Celestial Seasonings – February 2021

By Heather Durham | January 31, 2021

This February is not only the shortest month of this year, but astronomical events as well are few and far between this year. Be on the lookout tomorrow, for a Celestial Seasonings special post about the story of Groundhog Day. There’s more to it than that which was written for us in the poem below. It is celebrated every February 2, the midpoint between the end of winter and the beginning of spring.

Groundhog Day
By Nancy Hughes

Out of his hole, he poked his snout
and wondered what all the fuss was about.
They snatched him up and named him Phil
Then took him to a Pennsylvania hill.

He lives up there in luxury
to predict spring’s arrival for you and me.
Just once a year he’s on display.
They’ve even named it Groundhog Day!

He’s quite amazed, he must confess,
that his shadow has brought him so much success.
He’ll never retire … not ever, no way.
He has the best job in the whole USA!

February 2 – Groundhog Day

February 4 – Today, we will have the last quarter of the Moon.

February 18 – The Moon and Mars will rise together as well as close to each other, in the evening sky. The Moon will be 7 days old.

February 19 – This day will bring the first quarter of the Moon.

February 24 – Mercury will ascend to its highest point in the sky this evening.

February 27 – The Moon will be full today. Because this is the third Moon of Winter 2021, this one is known as the Lenten Moon.


In The Sky. (December 28, 2020). Night Sky Guide. Retrieved from in-the-sky.org/data/data.php

Scrapbook.com. (January 29,2021), Groundhog Day. Retrieved from www.scrapbook.com/poems/doc/12880.html

Milton Mills’ Dentist Everard G. Reynolds (1852-1905)

By Muriel Bristol, January 31, 2021

Everard Goethe Reynolds was born in Milton Mills, in 1852, son of Dr. William B. and Clara E. (Swasey) Reynolds. (His mother was a sister of Henry S. Swasey (1820-1874), Dr. Charles E. Swasey (1829-1907), George A. Swasey (1835-1895), and others).

Henry S. Swasey, a baker, aged forty-nine years (b. NH), headed a Somersworth (“Great Falls”), NH, household at the time of the Ninth (1870) Federal Census. His household included Mary R. Swasey, keeping house, aged forty-three years (b. NH), Belle Swasey, at home, aged twenty-one years (b. NH), Mary F. Swasey, a school teacher, aged eighteen years (b. NH), Eunice M. Swasey, attending school, aged fourteen years (b. NH), Henry H. Swasey, aged five years (b. NH), and Everhard G. Reynolds, apprentice to a dentist, aged seventeen years (b. NH). Henry S. Swasey had real estate valued at $3,000 and personal estate valued at $300.

(Orin J. Shapleigh, aged twenty-nine years (b. ME), and Julius Guttman, aged forty-two years (b. Prussia), were Somersworth dentists of 1870, with whom Reynolds may have been working as apprentice).

Everard G. Reynolds received his D.D.S. degree from the Philadelphia Dental College, at its commencement at the Academy of Music, in Philadelphia, PA, February 27, 1875. His thesis concerned Digestion (White, et al., 1875).

THE PHILADELPHIA DENTAL COLLEGE. The twelfth annual commencement of the Philadelphia Dental College was held on Saturday evening, February 27th, 1875, at the Academy of Music. The Valedictory was read by G.N. Snow, D.D.S., of Connecticut; after which an address was delivered by Prof. J.H. McQuillen, Dean of the Faculty. Number of graduates, 41; number of matriculants, 100. The exercises opened with a musical prelude, enjoyably performed by a large orchestra under the direction of Carl Sentz. At its conclusion Rev. W.Q. Scott made an opening prayer. Rev. Dr. Richard Newton, who presided, then presented the diplomas to the following graduates: Charles S. Jones, William J. Potter, Joseph G. Marple, James Martin, A.B., Jonas D. Peters, and Henry C. Snyder, of Pennsylvania; Edward C. Welch, Allan B. Robinson, and J. Henry Follet, of New York; Simon Eschelmann and W. Theodore Georgen, M.R.C.P., of Canada; Howard Greeley, of Maine; William H. Williamson, M.B.C.M., of Scotland; Arthur Baxter Visick, J. Henry Redman, and Thomas R. Pixten, of England; L.P.V.J. Kjaer and Frederick Arendt, of Denmark; John Quincy Adams, of Illinois; Aloys Bermann, of Prussia; Joshua U. Burnett, M.D., of New Brunswick; William Fletcher Burns, of Nova Scotia; J. Henry Durham, M.D., and Willis W. Barnes, of North Carolina; Henry Chavannes, of Switzerland; J. Walter Drake, Hamilton F. Cunningham, D. Edward Kelly, Homer A. Sampsell, and Eusebius C. Chandler, of Ohio; Frederic H. Lent and Charles D. Carter, of Massachusetts; Matthew C. Snyder, of Michigan; Gustavus N. Snow, of Connecticut; Everard G. Reynolds, of New Hampshire; J. Ralph Owens, of Iowa; William B. Knapp and J.S. Clark, of Indiana; Thomas Gardiner, of California; and John H. Drury, of Washington, D.C. After the degrees had been conferred S.B. Howell, M.D., professor of Chemistry and Materia Medica, delivered an address to the graduating class, congratulating them on the successful termination of their labors. He reminded them of the fact that twelve successive classes of graduates, numbering in the aggregate 340 young men, had passed from this college to all parts of the world. America, England, Scotland, Prussia, France, Russia, Austria, Bavaria, Belgium, Switzerland, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Cuba, Mexico, South America, and even China and Japan, discharging their duties in the alleviation of suffering, are starting new institutions for professional education (Welchens, 1875).

Everard G. Reynolds married in Wakefield, NH, September 27, 1877, Narcissa T. Davis, he of Wakefield, NH, and she of Newfield, ME. He was a dentist, aged twenty-five years, and she was aged twenty-three years. Rev. Nathaniel Barker performed the ceremony. She was born in Newfield, ME, in 1854, daughter of Joseph B. and Harriet N. (Dam) Davis.

A Rochester, NH, dentist of this period advertised his painless extraction of teeth through use of anesthetics in 1879.

DR. J.M. FOLSOM, DENTIST. Office: Rochester Grange Building, Rochester, New Hampshire. Nitrous Oxide or Laughing Gas administered for the painless extraction of Teeth. Also a chilling or freezing of the gums, and local Anesthetics, which obland sensibility so that Teeth and Roots may be extracted without pain. Work warranted. Prices moderate (Farmington News, April 25, 1879).

A Farmington, NH, dentist, Dr. D.W. Edgerly, advertised his use of nitrous oxide, “when desired.” (Nitrous Oxide was first used experimentally as an anesthetic in 1844, but did not begin to be regularly used until 1863 and after).

Joseph B. Davis, a farmer, aged sixty-nine years (b. ME), headed a Newfield, ME, household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Harriet N. Davis, keeping house, aged sixty-one years (b. ME), his son-in-law, Everard G. Reynolds, a dentist, aged twenty-eight years (b. NH), and his daughter, Narcissa T. Reynolds, keeping house, aged twenty-five years (b. ME).

It seems likely that Dr. Reynolds maintained always his principal residence in Newfield, ME, while making regular visits to or maintaining a satellite office in Milton Mills.

NEWFIELD. Sixteen miles N.W. of Alfred. On stage lines from East Wakefield, N.H., and South Waterborough. Depots. Surveyed and settled, 1778; Rev. John Adams settled, 1781, when there were but five families. Josiah Towle first representative, 1806. Incor. Feb. 26, 1794. Previously plantation of Washington. Area, 14,543 acres. Population, 1840 – 1354; 1850 – 1418; 1860 – 1349; 1870 – 1193; 1880 – 995. Valuation, 1860 – Polls, 287, Estates, 252,839; 1870 – Polls, 275, Estates, 298,895; 1880 – Polls, 283, Estates, 264,577. 

E.G. Reynolds appeared in the Milton directories of 1880, 1881, 1882, 1884, 1887, and 1889, as a Milton Mills dentist.

E.G. Reynolds appeared in the Maine Register of 1882, as both Town Clerk of Newfield, ME, and a dentist at West Newfield, ME. Daughter Clara Kathryn Reynolds was born in Newfield, ME, in 1882.

E.G. Reynolds was superintendent of the Congregational Church Sunday school at West Newfield, ME, in 1887 (Congregational Conference, 1887).

E.G. Reynolds appeared in the Milton directories of 1892, 1894, and 1898, as a Milton Mills dentist.

Everard G. Reynolds, of West Newfield, ME, donated $5 for a Russian Relief Fund, and $25 to the Baptist Missionary Magazine, in August 1892 (Boston Globe, March 26, 1892; American Baptist Missionary Union, 1892). Everard G. Reynolds appeared in Polk’s Dental Registry of 1893, as a dentist at both Milton, NH, and West Newfield, ME (Polk, 1893).

The Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company made a $500 payment to Everard G. Reynolds of Newfield, ME, in 1896. (Uncle George A. Swasey died December 27, 1895).

Everard G. Reynolds, a dentist, aged forty-seven years (b. NH), headed a Newfield, ME, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of twenty-two years), Narcissa Reynolds, aged forty-five years (b. ME). Everard G. Reynolds owned their house. Narcissa Reynolds was the mother of one child, of whom one was still living.

E.G. Reynolds appeared in the Milton directories of 1901, 1904, and 1905-06, as a Milton Mills dentist. E.G. Reynolds appeared in the Maine Register of 1902, as a dentist at West Newfield, ME. (F.W. Smith appeared as a dentist at Newfield, ME).

Everard Goethe Reynolds died of “suicidal suffocation by hanging,” in Newfield, ME, May 10, 1905, aged fifty-two years, seven months, and seventeen days.

Dentist Hangs Himself. Cornish, Me., May 11 – The body of Dr. E.G. Reynolds, the West Newfield dentist, who disappeared yesterday was f0und to-day, hanging from a halter attached to a tree a mile from his home. Dr. Reynolds had been seriously ill for three months with a nervous attack. He was born at Milton, N.H., 51 years ago (Fall River Daily Evening News (Fall River, MA, May 11, 1905).

Daughter Clara Kathryn Reynolds died of tuberculosis at 33 Yale Avenue in Wakefield, MA, March 14, 1908, aged twenty-five years, three months, and nine days. (Her maternal uncle, S.K. Hamilton of Wakefield, Mass., provided the information on the death certificate).

Narcissa D. Reynolds appeared in the Wakefield, MA, directory of 1911, as the widow of Edward [Everard] G., boarding at 33 Yale avenue. (Samuel K. Hamilton, a lawyer (at Hamilton & Eaton, 31 Milk street, Boston, MA), had his house there).

Samuel K. Hamilton, a lawyer (law office), aged eighty-two years (b. ME), headed a Wakefield, MA, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Annie E. Hamilton, aged seventy-five years (b. ME), and his sister-in-law, Narcissa D. Reynolds, aged sixty-five years. Samuel K. Hamilton owned their house at 33 Yale Avenue, free-and-clear (b. ME).

Narcissa D. Reynolds, a widow, aged seventy-five years (b. ME), headed a Newfield, ME, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. Narcissa D. Reynolds owned her house, which was valued at $1,000.

Narcissa D. Reynolds, appeared in the Lakeland, FL, directory of 1934, as the widow of Everard, resided at 200 ([Apt.] 201) E. Charles street.

HELP WANTED – FEMALE. REFINED woman wanted as housekeeper-companion for widow in Lakeland for winter. Mrs. Narcissa Reynolds, West Newfield, Maine (Tampa Tribune, September 21, 1944).

Narcissa T. (Davis) Reynolds died in 1951.


American Baptist Missionary Union. (1892). Baptist Missionary Magazine. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=TWYxAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA444

Congregational Conference. (1887). General Conference of the Congregational Churches in Maine. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=MrPRAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA61

Polk, R.L. (1893). R.L. Polk & Co.’s Dental Register of the United States. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=MLROAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA308

Welchens, Samuel. (1875). The Pennsylvania Journal of Dental Science. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=Mbg1AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA157

White, J. D., McQuillen, John H., Ziegler, George J., White, James W., Kirk, Edward C., and Anthony, Lovick P. (1875). The Dental Cosmos. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=uRcxAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA208

Farmington’s Dr. William H. Nute (1858-1938)

By Muriel Bristol | January 29, 2021

William Herbert Nute was born in Farmington, NH, May 8, 1858, son of Charles W. and Mary L. (Richardson) Nute. His mother died of typhoid fever in the Union army camp at Alexandria, VA, August 10, 1863.

Mrs. Nute, a most estimable lady, came to camp in winter of 1863, bringing the little Captain Herbert. How pleasantly we remember both. We recall with sorrow the death of Mrs. Nute by typhoid fever at camp. Her gracious, kindly presence lives with us (Shaw, 1903).

His father, Major Charles W. Nute, placed his son, “little Captain [William] Herbert,” in the care of a brother-in-law, George W. Colomy (1825-1881), of Farmington. Major Nute died of disease in the Union army camp in Alexandria, VA, March 9, 1865.

LOCAL AND OTHER ITEMS. A letter received last evening from the First Me. Heavy Artillery, dated March 10th, says that Major Nute, of Lincoln, died very suddenly on the 9th inst., in camp, of congestion of the lungs. He was out a dress parade on the 6th inst. The writer, an officer of the regiment, says, “We have lost a good officer and a pleasant man one that was a favorite with all” (Bangor Daily Whig and Courier (Bangor, ME), March 16, 1865).

George Colomey, a farmer, aged thirty-five years (b. NH), headed a Farmington, NH, household at the time of the Ninth (1870) Federal Census. His household included  Harriett Colomey, keeping house, aged thirty-five years (b. NH), Arthur W. Colomey, at home, aged sixteen years (b. NH), George A. Colomey, aged fourteen years (b. NH), Hattie Colomey, aged twelve years (b. NH), William H. Colomey [i.e., Nute], aged twelve years (b. NH), Daniel Colomey, aged seventy-seven years (b. NH), and Rebecca Colomey, aged seventy-seven years (b. NH). George Colomey had real estate valued at $4,000 and personal estate valued at $1,200.

He was graduated from the high school of his native [Farmington, NH] town and pursued his studies at the New Hampton institution, going for his professional training to Bellevue, New York city, and the Bowdoin Medical school, Brunswick, Me., where he received the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1881. He immediately entered upon the practice of his profession in his native town (Willey, 1903).

Willis Herbertus Nute, i.e., William Herbert Nute in Latin, appeared in a list of Bowdoin College’s Medical School Class of 1881.

The Mitchell-Cony Directory of 1908 portrayed Dr. Nute as having filled a gap in the roster of Milton physicians occasioned by the departure of Dr. G.W. Peavey, circa 1877-78.

Dr. Nute succeeded Dr. Peavey, but stayed only a short time. For several years there was no resident physician at the village until Dr. H.F. Pitcher came in 1879 (Mitchell-Cony, 1908).

In fact, this Dr. Nute practiced in his native Farmington, NH, and possibly neighboring Milton too, but some years later, from the time of his 1881 graduation until his relocation to Exeter, NH, in 1890-91.

William H. Nute married (1st) in Farmington, NH, November 27, 1885, Christina Ferre “Cressie” Cotton, he of Farmington, and she of Providence, RI. He was a physician, aged twenty-seven years, and she was a housekeeper, aged nineteen years. Rev. W.E. Darling performed the ceremony. She was born in Brownfield, ME, circa 1866, daughter of Daniel M. and Levina (Meader) Cotton.

LOCALS. Saturday, while strapping a razor, James McGibbon, the tonsorial artist at the Wilson House, cut an ugly gash in the ball of the thumb of his left hand. Dr. Nute dressed the wound, taking two stitches to bring the severed parts together (Farmington News, January 22, 1886).

LOCALS. While John Dustin was at work on the foundation of a cellar near J.T. Pride’s stone yard, Wednesday, a large rock fell upon him, breaking both bones of the right leg below the knee. He was conveyed to his residence on the Jessie Elliot place and Dr. Nute called, who set the broken bones. It was a most unfortunate occurrence coming as it does just at the beginning of summer’s work (Farmington News, April 16, 1886).

LOCALS. The firm of Nute & Blake has dissolved partnership, Dr. Blake buying out Dr. Nute and continuing the business. See elsewhere adv. of dissolution. Dr. Nute’s office will still continue to be in the store as formerly (Farmington News, August 6, 1886).

CHIP’S CONTRIBUTION. John Pike, who works in Cloutman’s factory, cut a bad gash in his hand Tuesday. Dr. Nute dressed the wound (Farmington News, June 21, 1889).

SERIOUS ACCIDENT. Charles Hayes, son of Elihu Hayes, of New Durham, met with a serious and painful accident Monday while tending a planing machine at Downing’s Mills. While in the act of stooping for something he lost his balance and in trying to regain himself thrust his right hand directly under the knives of the planer. The hand was chopped in such a manner as to necessitate the amputation of all of the fingers back of the third joint or into the palm of the hand, the thumb only being saved and even this was injured somewhat. What rendered the circumstances more difficult and painful was the fact that while the accident occurred at 10 a.m., the necessary surgical treatment was not obtained until afternoon, from the reason that all the doctors here were away or so engaged that they could not attend. Dr. Hanson was first in attendance, but having no instruments could do little beyond checking the flow of blood. At about 5 p.m. Dr. Wallace of Rochester was found, who assisted by Dr. Nute of this place, performed the necessary amputation. Mr. Hayes is now comfortable and it is hoped will soon recover (Farmington News, August 23, 1889).

MEDICAL GRADUATES. CLASS OF 1881. William Herbert Nute. b. 8 May, 1858, Farmington, N.H. Physician, Farmington, N.H. (Bowdoin College, 1889).

Christina F. Nute divorced her husband in Strafford County, in February 1889. She alleged adultery. (She married (2nd) in Boston, MA, December 24, 1902, Raymond E. Valiquet, she of Providence, RI, and he of Boston. She died in Boston, MA, in December 1922).

[Dr. Nute] remained there [Farmington, NH,] until 1891, when despite the marked success which had followed him in Farmington he determined to make the hazard of new fortunes and removed to Exeter. In his new location Dr. Nute was equally prosperous and successful, and he almost immediately entered upon a practice which has now grown to be one of the largest in central Rockingham county (Willey, 1903).

William H. Nute married (2nd) in Exeter, NH, December 22, 1892, Lucy Ellen Reed, both of Exeter. He was a physician, aged thirty-four years, and she was aged twenty-four years. Rev. A.C. Nickerson performed the ceremony. She was born in Dorchester, MA, August 19, 1868, daughter of Henry E. and Lavinia Reed.

The Exeter Cottage Hospital was incorporated in November 1891, and opened June 9, 1897.

Dr. Nute was one of the first to recognize Exeter’s need of hospital accommodations, and largely through his efforts the Exeter cottage hospital was established to which he gives a large measure of his time (Willey, 1903).

William H. Nute, a physician, aged forty-two years (b. NH), headed an Exeter, NH, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of six years), Lucy E. Nute, aged thirty-one years (b. NH [SIC]), his child, Norwood Nute, aged six [three] years (b. NH), and his servant, Hannah Fitzgerald, a servant, aged thirty-five years (b. Ireland). William H. Nute rented their house at 27 Front Street. Lucy E. Nute was the mother of one child, of whom one was still living.

Nute, William H, MDDr. Nute keeps thoroughly abreast with all the progress of his profession, and annually spends a large amount of time in the hospitals of Boston, perfecting himself in all the latest discoveries of modern medical science. In addition to the exacting cares of a large general practice, Dr. Nute is a medical examiner for the Ancient Order of United Workmen, as well as for all the leading insurance companies which do business in his section. He is president of the Strafford district medical society, Fellow of the American Medical association, member of the New Hampshire Surgical club, and of the New Hampshire Medical society. He has been prominent also in various secret fraternities and is a 33d degree Mason, having served as master of his lodge and past district deputy grand master. He has also passed the chairs in the Odd Fellow and is a member of the Knights of Pythias. He is Past Sachem of the Improved Order of Red Men, being the highest office in the gift of the order in state. He is also a member of the Foresters of America. … He is a Republican in politics, a member of the Board of Health of Exeter, and attends the Unitarian church (Willey, 1903).

William H. Nute, a physician, aged fifty-two years (b. NH), headed an Exeter, NH, household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of eighteen years), Lucy E. Nute, aged “X” [forty-one] years (b. MA), his child, Norwood Nute, aged thirteen years (b. NH), and his servant, Hannah Fitzgerald, a housekeeper, aged forty-five years (b. Ireland). William H. Nute owned their house at 27 Front Street. Lucy E. Nute was the mother of one child, of whom one was still living.

William H. Nute, a physician, aged sixty-two years (b. NH), headed an Exeter, NH, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of eighteen years), Lucy E. Nute, aged forty-seven [fifty-one] years (b. NH [SIC]), and his servant, Hannah Fitzgerald, a cook, aged forty-five years [fifty-five] years (b. Ireland). William H. Nute owned their house at 27 Front Street, free-and-clear.

William H. Nute, aged seventy-one years (b. NH), headed an Exeter, NH, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Lucy Nute, aged sixty years (b. NH [SIC]), his son, Norwood Nute, aged thirty-three years (b. NH), his daughter-in-law, Marjorie W. Nute, aged twenty-eight years (b. Scotland), and his servant, Hannah E. Fitzgerald, aged sixty-four years (b. Ireland). William H. Nute owned their house at 25 Front Street, which was valued at $10,000. They had a radio set.  Marjorie W. Nute had immigrated into the U.S. in 1907, and Hannah E. Fitzgerald had done so in 1870. Both were naturalized citizens.

William H. Nute died in Exeter, NH, August 18, 1938, aged eighty years.

DR. WM. NUTE OF EXETER DIES AT 80. Dr. William H. Nute, for 48 years an Exeter physician and prominent citizen, died at the Exeter Hospital yesterday afternoon after a long illness, aged 80 years. Owing to failing health he gave up practicing a few years ago and his condition had gradually declined. Born in Farmington, May 8, 1858, a son of Charles W. and Mary L. (Richardson) Nute, he lived in his early years with an uncle and guardian, George W. Colomy, after his parents died when he was seven years of age. He was educated in the Farmington public schools and the New Hampton Literary Institute, now New Hampton School, and attended Bowdoin College, being graduated from the Bowdoin Medical School in 1881. He afterwards studied at Bellevue Hospital in New York. Dr. Nute practiced his profession for a year in Farmington and came to Exeter in 1890. He had an extensive practice both in Exeter and the surrounding towns. Before the acquisition of a school physician at Phillips Exeter Academy Dr. Nute attended the students and thus became well known among many from various parts of the country. Dr. Nute was also prominent fraternally, being a 32nd degree Mason, Blue Lodge, and was a past district deputy grand warden in the I.O.O.F., besides being a past sachem of the Wehannonowit Tribe of Red Men. In military circles, Dr. Nute was also prominent, being captain of Company L, N.H.N.G., which was the Exeter unit in the organization, and during World War after it was called into service he was major of the Sanitary Corps for home duty. He was a member of the New Hampshire Medical Society and the Rockingham County Medical Association. Dr. Nute married Lucy Reed, a daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Henry Reed of Exeter, who survives him, and also a son, Norwood Nute of Exeter (Portsmouth Herald, August 19, 1938).

Lucy E. (Reed) Nute died in Exeter, NH, June 15, 1941.


Find a Grave. (2014, September 4). Maj. Charles Wilby Nute. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/135415511/charles-wilby-nute

Find a Grave. (2017, July 2). Dr. William H. Nute. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/180926024/william-herbert-nute

Find a Grave. (2011, January 5). Christine Valiquet. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/63791604/christine-valiquet

Shaw, Horace H. (1903). The First Maine Heavy Artillery, 1861-1865. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=G50dAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA219

Willey, George F. (1903). State Builders: An Illustrated Historical and Biographical Record of the State of New Hampshire at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=7MpYAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA350

Milton’s Dr. John H. Twombly (1848-1927)

By Muriel Bristol | January 27, 2021

John Herbert Twombly was born in Dover, NH, October 17, 1848, son of John and Charlotte (Drew) Twombly.

JOHN HERBERT TWOMBLY. The son of John and Charlotte (Drew) Twombly, was born in Dover, N.H., October 17, 1848. He prepared for college at Gilmanton Academy. After graduation he studied medicine at Dover, N.H., and attended lectures at Harvard Medical School until February, 1872, at which time he received his degree. The next seven months he was assistant to Dr. Jasper H. York of Dover, N.H.; was in private practice in Brooklyn, N.Y., from October, 1872, to January, 1874, when he received an appointment at King’s County Lunatic Asylum, Flatbush, N.Y., for six months. In October, 1874, he was appointed assistant physician at Michigan Asylum for the Insane, Kalamazoo, Mich. (Dartmouth College, 1913).

No changes have occurred in the staff of resident officers. So much of the time and attention of the medical officers was occupied in conducting the largely increased correspondence of the Institution, in receiving the friends of patients, and in transcribing the clinical notes and daily records, that it became necessary to secure the services of a special assistant. Dr. John H. Twombly, previously connected with an eastern hospital, was accordingly appointed in the spring of 1875, and has rendered very acceptable service in the Male Department In April, 1876, Dr. Edward A. Adams was selected to act as assistant physician in the Female Department during the temporary absence of Dr. Emerson, and discharged his duties with great credit to himself and to our entire satisfaction. The corps of employés is complete, and many have acquired a valuable experience by a long term of service. We feel assured the attendants and assistants as a body are efficient, and are entitled to our commendation (Michigan Asylum, 1877).

Dr. John H. Twombly, who had served acceptably as assistant physician [at the Michigan Asylum] for three years, was compelled to leave the institution in July [1878] on account of ill health (Michigan State Legislature, 1879).

John H. Twombly married in Milton, July 11, 1878, Frances W. ‘Fanny” Plummer. He was aged twenty-nine years, and she was aged twenty-seven years. She was born in Milton, February 28, 1851, daughter of Enoch W. and Orinda (Ayer) Plummer.

He entered the drug business in Newmarket, N.H., in October, 1879, and continued until October, 1887 (Dartmouth College, 1913). 

John H. Twombly, a druggist, aged thirty-two years (b. NH), headed a Newmarket, NH, household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Francis W. Twombly, keeping house, aged twenty-nine years (b. NH).

Alvah H. Place of Strafford, NH, “came to Newmarket in 1882 to learn the drug business with Dr. J.H. Twombly” (Portsmouth Herald, June 18, 1931). (Place would become later a local Judge).

Pulmonary weakness kept him on a farm [from October, 1887,] until the fall of 1890, when he purchased an interest in the same store (sold in 1887) and continued until April, 1895, when he returned to Milton, N.H., and remained on a farm for health reasons until December of that year (Dartmouth College, 1913).

HERE AND THERE. … Dr. Twombly, the Grand Marshal, is well known to people in this vicinity, having married Miss Fannie Plumer of Milton, and spent much time hereabout. He is an accomplished gentlemen whom one cannot see too often, and is high in Masonic, as in social and professional circles (Farmington News, April 15, 1892).

MILTON. Dr. Twombly, a druggist at Newmarket, spent Sunday with his wife at Plumer’s ridge (Farmington News, August 3, 1894).

At that time [December 1895] he went to East Concord, N.H., to care for a brother-in-law [Joseph E. Plummer] who was ill with pulmonary tuberculosis and who died in 1899. The same year the death of another brother-in-law [Samuel W. Wallingford] brought him to Milton, where he has assisted his sister [sister-in-law] in managing her farm (Dartmouth College, 1913).

New Hampshire passed a medical licensing law, March 1, 1897, which required medical practitioners to be tested, licensed and registered as of September 1, 1897. (Charles William Gross, William Emerson Pillsbury, and Frank Sherman Weeks, of Milton Mills, and Malcolm A.H. Hart, Charles Dana Jones, and John Herbert Twombly, of Milton, were all rated “A”- they were already in practice prior to the passage of the law – i.e., they were “grandfathered in” and did not have to pass the new examination) (NH State Board of Education, 1906).

Mary B. [(Plummer)] Wallingford, a farmer, aged fifty-five years (b. NH), headed a Milton household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. Her household included her brother-in-law, John H. Twombly, a physician (retired), aged fifty-one years (b. NH), and her sister (his wife of twenty years), Frances W. [(Plummer)] Twombly, aged forty-nine years (b. NH). Mary B. Wallingford owned their farm, free-and-clear.

John H. Twombly, of Milton, published a medical case study, in January 1909, concerning the tuberculous enlargement of the cervical glands of his patient, who he identified as “F.W.T.,” i.e., the patient was his wife, Frances W. Twombly. He described the patient as being 5′ 6″ tall, and weighing 117 pounds. She had been married thirty years (Materia Medica, 1909).

Mary B. [(Plummer)] Wallingford, a farmer, aged sixty-five years (b. NH), headed a Milton household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. Her household included her brother-in-law, John H. Twombly, a home farm helper, aged sixty-one years (b. NH), her sister (his wife of twenty years), Frances W. [(Plummer)] Twombly, aged fifty-nine years (b. NH), and her sister-in-law, Susan [(Pecker)] Plummer, a widow, aged seventy years (b. NH). Mary B. Wallingford owned their farm, free-and-clear.

Dr. John H. Twombly appeared in the Milton directory of 1912, as retired, with his house on Plummer’s Ridge, near the schoolhouse. (Mary B. Wallingford, widow of Samuel W., kept a summer boarding house on Plummer’s Ridge, near the schoolhouse).

His physical health is better now than for years. He has held no public positions, although several times offered. In fraternal societies, he is a Mason. He is now living an economical, quiet life, believing he still has a bright future, and still believes in Dartmouth and the class of ’68 (Dartmouth College, 1913). 

Mary B. [(Plummer)] Wallingford, a widow, aged seventy-five years (b. NH), headed a Milton household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. Her household included her brother-in-law, John H. Twombly, a farmer, aged seventy-one years (b. NH), her sister, Frances W. [(Plummer)] Twombly, aged sixty-eight years (b. NH), and her sister-in-law, Susan E. [(Pecker)] Plummer, a widow, aged eighty years (b. NH). Mary B. Wallingford owned their farm on the Plummer’s Ridge Road, free-and-clear.

Susan E. (Pecker) Plummer died on Plummer’s Ridge in Milton, February 29, 1920, aged eight years, six months. She had lived there for twenty years, i.e., since the death of her husband, Joseph E. Plummer.

John H. Twombly, M.D., died in the Masonic Home, at 813 Beach Street, in Manchester, NH, March 2, 1927, aged seventy-eight years, four months, and thirteen days. (He had resided there for one year (The headline of the obituary that follows, although not its content, was in error regarding the place of his death)).

DR. JOHN H. TWOMBLY DIES AT DOVER, N.H. DOVER, N.H., March 3 –  Dr. John H. Twombly, who died at the Masonic Home in Manchester last evening, was a native of Dover, born Oct 17, 1848, the son of John and Charlotte (Drew) Twombly. He was a descendant of Ralph Twombly, who came from England and settled at Dover Neck about 1650. On the maternal side he was descendent from Lieut. John Drew of Dover, an officer of the Indian Wars. Dr. Twombly graduated from Dartmouth in 1868 and from the Harvard Medical School in 1872. He first practiced in Brooklyn and later was on the staff of the insane asylum at Kalamazoo, Mich., after which he followed his profession in New Market. He owned a drug store there. He was affiliated with New Market and Dover Masonic bodies, and was the oldest living eminent commander of St. Paul Commandery, K.T., of this city. The body will be brought here tomorrow and will later be interred in Pine Hill Cemetery with Knight Templar Rites (Boston Globe, March 4, 1927).

Mrs. Frances Twombly appeared in the Manchester, NH, directories of 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932, and 1933, as resident at 813 Beech street. (The Masonic Home appeared on Beech street, between Sagamore and Salmon streets. Her sister, Mary B. Wallingford, joined her there in or around 1932).

Frances Twombly, a widow, aged seventy-nine years (b. NH), boarded in the Masonic Home in Manchester, NH, at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. She was one of twenty-five boarders there, fourteen of whom were males and eleven were females. (Their average age was 79.5 years). The home had a resident head, Mary M. Ormiston, superintendent, aged sixty years (b. Scotland), and five servants, including a cook, assistant cook, waitress, maid, and laundress.

Frances W. (Plummer) Twombly died of heart disease in the Masonic Home, at 813 Beach Street, in Manchester, NH, March 22, 1933, aged eighty-two years, one month, and thirteen days. (She had resided there for six years). (Mary B. (Plummer) Wallingford died also in the Masonic Home in Manchester, NH, September 22, 1939).


Dartmouth College. (1913). Biographical Sketches of the Class of 1868, Dartmouth College: With Historical Notes of the College, 1864-1913. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=aBQTAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA107

Find a Grave. (2012, September 30). John Herbert Twombly. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/98010468/john-herbert-twombly

Materia Medica. (1909). Clinical Excerpts. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=DtdXAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA88

Michigan Asylum for the Insane. (1877). Report of the Trustees. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=S3DhAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA97

Michigan State Legislature. (1879). Joint Documents of the State of Michigan. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=owEoAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA123

Milton’s Dr. Herbert F. Pitcher (1853-1924)

By Muriel Bristol | January 24, 2021

Herbert Frank Pitcher was born in Stoddard, NH, September 10, 1853, son of Frederick and Clarissa “Clara” (Towne) Pitcher.

Dr. Pitcher was born in Stoddard, N.H., September 10, 1853, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Pitcher. He was educated in the public schools of Marlow and at Marlow Academy, from which he graduated (American Journal, 1924).

Herbert F. Pitcher of Marlow, NH, was a student at the Marlow Academy in its 1872-73 academic year.

After leaving the Academy, he entered the University of Vermont at Burlington, from which institution he graduated with the degree M.D. in 1879 (American Journal, 1924).

Herbert Frank Pitcher received a medical degree from the University of Vermont, with its Class of 1879 (University of Vermont, 1901). Its commencement took place at the Howard Opera House in Burlington, VT, June 26, 1879 (Burlington Free Press, June 27, 1879).

Henry F. Pitcher would appear to have “hung out his shingle” in Milton shortly after graduation and to have been active there for several years (as late as 1883 or 1884). H.F. Pitcher appeared in the Milton business directories of 1880, 1881, and 1882, as a Milton physician.

Hazen Duntley, a blacksmith, aged seventy-five years (b. NH), headed a Milton household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. His household included his son, Ira W. Duntley, a blacksmith, aged thirty-eight years (b. NH), his daughter-in-law, Sarah A. Duntley, keeping house, aged thirty-six years (b. MA), his grandchildren, Addie C. Duntley, at school, aged twelve years (b. NH), Nettie M. Duntley, at home, aged ten years (b. NH), and the “boarder at Mr. Duntley’s,” Herbert F. Pitcher, a physician, aged twenty-seven years (b. NH).

Herbert F. Pitcher married in Stoddard, NH, November 25, 1880, Nettie M. Sheldon, he of Milton, and she of Stoddard. He was a physician, aged twenty-seven years, and she was a teacher, aged twenty-one years. She was born in Londonderry, VT, in October 1858, daughter of David P. and Mary Sheldon.

Dr. Pitcher married on November 25, 1880, Miss Nettie M. Sheldon, daughter of David P. and Mary Sheldon, and a native of Londonderry, Vt., who survived him (American Journal, 1924).

LOCALS. Dr. Pitcher of Milton has moved into the Chas. Dame tenement, lately vacated by Walter Carleton (Farmington News, April 6, 1883).

Westport. Dr. Herbert F. Pitcher of Milton, N.H., paid a short visit to his friends in this vicinity. Mr. Pitcher was formerly employed in Westport, after which be studied medicine with Dr. Smith of Russell’s Mills, and subsequently settled in New Hampshire, where he is having good success (Fall River Daily Evening News (Fall River, MA), April 11, 1883).

LOCALS. Stephen Nutter has sold that stylish-looking gray horse of his to Dr. Pitcher of Haverhill, Mass., late of Milton, N.H. (Farmington News, December 21, 1883).

The Massachusetts Medical Society admitted Herbert F. Pitcher of Haverhill, MA, to its ranks, in 1885 (MA Medical Society, 1899). Herbert F. Pitcher appeared in the Haverhill, MA, directory of 1885, as a physician, with his house on Beacon street, corner of Central street.

Dr. and Mrs. Pitcher of Haverhill, MA, took a transcontinental railroad trip on the Raymond & Whitcomb “vestibule train” in 1888. This was said to be a sort of innovative Pullman train whose cars were connected, at both their roofs and floors, such that a child could proceed between cars from one end of the train to the other without danger. A correspondent of the Farmington News described the trip, the train, and his encounter with Dr. Pitcher, by then of Haverhill, MA:

… Starting as we did without a single intimate acquaintance on board, the atmosphere looked at first a trifle blue, but hardly had the wheels begun to revolve before, down upon us came Dr. Pitcher and Mr. Chick of Haverhill, Mass., with an urgent invitation to come up unto them and their party. Dr. Pitcher is well known to many of our readers as he was for some time located in Milton, but latterly has been in Haverhill where, so extensive has been his practice, he became completely worn out and, accompanied by his amiable wife, was on a trip to the land of eternal sunshine (Farmington News, January 20, 1888).

Dr. Pitcher was registered (No. 3118) as a physician in California, in June 1891.

He was a charter member of the Haverhill Medical Club, a charter member of the Essex North Medical Society, New Hampshire Medical Society, and California Medical Society. He was prominent in Masonic circles and was a member of Saggahew Lodge, Pentucket Chapter, and Royal Arch Masons (American Journal, 1924). 

Herbert F. Pitcher, a physician, aged forty-six years (b. NH), headed a Haverhill, MA, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of nineteen years), Nettie M. Pitcher, aged forty-one years (b. VT), his son, Karl H. Pitcher, at school, aged fourteen years (b. MA), and his servant, Belle McLeod, a servant, aged thirty-five years (b. Prince Edward Island). Herbert F. Pitcher owned their house at 97 Arlington Street. Nettie M. Pitcher was the mother of one child, of whom one was still living.

He took a post-graduate course in 1902 in the New York School of Therapeutics (American Journal, 1924)).

Herbert Frank Pitcher appeared in a Massachusetts list of registered physicians, as of December 31, 1902. He was classified as an “A,”, i.e., “graduates of legally chartered medical colleges or universities having power to confer degrees in medicine, who applied for registration before the law went into full effect on Jan. 1, 1895, graduation and residence in the Commonwealth at the time of the passage of the law being the only requirements for registration” (MA Board of Registration, 1904).

Dr. Pitcher became an active student investigator in the field of Electrotherapeutics in the early part of the present century and co-worker on the Editorial Staff of the JOURNAL in 1908. His contributions and comments on current medical literature, to which he was constant and self-sacrificing contributor, enlightened the sphere of investigation by his earnest endeavors to set the profession right in a field which called for constant effort against the doubts and skepticism of professional conservatism. As a member of the editorial staff, he was a ready and constant contributor whose comments have done much to clarify developments of the science to which he devoted his best years of labor. In the issue of the JOURNAL, September 1906, was published his contribution on Phototherapy in General Practice, in which he made public his discovery of the efficiency of reflected incandescent light in the treatment of otitis media and mastoiditis – a discovery, which despite its frequent mention, has been ignored by the otologists. When it is finally recognized, there will be rare occasion for intervention, and the service his discovery rendered should perpetuate his name and service to the profession (American Journal, 1924).

Pitcher, H.F - Per L. Williams
Dr. Herbert F. Pitcher (per L. Williams)

Herbert F. Pitcher, a general practice physician, aged fifty-six years (b. NH), headed a Haverhill, MA, household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of twenty-nine years), Nettie M. Pitcher, aged fifty-one years (b. VT), his son, Karl H. Pitcher, aged twenty-four years (b. MA), and his servant, Catherine Jordan, private family housework, aged forty-three years (b. Canada (Eng.)). Herbert F. Pitcher owned their house at 97 Arlington Street, free-and-clear. Nettie M. Pitcher was the mother of one child, of whom one was still living.

COLLEGE GIRL ELOPES WITH MEDICAL STUDENT. Haverhill, Mass., Jan. 5 – Karl H. Pitcher, a medical student at the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York, and Marjorie W. Fox, a Simmons College girl, eloped yesterday to Nashua, NH., where they were married. They were accompanied by Miss Pauline Winkler of Springfield, a classmate of the bride, and Paul Albert of Chicago, assistant treasurer of Dartmouth University, classmate of the groom. Young Pitcher is the son of Dr. Herbert F. Pitcher, a wealthy physician, while his bride is the only daughter of the millionaire shoe manufacturer, Charles K. Fox (Post Standard (Syracuse, NY), January 6, 1911).

Karl H. Pitcher dropped his medical studies and went to work for his shoe manufacturer father-in-law. He enlisted in the U.S. Army, April 9, 1917, after war was declared. He took ill – likely the Spanish Flu – and died at Mesvres, France, September 29, 1918.

New England Boys on Casualty List. DIED OF DISEASE. Sgt. Karl H. Pitcher, 125 Arlington st., HAVERHILL, A Batt., 102d F.A. (Boston Post, October 27, 1918).

Herbert F. Pitcher, a general practice physician, aged sixty-six years (b. NH), headed a Haverhill, MA, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Nettie M. Pitcher, aged sixty-one years (b. VT). Herbert F. Pitcher owned their house at 97 Arlington Street, free-and-clear.

Herbert F. Pitcher died in Haverhill, MA, October 28, 1924. (American Journal, 1924).

His impaired physical strength in recent years has been unequal to the strain of professional demands upon his heart and vitality. They set a task which could not be performed without the recuperation which his very zeal denied it. But the beauty of his life, its completeness, its rounded richness and character of the man are things known by all in contact with him. In his life he received many honors. In his death he will be remembered as a citizen of high character and great ability his people well (American Journal, 1924).

Nettie M. (Sheldon) Pitcher died in Haverhill, MA, in 1942.


American Journal of Electrotherapeutics and Radiology. (1924). American Journal of Electrotherapeutics and Radiology. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=5CmgAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA433

Find a Grave. (2015, October 21). Dr. Frank Herbert Pitcher. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/154043719/herbert-frank-pitcher

MA Board of Registration. (1904). Annual Report of the Board of Registration in Medicine. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=vwM1AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA58

MA Medical Society. (1899). A Catalog of Its Officers and Fellows, Honorary, Active and Retired, Borne Upon the Rolls. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=v0WOYs2U2r8C&pg=PA61

University of Vermont. (1901). General Catalogue of the University of Vermont and State Agricultural College, Burlington, Vermont, 1791-1900. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=FCLOAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA208

Milton’s Dr. Charles D. Jones (1863-1908)

By Muriel Bristol | January 20, 2021

Charles Dana Jones was born in Milton, September 22, 1863, son of Charles and Elizabeth “Betsy” (Varney) Jones.

His father, Charles Jones, died in Milton, May 8, 1873, aged thirty-nine years, and his mother, Betsy (Varney) Jones, died in Milton, in February 1878, aged forty-one years.

Charles Dana Jones of Milton went to Phillips Exeter Academy, in Exeter, NH, from the age of fifteen years. He graduated with its Class of 1878, and went on to study at Harvard University.

Fred P. Jones, a farmer, aged twenty years (b. NH), headed a Milton household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. His household included his siblings, Nellie V. Jones, keeping house, aged eighteen years (b. NH), and Charles D. Jones, at school, aged sixteen years (b. NH). They shared their residence with the household of James W. Nutter, a farmer, aged fifty-one years (b. NH), and his wife, Ruth V. Nutter, a housekeeper, aged forty-nine years (b. NH). (The Jones Farm is now a part of the NH Farm Museum).

Elder brother Fred P. Jones married in Lebanon, ME, November 20, 1881, Emma Jane Cowell, he of Milton and she of Lebanon. He was a farmer, aged twenty-two years, and she was a teacher, aged twenty-two years. Rev. Benjamin Dodge performed the ceremony.  She was born in Lebanon, ME, August 27, 1859, daughter of Edmund E. and Elizabeth J. (Chamberlain) (Hussey)) Cowell. (Emma’s mother and brother were affiliated with Milton’s Classical Institute; and Milton’s famous theatrical designer, Robert E. Jones (1887-1954), would be among her children).

Charles Dana Jones received his M.D. degree from the Medical School at Harvard University, in Cambridge, MA, in 1885.

C. Dana Jones married in Milton, April 5, 1886, Pauline Eunice “Lena” Hart, both of Milton. He was a physician, aged twenty-two years, and she was aged twenty years. Rev. [Dr.] Frank Haley performed the ceremony. She was born in Milton, February 9, 1866, daughter of John F. and Mary A. (Twombly) Hart.

Milton Cornet Band
Milton Cornet Band, in front of E.C. Hodges’ Variety Store. Charles D. Jones is indicated by the arrow beneath him (Per Bradley Stone)

Charles D. Jones of Milton was admitted to membership in the Strafford County Medical Society in 1887 (Scales, 1914). The Mitchell-Cony directory of 1908 identified 1887 as the year in which …

Dr. C.D. Jones, a native of Milton, and a graduate of Harvard, began practice here. Dr. Jones gave up his practice about the year 1891 (Mitchell-Cony, 1908).

Correspondence. PREMATURE DISCHARGE OF AMNIOTIC FLUID. MILTON, N.H., July 16, 1887. MR. EDITOR – Perhaps the following case of Clinical Obstetrics may be of interest to some of your more inexperienced readers like myself. Mrs. P. menstruated last about October 15th 1886. I was called to see her at 10 o’clock, May 15th, 1887. I found the nurse there and the patient in bed. I learned the following facts: At about 4 o’clock she got up and passed water, went to bed and slept. She was soon awakened by a large gush of water which she thought came from “the breaking of the waters.” After this she had a few slight pains which ceased before my arrival. Digital examination showed the head presenting, low down in the pelvis, the os dilated to the size of a half-dollar, the vagina covered with a fluid containing floculi like the vernix caseosa. She was up next day, and in a few days felt better than before. On July 13th, she had an unnaturally short labor, waters breaking just before the birth of the head. Between May 15th and July 13th, she had no abnormal symptoms. Yours truly, C.D. Jones, M.D. (Harvard, 1885) (MA Medical Society, 1887). 

C. Dana Jones, M.D., B.B. Plummer, and William E. Pillsbury, M.D., were Milton’s School Board in 1888 (NH State Board of Education, 1889). John U. Simes, Charles D. Jones, and B.B. Plummer were Milton’s School Board in 1889.

Chas. D. Jones appeared in the Milton directory of 1889, as a Milton physician. He reported encountering no cases of either typhoid fever or diphtheria in that year (NH State Board of Health, 1889).

Dr. C.D. Jones built a new block to house his drug store in May and June 1890. He opened the store on Thursday, June 28, 1890, with a round of sodas.

MILTON. Mr. C.D. Jones is breaking ground for a new block, just above Kennet’s meat market (Farmington News, May 23, 1890).

MILTON. Dr. Jones opened his store last week Thursday. The unlocking of the door was initiated by Dr. Jones setting up the soda (Farmington News, July 4, 1890).

Dr. Jones hired Town Clerk Henry L. “Harry” Avery to be doctor’s assistant in the new store.

MILTON. Fourth of July will be observed in this village in due and ancient form. At a meeting held recently, Dr. C.D. Jones was elected general manager and necessary committees appointed to carry forward the work (Farmington News, July 3, 1891).

Charles D. Jones appeared in the Milton directory of 1892, as a Milton physician, but appeared also as a Milton apothecary. He appeared in the Milton directories of 1894, and 1898, as a a merchant of drugs, as well as gents’ furnishing and sporting goods, cigars and tobacco. He was Town Clerk in 1892. His store had one of Milton’s first ten telephones, which was the very first public one, in 1898.

Jones’ maternal uncle, shoe manufacturer John H. Varney, died in Haverhill, MA, January 28, 1893. (His widow, Elizabeth W. (Cloutman) Varney, died in Milton, January 2, 1895). C. Dana Jones, et al., executors of the will of John H. Varney, paid $1,092 in inheritance tax to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 1898.

MILTON. Mr. James G. O’Loughlin and Miss Addie C. Knight of this village were united in Marriage in Union last Saturday evening. The congratulations of many friends are extended to them. The boys appreciated the excellent box of cigars opened for their inspection at C.D. Jones’ drug store (Farmington News, April 14, 1893).

Dr. C.D. Jones in Pinehurst, NC, in 1895
Dr. C.D. Jones in Pinehurst, NC, in 1895, with his daughter and his black and white English Setter “Dash” (Per Bradley Stone)

MILTON. Dr. C.D. Jones has finished the foundation for his new house (Farmington News, April 13, 1894).

LOCALS. A letter has been received from Dr. C.D. Jones of Milton, who is at Pinehurst, N.C., for the winter with his family, stating that the snow storms of last week were very severe there, eighteen inches of snow falling during the storm. Such a thing as a sleigh had never been seen in that locality and one was constructed and used while the show lasted. The letter also stated that the colored people were unprepared for such weather and there was much suffering among them (Farmington News, December 18, 1896). 

New Hampshire passed a medical licensing law, March 1, 1897, which required medical practitioners to be tested, licensed and registered as of September 1, 1897. (Charles William Gross, William Emerson Pillsbury, and Frank Sherman Weeks, of Milton Mills, and Malcolm A.H. Hart, Charles Dana Jones, and John Herbert Twombly, of Milton, were all rated “A”- they were already in practice prior to the passage of the law – i.e., they were “grandfathered in” and did not have to pass the new examination) (NH State Board of Education, 1906).

MILTON. Carl P. Wilbur of Brockton, Mass., and Dr. C.D. Jones of this place enjoyed the pleasures of trout fishing at Lake Winnipesaukee, last week (Farmington News, May 28, 1897).

MILTON NEWS-LETTER. Harry L. Avery has resumed his place in C.D. Jones’ drug store, having been absent a few weeks while at work on his new house (Farmington News, August 13, 1897).

NEWS IN BRIEF. Dr. C.D. Jones and family of Milton, N.H., arrived Wednesday evening and will spend the winter here. The doctor was well, and favorably known in the village last winter and his return is heartily welcomed (Pinehurst Outlook (Pinehurst, NC), November 27, 1897).

SOUTHERN PINES. Dr. C.D. Jones of Milton, N.H., has bought a large lot of land in town and is now erecting a large house thereon, which he will occupy with his family (Pinehurst Outlook (Pinehurst, NC), February 4, 1898).

Meanwhile, Dr. Jones’ Milton storefront, was totally destroyed by fire early Friday morning, February 4, 1898, while he was away for the winter in Pinehurst, NC. (It had been newly built in 1890).

MILTON. The drug and fancy goods store owned by Dr. C.D. Jones was destroyed by fire February 4. The upper story was occupied by the Milton Literary club, whose loss was estimated at about $200. No insurance. Dr. Jones is now in Pinehurst, N.C. His loss is about $3,000, partially insured. The nearest buildings were slightly damaged. The firemen and citizens worked faithfully. The fire broke out at 5.30 o’clock in the morning and the mercury was several degrees below zero (Farmington News, February 11, 1898).  

NEWS IN BRIEF. Dr. C.D. Jones on Magnolia road has recently met with a heavy loss at his home in Milton, N.H., by the total destruction by fire of his building and stock in trade. The doctor and his family have made their winter home here during the past and present seasons and have the sympathy of our people (Pinehurst Outlook (Pinehurst, NC), February 11, 1898).

Charles D. Jones, a dry & fancy goods store [-keeper], aged thirty-seven years (b. NH), headed a Milton (“Milton Village”) household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of fifteen years), Pauline Jones, aged thirty-five years (b. NH), his children, Katharine Jones, at school, aged fifteen years (b. NH), Levi Jones, at school, aged nine years (b. NH), Russell Jones, at school, aged six years (b. NH), and Varney Jones, aged nine months (b. NH), and his servant, Annabel Harvey, a housemaid, aged sixteen years (b. NH). Charles D. Jones owned their house, free-and-clear. Pauline Jones was the mother of four children, of whom four were still living.

Dr. C.D. Jones of Milton, NH, had a purebred black and white English Setter dog, whose details appeared in an American Kennel Club Register of 1900.

DASH GLADSTONE (54,148) – Dr. C.D. Jones, Milton, N.H. Breeder, W.C. Kennerly, White Post, Va. Whelped December 20, 1894; black and white. By Count Roderigo (8,182, Vol. V), out of Miss Twilight Furness (31,722, Vol. X) (American Kennel Club, 1900).

C.D. Jones appeared in the Milton directories of 1901, 1904, and 1905-06, as a Milton merchant. Among other things, he sold gents’ furnishing and sporting goods, cigars, and tobacco, in 1901 and 1904. He had also a public telephone. He sold dry & fancy goods in 1905-06.

THE PINEHURST PRESERVES, Dr. C.D. Jones, Manager. Embracing 30,000 acres, nearly fifty square miles, of the FINEST HUNTING TERRITORY In Moore County, North Carolina, are The Largest in the South, under the control of, one individual. QUAIL IN ABUNDANCE AND WILD TURKEYS NUMEROUS. Foxes and Rabbits abound everywhere and some deer are to be found. THE PINEHURST KENNELS Maintained in connection with the Preserve, contain twenty-two blooded dogs, pointers and setters, and are under the management of Alliston Gray, formerly of the High Point, N.C., Kennels. Climate unsurpassed, covers excellent and easy accessible from the village, where accommodations offering every comfort may be found at a varying range of prices. TERMS Shooting privileges, $1.00 a day, $3.00 a week, $15.00 a season, Guides $3.00 a day. Dogs will be furnished without extra charge to hunters without dogs. Send for Hunting Booklet to PINEHURST GENERAL OFFICE (Pinehurst Outlook (Pinehurst, NC), January 2, 1903).

BANNER WEEK OF SEASON. Sportsmen Have found Quail In Plentiful Numbers. “The past week has been the banner week of the season,” says Dr. C.D. Jones, manager of the Pinehurst Preserves. “The bags have been excellent and the birds plentiful.” Mr. W.A. Wood and Mr. C.A. Lockwood of New York City, have gone after a short trip. They made bags of eleven and nine birds in short hunts from the Village and on a two days trip to the Aberdeen section, secured twenty-four birds. On another trip eight covies were started and seventeen quail secured. Mr. Frederick K. Gaston of New York City, who is here with three fine dogs, has made records that stand well with the best of the season. He secured in two days hunting thirty-five birds, and in a days outing, twenty-three birds. Mr. J.E. Newell of Cleveland, Ohio, has also been holding his own with the best of them. His best bag is twenty birds picked out of eight covies. Mr. Newell uses a 20 gun. Mr. W.C. Spaulding of New York City, is a recent arrival and he brings a favorite dog with him. Many live birds are being secured which are used for stocking (Pinehurst Outlook (Pinehurst, NC), February 20, 1903).

Pinehurst - BL021213SHOOTING SEASON ENDS! Birds In Plenty and Excellent Bags Features of Closing Weeks. Abundance of Birds Left to Breed for Another Season and Prospects for the Future are Very Bright. The quail shooting season of 1902-03 was brought to an end last Saturday, the quail profiting by a day’s additional protection, owing to the fact that the fifteenth fell on Sunday. Philip Randolph, Master Randolph and Edward Conner, of Philadelphia, and C.H. Stanley, of Cleveland, O., spent the day in the field, starting five coveys and bringing in eighteen quail and a woodcock as the result of the trip, and pleasant memories of the work of Mr. Randolph’s pointer, “Queen” and “Pinehurst Dick” which demonstrated very forcibly that birds will lie in March if the dogs work them carefully. During the last four weeks Mr. Randolph and his friends have been much in the field, and some very satisfactory bags have been made. A.C. Tower of Boston, took part in the last day’s shooting, starting three coveys and securing eight birds. C.A. Lockwood, of New York city, and J.D. Wescott, of Union City, Pa., secured twelve quail and four woodcocks on a recent trip, and fourteen quail and two woodcock on another. F.E. Perkins, of Boston, and W.L. Bryant, of Schuylkill Haven, Pa., are credited with thirteen quail as a result of a day’s outing. C.S. Houghton and Benj. E. Bates, of Boston, tried quail shooting for the first time last week and had a rattling day’s sport, starting eight coveys and securing seven quail and a woodcock. Manager H.B. Stillings of the Department Store, and Dr. C.D. Jones, in an afternoon’s hunt secured fourteen quail, killing ten birds out of a covey of sixteen. G.W. Balch of Detroit, Mich., secured nine quail on a short trip, and O.A. Bassett, of Lynn, Mass., eight. “Contrary to the usual rule,” says Dr. C.D. Jones, manager of the Pinehurst Preserves, “the last two weeks of the season found the birds more plentiful and the covies better massed than early in the fall. I attribute this to the fact that the very warm weather during November and December and the birds remained in the shady branches, which offered excellent protection from their natural enemies, the fox and the hawk. “I believe it is the general opinion of those who have been in the field recently that plenty of birds have been left to breed for another year, and that next fall will find the sport better than ever. “We propose to stock abundantly and the plan of planting patches of cow peas for food, will be maintained throughout the preserves. “The year’s work has also developed many of the dogs and the equipment of the kennels is now the very best (Pinehurst Outlook (Pinehurst, NC), March 20, 1903).

PERSONAL. Mrs. Amos M. Roberts and Mrs. Elzina Downs of Milton were in town Monday. The latter expects to leave Boston Monday, Nov. 20, for North Carolina, with Dr. C.D. Jones and family, going by sea to Norfolk, and reaching Southern Pines by rail from that point (Farmington News, November 1, 1904).

PERSONAL. As Mrs. Cisco Hart and two sons, of East Weymouth, Mass., were spending a fortnight with Mr. and Mrs. Dana B. Hart at Brookside Farm, a family gathering was given in their honor, Sunday, August 21. Among those present were Dr. C.D. Jones and family, of Milton, and Delta C. Hart and family, of Farmington. Miss Bernice Hart expects to accompany Mrs. Hart in her return to East Weymouth, for a short visit (Farmington News, April 14, 1904).

MILTON. Miss Annabel Harvey has returned to town and is filling her former position as clerk in C.D. Jones’ store (April 22, 1904).

Mary Annabel “Annabel” Harvey was born in North Hampton, NH, November 1, 1883, daughter of Frank J. and Mary J. (Marston) Harvey. She presumably returned from Amesbury, MA, where her parents then resided.

MILTON. C.D. Jones and family left last Friday for their winter home in Pinehurst, N.C. (Farmington News, November 4, 1904).

Dr. C.D. Jones gave over his management of the Pinehurst Preserves for the 1906-07 season (and thereafter) to G. Dan Morgan.

THE MANAGEMENT. G. Dan Morgan, who is so favorably known to sportsmen here and elsewhere as a trainer and handler, assumes the management of the Preserves this season, succeeding Dr. C.D. Jones, and among his assistants is Percival Estes, also well known here through two season’s connection. Estes is a good handler, a tireless hunter and a favorite with all. M. English, well known around High Point, will also be located here in the capacity of a guide, and is sure to be popular. Fred Coburn assumes charge of the Kennels under Manager Morgan’s direction, assuring the same care of dogs which has always been so satisfactory to visiting sportsmen (Pinehurst Outlook (Pinehurst, NC), December 1, 1906).

Charles D. Jones died of typhoid fever in Milton, July 2, 1908, aged forty-four years, nine months, and ten days. (The following obituary attributed the cause of his death to malarial fever).

MILTON. Death of C.D. Jones – Rev. M.P. Dickey’s Farewell Sermon. This community suffers a real loss in the death of Dr. C.D. Jones, one of its leading businessmen and prominent citizens. Dr. Jones has spent his winters in Southern Pines and Pinehurst, N.C., for several years, on account of his wife’s ill health, and he himself has not been a well man for a long time. This year he contracted a case of malarial fever before he started north, but insisted on coming home, and he arrived here about a month ago. Several years ago he dispensed with his drug business. For many years he was town clerk, until his going south made it impossible to attend to the official duties. He leaves a family of wife and five children, the youngest an infant of three months, also a brother, Fred P. Jones, who resides on the old homestead, and a sister, Nellie Varney Jones, a teacher in Oakland, Cal. He was 45 years old. Funeral services were conducted at the home Saturday afternoon, which were very largely attended. For a time after his return he was about, and thought to be improving, but about a week before his death his condition became serious and he failed rapidly until his death, Thursday morning, the 2nd. Dr. Jones was the son of Charles Jones and was born on the homestead at Plummer’s Ridge. He was educated at Phillips Exeter Academy and studied medicine and practiced for a while, and also established a store, combination drug store and dry fancy goods … (Unattributed Newspaper Clipping [Rochester Courier?], July 1908).

PERSONAL. Mr. and Mrs. Delta C. Hart and Miss Bessie Hart attended the funeral of Mr. Hart’s brother-in-law, Dr. C.D. Jones, at Milton last Saturday afternoon (Farmington News, July 10, 1908).

Pauline E. (Hart) Jones died of pneumonia (with pulmonary tuberculosis as a secondary cause) in Milton Mills, February 12, 1910, aged forty-four years, and three days.

LOCAL. Mrs. Lena Hart Jones, widow of Dr. Jones of Milton, passed away at her home in that town Sunday evening, of pneumonia, aged forty-four years. Mrs. Jones is survived by four children, the youngest two years old, and by two brothers, Delta and Dana Hart, and one sister, Mrs. Walter Brown, all of this town. The funeral was held at Milton Tuesday (Farmington News, [Friday,] February 18, 1910).


American Kennel Club. (1900). American Kennel Club Stud Book. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=A4kuAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA529

Find a Grave. (2020, October 20). John Hanson Varney. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/217524488/john-hanson-varney

Harvard Graduates Magazine Association. (1910). Harvard Graduates Magazine. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=xC1YAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA565

MA Medical Society. (1887). New England Journal of Medicine. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=7bE1AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA71

NH State Board of Education. (1889). Annual Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=-HUaAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA305.

Scales, John. (1914). History of Strafford County, New Hampshire and Representative Citizens. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=nGsjAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA62

Wikipedia. (2021, January 14). Pinehurst, North Carolina. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinehurst,_North_Carolina

Wikipedia. (2021, January 2). Southern Pines, North Carolina. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_Pines,_North_Carolina

Milton Mills’ Dr. Frank S. Weeks (1871-1952)

By Muriel Bristol | January 17, 2021

Frank Sherman Weeks was born in Porter, ME, in April 1871, son of William S. and Mary E. Weeks.

Frank Sherman Weeks, of Porter, ME, was a student at the Medical School of Maine, at Bowdoin College, in 1890. He was then a member of its Class of 1892 and his instructor was M.E. Sweat. (Dr. Moses Erastus Sweatt died in Parsonsfield, ME, January 1, 1892, aged seventy-six years, eleven months, and nineteen days). He would eventually graduate with the Class of 1895.

Frank Sherman Weeks completed his post-graduate studies and received his medical degree from Baltimore Medical College in April 1896.

City and Suburban. Diplomas were given to 114 graduates at the commencement of the Baltimore Medical College, held at Harris’s Academy of Music (Baltimore Sun (Baltimore, MD), April 23, 1896).

The Maine graduates were:

Maine. Charles Williard Burnell, Ernest Ormand Chellis, Eugene Dana Chellis, Percy G. Davis, Edward Percival Goodrich, Edward E. Russell. J. Roscoe Varney, Frank S. Weeks (Baltimore Sun (Baltimore, MD), April 23, 1896)

Frank S. Weeks married (1st) in Ossipee, NH, October 19, 1896, Minnie Luella Alley. She was born in Porter, ME, November 13, 1875, daughter of Ansel E. and Addie S. (Maxwell) Alley.

New Hampshire passed a medical licensing law, March 1, 1897, which required medical practitioners to be tested, licensed and registered as of September 1, 1897. (Charles William Gross, William Emerson Pillsbury, and Frank Sherman Weeks, of Milton Mills, and Malcolm A.H. Hart, Charles Dana Jones, and John Herbert Twombly, of Milton, were all rated “A”- they were already in practice prior to the passage of the law – i.e., they were “grandfathered in” and did not have to pass the new examination) (NH State Board of Education, 1906).

Frank S. Weeks, a physician, aged twenty-nine years (b. ME), headed an Ossipee, NH, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Minnie L. Weeks, aged twenty-five years (b. ME), and his children, Vivian G. Weeks, aged two years (b. NH), and Baby [Maud] Weeks, aged one year (b. NH). Frank S. Weeks rented their house. Minnie L. Weeks was the mother of two children, of whom two were still living.

Frank Sherman Weeks of Moultonville [in Ossipee, NH] appeared in a 1901-02 list of physicians registered to practice in New Hampshire. (The list was published in November 1902) (NH State Medical Examiner, 1902).

Frank S. Weeks, M.D., began to practice medicine at Milton Mills in 1902. Frank S. Weeks appeared in the Milton business directory of 1904, as a Milton Mills physician. F.S. Week appeared in the Milton business directory of 1905-06, as a physician, at 42 Main street in Milton Mills, and in that of 1909, as a physician at 102 Main street in Milton Mills.

Weeks, FS - 1904Dr. Frank S. Weeks, of Milton Mills, was admitted to membership in the Strafford District Medical Society, at its meeting at the Kimball House in Dover, NH, October 31, 1907. He spoke at the meeting at which he was admitted (NH Medical Society, 1908).

Frank S. Weeks, a general practice physician, aged forty years (b. ME), headed a Milton (“Milton Mills”) household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of fifteen years), Minnie L. Weeks, aged thirty-five years (b. ME), his children, Vivian G. Weeks, aged twelve years (b. NH), Maud Weeks, aged eleven years (b. NH), Mildred Weeks, aged nine years (b. NH), Mabel Weeks, aged eight years (b. NH), Margarite Weeks, aged seven years (b. NH), and Laura Weeks, aged four years (b. NH), and his father, William Weeks, own income, aged eighty-eight years (b. ME). Frank S. Weeks rented their house. Minnie L. Weeks was the mother of six children, of whom six were still living.

F.S. Weeks appeared in the Milton business directories of 1912, and 1917, as a physician at 102 No. Main street in Milton Mills.

[Bowdoin College] Medical Class of 1895. Frank Sherman Weeks, M.D., Baltimore Med. Coll., 1896. b. 2 Apr., 1871, Porter, Me. Med Sch., 1893-94. Physician, Milton Mills, N.H., 1902- (Bowdoin College, 1916).

Frank S. Weeks, a medical physician, aged forty-eight years (b. ME), headed a Milton household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Minnie L. Weeks, aged forty-three years (b. ME), his children, Maud L. Weeks, a cotton mill shirtmaker, aged twenty-one years (b. NH), Mildred R. Weeks, a woolen mill weaver, aged nineteen years (b. NH), Mabel A. Weeks, a woolen mill weaver, aged eighteen years (b. NH), Marguerite D. Weeks, a woolen mill weaver, aged seventeen years (b. NH), Laura A. Weeks, aged fourteen years (b. NH), and Vivian [(Weeks)] Bickford, a woolen mill weaver, aged twenty-two years (b. NH), his grandson, Arthur F. Bickford, aged one year, seven months (b. NH), and his boarders, Joseph A. Comeau, a farm laborer, aged twenty-five years (b. NH), and Elizabeth F. Comeau, aged thirty-four years (b. MA). Frank S. Weeks owned their house on “Upper Main Street, Milton Mills Village,” free-and-clear.

F.S. Weeks appeared in the Milton business directory of 1922, as a Milton Mills physician.

Minnie L. [(Alley)] Weeks divorced her husband, Frank S. Weeks, in Strafford County Court, March 12, 1924. She alleged “extreme cruelty.” (While this certainly sounds tempestuous, legally, one had to allege something and, prior to the advent of “no fault” divorces, there were few alternatives). Minnie L. Weeks married (2nd), April 12, 1929, Charles Alley. They resided in the Parsonsfield, ME, household of his grandfather, Joseph D. Eastman, in 1930. She died in Parsonsfield, ME, January 29, 1934.

Frank S. Weeks married (2nd), circa 1926-27, Florence A.E. (Ryan) Sanborn. She was born in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, June 4, 1900, daughter of Charles W. and Emma E. “Bessie” (Dauphinee) Sanborn. (She had married (1st) in Milton Mills, October 1, 1919, George A. Sanborn, who died there May 30, 1926).

Frank S. Weeks, a medical physician, aged fifty-nine years (b. ME), headed a Portsmouth, NH, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Florence E. Weeks, aged twenty-nine years (b. Nova Scotia, Canada (Eng.)), his grandson, Kenneth Weeks, aged seven years (b. NH), and his boarder, Maryland Oslon, aged nine months (b. NH). Frank S. Weeks rented their house at 4 Raitt Ct., for $32 per month. They had a radio set. Florence E. Weeks was a naturalized citizen, having immigrated into the U.S. in 1919.

Frank S. (Florence E.) Weeks appeared in the Milton directory of 1936-37, as a Milton Mills physician.

Frank S. Weeks, M.D., had property in Milton valued at $600 in 1939, for which his tax was $21.00; Milton noted his uncollected tax balance of $23.00 due from the prior year; the Town owed him $60.00 for his attendance upon the Town Poor. Florence S. Weeks had an uncollected tax balance of $2.00 (Milton Town Report, for the Year Ending December 31, 1940).

Frank S. Weeks, aged sixty-nine years (b. ME), headed a Milton (“Milton Mills”) household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Florence E. Weeks, a private home nurse, aged thirty-nine years (b. Nova Scotia), and his boarder, June Valley, aged seven years (b. NH). Frank S. Weeks owned their house, which was valued at $1,000. Frank S. Weeks and his wife had resided in the same house in 1935, while their boarder had resided elsewhere in Milton in 1935.

Milton recovered $7.50 in old age assistance rendered to Frank Weeks in 1952 (Milton Town Report, for the Year Ending December 31, 1952). One supposes that his gravestone, the published version of which has his death date rendered as “1932,” would actually have been read as “1952” were it not covered with lichen.

Lee Notes. Mr. and Mrs. Albert Adams and Mrs. Florence Weeks of Milton Mills were Sunday dinner guests of Mrs. Katharine Jones and Miss Esther Garrity. Mrs. Adams celebrated her birthday anniversary with gifts and a cake made by Miss Garrity (Portsmouth Herald, April 30, 1958).


Bowdoin College. (1916). General Catalogue of Bowdoin College and the Medical School of Maine. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=YCpJAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA588

Find a Grave. (2013, August 16). Dr. Frank S. Weeks. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/115566074/frank-s-weeks

NH Medical Society. (1908). Transactions of the New Hampshire Medical Society. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=3NdXAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA298

NH State Board of Education. (1906). Biennial Report of the New Hampshire State Board of Education. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=6wBJAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA113

NH State Medical Examiner. (1902). Registered Physicians. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=kfGaD90ZETIC&pg=PA385

Milton Mills’ Dr. Lester B. Bradford (1884-1945)

By Muriel Bristol | January 16, 2021

Lester Belmont Bradford was born in Castle Hill, ME, September 10, 1884, son of George F. and Melvina A. (Sylvester) Bradford.

George F. Bradford, a clergyman, aged fifty years (b. ME), headed a New Ipswich, NH, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of nineteen years), Melvina S. Bradford, aged forty-two years (b. ME), and his children, Lester B. Bradford, at school, aged seventeen years (b. ME), Walter S. Bradford, at school, aged eleven years (b. ME), and Jean Haynes Bradford, aged four years (b. ME). George H. Bradford rented their house. Melvina S. Bradford was the mother of three children, of whom three were still living.

Lester B. Bradford was recorded twice in the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. He appeared also as Lester B. Bradford, a student, aged sixteen years (b. ME), boarding in the Ashburnham, MA, household of James C. Story, a physician, aged forty-five years (b. NY). Bradford was one of eleven student boarders, who were likely attending the Cushing Academy there. (Ashburnham, MA, adjoins his parents’ town of New Ipswich, NH).

Lester B. Bradford appeared in the Barrington, NH, directory of 1905, as a student at Baltimore Medical College, with his home residence with G.F.B., in East Barrington. Rev. George F. Bradford appeared as pastor of the Congregational Church in East Barrington, with his house at the same place.

Lester B. Bradford was among ninety-one graduates of the Maryland Medical College, who received their degrees at the Lyceum Theatre in Baltimore, MD, on Friday evening, May 5, 1905, followed by a banquet at Heptasoph Hall, at the intersection of Cathedral and Preston streets (Baltimore Sun (Baltimore, MD), May 3, 1905).

BRAND NEW DOCTORS. Maryland Medical College Holds Its Commencement. GIRLS AND FLOWERS GALORE. Lyceum Theatre Crowded With Enthusiastic Friends. Banquet Follows The Exercises. Spritely music, pretty flowers and the presence of their “best girls’ made the seventh annual commencement of the Maryland Medical College last night at the Lyceum Theatre a joyous occasion for the 91 graduates. The theatre was crowded. Nearly all of the students are from out of town, and most of those in the audience came from far away. They were there from Canada, from Cuba and from almost every one of the Eastern and Southern States. For the parents and other well wishers of the graduates the distance made the occasion more momentous (Baltimore Sun (Baltimore, MD), May 6, 1905).

Mitchell-Cony’s Town Register of 1907-08 tells us that “Dr. L.B. Bradford came here [to Milton Mills] about the month of June, 1907, but remained only a short time.” Possibly, there was insufficient scope in the village of Milton Mills for a budding eye, ears, nose and throat specialist. He was in Rockland, ME, by 1910.

L.B. Bradford, a physician, aged twenty-seven years (b. ME), boarded in the Rockland, ME, household of James A. Richan, at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. Richan was a dentist, aged thirty-seven years (b. Nova Scotia). His wife (of fourteen years), Ivah M. [(Young)] Richan, was a boarding house keeper, aged thirty-four years (b. ME). They resided on Elm Street.

Lester B. Bradford was resident in Rockland, ME, when his father died in neighboring Thomaston, ME, February 27, 1911, aged sixty-one years. (His mother, Melvina A. (Sylvester) Bradford, died in Thomaston, ME, June 6, 1915).

NOTES OF BANGOR SEMINARY GRADUATES. … Rev. George Frederic Bradford. class of 1891, died at Thomaston, Feb. 27, 1911, aged 61 years. He was born in Topsfield, Oct. 28, 1849, a lineal descendant of the Pilgrim Governor Bradford. He was ordained in Warren, in 18[9]3; was pastor at Holden and Dedham, 1891-2; Bristol 1892-8; New Ipswich, N.H., 1893-1900; Deerfield Center and Barrington, N.H., Lyndeboro, N.H., 1907-1309. He is survived by a wife and three sons, Dr. Lester B. Bradford of Rockland, Walter P., a student in Bangor Seminary, and Jean H. of Thomaston (Bangor Daily News (Bangor, ME), March 28, 1911).

Lester B. Bradford appeared in the Rockland, ME, directory of 1917, as a physician, resident at 335 Main street.

Talk of the Town. Dr. L.B. Bradford recently passed a successful examination at Fort Preble, and becomes a member of the medical reserves, in the department devoted to eye, ears and nose, which has been his specialty while practicing here. His friends will be especially pleased to learn that he has been recommended for a captaincy. Dr. Bradford is a graduate of the Maryland Medical College (Rockland Courier-Gazette (Rockland, ME), December 7, 1917).

Lester B. Bradford received his appointment as a First Lieutenant in the Medical Corps, January 18, 1918, and was promoted to Captain, July 6, 1918. He was stationed at General Hospital No. 1, until August 16, 1918, then Base Hospital No. 58, then Evac. Hospital No. 2, then Evac. Hospital No. 49 until his discharge, September 18, 1919. (He served overseas between August 20, 1918, and August 30, 1919).

Bradford, LB - 1920The American Red Cross, National Headquarters, Washington, D.C.
January 28, 1920.
Mr. G.L. Brist, Division of Passport Control, State Department, Washington, D.C.
Dear Mr. Brist, This will serve to introduce Dr. Lester B. Bradford. Dr. Bradford is going to France for the American Red Cross, and we would thank you to accept his application for passport. The application is complete with the exception of his birth evidence, but as he has his discharge from the Army, I think this will be wa[i]ved. May I have the passport Saturday?
Yours very truly,
S. Ethel Sparks, Passport Clerk, Department of Personnel.

Lester B. Bradford does not appear in the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census, as he was working overseas for the American Red Cross (and the American Relief Administration). He set up hospitals in forty different countries.

Practicing Surgery Among Bandits. The familiar story of the dying Indian who reveals to the comforter of his last moments the secret of a hidden hoard of gold, is credible, if familiar. A man might, once in a lifetime, be the recipient of such a secret. But if you were told of a man to whom half a dozen dying Indians had at different times revealed the secrets of half a dozen separate and distinct treasures, you might perhaps appear to believe the story for the sake of politeness, but you wouldn’t be likely to rush down to the station and buy a ticket for the town nearest the spot indicated on one of the old Indian’s maps. Nevertheless there is in Turkey an American surgeon who has this experience. Dr. L.B. Bradford, of Boston, in charge of the American Red Cross hospital of 150 beds at Prizren, has been the custodian of valuable secrets. Coming into such intimate contact with Turks, Serbs and Albanians, and saving, as he does, the lives of their mothers, fathers, sisters and brothers, it is only natural that he should win the confidence of thousands, some few of whom endeavor to repay his kindness by telling him hidden treasure stories, most of which are true. But the treasures are not available to Dr. Bradford because the hidden hoards are in the form of lodes of valuable metals, like gold, silver and copper, and Dr. Bradford is not a mining engineer. Prizren is located in wild country. And a native possessed of the secret of a gold mine is not a good insurance risk. It is the Balkan custom to do away with plain citizens who know too much about valuable mines. About one quarter of the cases in the hospital are gunshot wounds, many of whom are Turkish and Serbian travelers shot up by bandits that infest the mountains. An odd feature of these wounds is that 87 per cent of them are below the knee. The bandits shoot low, for they are averse to taking human life, and want pocketbooks and jewelry only – American Red Cross (Phillips, 1921).

Dr. Lester Bradford, of Boothbay Harbor, ME, sailed from Naples, Italy, on the S.S Providence, arriving in New York, NY, April 15, 1921. He was thirty-five years of age (b. Castle Hill, ME, September 10, 1884).

Lester Belmont Bradford married in Boothbay Harbor, ME, December 10, 1921, Elizabeth Bonaventura McDonald, he of Pocono Pines, PA, and she of Stroudsburg, PA. He was a physician, aged thirty-five years, and she was a nurse, aged twenty-seven years. She was born in Ashley, PA, July 31, 1894, daughter of Thomas F. and Elizabeth L. (Smith) McDonald.

Lester B. and Elizabeth B. Bradford, of Pocono Pines, PA, sailed on the S.S. Chignecto from Demerara, British Guiana, December 15, 1921, arriving in St. John, New Brunswick, January 11, 1922. He was an assistant surgeon for the U.S. Public Health Service, aged thirty-six years (b. Castle Hill, ME, September 10, 1886 [SIC]), and she was “with husband,” aged twenty-seven years (b. Stroudsburg, PA, July 31, 1894).

Dr. Lester W. Bradford, a U.S. Vet. Bureau physician, aged forty-five years (b. ME), headed a Perry Point, MD, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Elizabeth B. Bradford, aged thirty-five years (b. PA), and his servant, Elinor A. Langford, a household servant, aged forty-eight years (b. PA). Dr. Bradford rented their house at 1154 South Avenue A, which was valued at $5,000. They had a radio set.

Lester B. (Elizabeth) appeared in the Rockland, ME, directory of 1942, as a physician, with both his house and office at 50 Masonic street.

Lester N. Bradford died in Tenant’s Harbor, ME, September 24, 1945, aged sixty-three years.

Dr. L.B. Bradford, Prominent Maine Specialist, Dies. ROCKLAND, Sept 24 – Dr. Lester B. Bradford, 63, died at his summer home at Tenant Harbor, Sept. 24, He was born in Castle Hill, son of the Rev. George Frederick and Melvina Sylvester Bradford. His wife was the former Elizabeth McDonald. A graduate of the University Maryland in 1906 [1905] as an eye, ear, nose and throat specialist, he began his practice in Rockland. In World War 1 he went overseas as a major, and was in the zone of advance, going to Coblenz with the Army of Occupation and remaining there for a year after the war ended. Returning to this country, he was again sent to Europe with the Red Cross and the Hoover Relief Administration. During 1920 he visited 40 countries and had official status with the Polish Commission, working out of Paris, and setting up hospitals in each country visited. He was in Russia during the typhus epidemic in 1920 and returned to the United States in 1921, joining the U.S. Public Health Administration, which later became the Veterans Administration. Since then he had practiced his specialties in veterans’ hospitals all over the country, also examining pilots of World War II. At the time of his retirement to private practice in 1941, he was the head of the eye, ear, nose and throat diagnostic center of the Veterans Administration in San Francisco. Besides his wife, he is survived by two brothers, Gene of Spencer, Mass., and Capt. Walter, a chaplain in the Pacific area. Funeral services will be held at his Tenant Harbor home Wednesday afternoon at 1.30, the Rev. Maldwyn Parry officiating. Interment will be in Arlington National cemetery Thursday afternoon at 3 o’clock with full military services (Bangor Daily News, September 24, 1945).

Elizabeth (McDonald) Bradford died in Tenant’s Harbor, ME, May 19, 1953, aged fifty-eight years.

OBITUARIES. MRS. ELIZABETH BRADFORD. TENANT’S HARBOR, May 19 – Mrs. Elizabeth Bradford, 58, widow of Dr. Lester B. Bradford, formerly of Rockland, died Tuesday afternoon at her home here. She was the daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Smith McDonald. She is survived by a brother, Thomas McDonald of Passaic, N.J. The Rev. Charles F. Bennett will officiate at a Requiem Mass., Thursday morning at 9:00 o’clock at St Bernard’s Catholic church, Rockland. Rosary will be recited Wednesday evening at 7:30 o’clock at the residence here. Burial will be at Arlington National Cemetery at Fort Meyers, Va. (Bangor Daily News, May 20, 1953).


Find a Grave. (2010, March 5). Lester B. Bradford. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/49127682/lester-b-bradford

Mitchell-Cony. (1908). Town Register: Farmington, Milton, Wakefield, Middleton, Brookfield, 1907-8. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=qXwUAAAAYAAJ&pg=118

Phillips, William, Co. (1921). Eclectic Medical Journal. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=00ZHgPogZzEC&pg=PA143

Wikipedia. (2020, November 23). American Relief Administration. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Relief_Administration

Wikipedia. (2021, January 15). Prizren. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prizren

MIlton’s Dr. John Wallace (1870-1929)

By Muriel Bristol | January 13, 2021

John Wallace was born in Gortaheran, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, June 24, 1870, son of William and Mary Jane (Glass) Wallace. (Some sources say June 23, 1870).

Later sources say that he graduated from Queen’s College, in Belfast, [Northern] Ireland, and received his medical degree in Edinburgh, Scotland (prior to his December 1895 marriage). He practiced in [Northern] Ireland for two years.

John Wallace married in Finvoy, [Northern] Ireland, December 12, 1895, Wilhelmina Margretta Price “Mina” Hay, he of Portglenone, and she of Finvoy. She was born in Mullanyduffy, County Leitrim, Ireland, February 28, 1873, daughter of William and Mary Jane (McMullen) Hay.

MARRIAGES. WALLACE-HAY. December 12, at Finvoy Presbyterian Church, by Rev. W.H. Craig, assisted by Rev. A. Gallagher, Kilrea, Dr. John Wallace, Portglenone, only son of William Wallace, Esq., Newmills, Portglenone, to Wilhelmina Margretta Price (Mina), second daughter of William Hay, Esq., Finvoy (Belfast Newsletter, December 17, 1895).

Daughter Mary Jane Wallace was born in Northern Ireland, October 4, 1896.

(The British, including the Irish, had a naming custom, which was observed also in early America. The first son would be named after the father’s father, the second son would be named after the mother’s father, the third son would be the “Junior,” and subsequent sons would be named after the father’s brothers in sequence. The first daughter would be named after the mother’s mother, the second daughter would be named after the father’s mother, the third daughter would be the “Junior,” and subsequent daughters would be named after the mother’s sisters in sequence. In this case, both the parents had fathers named William, and both had mothers named Mary Jane. So, their first two children would be named Mary Jane and William. Then came the “Juniors,” Wilhelmina and John).

John Wallace left Londonderry, [Northern] Ireland, on the SS City of Rome, August 28, 1897. He was a surgeon, aged twenty-six years, and traveled “Second Cabin,” i.e., second class. He evidently transferred in Liverpool, England, to the RMS Etruria, which sailed for New York, NY, arriving there September 18, 1897. He was a doctor, aged twenty-seven years, and again traveled “Second Cabin.”

W.F. Wallace appeared in the Milton business directory of 1898, as a Milton physician. (Despite what the directory says, this was actually Dr. John Wallace, rather than the earlier practitioner of the same surname, Dr. William F. Wallace, who had moved since to Plaistow, NH).

Wallace, John - 1900John Wallace appeared in the Milton directory of 1900, as a physician, with his house at 22 S. Main street. (He left for Roxbury, i.e., Boston, MA, prior to June 1900).

John Wallace, a physician, aged twenty-nine years (b. Ireland), headed a Boston, MA, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of four years), Wilhelmine M.P. Wallace, aged twenty-seven years (b. Ireland), and his child, Mary J. Wallace, aged three years (b. Ireland). John Wallace rented their apartment at 2773 Washington Street. Wilhelmine M.P. Wallace was the mother of one child, of whom one was still living. They had all immigrated into the U.S. in 1897.

John Wallace appeared in the Boston, MA, directory of 1901, as a physician, with his house and office at 2773 Washington street. (He appeared in the Milton directory of 1902, as having removed to “Roxbury, Mass.”).

John Wallace, of 324 Warren Street, Boston, MA, petitioned to become a naturalized U.S. citizen, in Roxbury District Court, in Boston, MA, October 23, 1901. He was a physician, born in Gortaheran, County Antrim, [Northern] Ireland, June 24, 1870. He had sailed from Londonderry, [Northern] Ireland, arriving in New York, NY, September 2, 1897. Frank S. Lee, and Frank W. Lee, both of 77 Cedar Street, Boston, MA, signed as his witnesses. His petition was granted and he became a naturalized U.S. citizen, November 19, 1903. (His wife and children would have become naturalized also through his action).

Son William Wallace was born at 2787 Washington Street in Roxbury, MA, October 24, 1901, son of John and Wilhelmina M.P. (Hay) Wallace. (The day after his father’s initial petition for naturalization). His parents were both natives of Ireland, and his father worked as a physician.

John Wallace appeared in the Boston, MA, directory of 1905, as a physician, with his house and office at 324 Warren street, in the Roxbury district of Boston. (Thomas H. Wallace, an engineer, boarded at 324 Warren street).

Daughter Wilhemina Elizabeth “Mina” Wallace was born at 324 Warren Street, in the Roxbury district of Boston, MA, June 18, 1905, daughter of John and Wilhelmina M.P. (Hay) Wallace. Her parents were both natives of Ireland, and her father worked as a physician.

Son John Wallace was born at 223 Warren Street, September 11, 1909, son of John and Wilhelmina M.P. (Hay) Wallace. His parents were both natives of Ireland, and his father worked as a physician.

John Wallace, a general practice physician, aged thirty-nine years (b. Ireland), headed a Boston, MA, household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of fourteen years), Wilhelmina Wallace, aged thirty-seven years (b. Ireland), his children, Mary J. Wallace, aged thirteen years (b. Ireland), William Wallace, aged eight years (b. MA), Wilhelmina E. Wallace, aged four years (b. MA), and John Wallace, aged seven months (b. MA), and his servant, Annie Gallagher, a private family servant, aged nineteen years (b. Ireland). John Wallace rented their house at 223 Warren Street. Wilhelmina Wallace was the mother of four child, of whom four were still living. Annie Gallagher was a recent Irish immigrant, having arrived in 1909.

John Wallace, a medical doctor, aged forty-nine years (b. Ireland), headed a Boston, MA, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Wilhelmina M.P. Wallace, aged forty-six years (b. Ireland), and his children, Mary J. Wallace, aged twenty-three years (b. Ireland), William Wallace, a barker clerk, aged eighteen years (b. MA), Wilhelmina E. Wallace, aged fourteen years (b. MA), and John Wallace, Jr., aged ten years (b. MA). John Wallace owned their house at 219 Warren Street, with a mortgage. The Irish natives in the family had immigrated into the U.S. in 1897, and had become naturalized U.S. citizens in 1902 [SIC].

Smith, Mary J (Wallace) - BG220923Daughter Mary J. Wallace married in the Roxbury district of Boston, MA, September 21, 1922, Robert Whitelaw Smith.

GREATER BOSTON WEDDINGS SHOW THAT SEPTEMBER IS STILL A POPULAR MONTH. … The marriage ceremony of Miss Mary Jane Wallace, the daughter of Dr. and Mrs. John Wallace of Roxbury, to Robert Whitelaw Smith of White River Junction, Vt., was solemnised Thursday evening at the home of the bride’s parents (Boston Globe, [Saturday,] September 23, 1922).

Daughter Wilhelmina E. “Mina” Wallace received her M.A. degree from Radcliffe College at the Sanders Theater in Cambridge, MA, June 19, 1929 (Boston Globe, June 19, 1929). (Her undergraduate Radcliffe scrapbook is retained by the college).

John Wallace died in the Roxbury district of Boston, MA, December 2, 1929, aged fifty-nine years.

DR. JOHN WALLACE DIES IN ROXBURY. Active in His Profession Until Ten Days Ago. Dr. John Wallace, a practicing physician in Roxbury for 30 years, died this morning at his home, 219 Warren st., Roxbury, after a sickness of 10 days. He was in his 60th year, and had been active in his practice until he was taken sick. He was very well known to many old residents of Roxbury. His office was directly opposite the Boston Clerical School, which was formerly the Roxbury High School. Dr. Wallace received his early training in Ireland where he was born. He was graduated from Queens College, Belfast, and received his degree as a medical doctor at Edinboro. For two years Dr. Wallace practiced his profession in Ireland. He became affiliated with the British Medical Association and was honored with a membership in the Royal College of Surgeons. Upon arriving in this country, Dr. Wallace settled in New Hampshire and established a practice there, remaining for two years. He then moved to Roxbury, where he had resided since. He was a member of the Massachusetts Medical Society and the American Medical Association, and was prominent in the Masons and Odd Fellows. Dr. Wallace is survived by his wife, Wilhelmina; two sons, William and John; two daughters, Mrs. Robert W. Smith of White River Junction, Vt., and Miss Wilhelmina Wallace, and three sisters, Miss Martha Wallace of Belfast, Me., and Misses Elizabeth and Mary Jane Wallace of New York. Funeral services will be held Wednesday afternoon at 2 o’clock at the Dudley Street Baptist Church, Roxbury (Boston Globe, December 2, 1929).

Willhelmina M.P. Wallace, a widow, aged fifty-seven years (b. Northern Ireland), headed a Boston, MA, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. Her household included her son, John Wallace, aged twenty years (b. MA). Wilhelmina M.P. Wallace rented their house at 70 Howland Street, for $45 per month. They had a radio set.

WHITE RIVER JUNCTION. Miss Mina Wallace of New York City is visiting at the home of her sister, Mrs. Robert W. Smith (Vermont Standard (Woodstock, VT), March 26, 1931).

In Society. Wallace-Martin. The marriage of Miss Wilhelmina Elizabeth Wallace, daughter of Wilhelmina H. Wallace and the late Dr. John Wallace of Boston and Northport, Me., to Dr. Samuel Forrest Martin, son of Dr. and Mrs. Charles Vilas Martin of Maryville, took place June 18 at Providence. R.I. The ceremony was performed by Rev. Harold L. Wilson in the First Presbyterian church there in the presence of Miss Marian Higgs of Boston, classmate of Mrs. Martin at Radcliffe College, and Dr. Charles Voss Ferguson, classmate of Dr. Martin at Harvard College and Harvard Medical School. Mrs. Martin is a graduate of Radcliffe College, having received both her Bachelor of Arts and Masters degrees from that institution. Dr. Martin attended Choate school, Wallingford, Conn., and is a graduate of Harvard College and Harvard Medical School. Dr. and Mrs. Martin will make their home in Providence where Dr. Martin is an interne in the Rh0de Island hospital (Maryville Daily Forum (Maryville, MI), June 23, 1934).

Wilhelmina M.P. Wallace sold Lot 2102 in Quincy, MA, to Sidney W. Grossman, in 1937 (Boston Globe, February 13, 1937).

Wilhelmina M.P. Wallace, of 134 Concord Ave., Belmont, MA, appeared in a list of escheats – unclaimed money – published by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. She or her estate was owed $15 (Pittsburgh Press (Pittsburgh, PA), July 15, 1952).


Wikipedia. (2021, January 7). RMS Etruria. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Etruria

Fangs and Freedom

By Ian Aikens | January 11, 2021

One of the few silver linings that has emerged from the pandemic is finally a significant number of parents are starting to take charge of their children’s education. Out of necessity more than choice, last year saw a notable drop in children “attending” government schools and an increase in homeschooling and pandemic PODs or micro-schools.

What exactly is a POD or micro-school? Actually, there are two different kinds: a self-directed POD and a learning support POD. Under a self-directed POD, parents unenroll their child from the existing traditional government school, charter school, magnet school, or private school. The parent is the teacher and is fully responsible for their child’s education and curriculum. This path is mostly associated with what folks call homeschooling. This differs from the learning support POD in that parents keep their child enrolled in their regular school but find a group of families for after-school activities and additional educational enrichment.

Like people, POD’s are as different as they come. The only thing they really have in common is that students gather together in small groups with adult supervision to learn, explore, and socialize. The parents come up with the rules and terms, which run the gamut for number of hours, fees, safety protocols, and just about everything parents can agree on for their children. They can be completely free or cost several hundred dollars per month. They offer significant flexibility to suit the parents’ and children’s needs and may gather for just 10-20 hours/week or just on certain days.

Just a little refresher here on New Hampshire homeschooling laws: school is compulsory for children aged 6-18, and parents must notify the school principal within 5 days of beginning homeschooling. There are no teacher qualifications and no immunization requirements, but state mandated subjects are science, math, language, government, history, health, reading, writing, spelling, history of the US and New Hampshire constitutions, and exposure to art and music. Parents must keep a portfolio of work samples for each student for two years and have each student evaluated annually. All things considered compared to other nanny states, intrusion is minimal in New Hampshire.

One interesting piece I read from a homeschooler demonstrates that there is no need to fear overzealous oversight by educational bureaucrats if you do your “homework” as a parent. When a new school administrator requested a list of books the parent was using for her children, the parent sent back a “Show Me” letter asking for the specific passage in the law where it states the parent must provide such a list. A few days later, the parent received a response from the school stating that she met the legal requirement to homeschool – without mentioning (wisely) the school list. Good for this parent – let the burden of proof for nonsense rest on the bureaucrats, not the taxpaying citizen.

How did we get to a point where a parent has to fear a school bureaucrat? Government schools have been around since the beginning of the country, but it might surprise you to know that such schools were mostly privately financed by fees paid by the parents – basically a user fee. True, local, county, and state governments did kick in some supplementary financing, especially for children whose parents couldn’t afford it. But, basically without being compulsory or free, almost every child was able to attend school.

Unfortunately, the busybodies weren’t content to leave well enough alone. Beginning in the 1840’s, a movement developed to make schools “free” by having parents and their neighbors pay for schools indirectly by taxes rather than directly by fees. (Just look at your most recent property tax bill and see how “free” they really are.) Tellingly, it was not the parents who led this movement but teachers and government officials. The most famous crusader was Horace Mann, the first secretary of the Massachusetts State Board of Education, who is now heralded as “the father of American public education.” While Mann and his ilk pitched the “good public investment” argument we’ve all heard ever since then, that was a smokescreen. It was really the teachers and bureaucrats pushing for their own self-interest for a greater certainty of employment, more security for their salaries being paid, and of course more control if government paid the bills rather than parents.

As no surprise to anyone, it’s all about control, and control is all about funding. If parents pay directly themselves, they pretty much have 100% say over their children’s education, but if schools are “free” because their neighbors are forced to pay, then control is gladly taken over by administrators, boards, councils, committees, and politicians. Well, we’re hardly going back to user fees for most parents after 170 years of “free” schools, but the idea of school choice has been gaining momentum in recent years, and last year’s dismal experience with remote learning is giving it a good boost.

If your neighbors are going to be forced to pay for your children’s education, why not direct that money right to the parents and let them pick the best school for their children? The taxpayers would be no worse off since tax extractions are still tax extractions, but the children would get a break for a change because their own parents know them better and are better guardians than strangers and, worse still, bureaucrats with their own agenda.

I’ll bet even if only 80% of what all levels of government spend on each child were to be paid to parents, government schools would see a mass exodus, and a whole new crop of educational options would open up for all children, not just the children of the elite. Since private, voluntary schools have a record of stretching dollars a lot further than government schools, 80% might be more than enough for most parents, but even if they had to dig into their own pocketbooks, most parents would be willing to do it because the desire to have your children succeed in life is universal. Funding “the children” rather than schools, institutions, and school districts would be a better way to accomplish that much overused term “the public good.”

Needless to say, the educational-industrial complex industry is not about to give up its stranglehold on “the children.” The teachers’ unions, bureaucrats, and politicians have fought the very notion of school choice for decades, and they’re not going down without a fight. Even charter schools, which are still government schools, have been targeted by the teachers’ unions and politicians for years because they have more independence and flexibility in how they operate. The fierce opposition has increased lately, despite the existence of charter school lotteries because demand by parents exceeds the supply. That alone should demonstrate what the real motives are of those with vested interests.

Since the pandemic started, the supporters of continuing this educational monopoly have really gone on the warpath. Here are but a few examples from all over the country. The Oregon Department of Education opposed school re-openings because “multi-family learning groups may slow the process of returning to school by creating more opportunities for spread among students and families.” The Pennsylvania Association of School Administrators lobbied to make it illegal for families to enroll in virtual charter schools during the lockdown because the school districts would be losing money. Then there was the Denver Board of Education which was “deeply concerned about POD long-term negative implication for public education and social justice.” And who can forget the teachers’ rallies in the fall with their mock body bags and signs proclaiming Not One Case? Never mind that New York City’s top health officials declared that “the public schools are among the safest public places around.”

As always, wealthier parents have turned to other alternatives like PODs, private schools, and tutors to take care of their kids while the children of parents on the lower end of the economic ladder are languishing at home with inferior online classes. Really showing their fangs this time, the unions, bureaucrats, and politicians rail about “equity,” “inclusiveness,” and “privilege,” but what alternatives have they presented? None – their hypocrisy is breath-taking. Not only do they not care what happens to the kids from poor families – they resent and oppose those who do escape their clutches. So that all will be equal, they prefer a race to the bottom.

While the funding conundrum will force many middle-class families back to the government school system after the pandemic has faded, I’m hoping a significant number will never return. Hopefully the extra money parents have to dig into their pockets for is worth the extra control they gained over their children’s education. Maybe they will have discovered that “free” wasn’t such a bargain after all.


Clopton, Jennifer. (2020, August 14). Parents Turn to ‘Pods’ for School During Pandemic. Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/lung/news/20200814/parents-turn-to-pods-for-school-during-pandemic

DeAngelis, Corey. (2020, September 2). Pa must fund students, not school districts. Retrieved from https://www.inquirer.com/opinion/commentary/philadelphia-virtual-learning-school-choice-coronavirus-pandemic-20200902.html

Friedman, Milton and Friedman, Rose. (1980). Free to Choose. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.

Gerstenfeld, Adam. (2019, February 7). What Is A Charter School Lottery? Retrieved from https://www.publiccharters.org/latest-news/2019/02/07/what-charter-school-lottery

Rojas Weiss, Sabrina. (2020, August 11). How to Pod: These Parents Are Going Small to Stay Safe. Retrieved from https://www.sheknows.com/parenting/articles/2300187/how-to-form-pods-microschools/

Seaborne, Shay. (2010, December 15). The “Show Me Letter”. Retrieved from https://www.thehomeschoolmom.com/the-show-me-letter/

Time4Learning. New Hampshire Homeschool Laws & Requirements. Retrieved from https://www.time4learning.com/homeschooling/new-hampshire/laws-requirements.html/

Tuccille, J.D. (2020, November 4). Bureaucrats Declare War on Learning Pods. They’ll Lose. Retrieved from https://reason.com/2020/11/04/bureaucrats-declare-war-on-learning-pods-theyll-lose/

Welch, Matt. (2020, November 16). NYC’s school leaders fail poor children even as they cry about ‘equity’. Retrieved from https://nypost.com/2020/11/16/nycs-school-leaders-fail-poor-children-as-they-cry-about-equity/

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