conway and Portsmouth passenger trains No, 2916 and 2917. His first railroad work was that of a brakeman on the Wolfeboro branch where he labored for only a short time. When a boy he was always around where he could watch the operation of a locomotive and wondered if he could ever handle the throttle valve of one of the old wood burners that hauled the trains by his home in Milton Mills. The time came in 1884 and he  reached the height of his ambition when he began throwing wood into the fire box of one of the old Northern Division locomotives. He was promoted to engineer in 1889 and with the exception of five years when he ran between North Conway and Boston, he has been on the now Conway branch in both passenger and freight service. In going back over his railroad life he tells of some interesting experiences with the old wood burning engines and what heavy snow storms meant to the operation of trains on the branch line of 71 miles. His father was always opposed to him engaging in railroad work but he could see that the son was bound to be a railroad man and with some degree of reluctance finally gave his consent. He was then 18 years old and admits the day he received word from the late John W. Sanborn, superintendent of the division, that he was to become an employe of the old Eastern Railroad was the happiest day of his life. He has never been in any accident through any fault of himself or any locomotive he has piloted over the rails in a half century. He is a native of Milton Mills and makes his home in North Conway (Portsmouth Herald, July 28, 1934).

UNION. Our old friend David E.D. Frost, the veteran schoolmaster of Middleton, has obtained a situation as night watchman at the felt mill (Farmington News, May 21, 1886).

UNION. Mr. John Meikle is giving his felt works a new coat of paint. That veteran knight of the brush, Albra P. Hanson does the work (Farmington News, September 10, 1886).

John Meikle, Sr., a merchant, aged fifty-two years, and John Meikle, Jr., a clerk, aged twenty-seven years, both U.S. citizens, on their return trip from Paisley, Scotland, traveled in a first class cabin on the Anchor Line’s S.S. Devonia from Glasgow, Scotland, to New York, NY, arriving January 27, 1887.

UNION.  We hear that J.W.S. Clark & Co. are putting in new machinery at the felt mill for the manufacture of shoddy. … It is reported that if satisfactory arrangements can be made a new mill will be erected soon below the felt mill, for the manufacture of hosiery (Farmington News, August 19, 1887).

J.W.S. Clark was agent for the Elmira Woolen mill of Elmira, NY. His brother, Thomas M. Clark, was superintendent for the Sawyer Woolen Company of Dover, NH. (They were natives of Scotland).

Son Andrew Meikle married in Conway, NH, April 28, 1888, Nellie C. Francis, he of Conway, NH, and she of Livermore, ME. He was a [railroad] fireman, aged twenty-two years, and she was aged twenty-four years. Rev. M.E. King performed the ceremony.

4-Set Mill For Sale - 1889John Meikle advertised for sale or lease his 4-set mill building in the Fibre & Fabric trade periodical in 1889. He offered good water and steam power, but no machinery. It was situated at the Union railroad depot.

FACTS WHITTLED DOWN. The picker at the felt mill in Union, N.H., was set on fire by a pair of small shears getting into it. The room was damaged before the flames were extinguished (Fibre & Fabric (Boston, MA), April 20, 1889).

UNION. John Meikle has started up block printing at his old printery. It is hoped Mr. Meikle will make things lively around there soon (Farmington News, January 23, 1891).

UNION. Mrs. John Meikle is visiting her niece, Mrs. O’Heggie, in Dover (Farmington News, April 17, 1891).

Mary Mickle married in the High Church in Paisley, Scotland, September 22, 1875, Ogilvie Heggie. (The Farmington News reporter meant presumably Mrs. O. Heggie, rather than O’Heggie). Ogilvie Heggie, works in felt mill, aged thirty years (b. Scotland), headed a Wakefield, NH, household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Mary Heggie, aged twenty-five years (b. Scotland), and his children, Andrew M. Heggie, aged four years (b. Scotland), and Ellen Heggie, aged two years (b. Scotland).

UNION. Miss Jean Meikle came home from Dover to spend the Fourth with her parents (Farmington News, July 10, 1891).

UNION. Mr. John Meikle, Sr., returned home on Saturday from a ten days’ trip to New York and New Jersey (Farmington News, July 24, 1891).

The Union Felt mill was said in 1891 to be not in operation, at least it was no longer operated by John Meikle. (Meikle had run it for about twelve to fifteen years). The Runnells brothers (Jay and Samuel W. Runnells) took it over next and ran it as the Star woolen mill.

UNION. All our mills here except the old Felt mill are in operation (Farmington News, August 21, 1891).

UNION. The old felt mill is being put in readiness to run for the manufacture of woolen goods. Miss Jean Meikle was at home from Dover over Sunday (Farmington News, November 6, 1891).

UNION. John Meikle, Jr., is at home on a week’s vacation from Rahway, N.J., and his sister, Jennie, was at home over the Sabbath and Monday from Dover (Farmington News, July 8, 1892).

Son John Meikle, Jr., married in the United Methodist Church in Rahway, NJ, September 7, 1892, Jane B. Thompson, she of Clark, NJ. He was a mechanic, aged thirty-two years, and she was aged twenty-three years. Rev. R.F. Hayes performed the ceremony.

UNION. The Star Woolen company are now making an average of over 1000 yards of cloth per day, giving employment to over thirty hands, They intend to put in more machinery in a short time. Mr. Jay Runnells, who was in the blacksmith business at Wolfeboro Junction for a number of years, is proprietor and his brother, Samuel W. Runnells of Cherry Valley, Mass., is superintendent. The finishing room is in charge of William Byrnes, recently of Lisbon, Me. He has four men with him. The card room is under the care of Joseph Boocock of Sandford, Me. He has three hands with him and Mr. Storer of Limerick, Me., has charge of the weave room, which employs fourteen hands. Then there is the picker room and spinning department (Farmington News, September 30, 1892).

UNION. John Meikle, wife and daughter are visiting relatives in Dover (February 3, 1893).

UNION. Mrs. John Meikle has been visiting her son Andrew at North Conway (Farmington News, March 17, 1893).

UNION. Mr. John Meikle returned home from Patterson, N.J., Saturday. Miss Jennie Meikle of Dover and Mrs. Andrew Meikle and baby Ruth of North Conway, spent Sunday week with their mother, Mrs. John Meikle (Farmington News, April 7, 1893).

This would seem to be the last mention of Union being the “at home” location for John and Mary Meikle. They moved to Clark, NJ, where their eldest son was living, or at least they began wintering there prior to a move. (Their daughters, Mary J. “Jennie” (or “Jean”) Meikle and Jennette Meikle, seem to have remained in the area until after the 1898 marriage of Jennie Miekle; their younger son, Andrew J. Meikle, lived in [North] Conway, NH).

UNION. Miss Jean Meikle is at home for a week’s vacation from her work in Dover (Farmington News, May 5, 1893).

John Mickle, Sr., aged over-60 years, headed a Clark, NJ, household at the time of the NJ State Census of 1895. His household included Mary Mickle, aged over-60 years. They were both foreign-born of “all other nationalities,” the other choices being Irish and German. They shared a two-family residence with the household of John R. Mickle. John R. Mickle was native-born, aged 20-60 years. His household included Jennie Mickle, native-born, aged 20-60 years, and Mary E. Mickle, native born, aged 5-or-younger years.

Jennie Miekle, aged thirty-seven years, and Jenett Miekle, aged twenty-seven years, traveled second cabin, i.e., second class, on the White Star Line’s R.M.S. Majestic, departing New York, NY, June 26, 1895, bound for Liverpool, England. Jeanie Mickle, Janet Miekle, and Kate Allan, all adults, traveled second cabin on the Allan Line’s State of California, departing Glasgow, Scotland, August 16, 1895, bound via Moville, [Northern] Ireland, for New York, NY, arriving there August 26, 1895.

Daughter [Mary J.] Jennie Meikle married in Wakefield, NH, March 26, 1898, Edward E. Lynn, she of Wakefield and he of Fall River, MA. She was a pantographer, aged thirty-nine years, and he was an engraver, aged forty-nine years.

UNION. There are unclaimed letters at the postoffice for Herbert Tanner, John B. Shirley, Mrs. Lizzie May, Miss Janett Meikle, Arthur Denis, Melisa Downing (Farmington News, September 30, 1898).

The Star Woolen Co., which had taken over the Union Felt Co. mill from John Meikle in 1891, ran only for a “few years” (Mitchell-Cony, 1908). In 1899, the mill was converted for a time to the manufacture of excelsior.

UNION, NH. The “Star” woolen mill is being converted into an excelsior mill (Fibre & Fabric, December 30, 1899).

“Excelsior” was a packing filler consisting of thin strips of wood shavings, a natural material then used in the same manner as modern Styrofoam “popcorn” packing materials.

Arthur L. Taft acquired the mill property next and converted it back to woolen manufacturing, or at least something like it. He appeared in the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census of Wakefield (“Union”), NH, before he took over, as a satinet manufacturer, aged forty-eight years (b. MA). (Satinet is a satin-like material made of mostly cotton with some wool).

UNION. It is reported that the Star mill, which has recently been bought by A.F. Taft, is soon to be started up (Farmington News, September 20, 1901).

John Meikle, a block printer, aged sixty-four years (b. Scotland), headed a Clark, NJ, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of forty-three years), Mary Meikle, aged sixty-three years (b. Scotland). John Meikle rented their house. Mary Meikle was the mother of five children, of whom four were still living. They had both immigrated into the U.S. in 1856.

John Miekle of Cranford, NJ, made his last will, January 31, 1903. He devised all his real and personal property, wherever found, to his wife, Mary Meikle, whom he named also as executrix. John Meikle, Jr., Jeanette Meikle, Jennie Lynn of Providence, RI, and Mary Heggie of North Adams, Mass., signed as witnesses. He died at sometime between that January 31, 1903 date and January 18, 1905, when his will was proved in the Union County Surrogate’s Office in Elizabeth, NJ. Jeanette Meikle then and there swore that she saw the testator sign the will in the presence of herself and the other witnesses. George H. Parrott authorized Mary Meikle to proceed as executrix (Union County Probate, T:489).

Mary Meikle, a housewife, aged sixty-nine years (b. Scotland), headed a Garwood, Elizabeth, NJ, household at the time of the NJ State Census of 1905. Her household included her daughter, Jeanette Meikle, a milliner, aged thirty-two years (b. NH). Mary Meikle owned their house of Centre Street, free-and-clear. She had been in the U.S. for fifty-one years.

Son-in-law Ernest E. Lynn died in Providence, RI, May 28, 1906, aged fifty-nine years.

Arthur L. Taft’s Union Woolen mill burned in 1908 (Guild & Lord, 1908).

UNION. Miss Jeanette Meikle is visiting her brother Andrew at North Conway this week (Farmington News, April 30, 1909).

Mary Meikle, own income, aged seventy-three years (b. Scotland (Eng.)), headed a Garwood, NJ, household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. Her household included her daughter, Jennett Meikle, own income, aged forty years (b. NH). Mary Meikle owned their house at 306 Centre Street East, free-and-clear. She was the mother of four children, of whom four were still living. She reportedly immigrated into the U.S. in 1854.

UNION. Jeannette Meikle of Garwood, N.J., was called here by the illness of Mrs. Mary Horne. Mrs. Mary F., widow of the late Charles W. Horne, died of typhoid fever Saturday, Jan. 18, after a few days’ illness. She had been a resident of Union for many years and will be greatly missed in the community. Funeral services from the church Tuesday under the direction of Unity Chapter, O.E.S. Rev. R.H. Huse conducted the service (Farmington News, January 24, 1913).

Charles W. and Mary F. (Allen) Horne had been next-door neighbors of the Meikles in Union village, and Charles W. Horne had worked for a time in the Union Felt mill.

Mary Mickle, retired, aged seventy-nine years (b. Scotland), headed a Garwood, NJ, household at the time of the NJ State Census of 1915. Her household included Jennie Lynn, retired, aged fifty-six years (b. NH), and Jeanette Mickle, aged forty-six years (b. NH). Mary Mickle owned their house at 306 Centre Street, free-and-clear.

Mary (McArthur) Meikle died October 15, 1915, aged seventy-nine years.

Jenette Meikle, aged fifty-one years (b. NH), headed a Garwood, NJ, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. Her household included her sister, Jennie Lind [Lynn], a chemical factory matron, aged sixty-one years (b. NH). Jeannette Meikle owned their house at 306 Center Street, free-and-clear.

Personal Paragraphs. Miss Jeanette Meikle and her sister, Mrs. Jean Lynn, have returned to their home in Garwood, N.J., after visiting local relatives (North Adams Transcript (North Adams, MA), August 28, 1926).

Jeannette Meikle, aged sixty-one years (b. NH), headed a Garwood, NJ, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. Her household included her sister, Jennie Lynn, a widow, aged seventy-one years (b. NH), and her roomer, Hans E. Stacey, a piano co. cost clerk, aged thirty-two years (b. Australia). Jeannette Meikle owned their house at 409 Center Street, which was valued at $9,000. They had a radio set.

North Conway Station - 1958
Boston & Maine Railroad Station, North Conway

RAILROAD NOTES. Andrew Meikle, engineer on the train which runs between this the city and North Conway, had the misfortune to break his leg of Friday. He had gone from his home in North Conway to Intervale in his car to get a lawn mover which he had left to be sharpened. While lifting the lawn mower into the rumble seat of the car his foot slipped from the step and he fell, resulting in a bad fracture to his leg. His place on this run is being taken by a spare engineer from the Dover board (Portsmouth Herald, [Tuesday,] June 21, 1932).

Son Andrew J. Meikle of North Conway, NH, died in the Portsmouth Hospital in Portsmouth, NH, November 7, 1934, aged sixty-eight years.

VETERAN OF B&M RAILROAD DIES IN HOSPITAL. Andrew Meikle, Engineer, Stricken After His Regular Run To This City. Andrew Meikle, veteran locomotive engineer for the Boston & Maine railroad, died on Wednesday night in the Portsmouth Hospital where he was removed earlier in the day. After completing the morning run between North Conway and this city he suffered an ill turn in a passenger car in the railroad yard. Dr. Luce was called and he ordered him to the hospital where he remained unconscious and passed away shortly before 11 p.m. He was a native of Milton Mills but has resided for some years in North Conway. His railroad life covers a period of 60 years, 50 of which he has been employed as fireman and engineer. His first work was as brakeman on the Wolfeboro branch. With the exception of five years when he worked on the main line between North Conway and Boston, he has run on the Conway branch in both freight and passenger service. He has never been in any accident, through any fault of his own. He was highly respected in the town where he lived and among railroad workers in general. He was a member of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, New England Railroad Veterans Association and Masons. He is survived by his wife and one daughter, Mrs. Ora McCrellis of Sanbornville. He recently received a gold pass from the railroad in honor of his long and faithful service (Portsmouth Herald, November 8, 1934).

Daughter Jeannette Miekle died in Rahway, NJ, October 6, 1938, aged seventy years.

Sister Is Beneficiary. (Elisabeth Bureau of The Courier-News). Elizabeth – Miss Jeannette Meikle, who died Oct. 6 in Garwood, left her estate to a sister, Jennie M. Lynn, according to the will which was admitted to probate yesterday by Surrogate Charles A. Otto Jr. The decedent was the aunt of Hazel M. Meyers and Miss Jeannette Meikle, both of 7 Picton St., Westfield, and Charles Meikle, Clark Township (Courier News (Bridgewater, NJ), January 21, 1939).

Son John Meikle, Jr., died in New Jersey, in 1939, aged seventy-nine years.

Andrew Heggie, a post office mail carrier, aged sixty-two years (b. Scotland), headed a North Adams, MA, household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Elizabeth Heggie, aged sixty-eight years (b. NY), his children, Norman Heggie, a taxi proprietor, aged thirty-four years (b. MA), and Edith Heggie, a high school physical instructor, aged thirty-three years (b. MA), and his cousin, Jennie Lynn, a widow, aged eighty-one years (b. NH). Andrew Heggie owned their house at 24 Jackson Street, which was valued at $2,500. They had all resided in the same house in 1935, except Jennie Lynn, who had resided in Garwood, NJ.

Daughter [Mary] Jean “Jennie” (Meikle) Lynn died in Clark, NJ, June 1, 1944, aged eighty-five years.

Mrs. Jennie Lynn, Clark Township. Funeral services for Mrs. Jennie Lynn, 85 years old, who resided with her nephew and niece, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Meikle of Grand St., were held Saturday afternoon from Gray’s Funeral Home, Westfield. The Rev. R.E. Potter of Rahway conducted the service, and interment was in Rosedale Cemetery, Linden. Mrs. Lynn died Thursday (June 1, 1944) after a short illness. Mrs. Lynn, widow of Ernest Lynn, had resided in Clark Township five years, and prior to that lived in Garwood 25 years. She was a native of Milton Mills, N.H. Surviving are nephews and nieces, including Charles and Herbert Meikle of Clark, John Meikle of Rahway. Mrs. Hazel Meyers, Miss Jeannette Meikle of Clark, Mrs. Charles Bloom of Watsonville, Calif., and Mrs. Ora McCrillis of North Conway, N.H. (Courier News (Bridgewater, NJ), June 5, 1944).

Many a mickle makes a muckle.


Find a Grave. (2013, January 6). Andrew Meikle. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/103168720/andrew-meikle

Find a Grave. (2016, March 17). John Meikle [Jr]. [Its linked information regarding his parents and siblings is incorrect]. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/159632829/john-meikle

Find a Grave. (2013, January 14). Mary Miekle. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/103558012/mary-meikle

Find a Grave. (2014, February 28). Edward Edward Lynn. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/125705977/ernest-edward-lynn

Find a Grave. (2012, March 7). Robert Taylor. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/86389506/robert-taylor

MacRury, Elizabeth B. (1987). Footsteps of Pride to the Past, 1774-1974, Wakefield, New Hampshire. Wakefield, NH: Wilson’s Printers

Mitchell-Cony. (1908). The Town Register: Farmington, Milton, Wakefield, Middleton, Brookfield, 1907-8. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=qXwUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA180

New England Today. (2020). Jordan Marsh Blueberry Muffins. Retrieved from newengland.com/today/food/breakfast-brunch/muffins/jordan-marsh-blueberry-muffins/

NH Adjutant. (1895). Revised Register of the Soldiers and Sailors of New Hampshire in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=w1MzAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA436

Wakefield Heritage Commission. (2017). Heritage Park Railroad Museum. Retrieved from www.historicwakefieldnh.com/heritage-park-.html

Wikipedia. (2021, April 25). R.M.S. Majestic (1889). Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Majestic_(1889)

Milton and the Measles, 1900

By Muriel Bristol | July 23, 2021

A measles (rubeola) outbreak took hold in Milton and the surrounding towns beginning in the winter of 1900. Alton, Farmington, and Rochester, NH, seemed particularly hard hit in this year.

Measles is the single most contagious transmissible viral disease: about 90% of the non-immune people exposed to it will become infected. Between 1 and 3 in a 1,000 of those infected would die of it or its respiratory complications. It would be another sixty years before a vaccine became available.

LOCALS. Measles is prevalent here as well as in other towns in the state. It is a disease not to be neglected (Farmington News, February 9, 1900).

STATE NEWS. During February 238 cases of measles were reported to the Manchester board of health. (Portsmouth Herald, March 2, 1900).

WEST MILTON. Ralph Jenkins has the measles (Farmington News, March 2, 1900).

LOCALS. Measles to the right of us, measles to the left of us, measles all around us, not to say how many scores of cases in the midst of the town. Fortunately it soon passes, and with the right care there seldom are dangerous complications (Farmington News, March 9, 1900).

STATE NEWS. An epidemic of measles is raging in and around Rochester. The health department reported to the state board during the past week 70 cases (Portsmouth Herald, March 10, 1900).

WEST MILTON. Mrs. F. Davis has been ill with a cold, and Mildred has had measles (Farmington News, March 23, 1900).

WEST MILTON. One of the mill boarders at G. Canney’s has been suffering quite severely with measles (Farmington News, May 4, 1900).

The NH State Board of Health provided quarantine placards to be posted at houses and other places with infected persons.

MEASLES. Any person having measles, however mild the case may be, and all persons in a family where measles exists, except those who have had the disease, are forbidden to attend school or any public or private gathering, or to mingle with persons who have not had the disease. Persons who have not had measles are prohibited from entering these premises. All persons are strictly forbidden to remove this card without orders from the board of health. Any violation of these regulations will be punished to the fullest extent of the law. BOARD OF HEALTH (NH Department of Health, 1901).

At which point Malcolm A.H. Hart, M.D., acting in his capacity as Chairman of Milton’s Board of Health, sought clarification regarding the State measles quarantine placard, and its accompanying literature, from the Secretary of the NH State Board of Health.

MILTON, N.H., May 18, 1900

Irving A. Watson, M.D., Secretary, State Board of Health, Concord, N.H.

Hart, Malcolm A.H. - 1897DEAR DOCTOR, – Would you kindly inform me what is your recommendation relating to the prevention of the spread of measles? Literature from the state board is incomplete for guidance in this matter. In looking up authority I find the rules laid down in Hare’s “System of Therapeutics” much less exacting than those by Williams in Stedman’s “Twentieth Century Practice.” We are having occasional cases in this town this spring, and I am, of course, anxious to keep the disease in at least such control as not to affect the scholars.


(Signed) M.A. HART, M.D., For Board of Health

Dr. Irving A. Watson (1849-1918), Secretary of the NH State Board of Health, since its creation in 1881, sent the following reply.


CONCORD, N.H., May 24, 1900

M.A. Hart, M.D., Chairman, Board of Health, Milton, N.H.

Watson, Irving AllisonDEAR DOCTOR, – In reply to your favor of recent date, I would say that the State Board of Health has never issued any regulations in regard to measles other than is printed upon the placard issued from this office.

I am aware that there is a difference of opinion, as to how far restrictive measures should be carried and to what extent they are practicable and of value.

The regulation referred to should be enforced as far as possible by the local board of health. Of course a local board has the undoubted right to make such additional rules and regulations as it may deem advisable. Measles is a most difficult disease to restrain, for the reason that it is infectious in its earlier period, as you know, and it is often communicated to others before it is recognized. We are of the opinion that if the regulations referred to were more strictly enforced when the disease first appears, it might be restricted to a very large extent; but after the infection has become general throughout a village, the matter seems to be almost beyond the control of a local board of health.

We expect a local board of health to use its judgment, largely, in the matter as to what should be or may be done in addition to the regulations referred to. I do not think it necessary to close schools on account of this disease, unless it has become so general that the schools are almost certain to be infected.

Very truly yours,

(Signed) IRVING A. WATSON, Secretary

None of the forty people that died in Milton that year actually died of measles, although those that had it and survived might have incurred some long-term health problems.


Find a Grave. (2017, April 25). Dr. Irving Allison Watson. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/178753909/irving-allison-watson

Hare, Hobart A. (1901). A System of Practical Therapeutics (Volume 2). Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=l_I0AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA137

NH Department of Health. (1901). Sixteenth Report of the State Board of Health of the State of New Hampshire. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=rEtNAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA82

Stedman, Thomas L. (1898). Twentieth Century Practice: Infectious Diseases (Volume 20). Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=KaAwAAAAIAAJ&pg=pa117

Wikipedia. (2021, June 19). Measles. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Measles

The Long Arm of The Commonwealth

By Ian Aikens | July 21, 2021

Is there such a thing as a “temporary tax”? Having come from the late great State of California several years ago, I never experienced such a phenomenon myself, but perhaps Granite State workers who work for Massachusetts companies will experience it themselves come September 14, 2021.

This tale of government overreach began on April 21 of last year when the Massachusetts legislature passed “The Proposed Rule,” which allowed work performed in New Hampshire to be taxable to the State of Massachusetts.  Things went from bad to worse in October of 2020 when the Massachusetts Department of Revenue extended the ruling indefinitely as the lockdown and emergency orders dragged on and on. To make things look kosher, there was a public hearing on the issue, but it was held five months after the rule went into effect.

The plot thickened when the State of New Hampshire filed a lawsuit with the US Supreme Court on October 20, 2020 suing the State of Massachusetts for violating the US Constitution, specifically the Commerce Clause and Due Process Clause. The Commerce Clause is supposed to restrict individual states’ powers of regulation, and the Due Process Clause prohibits the government from depriving life, liberty, or property unless authorized by law.

Aside from the moral and constitutional issues involved, we’re talking about a lot of money here. Massachusetts charges a 5% state income tax, and the number of employees affected by this issue ranges from 80,000 to 110,000 New Hampshire residents who work for companies based in Massachusetts.

Here’s the issue. Prior to the lockdowns, New Hampshire residents who commuted to Massachusetts for their jobs did not have to pay Massachusetts state income tax for the days they worked from home. Thus, if employees commuted to Boston 4 days/week and worked at home on Fridays, they would only pay Massachusetts income tax on 80% of their wages that week.  But when the lockdowns were decreed, most New Hampshire residents were commuting into Massachusetts 0% of the time. The ruling, which went into effect March 10, 2020 meant they would still pay Massachusetts state income tax on 80% of their wages as if they were still commuting, as it used the period of January 1, 2020-February 29, 2020 as a tax basis.

Switching away from a user fee standard was clearly an outrage. If New Hampshire residents were no longer using Massachusetts roads, police, and other infrastructure services while they remained in New Hampshire (which did provide those services or at least the availability of them), why should they have to pay for them? A residence-based taxation model where taxes are paid where public services are consumed is a fairer way to collect taxes. What justification did the bureaucrats provide for changing the rule midstream? If it was a reasonable rule before the lockdown—which it was—by what right did they change it?

Government bureaucrats never lack for excuses when it comes to overreaching into people’s lives—and especially their pocketbooks. They don’t miss a beat.  Acting Solicitor General Elizabeth Prelogar, who advised the US Supreme Court not to take the case because she sided with tax-hungry Massachusetts, did concede that police and fire protection for the New Hampshire residents who work at home would be provided by New Hampshire, not Massachusetts. However, she noted, “Yet that resident’s work also may continue to depend on and benefit from services provided by Massachusetts. For example, Massachusetts and its municipalities may provide similar protections to the infrastructure and staff critical to the work of the New Hampshire resident who is temporarily working at home—such as computer servers that enable and store the employee’s work product, courts that enforce contracts, and financial institutions and transactions necessary to the work.”

This is quite a stretch. Computer servers? They are often stored in a different state, especially to protect the company’s data if there is some type of natural disaster. Yes, the courts are there to support businesses, but aren’t they in existence to support all of society? Wouldn’t they be there even if the New Hampshire employee didn’t work for the Massachusetts firm? Besides, the courts charge all manner of fees for their services to the users, so why should an employee in another state also have to pay? As for financial institutions, aren’t these supposed to be private institutions supported by fees paid by their customers?

The obvious truth to the matter is that Taxachusetts earned its shameful name because of its model of extreme tax extraction to support a bloated bureaucracy. Instead of cutting back and laying off unneeded employees—just like private, voluntary businesses were forced to do during the lockdowns—the state arbitrarily changed the rules so it would have enough revenue to continue to pay its army of bureaucrats. An army of workers, I might add, that suffered no economic losses during the lockdowns and continued to get the same pay for doing less work. “Nice work if you can get it.”

Although ultimately the US Supreme Court declined to hear the case, we haven’t heard the last of this issue. The lawsuit was watched nationally because other states also apply the “convenience of the employer” (COTE) rule, which says that if the employee is working at home for his convenience, not the company’s, then the income is taxable to the employer’s location. The states of Arkansas, Delaware, Nebraska, New York, and Pennsylvania use the COTE rule, and Connecticut uses it too but only if the taxpayer resident’s state applies a similar rule. With many state governments operating on oversized budgets and the impending economic troubles ahead, you can bet that they are going to be very creative to change their rules too like Massachusetts to extract as much income as possible from employees working remotely in another state.

What is most interesting about this bruhaha between New Hampshire and Massachusetts is the reaction of several of our Congressional representatives. They have all been outraged by Massachusetts’ sudden change of the rules to sustain its bureaucracy. US Senator Jeanne Shaheen called the Massachusetts tax an “abuse of Granite State workers.” US Senator Maggie Hassan proclaimed her opposition by saying, “I’ve long said that attempts by other states to unfairly tax New Hampshire residents are unconstitutional.” US Rep Annie Kuster called the tax grab “outrageous and an unfair tax burden on our state’s workers.” US Rep Chris Pappas also complained about workers “being forced to pay an unfair income tax.”

Unfortunately, this deathbed conversion to supporting lower taxes seems at odds with their voting records. Senator Sheehan sponsored S.411, which increased the federal tax on all tobacco products. When she was governor, Maggie Hassan signed SB367, which increased New Hampshire state gas and diesel taxes by 4.2 cents per gallon. When it came to amending the state constitution with an income tax ban, Annie Kuster’s vote was a definitive NO because “we shouldn’t tie the hands of future generations.” (Actually yes, we should tie the hands of politicians from increasing taxes.) To his credit, Rep Pappas has been particularly aggressive in the fight against Massachusetts taxing New Hampshire workers, but he has repeatedly called for the repeal of the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which even the New York Times admitted lowered taxes for most Americans.

Sadly, I suspect that our congressional representatives are more concerned about getting in trouble with their constituents back home and getting voted out of office than any principled opposition to higher overall tax extractions. Furthermore, if the shoe were on the other foot and they were senators and congressional representatives for Massachusetts, I’ll bet they’d take a completely different stance on the issue.

In the end, since Massachusetts Governor Baker gave notice that the latest COVID-19 state of emergency ended on June 15, 2021, the tax rule remains in effect for an additional 90 days. We will have to wait and see what the bureaucrats cook up when the telecommuting tax ends on September 14, 2021 and they can no longer collect the tax on days when New Hampshire residents still work from home. Those who supported the rule change always said that it was meant to be temporary and strictly in response to the pandemic as an emergency measure only. While more residents will be back to working in the office in Massachusetts, clearly more telecommuting is here to stay.

What will Massachusetts bureaucrats do to fill the black (tax) hole? I don’t believe they will tighten their belts as it’s not in their DNA, but I hope that I’m wrong. Maybe someone can invent a vaccine to inoculate taxpayers against politicians and bureaucrats.


Berube, Selene. (2021, March 24). New Hampshire v. Massachusetts: Massachusetts Extraterritorial Taxation of New Hampshire Residents. Retrieved from New Hampshire v. Massachusetts: Massachusetts Extraterritorial Taxation of New Hampshire Residents – The Justice Journal (gwjusticejournal.com)

Bookman, Todd. (2021, May 26). Justice Department Sides with Massachusetts in Cross-Border Tax Fight With N.H. Retrieved from Justice Department Sides with Massachusetts in Cross-Border Tax Fight With N.H. | New Hampshire Public Radio (nhpr.org)

Brown, Samuel. (2021, June 7). State of New Hampshire v. Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved from State of New Hampshire v. Commonwealth of Massachusetts | Marcum LLP | Accountants and Advisors

Cline, Andrew. (2021, May 28). Biden administration argues that states can tax non-resident telecommuters. Retrieved from Biden administration argues that states can tax non-resident telecommuters – THE JOSIAH BARTLETT CENTER FOR PUBLIC POLICY (jbartlett.org)

DiStaso, John. (2021, May 27). Hassan, Shaheen join in introducing bill to stop Massachusetts from taxing NH home workers. Retrieved from Hassan, Shaheen join in introducing bill to stop Massachusetts from taxing NH home workers (wmur.com)

DiStaso, John and Mackin, Jean. (2021, May 27). NH Primary Source: Biden administration sides with Massachusetts over NH in income tax court battle. Retrieved from NH Primary Source: Biden administration sides with Massachusetts over NH in income tax court battle (wmur.com)

Graham, Michael. (2020, September 23). Mowers Targets Pappas Over Support for New Taxes, Tax Hikes. Retrieved from Mowers Targets Pappas Over Support for New Taxes, Tax Hikes – InsideSources

Landrigan, Kevin. (2021, Jan 25). High court seeks help in settling NH-Mass tax fight. Retrieved from High court seeks help in settling NH-Mass tax fight | Courts | unionleader.com

Pinho, Rute. (2021, January 15). Convenience of the Employer Rule.  Retrieved from Convenience of the Employer Rule (ct.gov)

Sahadi, Jeanne. (2021, March 30). Tax experts focus on possible Supreme Court case over NH lawsuit against Mass. Retrieved from Possible Supreme Court case over NH lawsuit against Mass. could affect other states (wmur.com)

WMUR9. (2012, November 3). Kuster, Bass differ on taxes, foreign policy in debate.  Retrieved from Kuster, Bass differ on taxes, foreign policy in debate (wmur.com)

South Milton’s High Sheriff Luther Hayes (1820-1895)

By Muriel Bristol | July 18, 2021

Luther Hayes was born in Lebanon, ME, January 12, 1820, son of George and Lydia (Jones) Hayes.

His father, George Hayes, was a farmer, who removed with his family from Lebanon to Rochester, in this State, shortly after the birth of Luther. He received a common school education, and was engaged mainly in farm labor, until he attained his majority (Granite Monthly, 1879).

Luther Hayes married (1st) in Milton, February 4, 1841, Louise Adeline Bragdon, he of Rochester, NH, and she of Milton. Rev. E. Nason performed the ceremony. She was born in Milton, April 20, 1820, daughter of Samuel L. and Lydia (Walker) Bragdon.

He married Louisa Bragdon, a daughter of Samuel Bragdon, of Milton, and removed to that town, where he has since resided, being extensively engaged in farming and in lumber business (Granite Monthly, 1879).

Luther Hayes was one of the seventeen founding members of the Milton Free-Will Baptist Church, when it was founded at the house of his neighbor, Theodore Lyman, May 5, 1843. He was also its original clerk.

Luther Hayes bred thoroughbred trotting horses in South Milton as early as 1847. Hayes named his trotting mare foaled in that year “Lady Franklin,” in honor of Lady Jane (Griffin) Franklin, wife of the leader of the ill-fated Franklin Expedition of 1845. Sir John Franklin and his crew were lost in the Canadian Arctic while seeking the Northwest Passage. Lady Franklin famously offered a substantial bounty for any news of his fate. (See the ballad Lord Franklin/Lady Franklin’s Lament in the References).

The following letter requesting farm produce was addressed to Luther Hayes, Esqr., Milton 3 Ponds, N.H., and postmarked Boston, July 17, 1848.

Hull, July 15th, 1848 (Nantasket Manson House). Brother Hayes
Dear Sir,
I want you to send me 2 Tubs of Butter and 50 Doz. Eggs as soon as you can after you receive this. Please direct them to me care of George E. Prescott, corner of Pearl and Bread Broad Street, Boston. Send them by Niles Express. Send bill with them.
Yours in F.L. & P., G.L. Scates.
I will write more soon, all well.

Construction of the Portsmouth, Great Falls & Conway Railroad (PGF&C) had reached South Milton by 1850. The station at South Milton, roughly where the track crosses the road, was called “Hayes Station,” due to his presence there. Access to the railroad would have been a great advantage for Hayes’ lumber (and farm products) activities, as it would be soon for the local ice industry when the tracks reached so far as Milton Three Ponds.

Hayes Station
Hayes R.R. Station at South Milton (its associated freight shed is just a bit further down the track)

Luther Hayes, a lumber dealer, aged thirty years (b. NH [SIC]), headed a Milton household at the time of the Seventh (1850) Federal Census. His household included Louisa A. Hayes, aged thirty years (b. NH), Lydia E. Hayes, aged eight years (b. NH), Clara A. Hayes, aged six years (b. NH), Louisa Hayes, aged four years (b. NH), and Charles H. Hayes, aged one year (b. NH). Luther Hayes had real estate valued at $3,000. Their household appeared in the enumeration between those of Abigail Tuttle, aged seventy-two years (b. NH), and Theodore Lyman, a farmer, aged thirty-two years (b. NH).

Luther Hayes represented Milton in the NH House of Representatives during the 1857-58 biennium. Its Committee on Mileage reported his round-trip mileage to the legislature, as well as that of the other Milton representative, Lewis Plumer, as being eighty miles. (They likely boarded in the capitol, Concord, NH, during the legislative season rather travel that distance daily).

He has held a prominent position in connection with public affairs in his town and county, represented Milton in the Legislature in 1857, and 1858, and again in 1876, and 1877 (Granite Monthly, 1879).

Son Samuel L. Hayes died of dropsy on the brain in Milton, October 12, 1859, aged one year, ten months, and five days. (“Dropsy on the brain” would now be characterized as encephalitis. His inclusion in the family’s 1860 Census enumeration would seem to be an error).

Louise A. (Bragdon) Hayes died of inflammation in Milton, December 21, 1859, aged thirty-nine years, seven months, and twenty-four days.

His first wife died in December, 1859, leaving five children, two sons and three daughters, another son [Samuel L. Hayes [I] (1855-1859)] having previously died and one daughter [Lydia E. (Hayes) Cloutman (1841-1876)] since (Granite Monthly, 1879).

Luther Hayes was one of the twelve founding members of the Milton Free-Will Baptist Church, when it was reorganized in its new building, May 17, 1860. He was again its clerk.

Luther Hayes, a farmer, aged forty years (b. NH [SIC]), headed a Milton household at the time of the Eighth (1860) Federal Census. His household included Lydia E. Hayes, aged eighteen years (b. NH), Clara A. Hayes, aged seventeen years (b. NH), Louisa M. Hayes, aged thirteen years (b. NH), Charles H. Hayes, aged eleven years (b. NH), George A. Hayes, aged eight years (b. NH), and Samuel L. Hayes, aged one year (b. NH). Luther Hayes had real estate valued at $6,000 and personal estate valued at $1,000. Their household appeared in the enumeration between those of William H. Jones, a shoemaker, aged twenty-one years (b. NH), and Theodore Lyman, a farmer, aged forty-seven years (b. NH).

Luther Hayes married (2nd) in Epsom, NH, June 2, 1861, Sarah M. Cochran, he of Milton and she of Pembroke, NH. He was a widowed farmer, aged forty-one years, and she was aged twenty-six years. Rev. Moses H. Quimby performed the ceremony. She was born in Pembroke, NH, December 1, 1834, daughter of John and Harriet “Hattie” (French) Cochran.

He was elected a member of the Board of Commissioners for Strafford County in 1864, holding the office three years, and in 1866 was appointed Sheriff of the county, which position he occupied until 1871 [until 1869, thereafter Deputy Sheriff] Granite Monthly, 1879).

Luther Hayes of South Milton paid $10 in the U.S. Excise Tax of 1866, for being a manufacturer.

Luther Hayes of Milton (South) appeared in the NH Register and Political Manual of 1866 as being Strafford County Sheriff. His Deputy Sheriffs were: Jasper G. Wallace and William K.A. Hoitt, at Dover, NH; Charles Joy, at Durham, NH; Andrew J. Scruton, at Farmington, NH; Joseph Jones, at Lee, NH; Ebenezer S. Nowell, at Rollinsford, NH; Henry Drew, at (Bow Lake,) Strafford, NH; Stephen S. Chick and William L. Bracey, at Somersworth, NH; and Jonathan Wentworth, at Rochester, NH. Mrs. H.C. Small was the Strafford County jailor at Dover, NH. (Mrs. Hannah E. (Caverno) Small, widow of Civil War soldier, James E. Small) (McFarland and Jenks, 1866).

Luther Hayes appeared in the Milton business directory of 1867-68, as a Milton justice-of-the-peace.

Luther Hayes of Milton (South) appeared in the NH Register and Political Manual of 1867 as being Strafford County Sheriff. His Deputy Sheriffs were: Nathaniel Wiggin and Jasper G. Wallace, at Dover, NH; Andrew J. Scruton, at Farmington, NH; Joseph Jones, at Lee, NH; Ebenezer S. Nowell, at Rollinsford, NH; John C. Peavey, at Strafford, NH; Stephen S. Chick, at Somersworth, NH; and Jonathan Wentworth, at Rochester, NH. Mrs. H.C. Small was the Strafford County jailor at Dover, NH. Hayes was also one of three Strafford County Commissioners (McFarland and Jenks, 1867).

The NH General Court authorized incorporation of the Milton Classical Institute in July 1867. Luther Hayes was one of the original incorporators.

Section 1. That Luther Hayes, Charles Jones, George W. Peavy, Joseph Sayward, William P. Tuttle, George W. Tasker, John S. Hersey, Hiram V. Wentworth, George Lyman, and John Lucus, all of Milton, and their successors, be, and they hereby are, created and made a body politic by the name of the Milton Classical Institute, and by that name may sue and be sued, prosecute and defend to final judgment and execution, and shall have and enjoy all the privileges, and be subject to all the liabilities incident to corporations of a similar nature.

Luther Hayes appeared in the Milton business directory of 1868, as being Strafford County Sheriff, a Milton justice-of-the-peace, and a South Milton lumber dealer. He appeared in 1869-70 as being Strafford County Sheriff, a Milton justice-of-the-peace, and a merchant of shooks, i.e., barrel staves.

Grand Jail Break in New Hampshire. Nine prisoners escaped from Strafford County Jail, in Silver street, Dover, on Saturday night at lock-up time. A desperate store breaker named Mills forced an assistant, who entered a walk where prisoners were at large in day time, into a cell, and then rushed on Mrs. J.E. Small, jailoress, down stairs, where she threw the key to the door separating the house part from the jail into the coal bin, in spite of Mills’ rough attempts to secure it. The other jail birds, meanwhile, stove off bolt and padlock to the back door, knocked the pickets from the rear fence and escaped, when Mills joined his flying comrades. Seven refused to accept the proffered liberty. Four, who left the woods through the fearful punishment by mosquitoes, had been recaptured up to nine o’clock last night. Officers are on track of a barefooted refugee seen by Miss Page at four o’clock, on Monday morning, riding a white horse stolen from George S. Hussey, near Rochester village (Brooklyn Union, July 9, 1868).

By 1870, Luther Hayes appeared as one of the Strafford County Deputy Sheriffs, at Milton, under Sheriff Joseph Jones of Lee, NH (McFarland and Jenks, 1870). (Sheriff Jones had formerly been a Deputy Sheriff under Sheriff Hayes).

Luther Hayes, a farmer, aged fifty years (b. NH [SIC]), headed a Milton household at the time of the Ninth (1870) Federal Census. His household included Sarah D. Hayes, keeping house, aged thirty-four years (b. NH), Charles H. Hayes, a farm laborer, aged twenty-one years (b. NH), George A. Hayes, a farm laborer, aged eighteen years (b. NH), Samuel L. Hayes, at school, aged seven years (b. NH), Fanny L. Hayes, aged four years (b. NH), Hattie E. Hayes, aged two years (b. NH), James L. Hayes, aged seven months (b. NH), Amos Jackson, a farm laborer, aged thirty-five years (b. ME), Lydia E. [(Hayes)] Cloutman, aged twenty-eight years (b. NH), and Mary Sinclair, a housekeeper, aged sixty-five years (b. NH). Luther Hayes had real estate valued at $6,000 and personal estate valued at $3,447. Their household appeared in the enumeration between those of Giles W. Burrows, a a farm laborer, aged forty-six years (b. ME), and Ichabod H. Wentworth, a farm laborer, aged seventy-four years (b. NH).

Luther Hayes appeared in the Milton business directories of 1871, 1873, 1874, 1875, 1876, 1877, and 1880, as a Milton justice-of-the-peace, and a South Milton lumber manufacturer. (In 1877, he was more particularly identified as running a grist mill, a saw mill, a shingle mill, and being a lumber dealer).

Milton - South Milton (Detail)
South Milton P.O. (School District #10) in 1871

In the 1871 map above, the “Res.” or residence of L. Hayes may be seen along the road beneath the “(P.O.)” portion of the title, and South Milton’s District No. 10 Schoolhouse may be seen next beneath his residence. Other L. Hayes properties may be seen both across the road from his residence (the “Bragdon property”) and next beneath the schoolhouse. Above the “No. 10” title may be seen two shingle mills. The Hayes R.R. station and its associated freight station may be seen to the right of the “South” portion of the title, where the R.R. tracks cross the road.

STRAFFORD COUNTY AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL SOCIETY. Reported by Noah Tebbetts, Esq., Rochester. This society was organized in the summer of 1867, by an association of gentlemen of the different parts of the county, prominent among whom were Hiram R. Roberts of Rollinsford, O.H. Lord of Somersworth, J.F. Lawrence of Lee, A.H. Young of Dover, Chas. Jones of Milton, J.H. Ela of Rochester, and Chas. A. Foss of Barrington. Hon. Hiram R. Roberts was the first president of the society, and J.F. Lawrence the first superintendent; and by the interest taken in the society, and perseverance and energy displayed by them, contributed very largely to the prosperity and success of the society when in its infancy. The gentlemen who now take an active interest in the welfare of the society with many others are S.C. Fisher, Moses D. Page, A.J. Hodsdon of Dover, S.S. Chick, John S. Haines of Great Falls, Noah Tebbetts and C.S. Whitehouse of Rochester, Elisha Locke of Barrington, Wm. R. Garvin and H.R. Roberts of Rollinsford, John F. Cloutman and Alonzo Nute of Farmington, A.G. Orne of Middleton, Luther Hayes of Milton, N.G. Davis of Lee, and Wm. F. Jones of Durham (NH Department of Agriculture, 1871).

Mr. Hayes has been a long time a leading member and President of the Strafford County Agricultural Society, also a Vice President of the State Agricultural Society. He is an Odd Fellow and a Royal Arch Mason (Granite Monthly, 1879).

Sarah M. (Cochran) Hayes died of pleurisy fever in Milton, December 26, 1871, aged thirty-seven years.

In June, 1861, he married Sarah D., daughter of John Cofran [Cochran] of Pembroke, who died ten years later, leaving two sons and two daughters, the eldest son, Lyman S. having served as messenger of the Senate the past session (Granite Monthly, 1879).

Luther Hayes married (3rd) in Pembroke, NH, November 14, 1872, Ellen Rachel “Nellie” Morrill, he of Milton and she of Pembroke, NH. He was a [twice] widowed lumber dealer, aged fifty-two years, and she was aged thirty-two years. Rev. Lyman White performed the ceremony. She was born in Pembroke, NH, January 6, 1840, daughter of Asa and Rachel F. (Page) Morrill.

In Nov., 1872, he married his present wife, Nellie R., daughter of Asa Morrill of Pembroke, by whom he has one son (Granite Monthly, 1879).

Luther Hayes appeared in the NH Register of 1874 as one of the Strafford County Deputy Sheriffs, at Milton, under Sheriff Joseph Jones of Lee, NH (Claremont Manufacturing Co., 1874).

AGRICULTURAL SOCIETIES. Strafford Co., N.H. The annual meeting was held at Dover, Dec. 22, when the following officers were elected: President, Luther Hayes of Milton; Vice Presidents, Elisha Lock of Barrington, and Joseph Nutter of Farmington; Treasurer, Stephen S. Chick of Great Falls; Secretary, Ezra H. Twombly of Dover (New England Farmer (Boston, MA), January 9, 1875).

Luther Hayes’ stallion Defiance, Jr., took second prize at the Manchester agricultural fair in Manchester, NH, in September 1875.

THE PREMIUMS. A Long List of Lucky Exhibitors Cattle, Sheep, Steers, Etc., Etc. … Stallions One Year Old and Under Two. 1st, W.T. Cook, Foxboro. Mass., Graphic; 2d, Luther Hayes, Milton, Defiance, Jr.; 3d, J.F. Cushing, South Weymouth, Mass., Climax (Boston Globe, September 10, 1875).

Strafford County, N.H. The ninth annual fair of the Strafford County Agricultural and Mechanical Society was held at the Cochecho Park, Dover, Sept. 14, 15, 16 and 17. These grounds are well located, about half a mile from the City Hall, and, unlike most parks in New England, situated as they mostly are upon barren plains, present to the visitor attractive and pleasant views of fine farms, green fields and woodlands, and would give the impression to the stranger that he was in the midst of a good agricultural district. Dover is also well located for a fair, being connected with all parts of the county by rail. On the south are Durham, Madbury and Lee, fine farming towns; on the north and east are Rochester, Somersworth and Rollinsford, the latter town containing some of the finest farms in the State. Situated thus, this society needed, to make it a success, only pluck and energy, which it found in its officers: Luther Hayes, Milton, President; Elisha Locke, Barrington, Joseph Miller, Farmington, vice-presidents; Ezra H. Twombly, Dover, secretary; Stephens Chick, Great Falls, treasurer; Chas. E. Smith, Dover, superintendent (New England Farmer (Boston MA), October 9, 1875).

Daughter Lydia E. (Hayes) Cloutman died in Middleton, NH, February 11, 1876, aged thirty-four years.

Luther Hayes and Sullivan H. Atkins were sworn in as Milton’s NH State Representatives for the 1876-77 biennium at the State House in Concord, NH, on Wednesday, June 7, 1876 (NH General Court, 1876). (It was Hayes’ second term at the state house). (William F. Cutts would replace Sullivan H. Atkins in 1877).

Luther Hayes received the first of his two five-year appointments as NH Fish & Game Commissioner in July 1876.

In 1876 he was appointed by Governor Cheney a member of the State Fish Commission for the term of five years, which office he now [in 1879] holds, and to which he has devoted considerable time and attention (Granite Monthly, 1879).

NEW HAMPSHIRE. At a meeting of the governor and council in Concord, yesterday, the following nomination were made: Fish Commissioner, Luther Hayes of Milton, Samuel Webber of Manchester, Albina Powers of Grantham; Judge of Probate, Hillsboro’ County, Henry K. Burnham of Manchester; Special Justice of the Police Court at Manchester, Henry W. Tewksbury (Boston Evening Transcript, July 26, 1876).

NH Board of Agriculture members Albert DeMerritte, of Durham, NH, William H. Hills, of Plaistow, NH, and its Secretary, James O. Adams, of Manchester, NH, held a public meeting in Milton, in 1878. Messrs. Luther Hayes and George Lyman were among the Milton residents that attended the meeting.

STRAFFORD COUNTY. A meeting was held at Milton [in 1878], attended by Messrs. Hills and Adams. The topics presented were the Culture of Sugar Beets, by Mr. DeMeritte, Fruit, by Mr. Hills, and Manures, by the Secretary, which occupied the full time, residents of the town taking but little part in the discussions. Messrs. Luther Hayes and George Lyman entertained the members, and helped create an interest in the meeting, and the gentlemen of the Board learned, too late, their mistake when they declined further proffered courtesy (Adams, 1879). 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. The annual report of the State Fish Commissioners shows that the distribution of black bass has been remarkably successful. A large number of ponds in all sections of the state have been stocked. Land-locked salmon were placed in Tri-Echo lake in Milton, Lovewell’s Pond in Wakefield, Squam Lake, Sunapee Lake, Blaisdell’s Pond in Sutton, Stocker Pond in Grantham and Star Pond in Springfield. Several other bodies of water have been stocked with smelt. The bass are distributing themselves faster than the Commissioners could do it and the Connecticut river is already so well stocked in the neighborhood of the Sugar river as to afford excellent fishing. Once planted and let alone for five years, these fish will take care of themselves and need but little protection. The Board of Commissioners consists of Col. Samuel Webber of Manchester, Luther Hayes of Milton and Albina H. Powers of Grantham (Boston Post, June 1, 1878).

LYNN. The News in Brief. Luther Hayes, one of the Fish Commissioners of Milton, N.H., was in town yesterday, and took fifty white perch from Flax Pond home with him to stock a pond at Milton. The fish were caught by John Marlor during the past three days (Boston Globe, August 24, 1878).

Luther Hayes of Milton ran for the District No. Twelve seat in the NH Senate, on Tuesday, November 5, 1878 (Vermont Journal, November 9, 1878). He won the election with 1,670 votes (52.7%); his opponents, Judge Moses C. Russell (1817-1879) of Great Falls, [Somersworth,] received 1,045 votes (33.0%), Milton-native Samuel S. Wentworth (1823-1888) of Somersworth received 446 votes (14.1%), and “All Others” received 6 votes (0.0%). NH Senator Hayes held the District Twelve seat during the 1879-80 biennium.

He served in the Senate as chairman of the Committee on Agriculture, a position to which he is well adapted, and was also a member of the Railroad Committee, and that on Roads, Bridges and Canals (Granite Monthly, 1879).

Luther Hayes’ sawmill burned down on Monday, February 10, 1879.

The saw mill of Luther Hayes, of Milton, N.H., was burned Monday. Loss $2000; no insurance (Argus and Patriot (Montpelier, VT), [Wednesday,] February 12, 1879).

John Berry of Farmington, NH, and another angler went fishing in South Milton on Tuesday, August 5, 1879. On their return trip they learned that the Hayes railroad station had caught fire and burned that same afternoon.

… Just before we left we learned that the R.R. depot at Hayes Crossing, on the Eastern R.R., was destroyed by fire that afternoon, caused by a spark from the engine (Farmington News, [Friday,] August 8, 1879).

Daughter Clara A. (Hayes) Pounds died in South Milton, August 9, 1879, aged thirty-six years, six months, and ten days.

DEATHS. At Hayes Crossing, Aug. 9, Clara A. Pound, aged 80 [36] yrs., 6 mos. and 10 days (Farmington News, August 22, 1879).

EASTERN NEW HAMPSHIRE. Fish Commissioner Luther Hayes has been engaged for the past week in stocking Langley and Pea Porridge ponds in Nottingham with black bass (Vermont Journal (Windsor, VT), October 11, 1879).

New England Items. Nine thousand land-locked salmon have been taken from the fish-hatching house at Plymouth, N.H., to the waters near Peterborough, by Commissioner Luther Hayes (Boston Globe, May 27, 1880).

Fish Commissioners Samuel Webber, Luther Hayes, and A.H. Powers submitted their expenses and those of the hatchery for the period May 1879 to June 1880. Luther Hayes received $21.00 for seven days service to June 1, 1879, at $3.00 per day, $130.50 for 43.5 days service to June 1, 1880, at $3.00 per day, and $188.22 for traveling expenses, postage, etc. (NH General Court, 1880).

Luther Hayes, a farmer, aged sixty years (b. ME), headed a Milton household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Nellie R. Hayes, keeping house, aged thirty-nine years (b. NH), his children, Fannie L. Hayes, at home, aged thirty-four years (b. NH), Lyman S. Hayes, at home, aged seventeen years (b. NH), Hattie E. Hayes, at home, aged twelve years (b. NH), Luther C. Hayes, at home, aged ten years (b. NH), and Clarence M. Hayes, aged two years (b. NH), and his mother-in-law, Rachel F. [(Page)] Morrill, aged seventy-four years (b. NH). Their household appeared in the enumeration between those of George Lyman, a a farmer, aged fifty-two years (b. NH), and William B. Rollins, works on farm, aged thirty-one years (b. NH).

Milton - Hayes Logging
Hayes Logging Crew

Luther Hayes appeared in the Milton business directories of 1881, 1882, 1884, 1887, and 1889, as being a Milton justice-of-the-peace, and a lumber manufacturer. (In 1887, he was also a member of the School Board, along with John Simes and Martin V.B. Cook).

Son Lyman S. Hayes served as a NH Senate messenger (Vermont Journal (Windsor, VT), June 4, 1881).

Luther Hayes of Milton received the second of his two five-year appointments as one of three NH Fish Commissioners, July 28, 1881, and served in that position through July 1886 (OH General Assembly, 1883).

MILTON. The following officers were chosen at the recent town meeting: Moderator, Chas. C. Hayes; Town Clerk, Chas. H. Looney; Selectmen, Geo. Lyman, Henry H. Pinkham, John U. Sims; Town Treasurer, Ira Miller; Auditors, Luther Hayes, Elbridge Fox (Farmington News, March 16, 1883).

Salmon in the Merrimac. We learn from Mr. Samuel Webber, late Fish Commissioner of New Hampshire, that the salmon have at last made their appearance in the Merrimac River at Manchester, and one “guessed” at from eight pounds to ten pounds has actually been seen passing the Fishway at Amoskeag Falls. This proves the prediction, which it will be remembered, Mr. Webber made that we should see a score of smaller fish from the plant of 1879 this year. The season is later by two weeks than last year, but the salmon are on their way up now. Ten were seen in one day in the fishway at Lawrence, Mass. What is of more especial interest to sportsmen, however, is the fact that a salmon weighing ten and a half pounds was taken last week in the Merrimac, at Concord, with the artificial fly in a legitimate manner. We have always believed that one was taken three years since by a bass fisher, but owing to the fact that the prohibitory law was then in force, we could never prove the fact; but this catch of last week proves that the salmon bred from Penobscot stock will take the fly in the Merrimac. We note the following change in the New Hampshire Fish Commission, viz., the appointment of Elliot B. Hodge, of Plymouth, Superintendent of the Hatchery, as Fish Commissioner, in place of A.H. Powers, resigned The Commission now stands: Colonel George Riddle, Manchester; Chairman E.B. Hodge, Plymouth, Superintendent of Hatchery; Luther Hayes, South Milton (Forest and Stream, July 5, 1883).

LOCALS. James E. Hayes has filled up a portion of the Luther Hayes pond preparatory to moving his heel factory thereon, about which we made mention of in our last issue. It is an almost universal desire that the whole pond might be filled, many believing that the health of our village would be greatly improved by such a course (Farmington News, June 12, 1885).

Lightning struck at Luther Hayes’ house on Friday, July 31, 1885, killing Charles S. Dorr, one of his farm laborers, while he was eating at the kitchen table. Dorr was a son of Stephen D. and Melvina F. (Staples) Dorr of Milton, aged only fifteen years, ten months, and seventeen days. (The newspapers could not seem to get his name right).

A Man Killed in Milton, N.H. Dover, August 1. Last evening a heavy thunder shower visited Milton, N.H. Mark Dore, who works on the place of Hon. Luther Hayes, was sitting at a table when a bolt struck a tree in front of the house, caromed in through an open door and struck him on the head, instantly killing him and discoloring the body. The other inmates received slight shocks from the electric current. The house was not damaged (Boston Globe, August 2, 1885).

NEW HAMPSHIRE. Lightning struck the residence of Hon. Luther Hayes, fish commissioner at West Milton, last week, instantly killing Frank Dare, a farm hand, who was in the kitchen eating his supper. The house escaped with but little damage. Other inmates suffered some from the shock. At the same time the residence of William Waldron at Strafford was struck. The front part of the house was torn out and considerably damaged. The inmates of the house were prostrated, but the effects are not serious. The barn of George A. Caverly of Strafford was struck by lightning and burned, with 30 tons of hay, farming utensils, hogs, fowls, etc. The loss $1500; insurance $500 (Spirit of the Age (Woodstock, VT), August 5, 1885).

NEW HAMPSHIRE NEWS. The fish and game commissioners of New Hampshire are now prepared to distribute copies of the fish and game laws as amended by the last legislature. Any person wishing one may obtain it upon application to either of the commissioners, who are Col. Geo. W. Riddle, Manchester; Luther Hayes, Milton; Elliott B. Hodge, Plymouth. (Vermont Journal (Windsor, VT), January 30, 1886).

Children Harriet E. Hayes and Luther C. Hayes graduated together from Berwick Academy in Berwick, ME, with its Class of 1886 (Berwick Academy, 1892).

John H. Kimball of Marlboro, NH, replaced Luther Hayes as NH Fish Commissioner, at the expiration of his term in July 1886.

NEW HAMPSHIRE OFFICERS. Concord, N.H., July 9. The governor and council have made the following appointments: James W. Patterson, of Hanover, superintendent of public instruction; Jason Sperry, of Rindge, member of the board of agriculture, to succeed George P. Harvey; B.F. Prescott, of Epping, and G.A. Wason, of New Boston, trustees of the New Hampshire college of agriculture and mechanics’ arts; John H. Kimball, of Marlboro, fish commissioner, vice Luther Hayes, term expired; CF. Hildreth, of Allenstown, commissioner of pharmacy; W.H. Size and Joseph Grace, of Portsmouth, commissioners of pilotage; Emery J. Randall, of Somersworth, and Edward Spalding, of Nashua, trustees of the insane asylum. Mason W. Tappan, of Bradford, was nominated as attorney general for a term of five years, this being his second reappointment to that position (Springfield Reporter (Springfield, VT), July 16, 1886).

John U. Simes, Luther Hayes, and M.V.B. Cook appeared in the Milton business directory of 1887, as being Milton’s Board of Education. Simes and Hayes submitted a requested report to the NH State Superintendent of Public Instruction for that year (NH Supt. of Public Instruction, 1888). (All three men were also Milton justices-of-the-peace).

Luther Hayes and thirty-eight other residents of Milton and Rochester, NH, petitioned the NH state legislature, in June 1887, to authorize a “union” (or combined) school district for the towns of Milton and Rochester (NH General Court, 1887). This union schoolhouse would operate in the already extant South Milton district schoolhouse, and its expenses would be partly funded by Milton, and partly funded by Rochester, NH.

B&M Railroad Superintendent John W. Sanborn testified before the NH House Judiciary Committee regarding the legislative railroad bribery scandal of 1887. He singled out Luther Hayes of Milton as having been an honest official, one who had not been bribed or influenced in favor of the Hazen railroad bill.

HUNTING FOR BRIBES. Testimony Showing How Various People Profited by the Fight. Concord, N.H., Oct. 18. – The judiciary committee of the house appointed to investigate the charge of bribery of members of the legislature met this afternoon. John W. Sanborn was sworn: I am superintendent of the Northern division, Boston & Maine railroad; can’t give names of all parties that have been in the employ of the Boston & Maine during the session of the Legislature to secure the passage of the Hazen bill; there have been several here who have not been under pay; among these are John W. Wheeler of Salem, A.A. Woolson of Lisbon, Luther Hayes of Milton and others whose names I do not recall; I told Mr. Sulloway that if he knew, anybody that would help us, to ask them to come; I think we have had some 40 under pay, perhaps more; not many more, however; we have not had a quarter as many as the Concord road; I told Newton Johnson of Portsmouth he might employ one or two men; Mr. Johnson has reported to me the names of those he has employed; Mr. Sulloway has not; I employed Edgar Aldrich and his partner, Mr. Drew and his partner, Mr. Briggs, John P. Bartlett, and Charles H. Bartlett of Manchester; George A. Ramsdell of Nashua; John Kivell and J.C. Caverly of Dover; Aaron Young and Newton Johnson of Portsmouth; James R. Jackson of Littleton; Paul Lang of Oxford, James A. Wood of Acworth; George B. French of Nashua; Frank G. Clarke of Peterboro; Charles B. Gaffney of Rochester; these men were employed to advocate the Hazen bill in every way; there were others engaged, whose names I cannot give now; they were expected to discuss railroad questions with members; Manahan of Hillsboro was one of those employed; Kirk D. Pierce was never employed ; am not aware Colonel Cochrane of Nashua has assisted any; don’t know that Frank H. Pierce has been employed; don’t know that General White has rendered any services; don’t know either Postmaster Flinn or Mr. Cadwell, agent of the Jackson Manufacturing Company of Nashua; the expenses of this contest, on the side of the Boston & Maine is paid by that corporation as I understand it; I am employed by the Boston & Maine, and have charge of the legislation; am not aware that any newspapers have been returned by the Boston & Maine; have told the proprietors of certain papers that we should want them to publish certain articles for which we expected to pay; among these papers are the Manchester Union and Manchester Mirror; don’t know that any other papers have been employed to publish articles in our interest; we have engaged the Mirror and the Union to publish speeches and reports of committees; I know that articles have been published by other papers, but don’t know who secured their publication; have employed the Boston Journal to publish some articles, and have paid the regular advertising rates, have retained no paper in or out of the State; have employed no correspondents during the fight, shall pay the papers whatever is right, can’t say what our expense has been so far; don’t think it would be $250,000; should not pay any such amount; Phenix Hall, Concord, NHhave had 16 rooms at the Phoenix Hotel; have been in Mr. Jones’ room considerable; representatives have visited my room during the session, but can’t give names of all of them, the canvass was looked after generally by Mr. Gaffney and Mr. Wood; we had a pretty full canvass before the first vote was taken; I saw Colonel Thomas P. Cheney before the Legislature met; we had a general talk about the railroad legislation we proposed to ask for, we didn’t go into any particulars; I saw him in company with Mr. Sulloway didn’t see any other members of the railroad committee before the assembling of the Legislature; the composition of the railroad committee was not discussed; have met Colonel Cheney since the report of the committee; bad no talk with him while the matter was before the committee; have had a general conversation with H.M. Putney regarding railroad legislation; never submitted the Hazen bill to Mr. Putney; he told me that he should take no active part in the matter during the session on account of his official position; cannot tell how many passes we have issued during the session, but don’t believe we have given near as many as the Concord road; complaint has been made that we did not give passes enough; it was said that the Concord lobbyists carried blank passes and filled them in with pencil; I said that I would give passes to members and families, but I did object to giving them to their constituents; can’t say that I refused anybody, but have objected; we give none over the Boston & Maine across the State line; have given none to Canada; the Boston & Maine never gives passes over any other line, nor does it allow other roads to issue passes over its line; ever since we have been here asking for legislation in years past we have always given members and their families trip passes; we started in that way this year; by the indiscriminate and lavish use of passes by the Concord road we were compelled to issue them in greater number; we gave to friend and foe alike; don’t think that anyone was influenced by it; know there is a statute against giving passes, but it is a dead letter; have heard a great deal of loose talk about buying and selling votes on the railroad question this season; I know of no money being offered to anybody to influence his vote; I came here to get this legislation in a proper way; I have done nothing improper, and have never countenanced anything of the kind; no man has reported to me that he could get a vote by improper means; it has never been suggested in my presence that any member tat the Legislature could be bought (Boston Globe, October 19, 1887).

The Hazen railroad bill did pass through both the NH House and the Senate, but was vetoed by the Governor. The whole thing would arise again in the 1889-90 biennium.

REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS. Hiram V. Wentworth to Luther Hayes, et als.; land in Milton; $1800. Hiram V. Wentworth to Lyman & Scates; land in Milton; $100 (Farmington News, August 10, 1888).

Daughter Miss Fannie L. Hayes appeared in the Milton directory of 1889, as principal of the Milton Classical Institute. She would seem to have been its last principal.

MILTON. Ex-Alderman C.H. Hayes of Haverhill, Mass., is visiting his father, Hon. Luther Hayes, for a few days (Farmington News, 1890).

The NH legislature authorized the trustees of the defunct Milton Classical Institute, including trustee Luther Hayes, to sell off its property in March 1891.

AN ACT AUTHORIZING THE TRUSTEES OF THE MILTON CLASSICAL INSTITUTE TO SELL AND CONVEY THE PROPERTY OF SAID INSTITUTE AND DISPOSE OF THE PROCEEDS THEREOF. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court convened. SECTION 1. That Luther Hayes, Charles A. Jones, Brackett F. Avery, Andrew J. Remick, George Lyman, George W. Tasker and Charles H. Looney, trustees of the Milton Classical Institute, be and are hereby authorized to sell and convey all the real and personal property of said Institute and to divide the proceeds of said sale equally between the Congregational Society and the Freewill Baptist Society, both of Three Ponds Village, so called, in the town of Milton. Sect. 2. This act shall take effect and be in force from and takes effect after its passage. [Approved March 31, 1891] (NH Secretary of State, 1891).  

In October 1891, Luther Hayes wrote an “excellent letter” which supplied missing information regarding his trotting mare of 1847 for the pedigree of her granddaughter.

In Wallace’s American Trotting Register, Vol. 1, p. 195, is entered: “Lady Franklin, alias Carrie, ro. m., foaled 1847; got by Esty’s Black Hawk, son of Vt. Black Hawk; dam unknown. Bred by Luther Hayes, N.H. (See calendar)”, And in the appended calendar is a list of her trotting victories extending from 1854 to 1855 inclusive. … The breeder of Lady Franklin (who writes that her dam was raised in Gilmanton, N.H., and called a Morgan mare) is still living, writes an excellent letter, and appears to have watched the mare with pride through her long and successful career (Middlebury Register (Middlebury, VT), October 9, 1891).

Luther Hayes appeared in the Milton business directory of 1892, as running a South Milton saw mill. He appeared in 1894, as a being a Milton justice-of-the-peace, and a lumber manufacturer.

ANOTHER BOOM FOR MILTON. Luther Hayes has sold his mill property at South Milton, known as the Tuttle mills, to James [i.e., Jonas,] Spaulding of Andover, Mass., who will build a leatherboard factory 150 feet long, 50 feet wide, 4 stories high. He has bought eight acres of George Lyman for flowage and other purposes and will build a stone dam four feet higher than the present one, giving twenty feet head and fall. It will be one of the finest privileges on the whole stream. He will build storehouses and tenements, for his workers to live in, giving work for a large number of workmen in building and manning the factory. The factory is to be one of the finest buildings on the whole stream. He is to commence early in the spring to build. – Ex. (Farmington News, December 29, 1893).

Luther Hayes of Milton made out his last will, apparently in Rochester, NH, April 2, 1894.

MILTON. Charles Hayes and wife of Haverhill visited his father, Luther Hayes, Sunday (Farmington News, March 8, 1895).

Luther Hayes died of chronic cystitis in Milton, March 28, 1895, aged seventy-five years, two months, and sixteen days. M.A.H. Hart, M.D., signed the death certificate.

LOCALS. Luther Hayes of Milton died at his home Thursday morning, of last week, aged 75 years. He has been a very prominent political character, having held the offices of state senator, representative to the general court, high sheriff, deputy sheriff and county commissioner. His funeral occurred Sunday, under the auspices of Paternal Lodge of this place, a large delegation being present (Farmington News, April 5, 1895).

Luther Hayes was a lumber manufacturer and was a very well-known man in this section of the state. His lumber plants were at South Milton and at Spaulding Mills. He was a native of Strafford County and lived here until his death at the age of 75 years. He was buried at South [West] Milton. A Republican in politics, he served at different times as state senator, fish and game commissioner of the state and as high sheriff of Strafford county. He was a member of the Odd Fellow and Masonic Lodges, whilst religiously was identified with the Free Will Baptist Church, toward the support of which he contributed most liberally. Mr. Hayes was thrice married (Scales, 1914).

LOCALS. James A. Fletcher has purchased the Luther Hayes pasture on the Middleton road (Farmington News, May 3, 1895).

The Hon. Charles H. Looney acted as commissioner for the executors of the Hayes estate at his Milton grocery store to settle the just debts of Luther Hayes. (Note each session’s end time. If A.M. means ante-meridian, and P.M. means post-meridian, than it stands to reason, although it is rarely seen, that M. alone would mean the meridian itself, i.e., precisely at noon).

COMMISSIONER’S NOTICE. The undersigned, commissioner to receive, examine, allow and adjust the claims against the estate of Luther Hayes, late of Hilton, county of Strafford, state of New Hampshire, deceased, will attend to the duties of his office at the store of Looney & Roberts in Milton, in said county of Strafford on the ninth day of July, 1895, and on the second day of November, 1895, from nine o’clock, A.M., to twelve o’clock, M., on each of said days CHARLES H. LOONEY, Commissioner 11-3t (Farmington News, May 24, 1895).

MILTON. Ella Hayes, granddaughter of the late Luther Hayes of Milton, is seriously ill (Farmington News, August 2, 1895).

Milton - Hayes Station SignageJ. Spaulding & Sons would construct their North Rochester mill near to Hayes Station, but on the Rochester, NH, side of the South Milton-Rochester border, in 1899-1900.

Ellen R. Hayes, a widowed housekeeper, aged fifty-nine years (b. NH), headed a Milton household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. Her household included her [step-] daughter, Hattie Dewolfe, a divorcée, aged thirty-two years (b. NH), her [step-] granddaughter, Helen Dewolfe, at school, aged nine years (b. NH), her [step-] son, Luther Hayes, a farm laborer, aged thirty years (b. NH), her son, Clarence M. Hayes, aged twenty-two years (b. NH), and her servants, Edgar J. Wyatt, a farm laborer, aged twenty-seven years (b. NH), and Helen Crossman, a house servant, aged twenty-nine years (b. Canada (Eng.)). Ellen R. Hayes owned their farm, free-and-clear. Ellen R. Hayes and Hattie Dewolfe were each mothers of one child, of whom each had one still living. Their household appeared in the enumeration after that of Annie M. George, a widowed housekeeper, aged seventy-one years (b. NH).

Daughter Hattie E. (Hayes) DeWolfe married (2nd) in Milton, April 25, 1903, Edgar J. Wyatt, she of Milton and he of Farmington, NH. She was a housekeeper, aged thirty-four years, and he was a teamster, aged thirty-one years.

Ellen R. (Morrill) Hayes died in the home of her step-daughter, Helen ((Hayes) DeWolfe) Wyatt, in South Milton, May 2, 1909, aged sixty-nine years, three months, and twenty-six days.

MILTON. The widow of the late Luther Hayes died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Wyatt, at South Milton last Monday (Farmington News, May 7, 1909).

WEST MILTON. The Rev. C.B. Osborne of Franconia was the guest of Mr. and Mrs. G.N. Hurd Tuesday. He was called to officiate at the funeral of Mrs. Hayes, widow of Luther Hayes of South Milton, on Wednesday (Farmington News, May 7, 1909).


Adams, James O. (1879). Eighth Annual Report of the Board of Agriculture, for the Year 1878. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=-n4SAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA88

Berwick Academy. (1892). A Memorial of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Founding of Berwick Academy, South Berwick, Maine. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=xmdCAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA116

Claremont Manufacturing Co. (1874). New Hampshire Register, Farmer’s Almanac and Business Directory. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=3JIBAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA59

Dover, Connie. (2001, January 1). Lord Franklin (aka Lady Franklin’s Lament). Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=PIP5CaRky6s

Find a Grave. (2011, March 26). Lydia Elizabeth Hayes Cloutman. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/67476190/lydia-elizabeth-cloutman

Find a Grave. (2011, February 28). Charles S. Dorr. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/66266462/charles-s.-dorr

Find a Grave. (2010, March 8). Luther Hayes. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/49429209/luther-hayes

Find a Grave. (2011, March 26). Clara A. Hayes Pounds. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/67476266/clara-a-pounds

Forest and Stream. (1883, July 5). Forest and Stream. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=okohAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA441

McClintock, J.N. (1879). Granite Monthly. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=phYXAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA296

McFarland and Jenks. (1866). NH Register and Political Manual. Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=gEA4AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA137

McFarland and Jenks. (1867). NH Register and Political Manual. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=UMYTAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA1-PA124

McFarland and Jenks. (1870). NH Register and Political Manual. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=NEA4AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA133

NH Department of Agriculture. (1871). First Annual Report of the Board of Agriculture. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=DTtOAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA120

NH General Court. (1876). Journals of the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the State of New Hampshire. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=SeE3AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA145

NH General Court. (1879). Journals of the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=Wag0AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA14

NH General Court. (1880). Report of the State Treasurer of the State of New Hampshire, for the Year Ending May 31, 1880. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=Yi8bAQAAIAAJ&pg=RA4-PA20

NH General Court. (1887). Journals of the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=aVAlAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA159

NH Secretary of State. (1891). Laws of the State of New Hampshire. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=RZtGAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA524

NH Secretary of State. (1891). NH Manual for the General Court, with Complete Succession. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=0jdAAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA148

NH Superintendent of Public Instruction. (1888). Annual Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=YSUlAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA96

OH General Assembly. (1883). Executive Documents, Annual Reports for 1883. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=v9rjNS-ZA7YC&pg=PA1530

Post, L.D. (1916, September). Paper Box Maker. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=Q_BYAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA23-PA12

Scales, John. (1914). History of Strafford County, New Hampshire and Representative Citizens. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=nGsjAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA780

Wikipedia. (2021, July 5). Jane Franklin. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jane_Franklin

Milton’s Burley & Usher Shoe Factory – 1885-93

By Muriel Bristol | July 11, 2021

Daniel Smith Burley was born in Newmarket, NH, June 10, 1843, son of Frederick P. “Plumer” and Martha J. (Wentworth) Burley.

Plumer Burley, a farmer, aged thirty-six years (b. NH), headed a Middleton, NH, household at the time of the Seventh (1850) Federal Census. His household included Martha J. Burley, aged thirty-two years (b. NH), Elizabeth Burley, aged ten years (b. NH), Daniel S. Burley, aged eight years (b. NH), and William Pike, a farmer, aged forty years (b. NH).

P. Burley, a farmer, aged forty-five years (b. NH), headed a Middleton, NH, household at the time of the Eighth (1860) Federal Census. His household included Martha J. Burley, aged forty-two years (b. NH), Elizabeth S. Burley, aged twenty years (b. NH), and Daniel S. Burley, aged eighteen years (b. NH). P. Burley had real estate valued at $2,000 and personal estate valued at $600.

Daniel S. Burley of Middleton, NH, aged nineteen years, enlisted in Co. I of the Third NH Volunteer Infantry Regiment, August 5, 1861.

In August 1861, he enlisted in the 3d N.H. Vols., Co. I., Capt. Rall Carlton, for three years. He was in all engagements in which the 3d took part for fifteen months, and was then transferred to the U.S. Signal Corps; and was in all engagements in which the 10th Army Corps took part, and during the siege of Morris Island and Fort Sumpter was many times under fire. He was honorably discharged 24 Aug. 1864 (Burleigh, 1880).

Daniel S. Burley married in Farmington, NH, May 25, 1865, Clara A. Wentworth, he of Middleton, NH, and she of [South] Milton. He was a farmer, aged twenty-three years, and she was a lady, aged twenty years. Rev. Ezekiel True performed the ceremony. She was born in Milton, November 26, 1844, daughter of Eli V. and Mehitable J. (Howe) Wentworth. (That is to say, she and her brother, Charles W. Wentworth, were the children of South Milton’s Eli V. Wentworth, who died of disease in Milldale, MS, July 18, 1863, while serving as a quartermaster of the Sixth NH Volunteer Infantry Regiment (and for whom Milton’s Eli Wentworth G.A.R. Post was named)).

Daniel S. Burley of Middleton, NH, appeared in a list of members of the Dover, NH, Belknap Chapter, No. 8, of the Royal Arch Masons, in 1867. He had been “exalted” there, April 19, 1867, along with George W. Piper of Barrington, NH, and Charles H. Meader of Rochester, NH.

Daniel S. Burley appeared in the Milton business directories of 1867, and 1868, as a Milton justice-of-the-peace.

The Law and Order League of Wakefield, Brookfield and Milton, under the leadership of Daniel S. Burley, Esq., has strengthened public sentiment (Merrill, 1889).

Daniel S. Burleigh, a shoe manufacturer, aged twenty-eight years (b. NH), headed a Wakefield (“Union P.O.”), NH, household at the time of the Ninth (1870) Federal Census. His household included Clara A. Burleigh, aged twenty-five years (b. NH), and Eli W. Burleigh, aged two years (b. NH). Daniel S. Burleigh had real estate valued at $3,000 and personal estate valued at $3,900.

Daniel S. Burley, commission business, aged thirty-eight years (b. NH), headed a Wakefield, NH, household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Clara A. Burley, aged thirty-five years (b. NH).

Masonic Grand Master Andrew Bunton visited the Morning Star Lodge of Wolfeboro, NH, January 26, 1881, to install officers there, which he did with the assistance of Daniel S. Burley of the Unity Lodge of Wakefield, NH.

January 12, 1881. I visited MORNING STAR LODGE, Wolfeborough. Witnessed its exemplification of the work of the third degree. Noticed many errors, but think its officers are disposed to amend in every way possible when they see their failings. Grand Lecturer Brother BEACHAM assisted in the work in his usual strict conformity to Grand Lodge requirements, and I have no doubt the Lodge was benefited thereby. January 26. I publicly installed the officers of this Lodge with the assistance of Brother DANIEL S. BURLEY of Unity Lodge as Marshal. I think the services were of interest to those present. In addition to the brethren present, there were many ladies and gentlemen who partook of the refreshments and joined in the social pleasures of the evening (NH Grand Lodge, 1879).

D.S. Burley of Union, [Wakefield,] NH, was a newly-arriving guest at Boston’s Quincy House hotel in May 1881 (Boston Post, May 19, 1881). He was there again in June 1881 (Boston Post, June 30, 1881).

Daniel S. Burley and William R. Usher (1845-1917) were said in 1889 to have formed their shoe factory co-partnership only seven years before, i.e., circa 1882. Their original factory was in Beverly, MA, with the Milton one following in 1885, the Milton one being the larger of the two.

In 1884 an organization composed of citizens of the [Milton] town erected a shoe factory 160 x 40 and four stories high, with other accessories, at Milton at a cost of $12,000, which was leased to Burley & Usher in 1885, who were afterwards succeeded by N.B. Thayer & Co., the present [1896] occupants (NH Bureau of Labor, 1896).

The factory at Milton, N.H., is a four-story structure, 40 by 160 feet in dimensions, thoroughly equipped, and having a capacity of two thousand five hundred pairs per day, affording employment fto two hundred and fifty hands. The finest line of grain shoes is produced here, and the “Granite State” brand, every pair warranted, is a great staple seller all over the country (American Publishing, 1889).

Burley-Usher - 1880s - A Tie UpBurley & Usher were included in an 1885 advertisement that listed boot and shoe firms that were “too well known” for their quality to be doubted.

HAVING PURCHASED THE FINEST STOCK OF FALL AND WINTER BOOTS, SHOES and RUBBER GOODS EVER BROUGHT TO THE CITY OF FORT MADISON, I will offer them for CASH for the NEXT SIXTY DAYS lower than anybody. If you don’t believe it, come and see. I AM NOT TIED TO ANY FIRM, But buy my Goods of the Cheapest and Best Manufacturers in the United States. I represent goods from the following manufacturers: Couch & Wisner, Bridgeport, Conn.; Burley & Usher, Milton, N.H.; Pratt, Warren & Co., Boston, Mass.; Lilly, Brackett & Co., Brockton, Mass.; Geo. W. Ludlow, Chicago, Ill.; Pingree & Smith, Detroit, Mich.; J.S. Nelson & Son., North Grafton, Mass.; Geo. P. Holmes & Co., Chicago, Ill. The above named firms are too well known for anybody to question the quality of their goods. EHARTS BLOCK, SECOND STREET. Yours, B.C. DAVIS (Fort Madison Democrat (Fort Madison, IA), November 11, 1885).

LEBANON, ME. Elmer Hersom is learning to keep books in Burley & User’s shoe factory in Milton, N.H. (Farmington News, December 18, 1885).

Great Falls Water Power Company, who were in the business of building and then leasing water-powered mills, considered building a replacement mill on the ruins of I.W. Springfield & Son’s woolen mill, which had burned down when it was struck by lightning on Saturday morning August 22, 1885. (See Milton in the News – 1885).

MILTON. Great Falls Water Power Co. is considering the propriety of erecting a four-story building where the woolen mill was burned a year ago last July at Milton. If erected it will be used as a shoe shop by Burley & Usher (Farmington News, December 17, 1886).

Burley & Usher appeared in the Milton business directories of 1887, and 1889, as Milton boot & shoe manufacturers.

MILTON. The foundation of Ralph Kimball’s house is laid and ready for the framework. There is prospect of a new road being laid from Burley & Usher’s shoe factory toward the ruins of the woolen mill (Farmington News, April 22, 1887).

PERSONAL. Joseph Breckenridge has accepted a position at Milton in Burley & Usher’s factory (Farmington News, July 1, 1887)

UNION. Mr. Jacob B. Mitchell and son, who have been living in Malden, Mass., for some time past, have returned to their home here. Eddie has a job at Burley & Usher’s shoe factory, at Milton. Mr. Mitchell is at home for a few days. He has a short job of work, we are told, at Peabody (Farmington News, January 6, 1888).

REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS. D.S. Burley to G.W. Tasker, land in Milton, $400 (Farmington News, January 6, 1888).

REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS. H.V. Wentworth to D.S. Burley, land in Milton, $1,200 (Farmington News, July 27, 1888).

MILTON. The Milton Manufacturing Company is running at its utmost capacity, manufacturing leather board and paper. They employ some forty hands, running the twenty-four hours day and night. Burley & Usher, shoe manufacturers of the same place, are turning out twenty cases per day and have orders on hand to last well into the winter months. They give employment to some 200 hands, with a weekly pay roll of $1,400 (Farmington News, September 28, 1888).

Burley & Usher opened their third factory in Springvale, ME, in January 1889.

Their large factory at Milton, N.H., proving too small for their requirements, the firm have now (January 1889) just finished building a splendid factory at Springvale Me. It is four stories and basement in height, fitted up with the latest improved machinery and requirements, having a capacity of one thousand five hundred pairs per day. Two hundred hands will be employed here in the manufacture medium grade goat and kid shoes, and of a quality which will at once command the attention of the best class of trade (American Publishing, 1889).

Actually, it was again the case that it was the Springvale citizens that built the factory, rather than Burley & Usher, who only leased it.

LOCALS. John Currier, having purchased his brother George’s machinery, has commenced the manufacture of heels at his father’s farm. He sells his heels to Burley & Usher of Milton, of whom he buys his stock (Farmington News, January 11, 1889).

MILTON. Miss Sadie Shortridge has been absent from Burley & Usher’s factory the past week, on account of illness (Farmington News, June 21, 1889).

Sadie Shortridge would marry in Milton, December 24, 1895, Frank M. Davis, both of Milton. She was a shoe stitcher, aged twenty-four years, and he was a laborer, aged twenty-nine years. Rev. Frank Haley performed the ceremony.

Burley & Usher gave up their smallest factory in Beverly, MA, in October 1889, in favor of another one leased in Newburyport, MA. (They would now have factories in Milton, NH, Springvale, ME, and Newburyport, MA).

WILL MOVE TO NEWBURYPORT. Burley & Usher of Beverly Discharge Their Lasters and Fitters. BEVERLY, Mass., Oct. 31 – Messrs. Burley & Usher, shoe manufacturer, discharged all their lasters and stock fitters yesterday, and will leave Beverly for Newburyport as soon as possible. The firm had a large five-story factory built for their use at Newburyport, and began business therein two weeks ago. They would have remained a month longer in Beverly, but many of their employes who were not to go to Newburyport with them, had secured places elsewhere, and so crippled the firm that it has decided to discontinue business here at once. They have been making 15 cases a day (Boston Globe, October 31, 1889).

Burley & Usher presented South Milton’s Hon. Luther Hayes with a silver tea service on the occasion of his seventieth birthday, which would have been January 12, 1890. (Hayes would devise the tea service to his wife in his last will of 1894).

MILTON. Messrs. Burley & Usher were in town, May 12, in the interests of their business. It is expected that work will be more abundant (Farmington News, May 23, 1890).

REAL ESTATE MATTERS. Burley & Usher, shoe manufacturers at Newburyport, have just broken ground for a new factory building in the rear of their present plant (Boston Evening Transcript, October 8, 1890).

Mr. D.S. Burley attended a banquet sponsored by the Y.M.C.A. at the Thorndike hotel in Boston, MA, on the evening of December 11, 1890 (Boston Globe, December 12, 1890).

Luther Hayes, and Henry B. Scates, acting for the town, filled out a NH State Board of Health form regarding Milton’s sanitary and safety conditions in that same year. (They were not at all impressed with the sewerage and drainage at Milton Three Ponds). They noted that the Burley & Usher factory was the only building in town that had a fire escape (NH State Board of Health, 1891).

Burley & Usher appeared in the Milton business directories of 1892, and 1894, as Milton boot & shoe manufacturers.

MILTON. Burley & Usher’s shoe shop is to have a coat of paint (Farmington News, November 11, 1892).

MILTON. It is reported that Ed Hammond, the superintendent of the finishing department in Burley & Usher’s shoe factory, was married Saturday evening (Farmington News, November 11, 1892).

Edwin F. Hammond married in Wakefield, NH, November 5, 1892, Lillian A. Chamberlain, both of Wakefield, NH. He was a bookkeeper, aged twenty-two years, and she was a houseworker, aged twenty-two years. Rev. L.C. Graves performed the ceremony.

MILTON. Fred Snow has left Burley & Usher and returned to Boston (Farmington News, March 31, 1893).

HERE AND THERE. Frank Pearl is about to assume charge of the stitching department in the Burley and Usher factory in Milton (Farmington News, March 31, 1893).

Frank Pearl would appear in the Milton directory of 1900, as a shoe stitcher, with his house at 8 School street. By 1902, he had moved to Easton, PA.

Partner William R. Usher left the Burley & Usher firm in June 1894. He started a new partnership with his son, William A. Usher. They would take over the Springvale factory.

New England Briefs. Burley & Usher, a big Newburyport (Mass.) shoe firm, have dissolved partnership (Berkshire Eagle, June 29, 1894).

Meanwhile, Daniel S. Burley formed a new partnership with his nephew, John P. Stevens (1866-1955), and his factory foreman, William H. Sargent. It took the name Burley, Stevens & Co.

NEWBURYPORT. After the dissolution of the shoe manufacturing firm of Burley & Usher, D.S. Burley will take the factory now occupied, and a partnership will be formed by associating with him John P. Stevens, a present member of the firm, and William Sargent, a foreman. Mr. Usher will take the old A.F. Towle & Son silver shop, and associate with himself his son, W.A. Usher (Boston Globe, July 17, 1894).

Daniel S. Burley, J.P. Stevens, and William H. Sargent, under the firm-name of Burley, Stevens & Co., continued to occupy the factory on Merrimack street [in Newburyport] until it was destroyed by fire, October 31, 1894, when they removed to the brick building on the corner of Kent and Munroe streets, formerly occupied by the Ocean Mills Company for the manufacture of cotton cloth (Currier, 1906).

Their Milton factory seems to have been closed down at about this time, as it was said to have been idle for nearly a year when the building was sold in October 1894. (It might have been a victim of the widespread economic Panic of 1893).

TO START ANOTHER FACTORY. Shoe Industry Likely to Boom the Town of Milton, N.H. MILTON, N.H., Oct. 23 – W.H. [N.B.] Thayer & Co. today purchased the shoe factory formerly occupied and operated by Burley & Usher, which has been idle for nearly a year. The new purchasers are at present operating a factory in this town and employ nearly 400 hands, and steps will at once be taken to connect the two factories and largely increase the number of employes (Boston Globe, October 24, 1894).

BIG FIRE AND LITTLE WATER. Newburyport Car Works and a Shoe Factory Destroyed. Help Summoned from Four Cities. Newburyport, Mass., Oct. 31 – A big fire is raging in Newburyport. The alarm came in from box 45. This was followed close by a second alarm, and soon after a general alarm, summoning the whole department. The blaze started near the front end of the Newburyport car works, and when the firemen arrived this part of the structure was in flames The firemen arrived promptly, but owing to the inflammable condition of the building the fire spread with alarming rapidity. As fast as the firemen put a stream on one part of the building the flames broke out in another. Inside of ten minutes after the first alarm was sounded the car works was a mass of flames. Chief Reed has ordered City Marshal Emerson to send for help from Salem, Portsmouth, Haverhill and Amesbury. The fire spread to the rear, and Burley & Usher’s factory is doomed. There is a very low supply of water and the firemen are greatly hampered. Fireman Edgar J. Brown, of engine No. 3, narrowly escaped suffocation. He was on the third floor of Burley & Usher’s factory, and was hemmed in by smoke. He rushed to a window and broke the glass. A ladder was quickly raised, and he was able to reach the ground. Burley & Usher were crowded with orders. All the help in their factory got out in safety. At one time it looked as if all the wooden buildings In the vicinity of the fire would be destroyed, but shortly before noon the fire was got under control. Burley & Usher’s factory, which by recent change in the firm was run by Burley, Strains [Stevens] & Co., was burned to the ground. The concern had about $55,000 worth of stock on hand and employed over a hundred hands. The loss to this firm will reach $110,000. The Newburyport car works were practically destroyed. Loss about $25,000. The Eagle House and a number of small buildings were also destroyed. Firemen and apparatus came from Amesbury, Salem, Haverhill, Lynn and Portsmouth, and did good service. The total loss will reach $150,000, on which there is an insurance of about $100,000. The cause of the fire was the explosion of an oil stove in the office of the car company (Fall River Daily Evening News (Fall River, MA), October 31, 1894).

Burley - BS941107Want the Firm In Dover. DOVER, N.H. Oct. 31 – When it became known in this city that the shoe firm of Burley & Usher of Newburyport had been burned out those interested in the Dover improvement association at once communicated with the burned out firm offering its splendid brick shoe factory situated on Dover st. to the firm if it should care to come here and carry on its business. Every effort will be made by the association to induce the firm to locate here. The shop in question, which has been idle about a year, is one of the largest and best in the state (Boston Globe, November 1, 1894).

In the wake of their disastrous Newburyport fire, Burley, Stevens & Co. placed many advertisements in 1895 and 1896 for jobs (of which the following are just a sample) in their new location at the Whitefield Mills in Newburyport.

Female Help Wanted. VAMPER wanted, three-needle vamper, Union Special machine; also closer on women’s, misses’ and children’s. BURLEY, STEVENS & CO. Newburyport, Mass. Sud3t f3 (Boston Globe, February 5, 1895).

Male Help Wanted. WANTED – A good man to take charge of fitting red sole leather. BURLEY, STEVENS & CO. Newburyport, Mass. (Boston Globe, February 8, 1895).

NEWBURYPORT. Daniel S. Burley of the firm of Burley, Stevens & Co. leaves today for a two-weeks’ gunning expedition in Maine (Boston Globe, September 23, 1895).

NEWBURYPORT. Burley, Stevens & Co., whose shoe factory was destroyed with the car company’s buildings, have removed to the unused Whitefield mills building, and are doing one-third more work than one year ago. They have an immense brick building 300×45 feet, four stories high (Boston Globe, November 4, 1895).

Burley’s erstwhile partner, William R. Usher of Newburyport, MA, became in 1897 treasurer of the Electrolytic Marine Salts Company, a firm devoted to extracting gold from sea water in Lubec, ME. (Usher was still associated also with his son in the shoe business).

Electrolytic Marine Salts Co - BT971215Its board was staffed with men of known business integrity, including Usher, but they were just window dressing for one of the most audacious and notorious stock swindles in New England history. The whole scheme came unraveled in July 1898. The swindlers fled overseas and the dumbfounded directors found themselves holding the bag, so to speak. They issued the following statement:

The story printed by the New York Herald of July 31 is, in the minds of the directors, conclusive evidence of a conspiracy on the part of P.F. Jernegan, general manager, and C.E. Fisher, assistant manager, to defraud the stockholders of the company. They have undoubtedly left the country and disabled the electrical apparatus at plant No. 1. As soon as our suspicions were aroused we took the most active measures to apprehend the criminals and protect the interests of the stockholders. A considerable sum of money has already been received and there is a good prospect of a further large amount. All bills have been paid on presentation, and the outstanding liabilities are small. Only a small amount of contract work was awarded. All work has been suspended. Touching the secret process of the company, it should be said that it is yet to be ascertained that it is fully lacking in merit. It is the wish of the directors to meet the stockholders, and a call for such a meeting will be issued. Signed, ARTHUR B. RYAN, President; WILLIAM R. USHER, Treasurer; ALBERT P. SAWYER, Director (Jeweler’s Circular, 1898).

It should be noted that there actually are trace amounts of gold and silver in sea water. It is just that it has never been economically feasible to extract them, either then or now.

Clara A. (Wentworth) Burley spoke briefly at a district conference of the Y.M.C.A. auxiliary held in Merrimac, MA, December 7, 1898.

Y.M.C.A. RIGHT HAND. District Conference of the Women’s Auxiliary Meets at Merrimac. MERRIMAC, Dec. 6 – The first district conference of the Woman’s auxiliary of the Y.M.C.A., which is composed of the societies in Amesbury, Haverhill, Lawrence, Lowell, Newburyport and Merrimac, was held here today. At the morning session an address of welcome was delivered by Mrs. George Trefethen of Merrimac. The response was by Mrs. D.S. Burley of Newburyport, and was followed by an address by Miss Emma Short of Haverhill. At the afternoon session addresses were delivered as follows: On state work, by R.M. Armstrong, Boston, general secretary, Y.M.C.A.; on consecration service, Mrs. H.O. Durell, Cambridge; on district work, by Mrs. H.L. Fuller, Lynn. A banquet was served at noon (Boston Globe, December 7, 1898).

Clara A. (Wentworth) Burley’s brother, Charles W. Wentworth, presented an informational tablet or sign to the Milton Congregational Church, as a Christmas gift. (Its pastor was then Rev. Myron P. Dickey).

MILTON. A tablet for the Congregational church was received from C.W. Wentworth, as a Christmas gift, telling the name of the pastor, the time of each service, etc. It is highly appreciated by all. Mr. Wentworth is a brother to Mrs. Daniel Burley of Newburyport. At the death of his mother, which occurred at South Milton some years since, he went to reside with his sister in Newburyport. His father, Eli Wentworth, was commissary, in the same regiment with Alonzo Nute, who was quartermaster in the Sixth New Hampshire during the civil war. Mr. Wentworth always sends some token of remembrance when occasion gives opportunity (Farmington News, December 30, 1898).

Burley, Stevens & Company lost their “Company,” i.e., William H. Sargent, in November 1899. They became plain Burley & Stevens.

Mr. Sargent having withdrawn from the firm and removed to Lynn in 1899, the business since that date has been carried on by Daniel S. Burley and J.P. Stevens under the firm-name of Burley & Stevens (Currier, 1906).

William H. Sargent, a shoe manufacturer, aged forty-five years (b. MA), headed a Lynn, MA, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of twenty years), Nancy A. [(Taylor)] Sargent, aged forty-five years (b. NH), his son, Charles W. Sargent, at school, aged fourteen years (b. MA), and his lodger, Edward W. Lovely, a shoe finisher, aged twenty-nine years (b. MA). William H. Sargent owned their house at 82 High Rock Street. Nancy A. Sargent was the mother of two children, of whom two were still living.

Daniel Burley, a shoe manufacturer, aged fifty-seven years (b. NH), headed a Newburyport, MA, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of twenty years), Clara A. [(Wentworth)] Burley, aged fifty-five years (b. NH), his brother-in-law, Charles W. Wentworth, a shoe cutter, aged forty-five years (b. NH), his boarder, John P. Stevens, a shoe manufacturer, aged thirty-three years (b. MA), and his servants, Nora Finnegan, a servant, aged twenty-five years (b. Ireland), and Hannah Finnegan, a servant, aged eighteen years (b. Ireland). Daniel Burley owned their house at 191 Summer Street, free-and-clear. Clara A. Burley was the mother of five children, of whom none were still living.

Record of the Work. Material Improvements. NEWBURYPORT, Mass. Whitefield Ch. has opened after extensive improvements costing over $1,500. The money was the gift of Deacon and Mrs. Daniel S. Burley, members of the church (Congregationalist, July 19, 1902).

Daniel S. Burley of Newburyport, MA, signed his last will, probably in his own home on High Street, December 19, 1906. He devised $150,000 to his “beloved wife,” Clara A. Burley. He devised $50,000 to his nephew, John P. Stevens of Newburyport, MA, to be taken from company stock at set rates. Stevens would also get Burley’s real estate at East Lake in Wakefield, NH, including its buildings, furnishings, boats, motors, and all other personal property there; Stevens would also receive Burley’s fishing rods, rifles, guns, tents, and camping outfits. He devised $1,000 to his sister, Elizabeth S. Stevens, and $1,000 to her husband, Jacob B. Stevens of Peabody, MA. He devised $500 to his sister-in-law, Lydia F. Mitchell of Union, [Wakefield,] NH, or, should she not survive him, to her grandsons, Harold H. Mitchell and Daniel Burley Mitchell. He devised $3,000 to [his brother-in-law,] Charles W. Wentworth of Newburyport, MA; $500 to Helen B. Feineman of Rochester, NH; $2,500 to Thomas E. Medcalf of Newburyport, NH, for his faithful services; and $1,000 each to faithful employees Isaac W.C. Webster and Augustus W. Garland, both of Newburyport, MA. He devised all the moneys due him from the church to the Union Congregational Church of Union, [Wakefield,] NH. He devised $10,000 to a trust for the benefit of the Y.M.C.A. of Newburyport, MA, and named Henry B. Little, Lawrence B. Cushing, and Charles Thurlow, all of Newburyport, MA, as its trustees. Finally, he devised all the rest and residue to his “beloved wife,” Clara A. Burley, who he also named as executrix. Angie Hanson, Annie MacGillivray, and Ernest Foss signed as witnesses (Essex County Probate, 644:429). Ernest Foss was a lawyer and justice-of-the-peace, while Angie Hanson was Clara A. Burley’s cousin and Annie MacGillivray was a domestic servant on High Street.

Daniel S. Burley died of progressive paralysis in Newburyport, MA, March 10, 1909, aged sixty-seven years, and two months.

DANIEL S. BURLEY DEAD. Wealthy Shoe Manufacturer Passes Away at His Newburyport Home After Long Illness. NEWBURYPORT, March 10 – Daniel S. Burley of the firm of Burley & Stevens company of this city, shoe manufacturers, and one of the wealthiest men in Newburyport, died at his home here this morning after an illness of a year, the greater part of which time he had been confined to his home. Mr. Burley was born in New Hampshire, his early life being spent in the town of Union. When a young man he went on the road for Chadwick & Orange, a shoe manufacturing firm having headquarters in Boston. In a few years he had organized the firm of Burley & Usher, who operated shoe factories in Beverly, Springvale and Milton. They closed the Beverly factory in 1889 and opened one here. Later the factory here was burned and they took the Ocean mill property. About this time the firm separated, Mr. Usher taking the Springvale factory and Mr. Burley retaining the one in this city. He associated with John P. Stevens and together they have conducted a large business here since. Mr. Burley was a veteran of the civil war. He was prominently identified with the religious life of the city, being a leading member of the Whitefield church and active in Y.M.C.A. matters. He was a public spirited citizen in every way. He is survived by his wife (Boston Globe, March 10, 1909).

UNION. The remains of Daniel S. Burley of Newburyport were brought here Saturday by special train for interment in the family lot. Mr Burley was born in Newmarket, January, 1842, the only son of Plumer and Martha Burley who, when he was a small child, moved to Middleton where his childhood was passed. He married Clara, daughter of Eli and Jane Wentworth of South Milton, to whom five children were born, all dying in infancy. He engaged in the manufacture of shoes in Union, Milton and Newburyport, the last years of his life being passed in the latter place. He was a member of the Congregational church of this place until after his removal to Newburyport when he was transferred to the Whitefield church of that place. He belonged to Unity lodge, A.F.&A.M. of Union, Miltonia lodge, I.O.O.F of Milton and Eli Wentworth post G.A.R. He leaves a wife, one sister, Mrs. Jacob Stevens of Peabody, Mass., and many friends to mourn his loss. A profusion of beautiful floral tributes testified to the love and esteem felt for him (Farmington News, March 19, 1909).

Clara A. Burley, a widow, aged sixty-five years (b. NH), headed a Newburyport, MA, household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. Her household included her boarders, Elma Stevens, a shoe factory finisher, aged thirty-eight years (b. NH), and Bennett J. Samson, a laundry manager, aged thirty-six years (b. MA), and her servant, Bessie Cronin, a private family servant, aged twenty-two years (b. Ireland (Eng.)). Clara A. Burley rented their house at 193 High Street. She was the mother of five children, of whom none were still living.

Former partner William R. Usher died of stomach cancer in Stockbridge, VT, July 4, 1917, aged seventy-two years.

William Robert Usher. In the death of William R. Usher the town of Stockbridge has lost another of its highly honored and universally respected citizens. While his death came as a sudden shock to the community, he has suffered painful illnesses in the past few years, from which his attending physician gave little hope of recovery, but his strong constitution and excellent care has kept him with us and through his unlimited ambition and will power he has continued to do light work. The morning of July 2 found him patiently at work in his garden, but on the morning of July 4th, his seventy-second birthday, he was stricken with indescribable pain from hemorrhage and passed from earth in the afternoon. Thus his birthday on earth was his birthday in heaven. He breathed a prayer to the Heavenly Father to take him and his last words to the dearly loved companion at his bedside were, “I am now returning home.” The drawn expression relaxed to a pleasant smile which seemed to speak the immortal joy of the released spirit. William Usher was the son of Ambrose and Mary (Campbell) Usher, born in Boston, July 4, 1845. The first years of his married life were lived at Stoneham, Mass., then he removed to Newburyport, where he remained until he came to Stockbridge in 1908, where he has since resided with his son at the pleasant home formerly owned by Rev. T.S. Hubbard. His wife, Eva T. (Bowdlear) Usher, a woman possessing rare qualities of heart and mind, passed from this life in 1902. Five years later, Dec. 14, 1907, at Wakefield, Mass., he married Grace Jaques of Newburyport, who has been the patient, unwearying caretaker (Bethel Courier (Bethel, VT), July 26, 1917).

Clara A. Burley, a widow, aged seventy-five years (b. NH), headed a Newburyport, MA, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. Her household included her cousin, Angie Hanson, a widow, aged seventy-nine years (b. NH), her boarder, Bennett J. Samson, a laundry manager, aged forty-four years (b. MA), and her servant, Katharine Carroll, a private family houseworker, aged thirty-five years (b. Ireland). Clara A. Burley owned their house at 191 High Street, free-and-clear.

Clara A. (Wentworth) Burley died in Newburyport, MA, June 2, 1925, aged eighty years.

MRS. CLARA A. BURLEY DIES AT NEWBURYPORT. NEWBURYPORT, June 2 – Mrs. Clara A. Burley, 80, widow of Daniel S. Burley, formerly a prominent shoe manufacturer here, died today at her home, 191 High st. She was born in Milton, N.H. and came here nearly 40 years ago. Mrs. Burley was a member of Central Congregational Church and a generous contributor to the work of the Young Men’s Christian Association, of which her husband was a former president and benefactor and for whom the boys and girls’ Summer camp at Angle Lake, Hampstead, N.H., was named. Her nearest relative is a cousin, Mary Abbie Howe of West Milton, N.H. (Boston Globe, June 3, 1925).


American Publishing and Engraving. (1890). Illustrated Boston, the Metropolis of New England. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=wNFAAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA104

Burleigh, Charles. (1880). The Genealogy of the Burley or Burleigh family of America. Portland, ME: B. Thurston & Co.

Currier, John J. (1906). History of Newburyport, Mass., 1764-1905. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=mcnTDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA225

Jeweler’s Circular. (1898, August 3). The Seawater Gold Swindle. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=4HMoAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA24

Merrill, George D. (1889). History of Carroll County, New Hampshire. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=nQE2AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA513

Multhopp, Jennifer. (2008). Klondike: Lubec’s Gold from Sea Water Hoax. Retrieved from lubec.mainememory.net/page/960/display.html

NH State Board of Health. (1891). Report of the NH State Board of Health. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=1IbuVusxkxgC&pg=RA2-PA216

NH Bureau of Labor. (1896). Reports. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=yxdNAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA23

NH Grand Lodge Masons. (1879). Proceedings of the M. W. Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of New Hampshire. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=EGQtAQAAMAAJ&pg=RA6-PA46

NH Royal Arch Masons. (1896). From the Annual Convocation Held June 8th, 1857 to the Annual Convocation Held June 11th, 1867. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=IaAwAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA464

Wikipedia. (2021, May 28). 3rd New Hampshire Infantry Regiment. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3rd_New_Hampshire_Infantry_Regiment

Wikipedia. (2018, June 17). X Corps (Union Army). Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_Corps_(Union_Army)

Wikipedia. (2021, June 22). Panic of 1893. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panic_of_1893 

H.E. Wentworth’s Diary Entries, Miltonia Mills – 1935-54

By Joyce Wentworth Cunningham | July 4, 2021

Continued from H.E. Wentworth’s Diary Entries, Miltonia Mills – 1928-34


Wentworth, Harry E. - Per Joyce W. Cunningham
Harry E. Wentworth (Per Joyce W. Cunningham).

January 2: Was in the office as usual. Not doing much in the mill.

January 5: Norman is driving [the town snowplow] part of the time as there is no work in the mill just now.

[WEST MILTON. The new snowplow made its appearance this week and did a good job. It was run by Bard Plummer, Jr. (Farmington News, January 4, 1935). The diarist’s son, Norman L. Wentworth (1903-1991) might have been driving an older snowplow, presumably in Milton Mills or Milton, or the new one on a different shift].

The next mention of the mill was the day following a “North-easter” that had deposited up to 18 inches of snow over the countryside.

[BLIZZARD HITS NEW ENGLAND. SNOW COVERS ALL SIX STATES. New England was buried in snow today after an all-night blizzard, the worst in 14 years, which took seven lives and completely disrupted transportation. Sixteen inches of snow fell in Boston, 28 in Portland, .Me., while hundreds of highways were impassable because of drifts which swirled to depths of 10 and 12 feet. Four men succumbed in Massachusetts to exertion caused by battling snow drifts, while Connecticut reported one death indirectly due to the storm. Two persons died in Rhode Island from over exertion. Not a ship moved in or out of Boston harbor during the night; not a train was able to leave either the North or South terminals from shortly before midnight until after 5 o’clock this morning. Coast Guards along the storm-tossed seas of Massachusetts Bay sought for in vain the little fishing schooner, the Josephine, missing since yesterday noon with a crew of 3. All hotels were taxed t0 capacity during the night and thousands were forced to sleep in railroad and bus terminals. At Nashua 200 employes in a mill who completed work at 2 a.m. were unable to go to their homes. Cots were provided for them and they slept in the mill. It was 11 above in Boston early today, 8 above in Portland and 4 above at Keene, N.H. Rhode Island had 11½ inches of snow. Trolley and bus services were stalled and hundreds were marooned in theatres. Spectators at a hockey game were forced to spend the night in the auditorium on benches. Vermont was the .only New England state to escape the full fury of the blizzard. Only four inches of snow fell at Montpelier, but a strong wind and near zero temperature caused considerable discomfort (Portsmouth Herald, January 24, 1935).

January 24: So bad traveling the mill didn’t run. I didn’t go over at all.

The following day the mill still did not fun, but he worked in the office. Obviously, sometime between January 5 and 24 the late December dye problem had been resolved and the mill was back in production.

February 4: Halton has gone to Boston for 2 or 3 days. They are not doing anything in the Finishing Room at the mill for a few days.

February 11: Not doing much at the mill.

February 18: Not doing much in the mill. Halton went to N.Y. last Saturday night. Will probably be back Wednesday.

February 28: Nothing doing in the mill now – nobody working. I am in the office every day so far. Expect to get going again soon.

[MILTON MILLS. Mr. and Mrs. Halton Hayes went to Boston one day last week and visited the flower show (Farmington News, April 5, 1935)].

April 8: Didn’t go to the office. Going to be out Mondays & Thursdays for a while.

April 24: Nothing doing at the mill so I didn’t go over.

June 10: They started up the mill this morning. I shall probably be in the office more after this week.

July 29: Our new Supt. went to work this morning. George [Stevens] will stay a few days with him. His father is here as Boss Spinner.

[The father, John H. Gard, a blanket mill foreman [i.e., the “Boss Spinner,”] aged sixty-five years (b. MA), headed a Milton household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Annie I. [(Mitton)] Gard, aged sixty-six years (b. OH). John H. Gard rented their house at 329 Main Street, for $10 per month. They had resided in the same house in 1935].

August 6: Our new Supt. at the mill, Mr. Gard, is starting in well. It looks as though we would be going better soon.

[The new superintendent was said to have been the son of the boss spinner, who had six sons. Only one lived anywhere near Milton Mills at this time. Frank C. Gard, a restaurant proprietor, aged thirty-six years (b. MA), headed a Milton household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census. His household included Mary M. Gard, a restaurant proprietor, aged forty-two years (b. ME). Frank C. Gard rented their house in the Milton Community, for $6 per per month. They had resided in the same place, i.e., in Milton although not in the same house, in 1935. (It would seem that he filled the frequent downtime at the mill in having a mom-and-pop restaurant)].

August 9: Geo. Stevens finished up at the mill to-day and will go home to Vt. to-morrow. His health is poor.

Stevens, GA - NA360527[Retired Superintendent George A. Stevens advertised his 10-room Northfield, VT, house for sale in August 1935. It was steam heated, with modern improvements (Burlington Free Press, August 15, 1935). Mr. Wentworth’s assessment of Stevens’ health was correct. He was in the Mayo Memorial Hospital in Northfield, VT, for a septic sore throat in December 1936, but was recuperating in January 1937 (News and Advertiser (Northfield, VT), December 30, 1936; News and Advertiser (Northfield, VT), January 7, 1937). He and his wife were living in Manchester, NH, by June 1938 (News and Advertiser (Northfield, VT), June 16, 1938). He died in the Masonic Home in Manchester, NH, May 7, 1943, aged seventy-five years, four months, and eight days. Mrs. Stevens predeceased him. NORTHFIELD FALLS. Word has been received of the death of George A. Stevens of Manchester, N.H. Burial took place Thursday afternoon in the Northfield Falls cemetery. Mr. Stevens was superintendent of the Charles M. Davis Co. Woolen mill and has many friends in this vicinity (Burlington Free Press (Burlington, VT), May 7, 1943)].

August 26: Halton & Mr. Gard went to N.Y. to-night.

August 28: Lots of trade in the Blanket Sales Room these days.

October 1 (a Tuesday): Mill closed to-night for the rest of the week – waiting for binding.

October 26: Worked in the office all day – sold quite a lot of blankets. Halton went to the Harvard-Dartmouth football game.

[HARVARD OPPOSES DARTMOUTH TEAM. Cambridge. Mass, Oct. 26 (AP.) Dartmouth’s Indians, unbeaten in four games in which they scored 188 points, today encountered a Harvard team that was sent on a comeback after losses to Holy Cross and Army. Despite signs of improvement by the Crimson, Dartmouth remained the favorite in the 42nd clash of the series (North Adams Transcript (North Adams, MA), October 26, 1935). Dartmouth won the game, 14-6].

November 7: So much work in the office I have to be there about every day.

November 22: Halton, Agnes, Paul [their son], & Ing started for a trip to Cuba & The West Indies. Will be gone about 10 days.

[Ing and Agnes at least had been to Cuba before. Ingeborg V. Townsend of 2509 Binz Ave., Houston, TX, sailed on United Fruit’s S.S. Atenas from Havana, Cuba, December 30, 1932, arriving in New Orleans, LA, January 2, 1933. She was forty years of age (b. Boston, MA, March 21, 1892). Agnes Hayes of Milton Mills, NH, sailed on the S.S. Munargo from Havana, Cuba, February 23, 1934, arriving in Miami, FL, February 24, 1934. She was thirty-four years of age (b. Milton Mills, NH, May 25, 1900)].

November 23: Worked in the office all day – most of the help worked. Getting out quite a lot of blankets now.

November 30 (a Saturday): Worked in the office all day. Mill was running to make up for Thurs. [Thanksgiving].

December 4: Halton & Agnes came home last night.

December 28 (a Saturday): Not feeling very well. Went over to the office about 2 ½ hrs. in A.M. and 2 hrs. in P.M. Halton is away to-day. The mill is running to make up for Christmas.


January 1: The mill was running to-day, so I was in the office.

January 6: Stacking up a little in the mill to let the finishing room catch up. They are some 125 or more cuts behind.

January 10: Slowing down quite a bit in the mill – letting part of the help go for a few weeks.

January 20: Not doing much of anything in the mill this week – waiting for instructions from N.Y. on a large order we have.

Although, Grandpa appears to be working regularly at the mill, the next mention of its operation was on . . .

April 15: Starting to do a little more in the mill this week.

From time to time, Grandpa records some of Uncle Hal’s trips to Boston and New York, apparently in connection with mill business, especially sales.

June 23 (a Tuesday): Mill closed to-night for the rest of the week. One of the cards needs repairs.

July 17: The mill closed down for 2 weeks to do some repairs and wait for shipping orders.

On August 4: Grandpa records that about 4:30 a very heavy shower with a small hurricane struck us. He goes on to describe the damage done to a number of homes in Milton Mills. The next day [August 5] he continues with more storm destruction ending with Shingles were blown off several buildings including the mill.

[Headlines of the Boston Globe for August 5 were: STORM ENDS HEAT; LOSS HEAVY. Wind and Rain Wreak Havoc. Peak Rush Here Hit – Streets Flooded. Lighting Cut Off in Many Places].

August 10: Mill hasn’t started up yet. They are shingling the main building.

August 22 (a Saturday): Worked in the office in P.M. Halton went away. We keep the office open on Saturdays on acct. of the blanket trade which is pretty good this year.

August 27: Didn’t work to-day – am going to be in the office only 3 days per week unless Halton is out.

September 21: The mill started up this morning.

September 24: In the office all day. Halton & Agnes took Paul to West Newton where he is going to school.

[Educational Opportunities. … Among other well-known private schools within the [Newton, MA] city are Mt. Ida School, Allen, Fessenden, and Country Day Schools (Newton Directory, 1936)].

October 12 (Columbus Day): We did not observe the holiday. Business in the Sales Room was rushing – sold more blankets than any day this summer.

Other than noting Worked in the office today, as usual from time to time, the mill is not mentioned again in his 1936 diary. Apparently, this was a good year for the mill and its workers.

[MILTON MILLS TO BE HOST TO ROCHESTER DISTRICT SCOUTERS. Announcement has been made by Edward H. Young, field executive of the Daniel Webster Council, that Milton Mills will act as host to the Rochester district committee and its guests on the occasion of the regular bi-monthly meeting of the district on Monday, December 21. The Milton Mills Scout committee, composed of Halton Hayes, Herbert Nickerson, William Woodbury, Frank Gard, and Rev. Frank Snell, are in charge of the program. A supper will be served at 6.30 and following that a court of honor and the business meeting of the district committee will be held. All Scouts who have earned awards are requested to be present to receive their certificates. … (Farmington News, December 18, 1936)].


Grandpa recorded that he worked in the office all day on a regular basis throughout January and February.

March 6: Worked in the office all day. Lots to do for me there now. So many gov. reports to make out.

April 21: Halton went to N.Y. last night.

May 5: Took a day off.

June 21: Halton’s mother is very sick and he has been out of the office most of the day. She is here with him and Agnes.

June 22: Halton’s mother died this morning.

[Hattie [(Pinkham)] Hayes died of bronchial pneumonia at 26 Lowell Street, Milton Mills, June 22, 1937, aged seventy-five years, seven months, and fifteen days. P.A. Kimball, M.D., of Union signed the death certificate].

June 24: Funeral of Halton’s mother occurred at Rochester this P.M.

August 4: Nothing doing at the mill yet.

August 10: Halton went to Boston this A.M. – will be back to-morrow night.

August 30: Started up the mill this morning with a few hands in.

September 6: Labor Day Mill & office closed.

September 7: Mill is getting started pretty well, half of the looms going today.

September 22: Pretty busy in the Sales Room these days. Halton was out this P.M. and I was so busy I didn’t get home until 6:30.

September 27: Halton went to N.Y. Louie is staying in the office while he is away.

That might have been Louie Young.

[Louis A. Young, a cotton & woolen mill salesman, aged thirty-seven years (b. ME), headed a Melrose, MA, household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Dorothy [(Goodale)] Young, aged thirty-five years (b. NY). Louis A. Young rented their apartment at 71 West Wyoming Ave., for $35 per month. They had resided in Strafford County, NH, in 1935].

October 15: Halton is having the office painted and re-modeled a little inside.

October 26: Halton went to N.Y. to-night – will come back tomorrow night.

December 11: Went over to the office and got some of my books and did a little work on them in the P.M. They are oiling the office floors.


This was another quiet year at the mill with the usual “ups and downs” of business. Judging by his occasional entries of “went to the office to-day as usual” Grandpa worked all the time, but sometimes for only three days a week.

February 22 (Washington’s Birthday): Holiday and the mill didn’t run, but I worked all day.

[The Federal Uniform Holidays Bill of 1968 would cause most Federal holidays to fall on Mondays. It consolidated also Washington’s Birthday (February 22), which was a Federal holiday, and Lincoln’s Birthday (February 12), which was not (although many states celebrated it), into a single Presidents’ Day, which acknowledged all of the presidents].

March 1: Halton is about sick with a cold. Was in the office a few minutes this morning and went home for the day.

March 3: We had a little fire scare at about 3:30. Sparks from the chimney ignited the shingles on Eugene Runnell’s house causing quite a little blaze, but not doing much damage. They put it out with the chemical from the mill.

The mill must have had its own fire department as Grandpa has mentioned at other times that the mill’s firemen helped put out a fire.

[Othello D. Runnells, a leatherboard mill counterman, aged thirty-seven years (b. ME), headed a Milton (“Milton Mills”) household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Pearl E. Runnels, aged thirty-six years (b. MA), his children, June E. Runnels, aged eighteen years (b. NH), Robert D. Runnels, aged eight years (b. NH), his father, Eugene E. Runnels, aged sixty-five years (b. ME), and his landlord [landlady], Susie Steven, aged seventy-eight years (b. NH). Othello D. Runnells rented their house, for $8 per month].

April 11: Halton went to N.Y. last night.

April 13 (a Wednesday): Halton came home this morning. We are going to run only 3 days per week for a while. There is almost no business in N.Y. We closed to-night for the rest of the week.

April 29: I went over to the office in A.M. but there was nothing to do.

May 18: Mill closed to-night for 2 weeks. No business.

Grandpa continued to work in the office throughout the summer – presumably on his three-days-a-week schedule.

Miltonia Blanket - 1938September 19: The mill started up this morning.

September 20: Worked in the office. Shall be in there more now.

November 23: Mill closed to-night for the rest of the week. [Thanksgiving weekend].

Grandpa was still working regularly at the end of the year with no further mention of the mill being shut down, so we may assume the year ended well for the mill and its workers.


[$7.50 Pepperell Miltonia Blankets, pure wool in rose, blue, green, peach, rust and tan – 72×84 … Sale Price $6.48 (Brattleboro Reformer, January 5, 1939)].

January 11: Worked in the office all day. Mill closed to-night for the rest of the week – going on 3 days a week for a while.

January 25: Worked in the office. Business is poor – doubt if we do much for a while after this week.

January 30: Mill not running this week so I didn’t go over to the office to-day.

Grandpa was still working in the office periodically, but evidently not regularly as he complained that he “was doing a lot of sitting around these days.”

March 21: Worked in the office. They have been getting out a new blanket, 2 ¼ lb. which seems to be taking well. They call it the “Wentworth,” and have some orders already.

The mill must have shut down again soon after this. Perhaps the “Wentworth” blanket didn’t “take” as well as hoped!

April 17: Mill started this morning and the whistle blew.

For the next five months Grandpa appears to have been working in the office only one day a week (usually Tuesday) judging by his other days’ “work” activities – painting, papering, plowing, planting, and picking, and trips to his camp on Wilson Lake on the other side of Acton. I was mystified until I came to his late September entries.

September 26 (a Tuesday): Worked in the office. We have a new Supt., Mr. Herrick, who went to work yesterday.

[The new superintendent was William E. Herrick (1888-1970). As was the case with the former superintendent George A. Stevens, Mr. Herrick left his wife behind at their home base of West Newton, MA, and came to Milton Mills on his own. Despite taking the superintendent’s job in Milton Mills in 1939, he would be enumerated both in West Newton, MA, and Concord, MA, in 1940, while registering for the draft in Milton in 1942. (Ms. Cunningham has noted throughout the intermittent nature of Miltonia Mills’ production runs during these years)].

[William E. Herrick, a textile superintendent, aged fifty-two years (b. MA), headed a Newton, MA, household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Elsie M. [(Crowninshield)] Herrick, aged fifty-one years (b. NY), and his children, Roger Herrick, assistant buyer for a retail department store, aged twenty-six years (b. NY), Louise Herrick, a cemetery bookkeeper, aged twenty-one years (b. NY), and Stewart A. Herrick, aged nineteen years (b. Canada). William E. Herrick owned their house at 129 Randlett Park, which was valued at $8,000. Elsie M. Herrick supplied the census information. They had all resided in Troy, NY, in 1935].

September 27: Worked in the office. Halton went to N.Y.

October 2: Worked in the office. Peggy is sick.

Peggy Fletcher was out for over a week and Grandpa worked in her stead. I am guessing that the mill had been running throughout the summer, but Grandpa had chosen to work only one day a week. He would have been 70 years old in 1939 and had been cutting back on his farm work load as well. Although he still had a large garden and hens, he no longer had his cows and horses and the care they entailed.

[Harry P. Fletcher, a painter (own shop), aged forty-seven years (b. ME), headed a Milton (“Milton Mills”) household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Laura E. [(Young)] Fletcher, aged forty-two years (b. ME), and his children, Fanny E. [“Peggy”] Fletcher, a blanket mill bookkeeper, aged twenty years (b. ME), Harry Fletcher, Jr., a shoe factory packer, aged eighteen years (b. ME), Maurice Fletcher, aged seventeen years (b. ME), and Harvey Fletcher, aged thirteen years (b. NH). Harry P. Fletcher owned their house in Milton Mills Center, which was valued at $1,000. They had all lived in the same house in 1935. The household of Halton R. Hayes appeared on the same census page].

The only entries for the rest of the year were Worked in the office on Tuesdays and once when he worked in the office because Uncle Halton had gone to New York.


For two weeks in the middle of January Grandpa worked nearly every day “closing up the books for the year.”

January 23: Around home all day. Can’t do much more in the office until Halton gets the inventory ready for me.

He continued his one-day-a-week schedule for the next couple of months. There is nothing in his diary to indicate whether or not the mill was operating.

March 26: Worked in the office all day. Halton has gone to N.Y. and Peggy is sick.

March 27: Worked in the office. Halton came home this morning. He got an order for blankets and will start the mill as soon as he can get the colors wanted.

April 22: Worked in the office all day. Peggy is out this week and Halton is going away next week so I shall have to be there about all of the time.

April 29: Peggy came back to work this morning. Halton & Agnes started their vacation yesterday.

He continued to work every day until Halton came back.

May 9: Halton came home last night so I didn’t have to work to-day.

May 21: Worked in the office. Halton has gone on a vacation so I will have to work until he returns.

May 22: Worked in the office. Mill hasn’t started up yet, but they have got one or two looms going.

Uncle Halton must have had a very short vacation; he returned two days later and Grandpa went back to his every Tuesday workday for the next few months.

July 1: Mill started up this morning – whistle blew.

August 26: Worked in the office. Shall probably work 3 days this week as they are quite busy. Lots of people in the sales-room. Sold over $400 worth to-day. They are running 2 shifts in the mill now – began a week ago.

September 3: Worked in the office. Ruth Ramsey Tanner came in to work. Don’t know whether they will need me much more or not.

[Ruth Ramsey married in Acton, ME, September 20, 1936, Vincent Tanner, she of Milton and he of Lebanon, ME. She was a bookkeeper, aged twenty-five years, and he was a laborer, aged twenty-three years. Rev. Frank H. Snell performed the ceremony].

September 5: Worked in the office. They called me back for a day or two. Lots of work there now.

Grandpa continued to work in the office on Tuesdays for the rest of the year, but the diary contains nothing else about the mill.


In January and February, Grandpa recorded working an occasional day here and there.

February 27: Worked in the office. They haven’t got the books closed for last year.

He worked in the office a couple of days a week for the next two or three weeks.

March 19, 20, 21, and 24: Worked in the office.

March 24: Worked in the office. Peggy is having a hard time. Blood poison or something of that kind. She is down at Rochester to see the Dr. every day.

Grandpa continued to work full time until . . .

April 2: Worked in the office. Peggy got home yesterday and was in to see us to-day. She expects to be back to work next week.

That was a Wednesday. Grandpa worked Thursday and Friday. Presumably, Peggy returned to work on Monday.

I am not sure how long Peggy Fletcher worked there after this year, but I do know that at some time Marion Lowd (Willey) replaced her. Marion was my teacher in the one-room school house on Fox Ridge in Acton for many years. That school closed at the end of the 1940-41 school year and not long after that she became the mill’s bookkeeper.

[Albert Lowd, a farmer (dairy farm), aged thirty-eight years (b. ME), headed an Acton, ME, household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Doris [(Rowell)] Lowd, a [Milton Mills] public school teacher, aged thirty-seven years (b. ME), his children, Enid Lowd, aged thirteen years (b. ME), and Lois Lowd, aged eleven years (b. ME), his mother, Clara [(Page)] Lowd, aged seventy years (b. NH), and his sister, Marian Lowd, a public school teacher, aged thirty-two years (b. ME). Albert Lowd owned their house “near Milton Mills,” which was valued at $2,500. They had all resided in the same house in 1935].

[Fanny Ellen [“Peggy”] Fletcher married in Sanbornville, [Wakefield,] NH, October 9, 1943, William Hanson, she of Milton Mills and he of Sanbornville, [Wakefield,] NH. She was a secretary, aged twenty-three years, and he was a dairy farmer, aged twenty-five years. Rev. Bradford Ketchum performed the ceremony].

[Marion E. Lowd married in [Acton,] ME, February 8, 1945, Charles P. Willey, she of Acton, ME, and he of Sanbornville, [Wakefield,] NH.

There are no more references to the mill that year, including no mention of him having “worked in the office.”

Nowhere does Grandpa indicate that he has retired, but all indications are that he has, in fact, done so. As you can see from the following entries, he adds very little to the mill’s history from this time on. I had hoped to learn a little more about what led to its demise and how it became Greene Tanning Company.


Not a word about the mill!

[Halton Rex Hayes of Church Street, Milton Mills, registered for the WW II military draft in Milton, April 27, 1942. He was forty-eight years of age (b. Rochester, NH, December 29, 1893), and employed in Milton Mills. His telephone number was Milton Mills 39-3. His contact was Mrs. Agnes T. Hayes, of Milton Mills. He was 5′ 10″ in height, weighed 180 pounds, and had blue eyes, gray hair, and a light complexion].

[William Edward Herrick of Milton Mills registered for the WW II military draft in Milton, April 27, 1942. He was fifty-four years of age (b. Lowell, MA, March 3, 1888), and employed at the Miltonia Mill in Milton Mills. He had no telephone number. His contact was Mrs. Elsie M. Herrick, of 129 Randlett Park, West Newton, Mass. He was 5′ 10″ in height, weighed 175 pounds, and had brown eyes, brown hair, and a dark complexion].


February 12: Fire broke out in the picker room of the mill about 3 P.M. and caused quite an excitement in town for a while. It was put out without a great deal of damage, mostly from water.

June 12: They are having a new smokestack over at the mill. The old one was taken down this morning and they are getting ready to put up the new one.

September 18: Fred Simes [former mill superintendent] is here from California. He called on us after we got home from the camp.

Grandpa had a camp on Wilson Lake in Acton.

[Fred Sims, a whl. [wholesale] textile manager (own business), aged seventy-two years (b. NH), headed a Los Angeles, CA, household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Mary Sims, aged seventy-one years (b. NH), and his son, Harold Sims, a whl. [wholesale] textile manager (own business), aged fifty-three years (b. NH). Fred Sims rented their house at 3966 West Avenue, for $38 per month. They had all resided in the same place, i.e., Los Angeles, CA, in 1935].

December 13: Fred Simes, who has been here from Cal. for over 2 months waiting for train accommodations to return and take Laura with him, got word this morning that May is dead. He has reservations for the 16th and can’t go until then.

Fred’s wife’s name was Mary. Was May a “familiar” name for Mary? Or did Grandpa make a rare spelling mistake?!

[Frederick H. “Fred” Simes and Laura E. (Simes) Roberts were siblings, children of Edwin S. and Mary E. (Lowd) Simes (and grandchildren of Milton Mills’ Bray U. Simes (1801-1885)). Fred’s wife, Mary A. “May” (Smith) Simes died in Los Angeles, CA, December 13, 1943, aged seventy-three years, eight months, and twenty-seven days].


February 12: Heard to-day that Ing Townsend is married to Harold Simes in Los Angeles. She went out there in December.

[Ingeborg V. Townsend married in Anaheim, CA, January 14, 1944, Harold E. Simes. Later, Ingeborg V. Townsend Simes divorced Harold E. Simes, both of Milton Mills, in Strafford County Court, June 9, 1949].

Harold was Fred Simes’ son.


Miltonia Blanket - 1945January 8: A boy was born to Mr. & Mrs. William Hanson of Wakefield. [Peggy Fletcher]

There is nothing about the mill in Grandpa’s 1946, 1947, 1948, and 1949 diaries.

[The diarist’s second wife, Ella (Buck) Wentworth, died June 21, 1947, aged seventy-six years, ten months, and two days].

Miltonia Blanket - 19491950

[The Miltonia Mill was placed in receivership, i.e., became bankrupt, in early 1950].

March 24: Went to Rochester with Agnes in A.M. Had to go to the bank. I am letting her have some money to help save the mill and get it out of Receivership. She hopes to get it incorporated and going again.


June 18: Mr. John Bentley called to see me this evening. He is interested in planning some way to get the mill going.

[John W. Bentley (1873-1962) lived on both Pelham Avenue in Methuen, MA, and Townhouse Road in Milton, NH. He was president and treasurer of Bentley Hair Co., manufacturers of hair brushes, but he had formerly manufactured “shoddy.” Shoddy is reclaimed wool from unfelted materials of a better quality and longer staple].

October 3: Agnes was over to see me about the mill – nothing doing there yet, and not any very good prospect.


July 17: Went over to talk with Agnes a little while in P.M. about the mill. She has another prospect of selling. Don’t know as it will amount to anything.


April 14: Fred Simes funeral was this P.M. at the house. I wanted to go but the weather was bad [snow] and I didn’t feel hardly able to go over.

[Fred H. Simes died of cardiac failure in Milton, April 11, 1953, aged eighty-five years. He was a widowed [retired] mill superintendent. Robert E. Lord, M.D., signed the death certificate].

Grandpa was 83 and had multiple health issues at this time; some days were good, but others were not.


[Granite State Briefs. Tanning Firm Buys Mill. MILTON MILLS (AP) – The Greene Tanning Corp., newly organized company for tanning sheep hides, has purchased a vacant mill here and will begin operations within 30 days, it was announced today. According to attorney Wesley Powell of Hampton Falls, the Miltonia Mills plant has been obtained by a firm headed by James C. Greene of Peabody, Mass. The mill has been vacant since Miltonia went out of business several years ago. The purchase price from the mill corporation was not disclosed. The new operation is expected to employ “upwards” of 25, the lawyer said (Portsmouth Herald, May 27, 1954)].

[AUCTION! MACHINERY and EQUIPMENT of the BANKRUPT MILTONIA MILLS, MILTON MILLS, NEW HAMPSHIRE. Wednesday, June 16, 1954 at 11:00 A.M. D&F 48 in. DREADNAUGHT MIXING PICKER – Sargent Cone duster – Dodge rag picker – 5 sets D&F and CLEVELAND CARDS, 48×60 and 48×48 in. – 60×48 in. card grinders – 20 C&K 92 and 100 in. AUTOMATIC 4×1 BOX LOOMS – D&F MULES – Rodney Hunt fulling mills and cloth washers – D&F 100 in. x 14 ROLL S.A. NAPPER – GESSNER 84 and 90 IN. x 18 ROLL D.A. NAPPERS – PROCTOR & SCHWARTZ 90 IN. x 2 SECTION RAW STOCK DRYER – Roy 115 in. napper grinder – Hercules and other extractors – Walsh, Houston, Merrow and Metropolitan sewing machines – yarn tester – D&F 92 and 100 IN. BRASS PLATE DRESSING WHEELS – D&F beamer – D&F jack spoolers – jack winder – flocking system – 16 metal clad fiber box trucks 48x30x27 in.; card and jack spools; bobbins; picker sticks; canvas baskets, sewing thread; waste; blanket boxes; trucks; scales; blowers; motors; belting; stencil cutter; pipe fittings; fluorescent lights; Whitcomb iron planer; desks; chairs; letter and card files, etc. Sale to take place upon the premises, and will be sold piece by piece. Inspection day before and morning of sale. Terms cash. Catalog in detail upon application to Henry S. Anthony & Co., AUCTIONEERS, Since 1923, 210 CENTRAL ST., LOWELL, MASS. PHONE 2-4995 SuT je13 (Boston Globe, June 13, 1954)].

June 29: Fire in the mill this a.m. in the old Dye House part. Don’t know how much damage was done.

July 26: Mill whistle blew to-day – the first time for 2 or 3 years.

October 29: The Greene Tanning Co. held “Open House” this P.M. & evening. So rainy I didn’t go over. There were quite a lot of people there.


Harry E. Wentworth passed away at his home with his son and daughter-in-law by his side on December 10, 1955. He was 86 years old.

[Deaths and Funerals. Harry E. Wentworth. ACTON, Maine – Harry E. Wentworth, 86, brother of Mrs. Clara Wilkins of York and a retired manager and head bookkeeper of the former Miltonia Mill, Milton Mills, N.H., died Saturday at his home. For the past 40 years Mr. Wentworth, a native of Milton Mills, has served as Sunday School superintendent of the Milton Mills-Acton Baptist Church of which was deacon and treasurer. He has served as president of the Milton Mills Cemetery Assn. Besides his sister, survivors include a son and another sister (Portsmouth Herald, December 12, 1955)].


Halton R. Hayes was nominated as Milton Mills postmaster in August 1956 (U.S. Senate, 1960).

Former superintendent Frank C. Gard died in Waterville, ME, February 3, 1963.

Agnes M. (Townsend) Hayes died in St. Petersburg, FL, in 1969.

Former superintendent William E. Herrick died in Barnstable, MA, April 25, 1970.

THE GREENE TANNING CORP AT PUBLIC AUCTION. TUESDAY, MAY 23, 1978, AT 10 A.M. MILTON MILLS, NH, ALL EQUIPMENT & REAL ESTATE. We have been commissioned to sell this Tannery piece by piece or as an entirety, whichever way it brings the most. This is a positive sale with NO HOLD BACKS, EVERYTHING SELLS! On this above date and time. TANNING MACHINERY & EQUIPMENT, WET CELLAR – DRY MILL ROOM – BUFFING ROOM, TACKING ROOM – SPRAYING ROOM – SHIPPING ROOM, TOGGLING ROOM – BOILER ROOM, MACHINE SHOP, TRUCKS – FORK LIFT & BOILER, OFFICE EQUIPMENT, INVENTORY OF SKINS. Anyone wishing a complete list of this sale please call Auctioneers office. TERMS ON EQUIPMENT: Cash day of sale. REAL ESTATE. Consists of a large mill with office building and approx. 8 Acres of land, more or less, with a large warehouse and boiler room. It has a Chappell purifying system self-contained waste water system. INSPECTION: On Real Estate by appointment only by calling auctioneers office. TERMS: On Real Estate $5,000 down time of sale by cash or certified check, balance within 20 days on closing. All other conditions to be announced at time of sale. POSITIVE SALE – Sale by order of Small Business Administration. Sale under the management of Barber Sales, Inc., Lebanon, N.H. Tel: 603-448-3366 or Westbrook, ME 207-8S4-8344. AUCTIONEERS: J. W. BARBER, JR. & LARRY GRAY (Boston Globe, May 14, 1978).

Ingeborg V. (Swenson) Townsend died in 1981. Halton R. Hayes died in Pinellas, FL, in October 7, 1981, aged eighty-seven years.

NEW HAMPSHIRE R.E. – MILTONIA MILL. Historic Mill Complex in Milton Mills offering approx. 54,000 s.f. of building area in 7 structures. Long river frontage, ideally situated for light industrial, residential or commercial development. Additional land available. $275,000. ERA MAINS & ROBINSON 603-539-6412, 522-3364 (Boston Globe, February 9, 1986).

Ms. Bristol contributed some supplementary research support.

See also H.E. Wentworth’s Diary Entries, Miltonia Mills – 1910-27 and H.E. Wentworth’s Diary Entries, Miltonia Mills – 1928-34


Find a Grave. (2020, April 5). John W. Bentley. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/208749817/john-w.-bentley

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Find a Grave. (2013, August 4). Halton R. Hayes. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/114892787/halton-r-hayes

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Find a Grave. (2016, July 3). William E. Herrick. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/166367295/william-edward-herrick

Find a Grave. (2013, August 2). Eugene E. Runnells. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/114807003/eugene-e-runnels

Find a Grave. (2013, August 17). Frederick H. Simes. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/115612396/frederick-h.-simes

Find a Grave. (2013, August 17). Harold Edward Simes. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/115612469/harold-edward-simes

Find a Grave. (2019, August 15). George A. Stevens. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/202167636/george-a-stevens

Find a Grave. (2015, November 12). Ruth Marion Ramsey Tanner. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/154917895/ruth-marion-tanner

Find a Grave. (2013, August 4). Ingeborg V. Swenson Townsend. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/114893253/ingeborg-v-townsend

Find a Grave. (2013, August 5). Harry E. Wentworth. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/114938247/harry-e-wentworth

Find a Grave. (2013, August 12). Louis A. Young. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/115328549/louis-a-young

U.S. Senate. (1960). Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate of the United States of America. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=-m24R7ZvJFkC&pg=PA702

Wikipedia. (2021, June 6). Nor’easter. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nor%27easter

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