Milton in the News – 1891

By Muriel Bristol (Transcriber) | April 29, 2019

In this year, we encounter a boiler explosion, a new hardware store, a bumper ice crop (except at Milton), a grisly drunk-driving death, a two-headed snake, and a stamp collector.

This was also the year in which the Nute High School and Library opened its doors, on Tuesday, September 8, 1891. (See also Nute High School Principals, 1891-21 and Milton Teacher of 1891-95).

Water for water-powered mills would have been more plentiful in certain seasons than in others, and even in season the activities of other upstream mills may have interrupted supplies temporarily. The various water-powered mills along Milton’s Salmon Falls River usually had also backup steam-powered engines.

NEWS OF THE DAY. The boiler in Carricade’s pulp mill at Milton, N.H., exploded, wrecking a portion of the mill. The amount of damage is not known (Plain Speaker (Hazelton, PA), February 3, 1891).

John M. Carricabe’s mill appeared also in news items of 1888 and 1889.

It Is Reported – That Mr Burbank has opened a Hardware store at Milton N.H. (Iron Age, February 19, 1891).

Perhaps, but we have not yet found any sign that he actually did so. Harry L. Burbank of Parsonfield, ME, came here a decade later.

According to this account, this was generally a good ice year. However, the Union Ice Company did not find it profitable to continue cutting in Milton, where the ice happened to have a large snow content.

ICE A-PLENTY THIS YEAR. Hundred of Thousands of Tons Left Over – A New Ice Plane. BOSTON, March 12. – For once the Icemen themselves admit that the crop has been a good one. They are ready to go on record in the matter, and so cannot consistently raise the price next summer. The Boston and South Boston ice companies think the prices will be the same as in 1888. This does not mean that the market is overstocked, but only that the “war rates of 1889 and 1890 will not rule this season.” Of last year’s crop there are some 200,000 tons remaining in New Hampshire and Maine. This will never see the market. This circumstance shows that the scarcity of last season did not really justify the exorbitant prices that speculators tried to require the public to pay. The consumption diminished about one-half last season owing to the high prices The Penobscot and Kennebec supplies are good, much better than the New York supply The fish trade Is amply provided for. The Union Company, which does wholesale business with the fishermen, report all their houses filled to repletion. Their ice is cut almost wholly at Wilmington. They started to cut at Milton, N.H., but the quality was so affected by the quantity of snow ice that the attempt was abandoned as unprofitable. The inland cuttings In Maine, so much used last year, were also abandoned. Inland ice is of poor quality this year. Many firms planed both sides of each cake in order to get ice of first quality. They used a new appliance for this purpose invented in New York last year. Instead of doing the planing on the ice field each block as it is hauled to the storehouse passes under a machine that does the work ((NY) Sun, March 13, 1891).

The unfortunate Frank Leighton died a horrible death while driving his wagon under the influence. (You might want to skip over this one).

HIS LUNGS PROTRUDED. Frank Leighton, Caught in the Gear of His Wagon, is Dragged Six Miles, and His Body is Horribly Mutilated. DOVER, N.H., March 31. Frank Leighton of Milton drove to Rochester yesterday in a skeleton wagon. He got intoxicated, and at one of the saloons he was placed in his wagon, and started for home. About two miles out of the village he fell out. and his legs getting caught in the gearing and was dragged, face down, to the outskirts of Milton. a distance of six miles. where he was found dead. The flesh was all stripped from his face and hands, his clothes torn off, and the flesh torn off his chest. so that the lungs protruded. He was about 35 years old (Boston Globe, March 31, 1891).

TELEGRAPHIC BREVITIES. Frank Leighton of Milton, N.H., while drunk, fell from his carriage yesterday and was dragged six miles over a rocky road. He is dead (NY Times, April 1, 1891).

The Milton boy that killed a two-headed snake is not here identified. The intrepid aeronautical Professor George A. Rogers, who came into possession of the snake, was somewhat easier.

SNAKE WITH TWO HEADS. Not an Imaginary One But a Real Adder from New Hampshire. Prof. G.A. Rogers, the great American aeronaut, dropped into THE GLOBE office yesterday afternoon having in his possession a very rare species of a brown adder. It was 11½ inches long, and with two distinct heads, 1¼ inches from the point of contact [and] had the appearance of two snakes artistically rolled into one. This peculiar freak of nature was killed a few days ago by a 7-year-old Milton, N.H., boy, who performed the feat with a short stick as the youthful adder was coming out of a small pile of rocks (Boston Globe, April 10, 1891).

Prior to the Wright Brothers, Professor Rogers’ aeronautic feats would have taken place in a balloon. (I see, the Professor “dropped” into the Boston Globe offices).

George A. Rogers was born in Wolfeboro, NH, in 1830, son of Henry and Nancy (Richardson) Rogers. (His father was born in Alton and his mother in Farmington). He occasionally used the name Augustus, which may have been his middle name.

He was a painter in Boston in 1855; a trader in Boston in 1860; involved somehow with billiards in 1863; a tinsmith in Boston in 1878; a store clerk in Malden in 1880; and an aeronaut in Malden in 1882. His academic affiliation is not clear; he may have been a “professor” in the same sense as Professor Marvel in the Wizard of Oz.

Rogers, Prof. George A.Dangers of Ballooning. The Independence Day celebration at Boston closed with a tragedy in the upper air. Prof. G.A. Rogers, the well-known aeronaut, who had made one hundred and eighteen balloon ascensions, together with Thomas Fenton and De Los Goldsmith, a reporter, made a balloon ascension from Boston Common as the final feature of the observance of the day. The balloon, when released, shot up perpendicularly, and after reaching the height of about a mile was blown seaward at a rapid rate; then it began to descend. It was supposed by observers that Prof. Rogers had opened the safety valve with the intention of descending before the balloon was out at sea. While the crowd watched, the balloon suddenly collapsed and fell into the bay; the car sank and the folds of the balloon settled over the occupants. Two of these were seen to emerge from beneath the balloon, one being Prof. Rogers, the other Reporter Goldsmith. Fenton did not come to the surface. Goldsmith swam easily and was rescued, but Prof. Rogers seemed to have sustained some injury, and just before assistance reached him he threw up his hands and sank. The body of Prof. Rogers has not been recovered; Fenton’s body was brought into view as the rigging of the balloon was drawn up by the rescuing party. Fenton’s neck had been caught in one of the meshes of the net. His body was warm when taken from the water, but all efforts to resuscitate him failed (Scientific American, July 16, 1892).

Boston’s vital records include the accidental drowning in Dorchester bay, on July 4, 1892, of George A. Rogers, of Malden, MA, aeronaut, aged sixty-one years and eleven months.

We shall encounter the Professor’s two-headed snake again in the future.

Harry Horace Clement was born in Danville, VT, May 19, 1884, son of William and Helen L. (Bean) Clement.

We encounter him here at the age of seven years, trying to exchange his foreign stamps for US stamps.

EXCHANGE COLUMN. I will give 160 varieties fine foreign stamps for every 800 U.S. adhesives, postage, or revenue stamps sent me. HARRY H. CLEMENTS, Milton, N.H. (Spy Glass (Arkansas City, KS), October 1, 1891).

Helen Clement, a widow, aged sixty-one years (b. VT), headed a Manchester, NH, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. Her household included her daughter, Emma Darling, a compositor, aged thirty-seven years (b. VT), her son, Harry Clement, at school, aged sixteen years (b. VT), and her lodgers, Vilae Carter, needle work, aged twenty-two years (b. VT), Abby M. Coffin, aged sixty-one years (b. ME), Sadie Coffin, an artist painter, aged forty-six years (b. ME), and Helen Prescott, a bookkeeper, aged twenty-five years (b. NH). Helen Clement’s household shared a two-family dwelling with the household of Frank Dickey, a brick mason, aged forty-one years (b. NH).

Harry H. Clement married in Manchester, NH, August 1, 1908, Genevieve W. McPherson. She was born in Manchester, NH, August 11, 1883, daughter of Frederick O. and Della J. (Holbrook) McPherson.

Harry H. Clement died in Los Angeles, CA, September 23, 1943. Genevieve W. (McPherson) Clement died in Burbank, Los Angeles, CA, March 29, 1972.

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Ignasher, Jim. (2015, April 3). Boston, MA – July 4, 1892. Retrieved from


Nute High School Principals, 1891-21

By Muriel Bristol | April 27, 2019

Nute High School’s Early Days

Nute High School at its inception was not, strictly speaking, a public school at all. As late as 1917, its principal and teachers were employed (and paid) by the Trustees of the Nute High School and Library, rather than by the Town of Milton. For this reason, it was sometimes called the Nute-Endowed High School.

Nute High School 2
Note the separate Library door on the building’s left side, as distinct from the School doors on both left and right of the Nute building’s front face

Prior to the establishment of the endowed Nute High School and Library complex, its purposes had been fulfilled on a smaller scale by several earlier private institutions. Its library functions had been available (from 1822) at the Milton Social Library, and its post-district school college preparation available (from 1867) at the Milton Classical Institute. They were funded by subscriptions and fees and  were eclipsed by the larger (and better endowed) Nute facility.

Lewis W. Nute’s endowment was intended to pay all of its expenses, with no tax component at all. Several of Milton’s principals and teachers taught later at similarly endowed institutions. For instance, one taught later at a school endowed for Quincy-born girls only. Non-Milton students also attended Nute, even in large numbers, but by payment of a tuition fee that, by the terms of the Nute endowment, would not have been charged to Milton students.

Nute would have been intended primarily for college preparation. Many Milton district school students did not go on to study at Nute or anywhere else. There certainly was no legal requirement that they do so. And attending college was itself useful mostly if one intended to enter one of the professions. (The “learned professions” as the 1840 census had it). If one did not intend to enter into one of the professions, there would have been little point in attending either college or the Nute High School.

Admission to Nute would not have been automatic, even for Milton students. Most schools of this type required passage of an entrance examination.

Nute’s curriculum, where it has been mentioned, included languages, mathematics, sciences, and, later, some business subjects, such as commercial law and bookkeeping.

The languages offered, both classical and modern, were Greek, Latin, English, French, and German. English has since replaced French as the common Lingua Franca (literally, “French Language”), but at this time many fundamental texts were sometimes available only in their original classical or French language versions. Many technical and scientific texts would have been available only in German. The same would apply to many professional journals and periodicals. To study such texts one would need to have some acquaintance with the languages in which they were written.

(We have seen an example of a Nute High School teacher who, in her own earlier college preparation, went so far as to take up residence for a time within an immigrant German household so as to immerse herself in the German language).

Nute High covered also post-district school mathematics, such as Algebra and Geometry, and Science, including Chemistry. (Its fourth principal became later a professor of Astronomy at Harvard College).

Nute High School’s Early Principals

As mentioned in a prior article on early teachers, Nute’s principals were principal in the sense of being the principal teacher. They would have carried a full class load. In some similar institutions, the teachers were called masters and the principal called the headmaster. (The assistant principal, if any, might be called the sub-master or sub-headmaster).

The principals of Milton’s Nute High School during its first thirty years (or so) were: William K. Norton, 1891-96; Arthur T. Smith, 1896-; Arthur D. Wiggin, 1901-03; Clarence E. Kelley, 1903-14; Franklin H. Manter, 1914-16; William F. Carlson, 1916-18; and Edwin S. Huse, 1919-.

William K. Norton – 1891-96
Norton, William K. - Detail
William K. Norton and his children, Marion and Harvard Norton

William Kimball Norton was born in Boston, MA, November 19, 1865, son of William and Maria R. (Burrows) Norton.

William K. Norton graduated from Harvard College with the class of 1888 (Harvard, 1902).

He married in Boston, MA, June 28, 1888, Eliza Maria “Lilla” Marion. She was born in Burlington, MA, February 16, 1866, daughter of Abner P. and Sarah E. (Covell) Marion.

William K. Norton was Nute High School’s first principal. He would have been there when its doors opened for its first sixty students on Tuesday, September 8, 1891. (Building construction continued into 1892). He would have been accompanied by one of its first teachers (he would have two), Miss Sarah L. Benson.

Meanwhile, his wife was seven months pregnant. Harvard Norton was born in Milton, NH, December 24, 1891, son of William K. (teacher, born Boston, MA, aged twenty-seven years) and Eliza M. Norton (born Burlington, MA, aged twenty-six years).

The officers of Milton’s Lewis W. Nute Grange, No. 193, in 1894 were: Bard B. Plummer, Master; William K. Norton, Lecturer; and Charles A. Jones, Secretary (NH Department of Agriculture, 1895).

WILLIAM KIMBALL NORTON. In June 1891, I terminated a two years’ connection with the Lawrence (Mass.) High School as sub-master. This I did to accept a better position as principal of the Nute High School of Milton, N.H. This school was established by a fund left by a deceased townsman. It is the only school of its grade on the Northern Division of the Boston and Maine Railroad, between Rochester and the White Mountains. The school numbers about sixty-five pupils at present, but is growing. I had the pleasure of opening and inaugurating the school. I have two assistant teachers. We fit for any college. My daughter, Marion Norton, the class cradle baby, is a particularly plump and healthy girl of nearly four and a half years. She is now getting old enough to hear some of the tales of Fair Harvard and to understand what is meant by the carved inscription on her cradle ‘Class of 88.’ In another sense, too, she hears much of Harvard, for she has a promising young brother who came to us as a Christmas gift, two years ago. His name is Harvard Norton, and I am proud of it. He is named not only for his father’s alma mater, but his name must mean for him particularly the illustrious class of ’88. I wish to take this opportunity to extend a very earnest invitation to all my friends, classmates of ’88, to visit me in my New Hampshire home, that they may taste the pleasures of this beautiful healthful resort (Harvard Class Secretary, 1894).

Principal Norton left Milton at the close of the 1895-96 academic year to become sub-master (assistant principal) in New Bedford, MA.

A New Bedford, MA, school report of 1897 listed the teachers (and their addresses and their salaries) at the New Bedford High School. Wilson R. Butler, of 75 William Street ($2,750), was principal. William K. Norton, of 351 County Street ($1,800), was his sub-master and math’l teacher. There were three other teachers ($1,500 to $1,700), nine assistant teachers ($800-$1,000), a military instructor ($300), a clerk ($600), and a janitor ($1,000). The subjects were mathematics, science, classics, and commerce (New Bedford, 1897).

WILLIAM KIMBALL NORTON Writes: “After graduation my first year’s work was at the Watertown, Mass., High School. Then two years were spent at Lawrence, where I was sub-master in the High School. A call to the principalship of the endowed Nute High School, about to be opened at Milton, N.H., was accepted in ’91. I had two assistants and about sixty pupils. The work was interesting, but not telling; it was certainly dispiriting to live five years in a community so remote from a city that there was no possibility for contact with scholarly, ambitious, and progressive minds.

“My Harvard, who was born while we were at Milton is a lithe, athletic little fellow, of almost seven, not much in figure, like his big sister who got such a remarkable start in her class cradle that she tips the scales at ninety-five pounds.

“Two years last September I came here to New Bedford as the head of the Mathematics Department in the High School. There is much more real satisfying life here. We have about four hundred pupils, and we fit quite a number of boys for Harvard and for other colleges. It is a pleasure to know that one can be instrumental in pointing out the advantages of our grand Alma Mater, and help the promising youth of the upgrowing generation to strive ambitiously for the rewards which the great university bestows. I have just been elected sub-master in our school here, and I look forward amid these congenial surroundings for prolonged opportunity to work zealously, and I trust profitably, for the best good of our rising youth (Harvard Class Secretary, 1898).

William K. Norton, a high school sub-master, aged thirty-five years (b. MA), headed a New Bedford, MA, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Lillian M. Norton, aged thirty-four years (b. MA), and his children, Marion Norton, at school, aged ten years (b. MA), and Harvard Norton, at school, aged eight years (b. [Milton,] NH).

THE HIGH SCHOOL. Three teachers resigned from this school during the summer vacation to accept positions elsewhere, Mr. William K. Norton, sub-master, Mr. Ernest V. Page, commercial teacher, and Miss Emma H. Parker, in science. Mr. Norton and Mr. Page went to Boston, and Miss Parker to Newton. They were all excellent teachers in their respective departments and were liked and respected both by their associates and their pupils. They had been connected with the school long enough to become thoroughly familiar with its operation and it will feel their loss for some time to come (New Bedford, 1900).

William K. Norton, a public school teacher, aged forty-five years (b. MA), headed a Boston, MA, household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of twenty-one years), Lillia M. Norton, aged forty-four years (b. MA), Marion Norton, a public school teacher, aged twenty years (b. MA), and Harvard Norton, aged eighteen years (b. NH). They resided at 26 Meredith Street, which they owned (with a mortgage).

William K. Norton, a Latin school teacher, aged fifty-five years (b. MA), headed a Boston, MA, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Eliza M. Norton, aged Fifty-three years (b. MA), his daughter, Marion N. Pond, aged thirty years (b. MA), his granddaughter, Lilla M. Pond, aged thirteen months (b. NH), and his guest, Lina H. Sawyer, a widow, aged sixty-five years (b. ME).

William K. Norton, a Boy’s Latin school master, aged sixty-five years (b. MA), headed a Boston, MA, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Lilla M. Norton, aged sixty-four years (b. MA). The resided on Meredith Street, where they owned their house (valued at $10,000). They did have a radio set.

Norton, William K. -1935HEADMASTER NORTON GUEST OF SENIORS. Boston Latin School Class Makes Presentation. William Kimball Norton, who retires this year as headmaster of the Boston Latin School, was the guest of honor at a banquet, given by the members of the senior class, at Durgin & Park’s restaurant. The class will be graduated in the tercentenary of the Boston Latin School. Last evening the members made their retiring master an honorary member of the class. Lee Dunn introduced Supt. Patrick T. Campbell of the Boston schools, a former headmaster of the Latin School. Mr. Campbell gave personal impressions of the school and many of the boys and teachers. He also gave sketches of the type of men who taught in the school from the first day to the present. Supt Campbell asked the boys to enter into the spirit of the coming celebration in April of the 300th birthday of the Latin School. Other speakers were William Pride Henderson, professor in the French department; Edwin F.A. Benson, head of the English department; William H. Marnell, coach of the debating team, and John Collins. William Nolan, president, expressed the appreciation and love of all the members for their retiring master, and presented him a gold watch charm, suitably inscribed. Headmaster Norton assured the boys that he would be available to all at any time to aid them in problems. He was graduated from Boston Latin School in 1884 and from Harvard University in 1888. He returned to the school as a teacher in 1900 and became its senior master in 1908. To generations of Latin School boys “Uncle Billy,” as those who loved him called him, is well known for his problem and puzzle solving abilities. Guests at the head table included Charles F. Winslow, Fred P.H. Pike, Louis W. Arnold, Archer L. Faxon, William P. Henderson, Edwin F.A. Benson, Elmer R. Bowker, Leon O. Glover, John E. Collins and Robert W. Wales of the faculty. The banquet was attended by 155 seniors (Boston Globe, March 22, 1935).

William K. Norton died in Boston, MA, in 1960. Eliza M. (Marion) Norton died in Boston, MA, in 1968.

William K. Norton. NORWOOD, Feb. 27 – Funeral services for William Kimball Norton, 95, of 80 Lincoln st. and Jackson, N.H., master of mathematics at Boston Latin School for more than 30 years until his retirement in 1935, will be held Monday afternoon at 2:30 at the Forsyth Chapel, Forest Hills Cemetery. Mr. Norton died Friday at his home. He was born in Boston, son of William and Marie (Burrows) Norton. He was graduated from Boston Latin and from Harvard, cum laude, in 1888. He was one of the oldest graduates of Harvard. Mr. Norton taught as sub-master at Lawrence High and New Bedford High, and as principal of the Nute High School, Milton, N.H. prior to joining the faculty of Boston Latin School. A botanist, he also was an excellent bridge player and participated in many tournaments. He leaves a daughter, Mrs. Marion N. Pond, with whom he lived, three grandchildren, and a great-grandchild (Boston Globe, February 27, 1960).

Arthur T. Smith – 1896-01

Arthur Thaddeus Smith was born in Silver City, ID, May 1, 1875, son of Arthur N. and Mary H. (McCann) Smith.

Arthur Thad Smith graduated from Dartmouth College with the class of 1896. He became principal at Nute High School beginning with the 1896-97 academic year.

Arthur Thaddeus Smith joined the Moses Paul Lodge (Lodge #96) of Masons, of Dover, NH, in 1897. He was a lawyer, born in Silver City, ID, May 1, 1875. He was initiated there, March 25, 1897; passed there, April 29, 1897; and raised June 11, 1897. In later years, when he resided in Winchester, MA, he affiliated himself with the William Parkman Lodge, of Woburn, MA, May 12, 1914, and was dismissed, presumably to that Woburn lodge, December 16, 1915.

PERSONALS. Arthur Smith, principal of the Nute high school at Milton, paid a visit to in this city Monday (Portsmouth Herald, July 26, 1898).

Arthur Thad Smith taught Latin, Greek, and Chemistry at the Nute High School in 1900.

Arthur T. Smith left Milton by the close of its 1900-01 academic year in order to go to law school. Harvard Law School conferred an L.L.B. degree (bachelor of laws) upon Arthur Thad Smith at the conclusion of its 1903-04 academic year.

Arthur T. Smith married in Milton, NH, November 15, 1906, Orinda Sophia Dickey. She was born in Ludlow, MA, June 22, 1883, daughter of Myron P. and Louisa R. (Shumway) Dickey.

Smith, Mr and Mrs ATSMITH-DICKEY. Father Performs Ceremony, When Milton, N.H., Girl Weds Boston Attorney. MILTON, Nov. 15 – At the Congregational parsonage, the home of the bride at 2 this afternoon, Miss Ora S. Dickey, daughter of Rev. and Mrs. Myron P. Dickey, was married to Arthur Thad Smith, a young Boston attorney. The ceremony, which was very simple, was performed by the bride’s father, in the presence of the immediate families and few intimate friends. The bride and groom were unattended. The bride is a graduate of Wheaton seminary, and one of the most talented and popular young women of this section. The groom was several years ago principal of the Nute high school of this town. The romance which culminated in today’s event, began at that time, Miss Dickey then being a pupil in the institution. Mr. Smith is a graduate of Dartmouth college and the Harvard law school, the son of Dr. A. Noel Smith, a prominent physician of Dover. After a short wedding trip, Mr. and Mrs. Smith will reside in Boston, making their home at 40 Lindsey st., Dorchester. Among those present were: Rev. and Mrs. Myron P. Dickey, Milton; Dr. and Mrs. A. Noel Smith, Dover; Mark S. Dickey. Milton; Maurice W. Dickey, Springfield, Mass; Miss Laura H. Smith, New Britain, Conn; Miss Ina E. Smith, Verona, N.J.; Mrs. S.O. Amidon, Mr. and Mrs. F.A. Amidon, Worcester, Mass; Miss Marion Mellus, Springfield, Mass; Mrs. H.E. Paul, Cambridge, Mass; Miss Helen G. Fox, Milton Mills; Miss Elsie M. Wallace, Rochester; Miss Ethel Shepard, Boston; Mr. and Mrs. J.H. Avery. Mr. and Mrs. Ralph M. Kimball, Mrs. Emily E. Looney, Mrs. J.B. Hart, Milton (Boston Globe, November 16, 1906).

DOVER DOINGS. Arthur T. Smith and family of Boston are visiting Mr. Smith’s father, Dr. A. Noel Smith of this city. Mr. Smith is now in one of the leading law offices of Boston. He was formerly principal of the Nute high school of Milton (Portsmouth Herald, July 29, 1909).

Arthur T. Smith, a general practice lawyer, aged thirty-six years (b. ID), headed a Boston, MA, household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Orinda D. Smith, aged twenty-six years (b. MA), his children, Ora J. Smith, aged two years (b. MA), and Arthur T. Smith, aged six months (b. MA), and his servant, Hilda Herlin, a private family servant, aged twenty years (b. Sweden). They resided at 40 Lindsey Street.

Arthur Thad Smith, of 50 Myrtle Terrace, Winchester, MA, aged forty-three years (b. May 1, 1875), registered for the WW I military draft in Arlington, MA, September 12, 1918. He was a self-employed lawyer at 45 Milk Street in Boston, MA. His nearest relative was Orinda D. Smith, of 50 Myrtle Street, Winchester, MA. He was described as being of medium height, with a medium build, and having brown eyes, light hair (s[lightly] bald), and no physical disabilities.

Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Thad Smith attended the annual alumni dinner of the Nute Club of Boston in at least the years 1917, 1918, and 1920. Mrs. Smith was its vice president in 1918 and president in 1920. Arthur T. Smith was toastmaster in 1920.

NUTE HIGH SCHOOL CLUB OF BOSTON MEETS AND DINES. The annual reunion and banquet of the Nute High School Club of Boston, composed of graduates and pupils of the Nute High School at Milton, N.H., took place last night at the Thorndike. Among the 40 guests was Miss Sarah L. Benson of the faculty. Arthur T. Smith was toastmaster. The officers elected are: Mrs. Ora D. Smith of Winchester, president; Lawrence Hayes, Milton, N.H., vice president; Arthur D. Brackett, treasurer, and Miss Susan P. Haley of Rochester, N H, secretary (Boston Globe, February 21, 1920).

Arthur T. Smith, a lawyer, aged forty-four years (b. ID), headed a Winchester, MA, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Ora D. Smith, aged thirty-six years (b. MA), Ora G. Smith, aged twelve years (b. MA), and Arthur T. Smith, Jr., aged ten years (b. NH). They resided in a rented home at 50 Myrtle Street.

Arthur T. Smith, a general practice lawyer, aged fifty-four years (b. ID), headed a Winchester, MA, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Ora D. Smith, aged forty-six years (b. MA), Ora G. Smith, an investment banking financial assistant, aged twenty-two years (b. MA), and Arthur T. Smith, Jr., aged twenty years (b. NH). He owned their home at 235 Middlesex Valley Parkway, which was valued at $20,000. They had a radio set.

Arthur T. Smith died at South Station in Boston, MA, January 1, 1940.

Deaths and Funerals. Arthur Thad Smith, Noted Lawyer, Dies. Arthur Thad Smith, 64, prominent Winchester lawyer, died yesterday after collapsing at the South Station while saying goodbye to his daughter who was leaving for New York after the New Year holidays. Smith’s son, Arthur T. Smith Jr, associated with his father in the law at 10 Postoffice sq., called police but his father was dead on arrival at Boston City Hospital. Since 1937 Smith had been treated for a heart ailment by Dr. Richard Clarke of Winchester. The lawyer and former educator was born in Silver City. Idaho, May 1, 1875, the son of Arthur Noel and Mary Hattie (McCann) Smith. He was graduated with highest honors from Dartmouth College in 1896 with the degree of A.B. Attaining some repute as an authority on electrolysis. Smith served for five years as principal of the Nute High School in Milton, N.H., and later married one of his former pupils, Miss Ora S. Dickey, daughter of the pastor of the local Congregational Church. Before his marriage Smith left his position as headmaster of the high school to attend Harvard Law School where he received his bachelor of laws degree in 1904 and was admitted to the Massachusetts bar in the same year. He then joined the firm of Bartlett and Anderson, headed by the late Gen Charles W. Bartlett of Boston and after his marriage moved to Dorchester to five He was admitted to practice of law before the Federal courts in 1906 and before the United States Supreme Court in 1932. Since 1904 he practiced law in Boston. Besides memberships in the American Bar Association, Massachusetts Bar Association and Boston Bar Association, Mr. Smith was treasurer and director of the Thayer-Osborne Shoe Company. He was a member of the Phi Beta Kappa, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Casque and Gauntlet. Affiliated politically with the Republican party, Smith was a Mason and an Odd Fellow. He also held membership in the Winchester Country Club He made his home at 265 Mystic Valley Parkway, Winchester. Besides his widow Mr. Smith leaves his son and a daughter, Miss Ora Jeanette South (Boston Globe, January 2, 1940).

Orinda S. (Dickey) Smith died in Greenwich, CT, August 15, 1952.

Arthur D. Wiggin – 1901-03

Arthur Dean Wiggin was born in Barton, VT, January 1, 1874, son of William T. and Jane M. (Batchelder) Wiggin.

Arthur D. Wiggin graduated from Dartmouth College with the class of 1899. He became a teacher in North Troy, VT.

William T. Wiggin, a farmer, aged fifty-nine years (b. VT), headed a Barton, VT, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census (June 8, 1900). His household included his wife, Jane M. Wiggin, aged fifty-three years (b. Canada (Eng.)), and his children, Arthur D. Wiggin, a teacher, aged twenty-six years (b. VT), Anna R. Wiggin, aged nineteen years (b. VT), and Ada W. Wiggin, aged fourteen years (b. VT), and his hired man, Robert G. Card, a farm laborer, aged thirty-four years (b. Canada (Eng.)).

Arthur D. Wiggin married (1st) in Troy, VT, June 13, 1900, Edith M. Buggy. She was born in North Troy, VT, April 24, 1877, daughter of William and Eliza (Green) Buggy.

Arthur D. Wiggin left North Troy, VT, for Milton in 1901. Note the unanimous election, i.e., a unanimous election by the Nute trustees.

LOCAL NEWS. Barton. Arthur D. Wiggin, who has for two years taught the North Troy high school, has been unanimously elected to the principalship of the Nute high school at Milton, N.H. This is an institution endowed with one hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars. Mr. Wiggin’s salary will be 1200.00 per year (Orleans County Monitor, July 1, 1901).

LOCAL NEWS. Barton. A.D. Wiggins, son of William Wiggins, will be home this week for a vacation. Mr. Wiggins is principal of the Nute High School at Milton, N.H. He is another Vermonter who has made a success (Orleans County Monitor, July 7, 1902).

Principal Wiggin left Milton to become principal of the high school of Topsfield, MA, at the close of the 1902-03 academic year.

TOPSFIELD, MASS. Mr. Arthur D. Wiggin of North Troy, Vt., has been elected principal of the high school. He is a graduate of Dartmouth, class of 1897, and for the past two years has been principal of the Nute high school, Milton, N.H. (School Journal, 1903).

News of Woodstock. Examinations for admission to the Woodstock High school will be held at the school building Friday, September 1 at 9 a.m. Arthur D. Wiggin, Prin. (Spirit of the Age (Woodstock, VT), August 26, 1905).

PRINCIPAL OF HIGH SCHOOL. Arthur D. Wiggin of Vermont Appointed for Ensuing Year – Professor Eastman to Come Back. At the regular meeting of the school board last evening, the committee on teachers and salaries made the following partial report: We recommend the appointment of Arthur D. Wiggin of Woodstock, Vermont, as principal of the High school for the ensuing year at a salary of $1,800 per annum. We recommend that Clarence Eastman be employed as head of the science department, at a salary of $1,400 for the ensuing year. We recommend that a graduate from the High school who has served for three years as a substitute teacher, be required to take at least one year in a normal school before being further employed in the schools of this city; and that a graduate from the High school who has also graduated from a normal school, and who has not had any experience in teaching, be employed as a substitute at a salary of $600 for the first year. The report was adopted by the board, and the appointments recommended will be made. Mr. Eastman, who will be head of the science department, is well known in Great Falls, having been connected with the High school before (Great Falls Tribune, May 7, 1909).

Arthur D. Wiggin, a high school principal teacher, aged thirty-six years (b. VT), headed a Great Falls, MT, household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of nine years), Edith Wiggin, aged thirty-three years (b. Canada (Eng.)), his children, Ruth M. Wiggin, aged nine years (b. VT), Harold A. Wiggin, aged seven years (b. NH), and Doratha Wiggin, aged three years (b. ND), his mother-in-law, Eliza Buggy, aged fifty-eight years (b. Canada (Eng.)), and his roomers, Bryan Cascaden, a high school teacher, aged twenty years (b. ND), Northa Porter, a primary teacher, aged twenty-three years (b. IA), and Minnie Patterson, a graded teacher, aged twenty-two years (b. IA).

Wiggin, Arthur DARTHUR WIGGIN, EDUCATOR. JUST as the Easterners became the pioneers who blazed the trails through the new Western country, so the college men of New England have done much of the pioneering in the educational field of the West, and Montana has been one of the magnets for the college men of the best institutions of the Eastern part of the country. Great Falls, Mont. boasts one of the remarkably successful New England college men who are engaged in work there. A remarkably successful one is Arthur D. Wiggin, son of Mr. and Mrs. W.T. Wiggin of Orleans. Vt. He Is a graduate of Dartmouth College, class of ’99. He was born in Barton, Vt., and he was educated at Barton Academy and Lyndon Institute. He was a pupil at Lyndon when W.E. Ranger, now Commissioner of Education in Rhode Island, was principal. At Dartmouth he was a member of his class football team and was active in the social hfe of the college. Being graduated in 1899 he was appointed principal of the North Troy, Vt. High School. He was there two years when he took the Nute High School at Milton, N.H., and the High at Topsfield, Mass. He was two years in each position and subsequently was four years principal and superintendent of a school at Woodstock. Vt. whence he came to be principal of the Great Falls, Mont. High School three years ago. He has given excellent service and has sustained the school at a high standard of efficiency. Its diplomas admit graduates to such institutions as the University of Michigan. Chicago, Wisconsin and Minnesota. Mr. Wiggin quickly took a leading place among the educational people of Montana. He was made president of the Department of Higher Education in the State association and is a member of the committee on rules and regulations of the State Athletic Association. He is recognized as one of the most capable educators of Montana. Mr. Wiggin married Edith Baggy, daughter of Mrs. Eliza Buggy of North Troy. They have two daughters and a son. Hs service as an educator in Montana has been highly creditable to his alma mater and his preparatory schools (Boston Globe, September 22, 1912).

ORLEANS LOCAL MENTION. Prof. Arthur D. Wiggin is called here from Raynesford, Mont., by the critical illness of his father, W.T. Wiggin (Orleans County Monitor (Barton, VT), March 28, 1917).

NORTH TROY. Arthur D. Wiggin, formerly of this place and at one time principal of the high school, was in town Friday, called here by the sickness and death of his father, a resident of Orleans. Mr. Wiggin is now engaged in teaching in Montana, and was obliged to return at once to his work. Mrs. Wiggin before her marriage was Miss Edith Buggy, of this village (St. Albans Daily Messenger, April 7, 1917).

Arthur Dean Wiggin, of Brandon, VT, aged forty-four years (b. January 1, 1874), registered for the WW I military draft in Londonderry, VT, September 11, 1918. He was a district school superintendent for Londonderry and six other towns, employed by the state of Vermont. His nearest relative was his wife, Edith M. Wiggin, of Brandon, VT. He was described as being of medium height, with a medium build, and having blue eyes, dark brown hair, and no physical disabilities.

Arthur D. Wiggin, a school superintendent, aged forty-six years (b. VT), headed a Brandon, VT, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Edith M. Wiggin, aged forty-three years (b. VT), and his children, Rachel M. Wiggin, Harold A. Wiggin, aged sixteen years (b. NH), and Dorothy G. Wiggin, aged twelve years. They resided on Pearl Street.

Edith M. (Buggy) Wiggin died in Danville, VT, February 2, 1923. Arthur D. Wiggin married (2nd), in Whitefield, NH, August 9, 1928, Glenna D. Eaton, he of Rye, NH, and she of Whitefield. They were both teachers. She was born in Manchester, NH, in 1905, daughter of Eldred F. and Ida B. (Dow) Eaton.

Arthur D. Wiggin, a public school teacher, aged fifty years (b. VT), headed a Rye, NH, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Glenna Wiggin, a public school teacher, aged twenty-five years (b. NH), and his daughter, Dorothy Wiggin, a public school teacher, aged twenty-two years (b. VT). They resided in a rented house, for which they paid $25 per month. They had a radio set.

Arthur D. Wiggin, a wooden hut manufacturer, aged sixty-six years (b. VT), headed an Exeter, NH, household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census, His household included  his wife, Glenna E. Wiggin, aged thirty-three years (b. NH), and his children, Jane E. Wiggin, aged nine years (b. NH), and Arthur W. Wiggin, aged less than a year (b. NH). They resided in a rented residence at 67 Park Street, for which they paid $25 per month. (It was mistakenly reported that they had lived in the same house ten years previously).

Glenna D. (Eaton) Wiggin died in 1957. Arthur D. Wiggin died in Exeter, NH, February 10, 1959.

Deaths and Funerals. Arthur D. Wiggin. EXETER – Arthur D. Wiggin, 85, of 39 Court St.. died last night at Exeter Hospital following a brief illness. Born in Barton, Vt., Jan. 1, 1874, he was the son of the late William and Jane (Batchelder) Wiggin. A graduate of Dartmouth College, Mr. Wiggin was a 50-year member of the Woodstock Lodge, F. and A.M., of Woodstock. He was a retired school superintendent and teacher and had resided in Exeter for the past 20 years. Survivors include three daughters: Mrs. Donovan Chase, Port Jervis. N.Y., Mrs. Earl M. Hay and Mrs. Lyle Robillard, both of Exeter; one son, Arthur W. Wiggin of Exeter, two sisters,; Mrs. Leo Wilson and Mrs. Elmer Wylie, both of Great Barrington, Mass.; 11 grandchildren and 17 great-grandchildren (Portsmouth Herald, February 11, 1959).

Clarence E. Kelley – 1903-14

Clarence Erskine Kelley was born in Merrimac, MA, July 31, 1849, son of Giles M. and Abbie G. (Chase) Kelley.

Clarence E. Kelley graduated from Harvard College with the class of 1873.

He married in Haverhill, MA, August 24 1876, Caroline W. Moore, both of Haverhill. She was born in Mobile, AL, April 15, 1851, daughter of Joseph and Caroline W. Moore. They were both teachers.

Clarence E. Kelly, a school teacher, aged thirty-one years (b. MA), headed a Haverhill, MA, household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Caroline M. Kelly, keeping house, aged twenty-nine years (b. AL), his children, Lucy J. Kelly, aged two years (b. MA), and Wingate Kelly, aged ten months (b. MA), and his servant, Georgianna W. Cowley, a housekeeper, aged forty-five years (b. MA).

Principal Kelley much admired the work of poet (and abolitionist) John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-1892), who was a native of Haverhill. (One of Whittier’s more famous poems was Snow-Bound). Kelley served later as a trustee of the Whittier homestead site, but here we find him presenting a commissioned portrait of Whittier to the Haverhill Public Library. Whittier was himself present.

WHITTIER’S PORTRAIT, Unveiled With Appropriate Exercises at the Haverhill Publie Library. HAVERHILL, December 17. – At the reunion of the classmates of the poet Whittier, in the old Haverhill Academy, which was held at the rectory of St. John’s Church, Mr. Whittier kindly consented to sit for his portrait, to be given by his classmates to the public library of his native town. Mr. Harrison Plummer, one of the poet’s schoolmates. was selected as the artist, and at 2.30 o’clock this afternoon, today being the 78th anniversary of the poet’s birth, the portrait was unveiled with appropriate ceremonies before a large gathering of the aristocracy and culture of Haverhill. The picture was presented to the library trustees by Clarence E. Kelley, principal of the high school, and was received with appropriate remarks by Mayor Sheldon. Remarks were made by Hon. J.D.B. Cogswell. Dr. John Crowell, Judge Charles Bradley of Providence, R.I., and letters were read from Professor Charles Short of Columbia College, Professor G.B. Thayer of Harvard Law School and Senator J.J. Ingalls of Kansas, all three having been Haverhill boys. The committee on obtaining the portrait were Thomas Garland of Dover, N.H., and Hon. James H. Carleton of Haverhill. The frame. which is of the very finest workmanship and material. costing about $150. was presented by Mrs. E.J.M. Hale. Mr. Whittier himself is much pleased with the likeness (Boston Globe, December 18, 1885).

Those traveling north from the Massachusetts border towards Portsmouth, NH, on US Route I-95, pass over the Merrimac River at Amesbury, MA, on the John Greenleaf Whittier Bridge. (Whittier lived also at Amesbury).

Kelley, Clarence and Wingate
Clarence E. and Wingate Kelley, and their telescope, in Haverhill, MA, in the mid to late 1880s (Haverhill Public Library). (Gauge the date by the age of the boy, who was born in 1880)

Principal Kelley’s renewal as Haverhill High School principal for the 1894-95 academic year encountered some opposition in June 1894.

HAVERHILL’S PRINCIPAL. Attempt to Reinstate Clarence E. Kelley Fails for Time Being. HAVERHILL, Mass, June 29. Tonight for the third time the school board attempted to reinstate Clarence E. Kelley as principal of the high school. All the members were present except Dr. Bradley and Rev. George Benedict. On motion of Dr. L.S. Smith the board went into executive session. Dr. L.S. Smith declared that he had been misrepresented and misquoted. He asserted that principal Kelley was not in touch with the scholars. He had no personal grievances against the man. C.F. How asserted that Mr. Kelley was lacking in executive ability. W.W. Spaulding defended Mr. Kelley and declared that he did not believe it was true that he was not respected by the scholars. J.W. Tilton asked what Mr. How meant by principal Kelley lacking in executive ability. Mr. How said he was only speaking in general terms. Mr. Tilton moved to ballot for a principal of the high school. With 11 votes necessary for a choice, Mr. Kelley secured nine out of 16. A second ballot was taken with the same result. Then Mr. Tilton moved that the rules be amended so that a majority, instead of two-thirds of the votes cast, should elect. As it was necessary to leave the matter on the table for a month, the board adjourned without being able to secure Mr. Kelley’s reinstatement (Boston Globe, June 30, 1894).

Principal Kelley would be renewed and would remain in Haverhill until he went to Milton (after the 1902-03 academic year).

Clarence E. Kelley, a high school principal, aged fifty years (b. MA), headed a Haverhill, MA, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Caroline M. Kelley, aged forty-nine years (b. AL), and his children, Lucy J. Kelley, aged twenty-two years (b. MA), and Wingate Kelley, a sole laborer, aged twenty years (b. MA), Henry E. Kelley, at school, aged nineteen years (b. MA), Clarence M. Kelley, at school, aged fifteen years (b. MA), and his mother, Abigail G. Kelley, aged seventy-six years (b. MA). They resided at 17 Grant Street.

Clarence E. Kelley left his position in Haverhill and became principal of the Nute High School at the beginning of the 1903-04 academic year. One wonders if he brought his telescope with him.

Principal Clarence E. Kelley of Milton’s Nute High School spoke at a regional teachers’ conference held in Exeter, NH, May 18, 1906. His topic was “The Place of Examinations in Public School Work” (Portsmouth Herald, May 8, 1906).

OFF FOR EXETER. Portsmouth Teachers Will Leave Tomorrow. TO ATTEND AN INSTITUTE TO BE HELD IN EXETER. A teachers’ institute will be held at the Robinson Female Seminary at Exeter tomorrow, under the direction of the state department of public instruction, and with the cooperation of the County Teachers’ association. Massachusetts has been drawn on for the speakers, who include Supt. George I. Aldrich of Brookline, Miss Mabel Hill of the Lowell normal school and Charles L. Hanson of the Mechanic Arts high school at Boston. The single speaker from this state is Principal Clarence E. Kelley of the Milton High School. Teachers of the public schools in this city will be present (Portsmouth Herald, May 17, 1906).

Principal Clarence E. Kelley left Nute High School at the conclusion of the 1913-14 academic year. He received an appointment as professor of Astronomy at Harvard College in June 1917 (Boston Globe, June 14, 1917).

Professor Clarence E. Kelley of Harvard University, formerly of Nute High School, attended the annual alumni dinner of the Nute Club of Boston in February 1918 (Boston Globe, February 23, 1918).

Clarence E. Kelley, a college teacher, aged seventy years (b. MA), headed a Cambridge, MA, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Caroline N. Kelley, aged sixty-eight years (b. AL). They rented their home at 23 Irving Street, which was a two-family dwelling that they shared with the household of William C. Howlett, a piano factory repairer, aged sixty-six years (b. MA)..

Clarence E. Kelley died in Cambridge, MA, in March 1923.

FUNERAL THURSDAY OF CLARENCE E. KELLEY. Funeral services for Clarence Erskine Kelley, for 19 years principal of the Haverhill High School and more recently an instructor in astronomy at Harvard University, will be held Thursday afternoon at 3 o’clock in Christ Church, Cambridge. Rev George L. Paine, assistant rector of the church, and another clergyman, will officiate. Mr. Kelley died Sunday at his home, 23 Irving st., Cambridge. He was born in West Amesbury, now Merrimac, July 31. 1849. Mr Kelley taught for three years at St Paul’s School, Concord, N.H., and in 1881 became principal of the Haverhill High School, holding the position until 1900. He was principal of the Nute High School in Milton, N.H., from 1903 to 1914. He was a trustee of the John G. Whittier homestead in Haverhill and a lay reader in the Episcopal Church. He was a member of the National Education Association, the New England Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools, the New Hampshire Historical Society and the Phi Beta Kappa of Harvard. Mr. Kelley was married In 1876 to Caroline Moore of Haverhill. They had four children: Mrs. Lucy Jeanette Tuck; Wingate Kelley, Rev. Henry Erskine Kelley and Dr. Clarence Moore Kelley (Boston Globe, March 20, 1923).

Mrs. Kelly was killed by a reckless driver in Cambridge, MA, August 10, 1924, while boarding a streetcar.

DORCHESTER MAN HELD ON MANSLAUGHTER CHARGE. Wendell Cotter, 40, of 1 Carson st., Dorchester, appeared before the Third District Court, East Cambridge, this morning on a charge of manslaughter and was held in $1000 for the Grand Jury. Last night Cotter’s car ran down Mrs. Caroline M. Kelley, wife of Prof. Clarence E. Kelley, formerly of Harvard College, as she was about to get on a car at Massachusetts av. and Everett st, Cambridge. Cotter was also charged with driving so as to endanger the lives and safety of the public (Boston Globe, August 11, 1924).

Franklin H. “Frank” Manter – 1914-16

Franklin Henley Manter was born in Milton, NH, June 4, 1892, son of John S. and Julia (Henley) Manter. (His father was Milton’s Free-Will Baptist minister in 1890-96).

Bates College. Class of 1913. Franklin Henley Manter. b. 4 June 1892, Milton, N.H. Son of John and Julia (Henley) Manter. Teacher, Burr & Burton Sem., Manchester, Vt., 1913-14; Prin., Nute High Sch., Milton, N.H., 1914- (Bates College, 1914).

Franklin H. Manter, of Koshkonong, MO, aged twenty-five years, registered for the WW I military draft in Oregon County, MO, June 5, 1917. He had been born in Milton, NH, June 4, 1892. He was engaged in the educational field (for Scott Foresman), but was currently on vacation. He was tall, with a medium build, blue eyes, dark brown hair (not balding), and had no missing limbs or appendages. He claimed an exemption for “broken arches in feet.”

For the National Army. Thirteen boys will go to the army camp about the 26th, from Oregon County, and they are to be selected from the following list furnished us by the board at Alton: Albert C. Simpson, Martin T. Clark, Wm. H. Risner, Wm. H. Sherry, Roscoe Mitchell, Henry Buckner, Joseph A. Henshaw, Oscar Harmon, Wm. H. Roy, Percy W. Braswell, Charley Hankins, Edward E. Wadley, Grover C. Carson, Kenneth O. Powell, Andrew J. Kellams, Franklin H. Manter (Thayer News (Thayer, MO), April 19, 1918).

Franklin H. Manter enlisted in the US Army, May 3, 1918. 2nd Lt. Franklin H. Manter, of the 2nd Company, 6th Ordnance Battalion embarked on the transport Dunvegan Castle at New York, NY, bound for Southampton, England, August 31, 1918; 2nd Lt. Franklin H. Manter, of the 2nd Company, 6th Ordnance Battalion embarked on the transport Antrim at Southampton, England, bound for Le Havre, France, September 24, 1918. 1st Lt. Franklin Manter, assigned to Ordnance, left Brest, France, on board the troop transport Agamemnon, June 10, 1919. He was discharged June 21, 1919.

John Manter, a pastor, aged fifty-nine years (b. ME), headed an Ashland, NH, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Julia Manter, aged fifty-eight years (b. ME). and his children, Marion E. Manter, a clinical doctor M.D., aged twenty-nine years (b. ME), and Franklin H. Manter, a manufacturing manager, aged twenty-seven years (b. NH).

MILTON, N.H., SCHOOL ALUMNI AT BANQUET. The annual dinner of the Alumni Association of the Nute High School. Milton, N.H., was held last evening at the Vendome with 50 members present. Robert M. Looney presided. Among the honor[ed] guests and speakers were William F. Carlson of the Brookline High School; Miss Theodora A. Gerould of Medford, Frank H. Manter, former teachers in the school, and Arthur T. Smith, a former principal (Boston Globe, February 26, 1921).

He married, circa 1924, Dorothea Carter. She was born in Wilmington, MA, July 2, 1898, daughter of Fred M. and Barbara E. (Cole) Carter.

Franklin Manter, an executive, aged thirty-two years (b. US), headed a Bronx, NY, household at the time of the New York State Census of 1925. His household included his wife, Dorothy Manter, housework, aged twenty-six years (b. US).

Franklin H. Manter, advertising manufacturing, aged thirty-six years (b. NH), headed a Bronx, NY, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Dorothy C. Manter, aged thirty-one years (b. MA), and his son, John R. Manter, aged two years (b. NY). They resided in a multi-family apartment building at 2523 University Avenue. They paid $55 [per month] in rent and did have a radio set.

Franklin Manter, of 2 Deshon Avenue, Bronxville, NY, sailed on the SS Siboney, from Havana, Cuba, May 14, 1935, bound for New York, NY. He was married, aged 42 years, having been born in Milton, NH, June 4, 1892.

Franklin Henley Manter, of 5 Waldron Street, Marblehead, MA, aged forty-nine years, registered for the World War II military draft in Swampscott, MA, April 21, 1942. He had been born in Milton, NH, June 4, 1892. His telephone number was MAr 1365-W. He named Dorothy C. Manter, of 5 Waldron Street, Marblehead, MA, as the person who would always know his address. He was self-employed at 10 High Street, Boston, MA. He stood 5′ 10″ tall and weighed 155 pounds. He had blue eyes, brown hair, and a light brown complexion.

Players Cast, Directors Named. Directors and cast for Susquehanna Players’ next production, “The Night of January Sixteenth,” have been announced. The play will be presented April 20 and 21 at Vestal’s Clayton Avenue School. Curtain time will be 8:30 p.m. Benjamin Gilinsky will be director and Joseph Iskra, assistant director. The three-act play, written by Ayn Rand, is about a murder trial. An unusual feature of the production is the recruiting of 12 persons from the audience to serve as jurors. Members of the cast will be: Miss Ruth Poulos, Miss Barbara Hastings and Miss Jane Lounsberry. all as secretaries; Frank De Angelis as court clerk; Robert McFalls as Homer Van Fleet; Mrs. Helen Fairservice as Roberta Van Rensselaer, showgirl; Also, Mrs. Anne Hackling as Magda Svenson; Frank H. Manter as Dr. Kirkland; Mrs. Shirley Hoskins as Mrs. Hutchins; William Vickers as Judge Heath; Miss Edith Cutting as Jane Chandler; Richard Valent as Sweeney, and Mr. Iskra as a bailiff (Press and Sun-Bulletin (Binghampton, NY), April 13, 1956).

Franklin H. Manter died in Binghampton, NY, December 27, 1972. Dorothy (Carter) Manter died in Glastonbury, CT, November 13, 1986.

William F. Carlson – 1916-18

William Fritz Carlson was born in Bornholm, Denmark, November 22, 1892, son of Fred and Joanna F. (Stone) Carlson.

William Fritz Carlton graduated from Harvard College with the class of 1915.

He married in Easton, MA, August 30, 1915, Olga Elvira Abrahamson, both of Easton. She was born in North Easton, MA, March 19, 1888, daughter of Edward and Anna F. (Lundgren) Abrahamson.

William F. Carlson  was principal of the Nute High School for three years, 1916-17, 1917-18, and 1918-19.

Alumni Notes. ’16 – William F. Carlson is principal of the Nute High School at Milton, N.H. (Harvard University, 1916).

Mrs. William F. Carlson  (Olga Carlson) attended the annual alumni dinner of the Nute Club of Boston in at least the year 1917.

REUNION OF NUTE HIGH SCHOOL BOSTON CLUB. Merriment marked the banquet and reunion of the Nute High School Boston Club at the Thorndike last night. Roland E. Chesley of Utica, N.Y., presided. Among those present were Pres. and Mrs. Harry W. Nutter, Vice Pres. Mrs. Harry S. Coles, Treas. Gertrude M. Getchell. Sec. Arthur D. Brackett, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur T. Smith, Miss Theodora Gerould, Mrs. William F. Carlson, Walter E. Looney, Mr. and Mrs. B.B. Plummer, Jr, Miss Maud Storey, Miss Annie Meickel, Charles O. Parmenter. Mr. and Mrs. Chauncey Brown, Mr. and Mrs. H. Wilson Ross, Mr. and Mrs. Charles W. Hodgdon. Miss Mary C. Jones, Ezra D. Hart, Miss Anna Alden, Reginald Leeman, George Leeman, Mrs. George Freeman, Marc S. Dickey, Lawrence C. Hayes, Miss Hazel Farnham, Walter W. Hayes, Miss Louise Avery, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer A. Lamper, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Starkey. Miss Orinda Plummer, Chester Fox, Eugene Cox and Miss Susan P. Haley (Boston Globe, February 24, 1917).

William Fritz Carlson, of 19 Mechanic [street], No. Easton, MA, aged twenty-four years (b. Bornholm, Denmark, November 22, 1892), registered for the WW I military draft, June 2, 1917. He registered with the Strafford County clerk, but for his residence in North Easton, MA. He was a citizen and registered voter, having become a naturalized citizen when his father did so. He was employed as a teacher in Milton, NH, by the Trustees of the Nute High School. He claimed an exemption due to being a married man with a dependent wife and one-year-old child. He was tall, with a slender build, blue eyes, light brown hair, and no disabilities.

William F. Carlson, a high school teacher, aged twenty-seven years (b. Denmark), headed a Boston, MA, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Olga E. Carlson, aged thirty-one years (b. MA), his children, Paul E. Carlson, aged three years (and six months) (b. VT), F. Roy Carlson, aged two years (and two months) (b. MA), and Edward W. Carlson aged one year (and two months) (b. MA), and a State-ward, Ida M. Perry, a maid, aged eighteen years (b. Canada). They shared a rented two-family dwelling at 260 Corey Street with the household of Elizabeth Buckman, aged fifty=five years (b. MA).

Carlson, WFNEW PRINCIPAL FOR WOODWARD INSTITUTE. QUINCY, June 30 -The Board of Trustees of the Woodward Institute for Girls, an endowed institute of learning for Quincy-born girls, announced today that W.F. Carlson of Brookline had been appointed principal of the institute. The board adopted resolutions eulogizing the efficient and faithful work of Horace W. Rice, for 13 years principal of the school, who retired because of ill health. Mr. Carlson was born in North Easton 31 years ago. After leaving the grammar schools of that town he entered the Oliver Ames High School and later went to Harvard, where he was graduated with a degree of A.B. in 1915. From 1916 to 1918 he was headmaster of the Nute High School of Milton, N.H.; from 1918 to 1919, acting headmaster of the Brookline High School, and from 1919 to 1923 had charge of the history department of the Brookline High School. For three years he was principal of the Brookline Evening School (Boston Globe, July 1, 1923).

William Carlson, a private school principal, aged thirty-seven years (b. MA [SIC]), headed the Ossining School for Girls, in Ossining, NY, at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. His “household” include his wife, Olga Carlson, aged forty-one years (b. MA), fifteen teachers, three housemothers, a secretary, a bookkeeper, a nurse, and a hostess. (Ossining is famous too, for its prison institution, “Sing-Sing”).

Olga E. (Abrahamson) Carlson died October 10, 1965. William F. Carlson died September 18, 1969.

Dr. Carlson North Easton Services Set. Services will be Monday for Dr. William F. Carlson, 76, of 2640 South Garden dr., Lake Worth, Fla., formerly of Mount Ida Junior College, Newton, who died at St. Mary’s Hospital, Palm Beach, Fla., on Thursday evening. He was born in Denmark and had resided in North Easton, Mass. He was a graduate of Oliver Ames High School in North Easton, and Harvard College, class of 1915, where he was a solo violinist of the concert orchestra. Dr. Carlson did graduate work at Harvard and received a Ph.D. from Loubaine University of Belgium. In 1939 Dr. Carlson reestablished the Mt. Ida Junior College at its present site in Newton Center. In 1959 he retired as president of the college and moved to Palm Beach, Fla., and founded Flager College for Women in St. Augustine, Fla. He was a member of Covenant Congregational Church of North Easton, the Harvard Club of Palm Beach, and the School Masters Club, and a 25-year member of Rotary International. Dr. Carlson leaves his wife, Helen (Dickey); three sons, Paul E. of Needham, and Dr. F. Roy Carlson and E.W. Carlson, both of Newton, and two brothers, Capt. F.G. Carlson of Plymouth and Dr. A.G. Carlson of Palm Beach, Fla. Funeral services will be held at 1 p.m. Monday in Covenant Congregational Church, North Easton (Boston Globe, September 20, 1969).

Edwin S. Huse – 1919-23

Edwin Sweetser Huse was born in Woburn, MA, August 22, 1878, son of John S. and Mary S. (Paine) Huse.

Edwin Sweetser Huse joined the Hope Lodge of Masons, of Woburn, MA, in 1904. He was a teacher, born in Woburn, MA, August 22, 1878. He was initiated there, November 22, 1904; passed there, December 20, 1904; and raised January 17, 1905. In later years, he was dismissed from the Hope Lodge, November 16, 1915, and affiliated himself with the Palestine Lodge, of Melrose, MA, December 8, 1915. (He died May 2, 1955).

He married in Everett, MA, May 25, 1910, Gladys J. Newhall. She was born in Everett, MA, December 6, 1889, daughter of John and Catherine (McDonald) Newhall.

Edwin S. Huse  was principal of the Nute High School beginning with the 1919-20 academic year. It was he that wrote the school song, Beloved, Hail to Thee. His lyrics mention the school colors – purple and gold – which may have been established as such in his time too.

Edwin S. Huse, a high school teacher, aged forty years (b. MA), headed a Milton (Milton Village) household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Gladys N. Huse, aged twenty-nine years (b. MA), and his children, Ralph N. Huse, aged eight years (b. MA), and Barbara E. Huse, aged seven years (b. MA). They occupied a rented house on Farmington Road and appeared in the enumeration between the household of Sarah P. Haley, a widow, aged seventy-one years (b. NH), and that of Guy L. Hayes, a house carpenter, aged forty-one years (b. NH).

Edwin S. Huse appeared in a March 1923 list of Kappa Sigma fraternity members who were employed as teachers. The fraternity listed him as Edwin S. Huse, B-K, headmaster, Nute High School, Milton, N.H. (Kappa Sigma, 1923).

Edwin S. Huse, a junior high school headmaster, aged forty-nine years (b. MA), headed a Keene, NH, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Gladys M. Huse, aged thirty-nine years (b. MA), and his children, Ralph N. Huse, aged eighteen years (b. MA), and Barbara E. Huse, aged seventeen years (b. MA). They rented their residence at 43 Franklin Street, for which they paid $35 per month. They had a radio set.

Edwin S. Huse, of Keene, NH, did not win New England Coke’s $1,000 first prize in its $5,000 Prize Contest of November 1931. Neither did he win the $200 second prize, a $100 third prize, a $50 prize, nor a $10 prize. He was one of 640 $5 prize winners (Boston Globe, November 12, 1931). (That would be coal coke, for heating purposes, rather than Coca Cola “Coke”).

Milton Burton, son of Mrs. Blanche Burton, has been appointed principal of Central junior high school at Keene, which is a training school for Keene teachers college. Mr. Burton has been supervising instructor in general science for the past two years. Mr. Burton succeeds Edwin Huse who was in charge of the building for 26 years (Fitchburg Sentinel, September 24, 1948).

Arthur Robinson, Jr., of Main street is visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Huse of Keene (Portsmouth Herald, February 16, 1950).

Edwin S. Huse died in Durham, NH, May 2, 1955.

Prof. Edwin S. Huse. DURHAM – Prof. Edwin S. Huse, 72, retired faculty member of Keene Teachers’ College, died Monday night at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Arthur W. Robinson of 5 Madbury Rd., with whom had resided. Prof. Huse retired from the college staff in 1950 as head of the of secondary school training after having served on the faculty for 27 years. Born in Woburn, Mass., Aug. 22, 1882, the son of the late John S. and Mary (Paine) Huse, he obtained a bachelor’s degree from Wesleyan College in 1901. He was a former president of the Keene YMCA and a member of the Keene Rotary Club, the Durham Community Church, a 50-year member of Palestine Lodge, F & AM, of Everett, Mass., and a member of St. Andrew’s Chapter. RAM: John’s Council, R & SM; Boston Commandery, Knights Templar, and Aleppo Temple, Mystic Shrine, all of Boston, Mass. Prof. Huse had resided here about three years, previously living in Dover for two years after his retirement. Besides his daughter and wife, Mrs. Gladys (Newhall) Huse, survivors include a sister, Mrs. Alice H. Mason of Boston, and one granddaughter (Portsmouth Herald, May 4, 1955).

Continued in Nute High School Principals, 1923-57


Find a Grave. (2014, July 4). Arthur Dean Wiggin. Retrieved from

Find a Grave. (2016, September 4). Edwin Sweetser Huse. Retrieved from

Find a Grave. (2011, September 12). Lieut. Franklin H. Manter. Retrieved from

Find a Grave. (2011, July 21). William Fritz Carlson. Retrieved from

Harvard Class Secretary. (1894). Secretary’s Report, Class of 1888. Retrieved from

Harvard Class Secretary. (1898). Secretary’s Report, Class of 1888. Retrieved from

Harvard University. (1902). Names and Addresses of Living Bachelors and Masters of Arts, and of the Holders of Honorary Degrees of Harvard University, 1902. Retrieved from

Harvard University. (1916). Harvard Alumni Bulletin. Retrieved from

Haverhill Public Library. (2019). Clarence Kelley and son, telescope at Wingate Estate, Broadway, Haverhill. Retrieved from

Kappa Sigma Fraternity. (1923, March). Caduceus. Retrieved from

New Bedford. (1897). Report of the Board of the School Committee for the City of New Bedford [Various Years]. Retrieved from

New Bedford. (1900). Annual report of the School Committee. Retrieved from

NH Department of Agriculture. (1895). Twenty-Third Annual Report of the Board of Agriculture, November 1, 1893, to November 1, 1894. Retrieved from

Whittier Birthplace. (2019). Whittier Birthplace. Retrieved from

Wikipedia. (2019, April 16). John Greenleaf Whittier. Retrieved from

Wikipedia. (2019, April 11). Scott Foresman. Retrieved from

NH SB 154 Amended

By S.D. Plissken | April 26, 2019

A legislative correspondent informs us that New Hampshire Senate Bill 154 (2019), which is principally concerned with creating a tax credit for workforce housing, has had an unrelated section inserted into it:

4. Town of Milton; Authorization to Sell Property. Notwithstanding RSA 41:14-a, II(c), the town of Milton is hereby authorized to sell property located at 460 White Mountain Highway, known as “the old fire station,” which has been listed for sale with a real estate broker in order to satisfy the requirements of the division of charitable trusts, department of justice.

The relevant part of RSA 41:14-a to be notwithstood:

RSA 41:14-a,

II. The provisions of this section shall not apply to the sale of and the selectmen shall have no authority to sell:

(c) Any real estate that has been given, devised, or bequeathed to the town for charitable or community purposes except as provided in RSA 498:4-a or RSA 547:3-d.


State of New Hampshire. (2016, June 21). RSA Chapter 41:14-A. Acquisition or Sale of Land, Buildings, or Both. Retrieved from

Legiscan. (2019). New Hampshire Senate Bill 154. Retrieved from

Wikipedia. (2018, December 22). Sausage Making. Retrieved from

Miss McClary’s Candies and Such

By Muriel Bristol | April 25, 2019

Miss M. Emilie McClary taught French, mathematics, and science at Milton’s Nute High School in 1899-1902. She was one of Miss Benson’s successors. (She worked with Nute principals Arthur T. Smith and Arthur D. Wiggin). After her time here, she returned to her hometown of Malone, NY.

Her mother, Mrs. Martin E. McClary (Patience (Ford) McClary), belonged to the Women’s Aid Society of the First Congregational Church of Malone, NY. The Women’s Aid Society published The Malone Cookbook in 1908, likely as a fundraiser. Mrs. McClary was one of its editors.

The cookbook included five recipes submitted by her daughter, Emilie McClary, Milton’s quondam teacher. (Then teaching Latin at Wellesley College).

Cucumber Boats. Pare medium-sized cucumbers and cut through the center lengthwise and scoop out the seeds; place in a pan ice water until ready to serve. Prepare a salad of tomatoes and cucumbers, cut in small cubes, with cream dressing No. 1 and fill boats with the salad just before serving and garnish with nasturtiums –  Emilie McClary

Dressing is very much a matter of taste. The Cream Dressing No. 1 mentioned may be found  on Page 99 of the Malone Cookbook (in the References below). Nasturtium flowers are edible. They might be used as an edible garnish, as Miss McClary suggests here, or even appear in the salad itself.

Panned Oysters. Place oysters in the dish with a tablespoon of butter and a little salt. Cover closely and light the lamp. Stir occasionally and when the oysters are plump and the gills curled they are ready to serve. One-half cup of thick sweet cream may be poured over them if desired before taking up. – Emilie McClary

The “dish” of which she spoke was a chafing dish and the lamp its heat source. (This may be compared with the Milton Mills Oyster Fritters Recipe of 1895).

Peppermint Drops. One cup of sugar, a very little water, boil until it hairs. Remove from the stove, add a pinch of cream [of] tartar and three drops of oil of peppermint, stir until the mixture begins to whiten. Drop with a spoon on buttered paper. Wintergreen oil may be used instead of the peppermint, and cochineal may be used to color them pink. – Emilie McClary

In the absence of a candy thermometer, the temperature might be tested by dropping a bit in cold water. At 235° F, it should form a soft ball; at 260° F, it should form a hard ball; at 300° F, it should form a brittle strand or “hair.” Therefore, it might be said that the mixture “hairs” at 300° F.

(Similar period recipes sometimes go on to dip the resulting drops in melted chocolate The results would be not unlike commercially available Junior Mint peppermint patties).

Miss McClary’s own alma mater was Wellesley College, from which she received her B.A. with the class of 1899. (She also taught there).

College Candy. Two cups of maple or brown sugar, one-third of a cup of sweet cream, one half pound of English walnuts. Boil the sugar and cream until it forms a ball when dropped in water, stirring constantly. Remove from the stove and add the walnuts chopped fine; stir until the mixture begins to whiten, turn into pans and when cold cut into squares. – Emilie McClary

As seen in the Peppermint Drops recipe just above, a soft ball temperature would be about 235° F (and a hard ball might be expected at about 260° F).

Salted Almonds. Shell the nuts and pour boiling water over them; let them stand in the water a minute or two, then throw them into cold water, and rub between the hands. To every cupful add one even tablespoon of melted butter and let stand a while. Sprinkle with a level teaspoon of salt. Place in a moderately hot oven and bake until brown, stirring occasionally, then place on brown paper. Peanuts may be salted in the same way. – Emilie McClary

Other spices or flavorings might be added (or substituted for some of the salt), in the same manner that baked pumpkin seeds are flavored. For example, Sriracha is popular these days.

These are not Milton recipes, as such, but they are recipes of one of Milton’s early high school teachers. For the most part, the Nute principals and teachers all lived within walking distance of the Nute High School, either on School Street or on “the Farmington road” (now Elm Street). It might be that she served some of these dishes at social gatherings there.

Just imagine if we had also some recipes of Miss Terrill, who taught home economics at the University of Chicago and the University of Vermont.


Wikipedia. (2019, April 20). Tropaeolum [Nasturtium]. Retrieved from

Women’s Aid Society. (1908). The Malone Cookbook. Retrieved from

Poblacht Na h-Eireann

By Muriel Bristol | April 24, 2019

The Irish Easter Rising began on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916 (one hundred and three years ago).

Padraig H. Pearse, President of the Provisional Government thus proclaimed, read the Proclamation from the steps of the General Post Office (GPO) in Dublin on that Easter Monday morning.

The Irish rebels held strong points in Dublin for five days, against bombardments and infantry assaults by the British Royal Army, before surrendering. The British government executed all seven signatories of the Proclamation by firing squad. (James Connolly, who had been wounded, was shot while tied to a chair). Others as well.

Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ) produced a reading of the proclamation for the April 2016 Centenary (or Centennial). It features various Irish people living all over the world each reading a line or two. (Similar to the annual reading of the American Declaration of Independence by NPR correspondents). You may recognize London, Boston, Sydney, Washington, China, Canada, Moscow, Hollywood, Paris, New York, India, the Netherlands, and other locations among the featured locations. (The background music is Róisín Dubh (or Little Black Rose)).

While the Easter Rising did not succeed in itself, it set the scene for events that did produce the modern Irish Republic.

POBLACHT NA h-EIREANN [Irish Gaelic for People of Ireland]


IRISHMAN AND IRISHWOMEN: In the name of God and of the dead generations from which she receives her old tradition of nationhood, Ireland, through us, summons her children to her flag and strikes for her freedom.

Having organized and trained her manhood through her secret revolutionary organization, the Irish Republican Brotherhood, and through her open military organizations, the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army, having patiently perfected her discipline, having resolutely waited for the right moment to reveal itself, she now seizes that moment, and, supported by her exiled children in America and by gallant allies in Europe, but relying in the first on her own strength, she strikes in full confidence of victory.

We declare the right of the people of Ireland to the ownership of Ireland, and to the unfettered control of Irish destinies, to be sovereign and indefeasible. The long usurpation of that right by a foreign people and government has not extinguished the right, nor can it ever be extinguished except by the destruction of the Irish people. In every generation the Irish people have asserted their right to national freedom and sovereignty; six times during the past three hundred years they have asserted it in arms. Standing on that fundamental right and again asserting it in arms in the face of the world, we hereby proclaim the Irish Republic as a Sovereign Independent State. And we pledge our lives and the lives of our comrades-in-arms to the cause of its freedom, of its welfare, and of its exaltation among the nations.

The Irish Republic is entitled to, and hereby claims, the allegiance of every Irishman and Irish woman. The Republic guarantees religious and civil liberty, equal rights and equal opportunities of all its citizens, and declares its resolve to pursue the happiness and prosperity of the whole nation and of all its parts, cherishing all the children of the nation equally, and oblivious of the differences carefully fostered by an alien government, which have divided a minority in the past.

Until our arms have brought the opportune moment for the establishment of a permanent National Government, representative of the whole people of Ireland and elected by the suffrages of all her men and women, the Provisional Government, hereby constituted, will administer the civil and military affairs of the Republic in trust for the people.

We place the cause of the Irish Republic under the protection of the Most High God, Whose blessing we invoke upon our arms, and we pray that no one who serves that cause will dishonour it by cowardice, inhumanity, or rapine. In this supreme hour the Irish nation must, by its valour and discipline and by the readiness of its children to sacrifice themselves for the common good, prove itself worthy of the august destiny to which it is called.

Signed on behalf of the Provisional Government,



Wikipedia. (2019, March 16). Easter Rising. Retrieved from

Wikipedia. (2019). Róisín Dubh (Song). Retrieved fromóisín_Dubh_(song)

YouTube. (2016). Centenary: The Proclamation. Retrieved from

YouTube. (2016). Declaration of Independence (1997 National Public Radio Version). Retrieved from

YouTube. (2014, November 7). The Black Rose (Roisin Dubh), Performed by Joannie Madden. Retrieved from


Milton as Brigadoon

By S.D. Plissken | April 23, 2019

I had occasion to see the 1954 film adaptation of the 1947 Broadway musical Brigadoon. It starred Gene Kelly, Van Johnson, and Cyd Charrise. It is a musical romance, with several memorable songs, and did well in its time. (It has an 85% on Rotten Tomatoes). Two American travelers wander into a Scottish village of apparently two hundred years earlier.

The fantastical premise of the film: in order to protect the village of Brigadoon from experiencing any change, its minister prayed for a miracle, and his prayer was answered. Brigadoon was removed from the world entirely, reappearing for but one day in every hundred years. Only those that truly love Brigadoon, or one of its inhabitants, can remain there when its single day in a hundred years has elapsed.

A local contractor once told me the similar fantastical premise underlying Milton’s recent existence, as well as that of many of its surrounding towns. In the early 1980s, its zoning laws were created or rewritten such as, as he put it, “to make sure that nothing ever changed.” I have heard the same characterization from many others too. And several generations of Town “planners” have been screwing down the lid more tightly ever since the early 1980s. They hope to achieve our very own Brigadoon-like “miracle.”

And they are now in the seventh or eighth year of their Fourth Ten-Year Plan. (Shudder).

Now, Milton is very far Off Broadway and the free market, as a force of nature, is ultimately irrepressible. It exists wherever people would like to better their condition, through the peaceful means of exchanging their goods or services for those of others. This force of nature might be discouraged, delayed, diverted, forbidden, and even driven underground (to become gray or black markets), but it can never be entirely suppressed. It will eventually reassert itself.

Some sort of market exists everywhere despite Town, State, County, Federal, and International plans and edicts. It persists in some form even in communist, fascist, and other authoritarian regimes. It thrives even in prisons and concentration camps. (Witness the fictional characters Sefton (William Holden) in Stalag 17 and Red (Morgan Freeman) in the Shawshank Redemption). It defied Prohibition and overpowered the Soviet Union. It created Milton. It defeats all comers, eventually.

Another commenter explained the ridiculous mechanism employed to remove Milton from the world, to keep it in stasis. Milton’s zoning laws have been carefully crafted so as to forbid virtually everything.

But how could that possibly work? They might keep new businesses out, but they cannot keep the old ones alive. It will eventually “wind down.”

Well, there is a Zoning Board of “Allowance” (ZBA) empowered to grant selected exceptions to the rules. It “allows” certain businesses or certain uses of private property, according to its own criteria. (“Silence, whippersnapper, the beneficent Oz has every intention of granting your request”).

But that is certainly an invitation to corruption, if not the very definition of it. A very few people, some of them appointed, i.e., not even elected by a majority of a minority, get to decide if a property owner may use their own private property as they wish?

Yes, I know. You see, you do not really “own” your property, you only think you do. The “community” owns your property and it – well, actually, “its” majority-of-a-minority Town government – allows only certain uses of it. Things they might like. Because they are wise, and overlords, they are wise overlords.

For example, there is a certain economic logic to the placement of grocery stores: any cluster of 5,000 inhabitants can sustain a grocery store. And that might have been nice. It certainly might have been the “attraction” that so many claim to want. But it was forbidden.

We all know how China Pond’s expansion foundered on State and local parking restrictions. At last Monday’s BOS meeting, they were comically authorizing the Town Planner to negotiate with the State regarding parking places. If we surrender some existing spaces, to the detriment of any future business owners that front them, we might, just might – if we ask nicely, and with our cap in hand – secure State authorization to retain some lesser number of the already existing parking spaces. What a sorry solution.

Index Packaging nearly decamped, when their proposed expansion was forbidden. (Their departure has been shelved, for the present). A chain restaurant might have found a home here, but those are forbidden. It would be difficult to catalog the economic opportunities – the “attractions” – we have forgone in a vain effort to keep Milton out of the world.

Last Monday’s Board of Selectmen meeting had much of this authoritarian thinking on display. Some claim to love Milton, or certain aspects of it anyway, and maybe they do, in their own peculiar way. But they definitely dislike freedom. One might feel bad for them, if one were not manacled to them, and trying to stay afloat in some very deep waters.

The highlight of the evening was Mr. Larry Brown’s agenda item. His presentation featured nearly everything. He complained that his agenda item was not taken up in a secret session, as he had requested. He is a strong advocate of transparency, no doubt.

What did he want to discuss in secret? It seems that some taxpayer had dared to question the ethics of transferring public properties – for $1 apiece – between public and private boards while sitting on both boards. Mr. Brown took umbrage at that instance of lèse-majesté. He would have counseled the board, in private, that such outrages need not be endured. They have the Power (his emphasis) to do pretty much as they please. Evidently, he is not a big fan of “speaking truth to power.”

From there, he proceeded to tout historic preservation. He desires an influx of more taxpayers that have more taxable money. Through more planning. He expressed his profound gratification over Milton Mills’ progress towards “gentrification.” He disapproved of manufactured homes, which constitute some 14.9% of Milton’s homes (See Milton’s NHES Community Profile – 2018). There are entirely too many of them. (“Few tourists travel anywhere to see the double-wides of New Jersey”). He recounted how he had prevented several businesses from establishing themselves at Plummer’s Ridge and elsewhere. (He stands astride it like a Colossus). He has spent “thousands” of his own money on lawsuits.

As a Town official, Mr. Brown splits his time between the Planning Board, where businesses are restricted, and the Zoning Board of Allowance, where he has the Power to stifle those few that may slip through the cracks. (A legislative acquaintance told me this double-office holding was formerly not permitted, as an obvious conflict of interest, but that the legal restriction has been withdrawn recently). He is also a Library Trustee. And very nearly gained a seat on the Board of Selectmen.

Only one thing could disrupt the continuance of Brigadoon’s “miracle”: if even one of its inhabitants ceased to entirely love it and wished to depart, the miracle would cease and the village return to the world.


Town of Milton. (2019, April 15). BOS Meeting, April 15, 2019. Retrieved from

Wikipedia. (2019, April 3). Brigadoon. Retrieved from

Wikipedia. (2019, April 7). Lèse-majesté. Retrieved fromèse-majesté

Wikipedia. (2019, January 30). Robinson Crusoe Economy. Retrieved from

Miss Benson’s Successors, 1895-14

By Muriel Bristol (Transcriber) | April 22, 2019

Some immediate associates and successors of Miss Sarah L. Benson, a Milton Teacher of 1891-95, were Misses Bertha M. Terrill, Lillian A. McAllister, Anna F. Berry, M. Emilie McClary, and Theodora A. Gerould. This would take us up through the close of the 1913-14 year.

Nute Faculty, 1900
Nute High School Faculty, 1900

Some Nute High School principals in this same period were William K. Norton, Arthur D. Wiggin, Arthur T. Smith, Clarence E. Kelley, and Frank H. Manter. (Subject to additions or revisions). The principal would not have been solely an administrator. They would have been “principal” in its original sense: principal teacher, i.e., the head teacher, who was also administrator.

The various teachers covered here were sometimes called assistant teachers, i.e., assistants to the principal teacher. The Nute High School staff would not have been large initially, likely just the principal and an assistant teacher or two. Separately, there was the library, although it shared the same building, and its librarian (initially, Rev. Frank Haley). And the building had also a janitor.

(Milton Mills had its own high school as late as 1905. William McCue was one of its teachers).

Miss Bertha M. Terrill – 1895-96

Bertha Mary Terrill was born in Morristown, VT, December 11, 1870, daughter of Newton A. and Mary S. (Cheney) Stevens.

Newton Terrill, a farmer, aged fifty-seven years (b. VT), headed a Morristown, VT, household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. His household included his wife Mary S. Terrill, keeping house, aged fifty-seven years (b. VT), his children, Flora M. Terrill, teaching school, aged twenty-four years (b. VT), Herbert M. Terrill, at school, aged twenty-one years, Charles D. Terrill, works on farm, aged eighteen years (b. VT), George H. Terrill, works on farm, aged sixteen years, Bertha M. Terrill, aged nine years, and Z. Weld Terrill, aged six years, and his servant, Clara O. Bromwich, a houseworker, aged twenty-two years (b. VT).

CADY’S FALLS FANCIES. Miss Bertha Terrill is attending school at Morrisville (Argus and Patriot (Montpelier, VT), September 9, 1885).

UNDERHILL CENTRE. Miss Bertha Terrill goes to work this week at the White Mountains (Cambridge Transcript (Cambridge, VT), July 20, 1887).

UNDERHILL UTTERINGS. Bertha Terrill is home from the White Mountains (Argus and Patriot (Montpelier, VT) October 5, 1887).

LOCAL TOWN ITEMS. Underhill Center. Miss Rosa Gilbert of Burlington visited her friend, Bertha Terrill, last week (Cambridge Transcript (Cambridge, VT), May 15, 1889).

Miss Terrill attended the St. Johnsbury Academy prior to going to Mount Holyoke College.

LOCAL NEWS. Morrisville. Bertha Terrill is at home from St. Johnsbury academy during Christmas vacation (Morrisville News and Record, December 25, 1890).

CADY’S FALLS FANCIES. Miss Bertha Terrill is home on her vacation from St. Johnsbury Academy (Argus and Patriot (Montpelier, VT), July 1, 1891).

CADY’S FALLS. Misses Flora and Bertha Terrill are in a German family at Derry, N.H., to study that language (Morrisville News and Citizen, August 3, 1893).

Miss Terrill would have been somewhat the worse for wear when she first arrived for Nute High School’s 1895-96 academic year:

Morrisville. G.H. Terrill’s horse was frightened by some pigs near J. Merriam’s last Sunday afternoon and kicked the front end of the buggy to pieces, injuring Mr. Terrill slightly, and seriously injuring his sister, Miss Bertha Terrill and a little son of Chas. Terrill of Massachusetts, who is visiting them, and cutting the horse quite badly about the legs (Cambridge Transcript, [Friday,] September 5, 1895).

Miss Terrill taught for a single year at Nute High School before moving on to teach Greek at the Abbot Academy in Andover, MA.

St. Johnsbury Local News. Miss Bertha Terrill, Academy ’91, now teacher of Greek in Abbot Academy, spent several days in town last week, the guest of Miss Caroline Ely and Mrs. Jonas Brooks (St. Johnsbury Republican, December 21, 1898).

St. Johnsbury Local News. Miss Bertha Terrill, St. J.A. ’91, now a teacher in Abbot Academy, Andover, Mass., passed through here Wednesday on the way to her home in Morrisville (St. Johnsbury, Republican (St. Johnsbury, VT), June 28, 1899).

Bertha M. Terrill, a teacher, aged twenty-nine years (b. VT), resided at the Abbot Academy, on School Street in Andover, MA, at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. Principal Emily A. Means, aged forty-nine years (b. MA), headed the enumeration. There were two matrons, a librarian, eight teachers (including Miss Terrill), a laundress, two assistant laundresses, a cook, four waitresses, an assistant janitor, and one hundred twenty-five boarding students residing at the academy. (Only the assistant janitor was not female).

VALUE OF FOOD PRODUCTS. Miss Terrlll’s Interesting Paper Before Motherhood Club. Miss Bertha M. Terrill of the department of home economics in the Hartford School of’ Religious Pedagogy read a paper on “The Value of Food Products,” before the Motherhood Club in Grand Army Hall yesterday afternoon. Mrs. Harry E. Peabody, the president, presided, and there was a large attendance. Miss Terrill told how to acquire knowledge of the constituent parts of various foods and said that food might be divided into two parts or kinds, that which is useful for building up the tissues of the body and that which is necessary to supply the body’s demand. There are four constituent parts in all food, proteins, fats, carbohydrates and mineral salts. Miss Terrill told of Professor Atwater’s experiments in food, and said that the maxim that the best is the cheapest does not always apply to food. She urged that housekeepers used an intelligent guidance so that they may be able to select the most economical food and said that education in values is sadly needed by all classes of people. When opportunity was given for questions, one member of the club told of a doctor and her husband who had no kitchen but lived on fruits and nuts. Miss Terrill, on the meat question, said that she felt inclined to agree with Mrs. Richards that Americans are “meat drunk” (Hartford Courant, December 8, 1903).

Miss Terrill wrote a paper, thesis, or book on Household Management in or around 1901, which was published as a Lesson Paper by the American School of Household Economics in Chicago, IL, in 1905. It credited her as being a professor of Home Economics in the Hartford School of Religious Pedagogy, and author of US Government Bulletins.

She appeared under the heading “Fellows Appointed for the Year 1907-08” in the University of Chicago’s Annual Register.

Terrill, Bertha M.
Bertha M. Terrill (in 1909)

BERTHA MARY TERRILL, A.B., Household Administration. Student, Mount Holyoke College, 1891-5; Teacher, Nute High School, Milton, N.H., 1895-6; Teacher of Greek, Abbot Academy, Andover, Mass., 1896-1900; Student, Harvard Summer School, 1900; Fellow, School of Housekeeping, 1900-1; Teacher, Home Economics, School of Religious Pedagogy, Hartford, Conn., 1901; Fellow in Household Administration, University of Chicago, 1907-8 (University of Chicago, 1907).

Sarah A. Boynton, a widow, living on her own income, aged seventy-three years (b. MA), headed a Chittenden, VT, household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. Her household included her daughter, May A. Boynton, aged forty-three years (b. NH), and her lodgers, Helen B. Shattuck, a university librarian, aged thirty-two years (b. NH), and Bertha M. Terrill, a university teacher, aged thirty-nine years (b. VT). They resided on North Prospect Street.

Bertha M. Terrill, a university instructor, aged forty-nine years (b. VT), headed a Chittenden, VT, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. Her household included her lodger, Alice Blundell, a university assistant instructor, aged twenty-nine years (b. IA). They resided on Pearl Street.

Bertha M. Terrill died in Burlington, VT, December 22, 1968 aged ninety-eight years.

Dr. Bertha Terrill Of UVM Faculty Dies. BURLINGTON (UPI) – Services will be held Thursday for Dr. Bertha M. Terrill, 98, first woman faculty member of the University of Vermont. Miss Terrill, a native of Morristown, died Monday following a short illness. She retired in 1940 after teaching home economics at the university for 31 years. In  1910, one year following her appointment to the College of Arts and Sciences, Miss Terrill became the first adviser of women, an office which preceded the office of dean of women. She received her college education at Mt. Holyoke in Massachusetts and a doctor’s degree at the University of Chicago (Bennington Banner, December 24, 1968).

The Delta Kappa Gamma sorority established the Bertha Terrill Scholarship in her memory. The University of Vermont has a building – The Bertha M. Terrill Home Economics Building – named after her.

Miss Lillian A. McAllister – 1896-99

Lillian Angela McAllister was born in Moriah, NY, October 28, 1874, daughter of Rev. Dr. William C. and Angela M. (Bronson) McAllister.

NEWBURY CENTER. Miss Lillian McAllister, daughter of Rev. N.C. McAllister of Manchester, N.H., was highly complimented a short time ago by being tendered a position at Columbia University. Miss McAllister was a graduate from Vassar college last June, and is now instructor in French and mathematics in the Nute Endowed High School in Milton, Mass. She has recently been invited to become an assistant in the astronomical observatory of Columbia University, New York City. Naturally Miss McAllister feels highly complimented as the invitation came entirely unsought through the recommendation of the Faculty at Vassar. Her record as a student was such that she was selected out of quite a number. She has just become adjusted to her present surroundings and finds them very agreeable and feeling a moral obligation to the school where she is now employed, Miss McAllister has decided to remain m Milton (United Opinion (Bradford, VT), February 23, 1897).

THE TATTLER. Miss Lillian McAllister has declined an invitation to become an assistant in the observatory of Columbia university. Miss McAllister graduated in June from Vassar and is now teaching French and mathematics in the Nute Endowed High school in Milton, N.H. (Springfield Recorder (Springfield, VT). April 16, 1897).

Lillian Angela McAllester’s biography in a Vassar College catalog had her teaching in Milton, NH, 1896-99, and Gloucester, MA, from 1899.

Teachers … To fill these vacancies the [Gloucester School] Board, after much time and expense, has secured the services of Miss Lillian McAllester, of the Nute High School, Milton, N.H., Vassar ’95, for the French department; Miss Ida C. Gleason, principal of the Tewksbury, Mass., High School, for the commercial work; and Mr. Walter G. Whitman, of Goddard Seminary, Barre, Vt., Tufts ’98, for the line of science (Gloucester School Report, 1900).

According to the Gloucester City Directory of 1900, Lillian McAllister taught French, Algebra, and English at the Gloucester High School. The High School curriculum included English, German, Greek, Latin; Civics, History; Literature; Astronomy, Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Physics; Algebra, Arithmetic, Geometry, Mathematics; Bookkeeping; Commercial Law; Stenography, Typewriting; Drawing, Music; Gymnastics, and Physical Education.

William C. McAllester, a [Baptist] clergyman, aged fifty-one years (b. NY), headed a Randolph, MA, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of twenty-six years), Angela M. McAllester, aged forty-nine years (b. NY), and his children, Lillian McAllester, a school teacher, aged twenty-five years (b. NY), Ralph W. McAllester, a student, aged twenty-two years (b, NY), and Grace E. McAllester, at school, aged fourteen years (b. NY).

Fitz E. Riggs, living on his own income, aged sixty years (b. MA), headed a Gloucester, MA, household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Annie E. Riggs, aged fifty-six years (b. Canada), and his lodgers, Lillian A. McAllester, a high school teacher, aged thirty-five years (b. NY), and Maud Burroughs, a high school teacher, aged thirty-one years (b. MA).

Lillian A. McAllester applied for a US Passport in Gloucester, MA, April 5, 1910. She stated that she had been born in Moriah, NY, October 28, 1874, and was aged thirty-five years. She resided (at 53 Summer Street) in Gloucester, MA, where she followed the occupation of teacher. She was 5′ 4″ tall. She had light hair, an oblong face with a high forehead, a regular chin, and a light complexion. She had blue eyes, a medium nose, and a regular, medium mouth.

Miss Lillian McAllister was a teacher in Gloucester, MA, in May 1919 (Fitchburg Sentinel, May 19, 1919).

George H. Newell, a private practice dentist, aged sixty-one years (b. NH), headed a Gloucester, MA, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Carrie A. Newell, aged sixty-one years (b. MA), his daughter, Katherine Newell, a violin teacher, aged twenty-seven years (b. MA), and his lodgers, Lillian A, McAllester, a high school teacher, aged forty-five years (b. NY), and Marion Bailey, a high school teacher, aged twenty-three years (b. MA). They resided on Hovey Street.

Lillian A. McAllester, of 53 Summer Street, Gloucester, MA, aged fifty-three years (b. Moriah, NY), steamed from Cherbourg, France, August 17, 1928, on board the S.S. Dresden, arriving in New York, NY, August 27, 1928.

Lillian McAllister, a public school teacher, aged fifty-five years (b. NY), headed a Gloucester, MA, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. She shared a two-family dwelling (at 53 Summer Street) with the household of her landlord, Kilby W. Shute, a bank cashier, aged sixty-one years (b. MA). The property was valued at $5,000; McAllister paid $25 per month in rent. She had no radio set.

Lillian McAllister, of 53 Summer Street, Gloucester, MA, aged fifty-eight years (b. Moriah, NY), steamed from Liverpool, England, August 25, 1932, on board the S.S. Georgic, arriving in New York, NY, September 2, 1932.

Lillian McAllister, a high school teacher, aged sixty-five years (b. NY), headed a Gloucester, MA, household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census. She had resided in the same house in 1930.

Lillian A. McAllester died in 1959.

Miss Anna F. Berry – 1899-12

Anna Florentine Berry was born in Candia, NH, March 22, 1878, daughter of Edward S. and Florentina (Elkins) Berry.

Anna Florentine Berry took a more difficult four-year Classical course at Concord High School. She graduated with the class of 1891. (She would have been thirteen years of age). Anna Florentine Berry (of Concord, NH) received her B.A. degree from Radcliffe College, in Cambridge, MA, in June 1896. She was one of thirty-nine students to do so.

Radcliffe, Class of 1896 - Detail
Anna F. Berry (Detail from Radcliffe Class Photo of 1896)

Anna F. Berry, of the Radcliffe class of 1896, taught in the Orleans, MA, high school in 1896.

The Milton section of the Dover Directory of 1901 listed Miss Anna F. Berry, a teacher, Nute High School, as having a house on School street.

The Milton section of the Dover Directory of 1905 listed Mrs. Florantine Berry, widow, as having a house at 5 School street. Miss Anna F. Berry, a teacher, Nute High School, also had the same address.

Florentine Berry, no occupation given, aged fifty-five years (b. NH), headed a Milton household at the time of the Thirteen (1910) Census. Her household included her daughter Anna F. Berry, a [Hampton] high school teacher, aged thirty-three years (b. NH). They appeared in the enumeration next to the household of A. Annette Gerould, whose daughter was also a high school teacher.

Anna F. Berry was an assistant teacher at the Manchester High School, in Manchester, NH, in the 1912-13, 1913-14, and 1914-15 academic years. She had a salary of $950 (Manchester Town Report). Anna F. Berry, a teacher at the Manchester High School (515 Beech street), resided at 443 Amherst street in Manchester, NH, in 1916 (Manchester Directory, 1916).

Anna’s mother, Florentine (Elkins) Berry, died in Concord, NH, in 1918.

Arthur Cunningham, a shoe machine operative, aged sixty years (b. MA), headed a Weymouth, MA, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Census. His household included his wife, Alice A. Cunningham, aged fifty-eight years (b. MA), and his boarder, Anna F. Smith, a public school teacher, aged twenty-five years (b. NH). [Aged forty-two years]. The resided at 70 Middle Street.

Anna F. Berry, of Weymouth, MA, sold land in Hampton, NH, to Pauline F. Pierce, of Malden, MA, for $1 (Portsmouth Herald, August 11, 1923). Anna F. Berry, of 70 Middle Street, East Weymouth, MA, Tel. WEV, 285-W, taught French at the Weymouth High School in 1920.

Berry, Anna F.
Anna F. Berry (in 1924)

Anna Florentine Berry applied for a US Passport in Norfolk County, MA, April 30, 1924. She stated that she had been born in Candia, NH, March 22, 1878, and was aged forty-six years. She resided (at 70 Middle Street) in East Weymouth, MA, where she followed the occupation of teacher. She was 5′ 3″ tall. She had brown hair, an oval face with a medium forehead, a round chin, and a dark complexion. She had brown eyes, a roman nose, and a medium mouth.

Anna F. Berry, of 70 Middle Street, East Weymouth, MA, aged forty-six years (b. Candia, NH), steamed from Cherbourg, France, August 23, 1924, on board the S.S. George Washington, arriving in New York, NY, August 31, 1928.

Wesley P. Beckford, an electrician, aged forty years (b. MA), headed a Weymouth, MA, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Ada M. Beckford, aged thirty-six years (b. MA), Elizabeth L. Beckford, aged nine years (b. MA), and John W. Beckford, aged four years (b. MA), his father, Edwin S. Beckford, aged eighty-six years (b. NH), and his lodger, Anna F. Berry, aged forty four years (b. NH). [Aged fifty-two years]. They resided on Commercial Street. They had no radio set.

WEYMOUTH. Miss Anna Berry of East Weymouth, a teacher in the High School, will spend the remainder of the Summer visiting in Maine and New Hampshire (Boston Globe, July 14, 1932).

IN MEMORIUM. ANNA FLORENTINE BERRY. Since the last issue of the PURPLE AND GOLD, we have learned of the death on April, 1940, of Anna Florentine Berry. She was a graduate of Radcliffe and came to Nute where she served for several years. A refined and educated woman, her life was centered in her work and the care of her mother. As Freshmen, we rather in awe of her, but as Seniors we both loved and respected her. – Contributed by a Former Pupil (Nute High School Yearbook, 1941).

Miss M. Emilie McClary – 1899-1902

Maude Emilie McClary was born in Malone, NY, June 15, 1877, daughter of Martin E. and Patience (Ford) McClary.

Maude Emilie McClary, b. June 15, 1877. Attended public schools in Malone, graduated 1894; private school, New York City, 1894-95; graduated Wellesley College, 1899. Teacher in Milton, Vt. [N.H.], 1899-1902; in Malone, N.Y., 1902-05; in Columbia University, 1905-06; taught Latin in Wellesley College, 3 years, and one year at the Putnam School at Poughkeepsie, N.Y. She m. Aug. 2, 1910, Willard Dana Woodbury, of Allston, Mass. Children: 1. Jean McClary, b. June 15, 1911. 2. Willard Dana, b. July 5, 1913.

Maude Emilie McClary, class of 1899, was a managing editor of the Wellesley Magazine (Wellesley Magazine, December 10, 1898). Wellesley College conferred a B.A. degree upon Maude Emilie McClary, of Malone, NY, in 1899.

M. Emilie McClary taught at Nute High School 1899-1902. After leaving Milton, she returned for a time to her hometown of Malone, NY. (And, apparently, back to being Maude E., rather than M. Emilie).

Martin E. McClary, a lawyer, aged fifty-one years, headed a Malone, NY, household at the time of the New York State Census of 1905. His household included his wife, Patience F. McClary, housework, aged forty-eight years, his children, Maude E. McClary, a teacher, aged twenty-seven years, Nelson F. McClary, a civil engineer, aged twenty-five years, and Arthur E. McClary, at school (9½), aged twenty-one years, his mother-in-law, Amanda P. Ford, aged seventy-nine years, and his servant, Alice E. Redmond, a servant, aged twenty-six years.

Several of Miss McClary’s recipes were published in the Malone Cookbook of 1908.

NORTHERN NEW YORK. A Home Wedding and Church Marriage in Malone on Tuesday. Malone, N.Y., Aug. 8. On Tuesday at one o’clock, at the home of the bride’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. M.E. McClary, on Terrace avenue, occurred the marriage of their daughter, Maud E., to Willard D. Woodbury, the Rev. J.A. Macintosh, pastor of the Congregational Church, officiating. The wedding was a very pretty one, the arrangements being exquisite in detail. A reception and an elaborate luncheon followed the wedding ceremony. Mr. and Mrs. Woodbury left at 8:30 o’clock for Montreal, bound for the city of Quebec, and a trip up the Saguenay river. Mrs. Woodbury is the daughter of M.E. McClary. senior member of the law firm of McClary, Allen & McClary of Malone. The wedding gifts to the bride were many and beautiful. Among those from out of town who were present were Mr. and Mrs. J.F. Woodbury, R.L. Woodbury, Miss Helen H. Woodbury and Mrs. H.B. Stratton of Boston, Mrs. H.C. McClary, Miss Ella McClary and Mrs. N.A. McClary of Chicago, Ill., W.C. Tudbury of Utica, Mrs. Alice Stevens of Washington, D.C, Miss Mary J. Way of Brooklyn and Dr. and Mrs. John W. Kissane of Norwood. The bride is a graduate of Franklin Academy and of Wellesley College and has been a teacher for several years (Burlington Free Press, August 4, 1910).

Willard Woodbury, a building contractor, aged thirty-five years (b. MA), headed a Boston, MA, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Emily Woodbury, aged forty-two years (b. VT [SIC]), and his children, Jane Woodbury, aged four [actually, eight] years (b. MA), and Willard Woodbury, Jr., aged six years (b. MA). They shared a rented two-family dwelling at 74 Ashland Street, with the household of Joseph Keefe, a blower and furnace estimator, aged forty-nine years (b. MA).

Emily M. (McClary) Woodbury died in Boston, MA, December 21, 1960.

WOODBURY. In Jamaica Plain, Dec. 21, Emily M., wife of Willard D. of 22 Woodbourne rd., mother of Jean M. Johnstone of Ontario, Canada, and W. Dana Woodbury of Stockton, Calif. Funeral from St. John’s Episcopal Church, Jamaica Plain. Tuesday. Dec. 27, at 2 p.m. (Boston Globe, December 24, 1960).

Miss Theodora A. Gerould – 1903-14

Theodora Annette “Nettie” Gerould was born in Watertown, MA, April 16, 1879, daughter of Lyman P. and Augusta A. (Darling) Gerould. Her father was superintendent of the gas works there. He died in 1899.

A. Annette Gerould, no occupation, aged seventy-eight years (b. MA), headed a Northampton, MA, household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. Her household included her daughters, Ella H. Gerould, a trained nurse, aged forty-one years (b. MA), and Theodora A. Gerould, at school, aged forty-one years (b. MA). [Theodora was actually aged twenty-one years]. They lived on Franklin Street. Northampton is known as the Five College Town. Theodora was attending Smith College [Class of 1903].

Theodora A. Gerould has accepted the position as teacher of history and English in the Nute High School of Milton, New Hampshire. Her address is P.O. Box 145, Milton, Stafford County, New Hampshire (Smith College, 1903).

The Milton section of the Dover Directory of 1905 listed A. Annette Gerould, widow of L.P.G, as having a house at 18 Farm. [Farmington] rd. Theodora A. Gerould, a teacher, Nute High School, boarded there.

A. Annette Gerould, no occupation, aged seventy-eight years (b. MA), headed a Milton household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. Her household included her daughter, Theodora A. Gerould, a high school teacher, aged thirty-one years (b. MA), and her servant, Bessie M. Laskey, a private family servant, aged nineteen years (b. NH). They appeared in the enumeration next to the household of Florence Berry, whose daughter was also a high school teacher.

The Smith College Catalog for 1910 listed Theodora Annette Gerould, B.A., Class of 1903, as an asst. teacher at the Milton, N.H., high school. Her address was Box 180, Milton, N.H. (Smith College, 1911).

The Milton section of the Dover Directory of 1912 listed A. Annette Gerould, widow of Lyman P., as having a house at 2 Kimball, corner of So. Main. Ella H. Gerould, a trained nurse, resided in the home of Mrs. A.A.G., 2 Kimball, and Theodora A. Gerould, a teacher, Nute High School, boarded there.

The Smith College Catalog for 1915 listed Theodora Annette Gerould, B.A., Class of 1903, as having been an asst. teacher at the Milton, N.H., high school, 1903-14, and a teacher in Swampscott, Mass, from 1914. Her address was 281 Lynn Shore Drive, Lynn. (Smith College, 1916).

The Lynn Directory of 1915 listed Mrs. A. Annette Gerould as having a house at 281 Lynn Shore drive, suite 2. Ella H. Gerould boarded there, as did Theodora A. Gerould, a teacher (Swampscott).

Theodora Gerould attended the annual alumni dinner of the Nute Club of Boston in at least the years 1917 and 1918.

Theatre owner A. Paul Keith died in 1918. His will devised legacies to a wide circle of relatives and friend. Among the legatees were Ella Gerould, Theodora Gerould, and Harriet Gerould of Lynn, in the amount of $5,000 (Boston Globe, November 2, 1918).

The Lynn Directory of 1919 listed Mrs. A. Annette Gerould as having died Jan. 12, 1918. Ella H. Gerould boarded at 281 Lynn Shore drive, suite 2, as did Theodora A. Gerould.

Theodora Gerould who has been busy repairing and restoring the quaint old farmhouse on her poultry farm writes that she is ready to qualify as master painter and paper hanger. Fanny Clement must look to her laurels (Smith College, 1920).

Ella H. Gerould, no occupation given, aged seventy-one years (b. MA), headed a Bedford, MA, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. Her household included her sister, Theodora A. Gerould, aged fifty-one years (b. MA). Ella H. Gerould owned the house, which was valued at $7,000. They did not have a radio set.

Theodora Gerould, no occupation given, aged sixty years (b. MA), headed a Bedford, MA, household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census. Her household included her partner [sister], Ella H. Gerould, aged eighty years (b. MA). The house was valued at $5,000. They resided at 32 North Road, which was the same house that they had occupied ten years earlier. Ella Harriet Gerould died in Bedford, MA, in 1941.

Theodora A. Gerould, of Westmore, NH, died in Bellows Falls, VT, April 6, 1964, aged eighty-four years

See also Nute High School Principals, 1891-21 and Milton Teacher of 1891-95


Find a Grave. (2014, November 7). Bertha M. Terrill. Retrieved from

Find a Grave. (2015, September 9). Lillian A. McAllester. Retrieved from

Find a Grave. (2011, October 11). Theodora Annette Gerould. Retrieved from

Terrill, Bertha M. (1916). Household Management. Retrieved from

Smith College. (1903). Smith College Monthly. Retrieved from

Smith College. (1911). Catalog of the Officers, Graduates and Non-Graduates of Smith College, Northampton, Mass., 1875-1910. Published by Smith College Alumnae Association: Northhampton, MA

Smith College. (1916). Smith College Bulletin, 1875-1915. Published by Smith College Alumnae Association: Northhampton, MA

Smith College. (1920). Smith Alumnae Quarterly. Retrieved from

University of Chicago. (1907). Annual Register. Retrieved from

University of Vermont. (2019). Bertha M. Terrill Building Restoration. Retrieved from


Milton Teacher of 1891-95

By Muriel Bristol (Transcriber) | April 20, 2019

We encountered previously Miss Sophia Cushing, a Milton Teacher of 1796-05. Here we have a biographical sketch of a Milton teacher of nearly one hundred years later.

Miss Sarah L. Benson taught at Milton’s newly-opened Nute High School, in September 1891. She would have been working with Principal William K. Norton.

Troy, NY
Benson, Frederick W.
Frederick W. Benson

Sarah Louise Benson was born in Troy, NY, April 25, 1865, daughter of Frederick W. and Frances L. (Seabury) Benson. Her mother died several days later, April 28, 1865.

Asa G. Luce, a store [owner], aged thirty-three years (b. Rensselaer), headed a Troy, NY, household at the time of the Second (1865) New York Census (June 21, 1865). His household included his wife, Sarah E. Luce, aged thirty-one years (b. Herkimer), his son, Edgar P. Luce, aged six years (b. Rensselaer), but also Frederick W. Benson, a store keeper, widower, aged thirty-four years (b. MA), and Sarah L. Benson, aged one month (b. Rensselaer). Asa G. Luce was a druggist and his store would have been a drug store.

Sarah’s widowed father married (2nd) in Troy, NY, December 8, 1865, Ann L. Fields. She was born in Michigan, April 8, 1837, daughter of Reuben Fields.

Frederic Benson, a retail grocer, aged forty-three years (b. MA), headed a Troy, NY, household at the time of the Ninth (1870) Federal Census. His household included Anna Benson, keeps house, aged thirty-five years (b. MI), Sarah Benson, aged five years (b. NY), and Walter Benson, aged six months (b. NY). (We hear no more of baby Walter). Frederic Benson had personal estate valued at $4,000.

Sarah’s father, Frederick W. Benson, died in Troy, NY, February 8, 1872. His widow, Ann L. Benson, and John P. Wight received appointments as joint administrators of his estate, February 19, 1872.

Ann L. Benson moved the family east from Troy, NY, to Brattleboro, VT, a distance of about 75 miles, in 1873.

Brattleboro, VT

Sarah attended Brattleboro’s District No. 4 (Centreville) School, i.e., a one-room schoolhouse. She appears in the following account of the Fall 1875 term as one of those students that had been absent, but never tardy. (Note the number of students taught by Miss Warriner: forty-two).

Local Intelligence. Brattleboro. The fall term of the school in district No. 4, (Centreville) taught by Miss F.M. Warriner, closed Nov. 12th. Whole number of pupils 42. The pupils having neither absent nor tardy marks during the term were Ida Strickland, Florence Tenney, Fannie Timson, Myra Timson, Eva Wheeler, Ida Wheeler, Henry Knight, Ira Knight, Frank Fisher, Charles Newton, Willie Alden, Clarence Shepardson, Charles Abbott and Bertie Knight. Not absent, Charles Brown, Walter Matthews, Willie Matthews, John Gaines and Frank Dunklee. Not tardy, Lizzie Franklin, Nellie Strong, Laura Cook, Grace Fisher, Sarah Benson, George Fisher, Charles Cook, Charles Fisher, Bertie Howard, Osmand Loomis, Vcssie Miner, Bertie Fisher and Roy Cook (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), November 26, 1875).

Ann L. Benson, keeping house, aged forty-three years (b. MI), headed a Brattleboro, VT, household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. Her household included her [step-]daughter, Sarah L. Benson, at school, aged fifteen years (b. NY), her son, Oscar Benson, aged eight years (b. NY), and her boarders, Nellie Scott, a teacher, aged twenty-one years (b. NH), Hiland Burdick, works in machine shop, aged forty years (b. VT), John O’Brien, works in machine shop, aged twenty-one years (b. MA), and Fred Fowler, works in machine shop, aged twenty-four years (b. NY).

Sarah Benson graduated from Brattleboro High School with the Class of 1882 (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), June 29, 1907).

Smith College, Northampton, MA

Sarah Louise Benson, of West Brattleboro, VT, attended Smith College, in Northampton, MA. She would have begun her studies there in September 1884. She graduated in June 1888. Smith College was then relatively new: her class was only the tenth one.

SMITII COLLEGE. Colonel T.W. Higginson. the Orator of the Day, with Governor Ames Present. NORTHAMPTON, April 20. The tenth Smith College commencement passed off very successfully. Social Hall was crowded, and Governor Ames and staff, Mayor Hill, George W. Cable and others were on the platform. Governor Ames made a brief, but telling speech, and then Colonel Thomas W. Higginson was introduced as the orator of the day. He spoke about the advantages of the literary profession, and held the close attention of his audience for two hours. His oration was the ablest heard here for many years.

Miss Julia H. Mulliver of the class of ’79, was given the degree of Ph.D., and Miss Elizabeth Blanchard, principal of Mt. Holyoke Seminary. the degree of M.A.

Smith College - College Hall
Smith College

The following are the graduates; Caroline Sprague Austin, Nashua; Kate Clarence Bailey. Claremont. N.H.; Minnie May Bartlett, Attleboro; Sarah Louise Benson, West Brattleboro, Vt.; Daisy Luana Blaisdel. Chicopee Falls: Harriette Holland Boardman, St. Paul, Minn; Adeline Brown, San Francisco; Grace Alice Burrington. Coleraln; Anna Louise Carter. New Hartford, Conn.; Jennie Chamberlain, Ames, Ia.; Mabelle Chase, Hudson; Cornella Chapelle Church. Norwich, Conn.; Mary Frances I)e Voil. Glen’s Falls, N.Y.; Harriet Parkes Doty, Holyoke; Anna Williams Edwards. Northampton; Mary Elizabeth Everett, Dover; Anna Warren Gardiner, Haverhill; Lora E. Guild, Enosburg, Vt.; Fanny Pearson Hardy, Brewer, Me.: Anna Dora Hawker. Northampton; Louise Akerly Husted, Brooklyn, N.Y.; Caroline Cogswell Jameson, Mills; Anna Prindie Kellogg, Northampton; Jane Downes Kelly, Providence, R.I.; Leila Mantha Kennedy, Syracuse, N.Y.; Florence Leonard, Philadelphia, Penn; Helen Stoddard Lincoln, Northampton; Mary Caroline Lord, Hudson, O.; Frances Pease Lyman. Easthampton; May Louise Nicholls, Holliston: Grace Sophronia Packard. Providence, R.I.; Lizzie Southgate Parker, Claremont. N.H.: Martha E. Black, Altoona, Penn.; Mary Palmer Raynor, Springfield; Alice Robinson, Brooklyn, N.Y.; Harriet Chapin See, Northampton; Rachel Sherrison. Syracuse. N.Y.; Alice Thomas Skilton, New Haven, Conn; Alice May Sykes, New Haven. Conn.; Mary Frances Thompson, Northampton; Susie Helen Twitchell, Keene. N.H.; Adelaide Brainerd Ventres, Bloomfield, N.J.; Ellen Long Wentworth, Exeter, N.H.; Grace Churchyard, Buffalo, N.Y.; Lilian Dubois, Hudson, N.Y.; Miriam McGregor Dwight, Hadley; Isabel Eaton, Washington, D.C.; Jennie Sarah Wilcox, Seneca Falls, N.Y.; Jennie Laurie Storrs, Lebanon, N.H.; Mary Esther Cobb, Florence; Mae Appleton Shute, Palmer.

Graduates of the School of Art: Harriet Eliza Duguld, Syracuse, N.Y.; Helena Cherry Evans, Easthampton; Anna Ellen Schreuder, Syracuse, N.Y.; Margaret Olive Whitney, Orleans. N.Y. (Boston Globe, June 21, 1888).

Glenwood Classical Seminary, W. Brattleboro, VT

The Glenwood Classical Seminary was a ladies’ boarding school. It opened in West Brattleboro, VT, in 1860. Professor Henry H. Shaw replaced long-time principal Professor Hiram Orcutt in 1881.

Glenwood Classical Seminary, WEST BRATTLEBORO, VT. HAS three well-prepared courses of study. Pupils completing either will receive diplomas. The best facilities for music on organ or piano, with a daily class in vocal. Drawing and painting by a teacher of large experience. No pains will be spared to make every department thorough and complete. The spring term, of 12 weeks, begins March 22. Terms low; good rooms for self-boarding. For particulars address the principal, H.H. SHAW, West Brattleboro, Feb. 22, 1882 (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), March 22, 1882).

Miss Sarah L. Benson took on the role of preceptress, i.e. assistant principal, at the Glenwood Classical Seminary, in 1889.

West Brattleboro. Miss Sarah L. Benson is preceptress at Glenwood Seminary (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), December 20, 1889).

Glenwood Seminary
Glenwood Classical Seminary

Glenwood Seminary’s 1891 graduation marked also its tenth year under Professor Henry H. Shaw.

… During this time classes have been graduated each year and the school has been under the personal care of Mr. Shaw. For the past two years he has been ably assisted by Miss Sarah Benson (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), June 12, 1891).

Nute High School, Milton, NH

Milton’s Nute High School opened its doors for the first time in September 1891, with Miss Sarah L. Benson as one of its original teachers.

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah L. Benson returned this week to Milton, N.H., where she is a teacher in the Nute High school (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), January 1, 1892).

Nute High School 2PERSONAL. Miss Sarah L. Benson, a teacher in the Nute High school at Milton, N.H., has returned to Brattleboro for the summer vacation (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), July 1, 1892).

NORTH HEATH. Miss Sarah S. Benson from Brattleboro, who is employed at school keeping at Milton N.H., is taking her vacation of a few weeks with her many friends in this vicinity (Deerfield Valley Times (Wilmington, VT), August 19, 1892).

PERSONAL. Among the Christmas visitors in town were Fred Colburn, Nicholas Baker, Joseph Perry and Maurice Austin of Springfield, Mass.; J.C. Bowler and Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Bowler and family of Boston; T.J. Doolin of South Framingham, Mass.; Hattie Jones of Boston; John and Patrick Bowler of New Haven, Conn.; Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Carey and Patrick Ferriter, the telegraph operator, of New York; Alfred Warren of Florence. Mass.; Samuel Kirkland of Boston and Theodore Kirkland; Elmer Munroe of Worcester, Mass.; Will Smith of Colgate university; Miss Sarah Benson of the Nute High school, Milton, N.H.; Ina Freeman of Watertown, N.Y. ; William Cursor of St. Albans; [Miss Sarah L. Benson’s half-brother,] O.F. Benson of New York: Charles Chapin of Boston: Mr. and Mrs. M.F. Sears of Holyoke; Thomas Scars of Coventry, Conn.; Lieut. Col. and Mrs. James Lillis of Rutland; Evelyn Merritt of Bridgewatcr, Mass. (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), December 30, 1892).

Sarah L. Benson left Nute High School at the conclusion of the 1894-95 academic year. (Bertha M. Terrill, who taught there in 1895-96, may have replaced her). Benson left in order to take up a course of studies at the Framingham Normal School.

Framingham Normal School, Framingham, MA

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah Benson, who has been a teacher in the Nute High school at Milton, N.H, for several years, has gone to Framingham, Mass., where she will take a special one year’s course in the normal school (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), September 13, 1895).

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah Benson returned yesterday to Framingham, Mass., normal school, where she Is taking an advanced course in pedagogics (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), January 3, 1896).

She graduated from the special one-year course at the Framingham Normal School, in Framingham, MA, in June 1896. She was one of seven students that earned Advanced and Special honors (Boston Post, June 25, 1896).

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah Benson attended the 28th annual reunion of the Benson family at Conway, Mass., Wednesday (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), July 3, 1896).

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah L, Benson has recently taken a situation as teacher in the Free Academy at Norwich, Conn, (Vermont Phoenix, September 18, 1896).

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah Benson of South Framingham, Mass., is visiting her mother in Centreville (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), April 2, 1897).

Norwich Free Academy, Norwich, CT

Norwich Free Academy. The Norwich Free Academy, of which Dr. Hubert P. Keep is principal, has issued its thirty-ninth annual catalogue. The pamphlet contains a history of the growth of the institution, the founding of which was a result of Dr. John P. Gallien’s educational movement in 1846. Grateful acknowledgment is made of the generosity of William A. Slater. The school began as a preparatory institution but has greatly broadened. The book contains a description of the Slater memorial building and the Slater museum and an outline of the work in the normal school, model schools, kindergarten and art school. There are 48 seniors, 58 first middles, 71 second middles, 106 junior, 3 graduates; total 284. In the normal school there are 21 pupils and in the art school 58 (Hartford Courant, April 2, 1895).

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah Benson has returned to her position as teacher in the Normal school at Norwich, Conn. (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), September 17, 1897).

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah Benson, who has been at home a large part of the winter on account of ill health, returned this week to her duties as teacher in the Norwich, Conn., academy (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), April 22, 1898).

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah L. Benson, of the Norwich. Conn., Free academy, after spending 10 days at her home, left yesterday for a stay at Old Orchard, Me., and the White mountains (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), July 14, 1898).

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah L. Benson of Brattleboro and C.O. Stockman of Troy, N.Y., are guests at Geo. W. Mandigo’s (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), September 1, 1899).

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah L. Benson, now a teacher in the Norwich, Conn., free academy, is spending the Christmas vacation with her mother, her brother, Oscar F. Benson, spent Sunday and New Year’s at home (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), January 5, 1900). 

Sarah L. Benson, a boarder, aged thirty-four years (b. NY), resided in the New London, CT, household of Sarah D. Palmer, aged seventy-two years (b. CT), at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. Palmer kept a boarding-house. Her daughter, Elizabeth D. Palmer, aged thirty-seven years, was a teacher of domestic science. Another boarder, Mary A. Emerson, aged thirty-four years (b. VT), was also a school teacher.

Ware High School, Ware, MA

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah L. Benson went Saturday to Ware, Mass., where she is to teach history in the High school (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), September 7, 1900).

BRATTLEBORO PERSONAL. Oscar F. Benson and Miss Sarah Benson are spending the vacation season with their mother on Western avenue (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), August 14, 1903).

European Tour

Sarah Louise Benson applied for a US passport in Brattleboro, Windham, VT, August 9, 1905. At that time, she described herself as a teacher, aged forty years. She was 4′ 8″ tall. She had light brown hair, a round face with a high forehead, a square chin, and a light complexion. She had blue eyes (with a scar near one of them), a short nose (with large nostrils), full lips, and two moles.

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah L. Benson will leave tomorrow for Boston and will sail from that city next Tuesday on the Saxonia of the Cunard line to spend a year in Europe for travel and study. She will probably be in Oxford, England, a considerable portion of this time (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), September 8, 1905).

Among other sights, Sarah witnessed the April 7, 1906 eruption of the Mount Vesuvius volcano.

Vesuvius - 1906
Vesuvius Eruption of 1906

LOCAL OVERFLOW. Miss Sarah Benson, who is spending several months in travel in Europe, writes her mother of the glimpse which she and a traveling companion obtained of the great eruption of Vesuvius. The reports being favorable, they made the journey from Rome to Naples, but the conditions were such and the alarm was so great in Naples that they returned immediately. At a distance of 20 or 30 miles from Vesuvius everything was covered with fine white ashes, and the depth of the ashes increased to several inches as the train proceeded. All birds and animals had disappeared. When 40 miles from the mountain the horizon was that of an angry, black thunder storm. A few miles nearer the blue sky disappeared and the effect was lurid and terrifying. “It was like our oft quoted ‘yellow day,’ only ten times worse. It was as if a gray pall hung over everything, while the cloud of dust and ashes above us was fringed with reddish yellow.” “Once in a while we saw a farmer with head protected by umbrella or some broad covering looking over his desolate fields. At one shrine three women were praying, two prostrate on their faces” (Vermont Phoenix, May 11, 1906).

The “Yellow Day” to which she referred was September 6, 1881. The noontime twilight and yellow sky experienced in New England on that day resulted from the Michigan Thumb Fire of September 5, 1881.

BRATTLEBORO PERSONAL. Miss Sarah Benson with Miss Cora Green and Miss Sadie Winchester as guests, went Wednesday to Camp Ellis, Maine, where she has a cottage (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), August 3, 1906).

WEST BRATTLEBORO. Miss Sadie E. Winchester, who has been a guest of Miss Sarah Benson at Camp Ellis, Me., returned Tuesday (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), August 17, 1906).

Nichols Academy, Dudley, MA

EDUCATIONAL INTELLIGENCE. MASSACHUSETTS. DUDLEY. Nichols Academy opened September 10. Miss Marcia Smith and Miss Sarah Benson have been re-engaged for the coming year. The academy buildings including the inn and library are soon to be equipped with electric lights (Journal of Education, September 19, 1907). 

PERSONALS. Miss Sadie Benson returned to Dudley, Mass., Monday to resume her position as teacher in Nichols academy (Brattleboro Reformer, December 6, 1907).

Brattleboro Local. PERSONALS. Miss Sarah Benson came Saturday to spend several weeks with her mother, Mrs. Ann L. Benson. Miss Benson closed her school at Nichols academy. in Dudley, Mass., last week, and went to Northampton to attend her class reunion at Smith college. On her return home she was accompanied by Miss Jane Hunt, of Granby, Mass, who will spend several days with her (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), June 26, 1908).

PERSONALS. Miss Sarah Benson went Monday to Old Orchard, Me., to open her cottage for the season. She was accompanied by her mother, Mrs. A.L. Benson, and Miss Florence Edwards, who will spend a month there (Brattleboro Reformer, July 10, 1908).

PERSONALS. Miss Sarah Benson has closed her cottage at Old Orchard and is visiting at the home of her mother, Mrs. A.L. Benson (Brattleboro Reformer, September 4, 1908).

HURT BY HIGH SCHOOLS. Academy About to Close After Ninety Years of Existence. Dudley, Mass., June 10. — A career of ninety years seems about to be closed for Nichols academy here. They have announced that because of the dwindling in the number of pupils the academy will not open next year. The use of the buildings has been tendered to the town. The trustees place the cause for the decadence of the once powerful preparatory school to the gradual encroachment of public high schools into its territory. The academy was opened in 1819. It reached the height of its career thirty years ago, when 150 pupils were cared for. Today there are but eight (Portsmouth Herald, June 10, 1909).

Adams High School, Adams, MA

WINDHAM COUNTY. BRATTLEBORO. Miss Sarah L. Benson of Brattleboro has been appointed assistant in the English department of the high school in Adams, Mass. Miss Benson is a graduate of Smith college and is a successful teacher (Vermont Journal (Windsor, VT), May 1, 1909).

Catherine M. Phillips, living on her own income, aged seventy-eight years (b. NY), headed an Adam, MA, household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. Her household included her daughters, Helen Phillips, aged forty-one years (b. MA), and Susan Phillips, a public school teacher, aged thirty-nine years (b. MA); her son-in-law, Peter P. Smith, post-master, aged thirty-seven years (b. MA), her daughter [his wife], Sarah Smith, aged thirty-seven years (b. MA), her grandchildren, Catherine Smith, aged six years (b. MA), and T. Stanley Smith, aged two years; and her boarder, Sarah Benson, a public school teacher, aged forty-three years (b. NY). They resided on Crandall Street.

Miss Sarah L. Brown presented a paper entitled Oxford: Town & Gown before the Brattleboro Woman’s Club, April 13, 1910. Her talk was one of many speeches, talks, concerts, and other events presented over a season that ran from November 1909 through April 1910 (Brattleboro Reformer, September 17, 1909).

LOCAL OVERFLOW. At the next regular meeting of the Brattleboro Woman’s club Wednesday, Miss Sarah L. Benson will speak on personal experiences of Oxford, town and gown. At the close of the program the ways and means committee will conduct a sale of home cookery (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), April 8, 1910).

BRATTLEBORO PERSONAL. Mrs. F.W. Benson and Miss Sarah L. Benson went Saturday to their cottage at Old Orchard, Me., where they will spend the summer. Oscar L. Benson and family went to his cottage there Monday, and Mr. and Mrs. W.C. Mitchell will join them Saturday for a few weeks’ stay (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), July 15, 1910).

BRATTLEBORO PERSONAL. Miss Sarah Benson, who had been at Old Orchard, Maine, for the summer vacation, came Wednesday to the home of her mother, Mrs. Ann Benson, and left Monday to resume her work as teacher In North Adams (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), September 8, 1911).

BRATTLEBORO PERSONAL. Miss Sarah Benson has been at home this week from Adams, Mass., where she is a teacher in the public schools (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), March 1, 1912).

BRATTLEBORO PERSONAL. Sarah Benson, the teacher, has returned from Adams, Mass. (Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, VT), June 28, 1912).

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah Benson has gone to Ware, Mass., to visit a few days before returning to her duties as teacher in Adams, Mass. (Brattleboro Daily Reformer, May 3, 1913).

Lynn, MA

PERSONAL. Miss Sarah Benson, teacher in the high school in Lynn, Mass., is at her home on Oak street for the week-end (Brattleboro Daily Reformer, March 27, 1915).

Sarah L. Benson served on a Boston Playwriter’s Club arrangements committee for a production of three one-act War Relief plays in April 1917. (Her fellow New London boarder of 1900, now Dr. Mary A. Emerson of Boston University, served as the Director) (Boston Globe, April 18, 1917).

Sarah’s stepmother, Ann L. (Fields) Benson, died in Windham, VT, January 6, 1918.

Mrs. Benson Dies. Mrs. Ann Louise Benson, 80, mother of President Oscar F. Benson, of the Valley Fair association, died Sunday noon at her home in Brattleboro. She had been confined to her room for six weeks because of infirmities incident to her advanced age. Mrs. Benson was one of the principal contributors to the support of the Universalist church and was active along various lines of benevolent endeavor. She was a native of Seneca, Mich. She spent her childhood in Troy, N.Y., where she married Frederick W. Benson, a prosperous grocer, who died in 1872. In 1873 she went to Brattleboro. Besides her son she leaves a daughter, Miss Sarah L. Benson, teacher in the classical school in Lynn, Mass. Burial will be in Troy (Rutland News, January 7, 1918).

NUTE CLUB OF BOSTON HAS THIRD ANNUAL DINNER. The third annual meeting and banquet of the Nute Club of Boston, auxiliary to the Nute High School at Milton, N.H., was held last evening at the Thorndike with 50 guests present. Mrs. H.S. Coles presided. Miss Gertrude M. Getchell sang and Mrs. J.J. Buckley played several piano selections. The speakers were: Prof. Clarence E. Kelley of Harvard University, formerly of the Nute High School; Miss Sarah L. Benson, Arthur Barbour of Camp Devens and W.H. Langley of the Charlestown Navy Yard; Miss Mabel Wilbur, Miss Elinor Osborne and Miss Theodora Geraulds. The following officers were elected: Mrs. H. Wilson Ross of Newton, president; Lawrence C. Hayes of the American Expeditionary Forces, now in France, and Mrs. Arthur Thad Smith, vice presidents; Miss Susan P. Haley, Milton, NH., secretary; Arthur D. Brackett, treasurer, and Mrs. Helen M. Cole, Joseph I,. Keller and Walter E. Looney, executive committee (Boston Globe, February 23, 1918).

Alumnae Notes. Class News. 1887. Sarah Benson is teaching in the Lynn Classical High School. Her address is 60 Baltimore St., Lynn, Mass. (Smith College, 1919).

Mary K. Tripp, a widow, aged forty-eight years (b. NY), headed a Lynn, MA, household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. Her household included her mother, Anne M. Kunhardt, a widow, aged seventy-eight years (b. Germany), her housekeeper, Sophie L. Sanford, a private family housekeeper, aged fifty-seven years (b. Canada), and her lodger, Sarah L. Benson, a high school teacher, aged fifty-four years (b. NY). They resided at 11 Baltimore Street.

NUTE HIGH SCHOOL CLUB OF BOSTON MEETS AND DINES. The annual reunion and banquet of the Nute High School Club of Boston, composed of graduates and pupils of the Nute High School at Milton, N.H., took place last night at the Thorndike. Among the 40 guests was Miss Sarah L. Benson of the faculty. Arthur T. Smith was toastmaster. The officers elected are: Mrs. Ora L. Smith of Winchester, president; Lawrence Hayes, Milton. N.H., vice president; Arthur D. Brackett, treasurer, and Miss Susan P. Haley of Rochester, N.H., secretary (Boston Globe, February 21, 1920).

Study Club Hears Miss Sarah Benson An unusually enjoyable meeting was held Saturday afternoon of the Adams Study club at the home of Mrs. Alma Deming of Columbia street. A large number were present and Miss Sarah L. Benson delighted her audience with several stories and verses of her own writing. Miss Benson who was formerly a teacher in Adams High school is now teaching in one of the Lynn schools (North Adams Transcript, October 29, 1923).

[Smith College Class of] 1888. Sarah Benson’s new address is the Chesterfield, 12-1 W. Baltimore St., Lynn, Mass. (Smith Alumnae Quarterly, 1929).

Sarah L. Benson, a high school teacher, aged sixty years, headed a Lynn, MA, household at the time of the Fifteenth (1930) Federal Census. She resided in a rented apartment at 12 West Baltimore Street.

Sarah taught at the Lynn Classical High School (rather than Lynn English High School). She was a Lynn librarian in 1935. Both the high school and the city library were close to her residences in Baltimore Street and West Baltimore Street.

Sarah removed to Biddeford, ME, circa 1936-37.

Biddeford, ME

Josephine M. Andrews, aged eighty-seven years (b. ME), headed a Biddeford, ME, household at the time of the Sixteenth (1940) Federal Census. Her household included her daughter, Hazel M. Andrews, aged forty-eight years (b. ME), and her lodger, Sarah L. Benson, aged seventy-four years (b. NY). In answer to a question, Sarah L. Benson had resided in Lynn, MA, on April 1, 1935. She had attended college, through a fifth or subsequent year.

Miss Sarah L. Benson died in the Biddeford, ME, home of Miss Hazel M. Andrews (see 1940 census above) on Sunday morning, October 11, 1953, aged eighty-eight years, five months, and sixteen days.

Obituary. Miss Sarah Benson. Miss Sarah Louise Benson died yesterday in Biddeford, Me., at the age of 92. A native of Troy, Miss Benson at one time taught in the schools of this city. Miss Benson was the daughter of the late Frederick W. Benson and Sarah F. Seabury. Funeral services will be held tomorrow at 2 from the Gardiner Earl Memorial Chapel, Oakwood Cemetery. Interment will be in Oakwood Cemetery (Troy Record, October 12, 1953).

Plan Funeral of Miss Benson. Funeral services for Miss Sarah Benson, 87, a member of former well known Troy family who died Sunday, will be held today, at 2 p.m. at the Earl Chapel in Oakwood Cemetery with Rev. Frederick E. Thalman, rector of St. Paul’s Episcopal Church, officiating. Interment will be in Oakwood. Miss Benson died at Biddeford, Maine, where she has resided for last 16 years. She was born in Troy, April 25, 1865, daughter of the late Frederick Warren and Sarah [SIC] Seabury Benson. She was a direct descendent of Bishop Samuel Seabury, first Episcopal bishop in the United States. She left Troy as a girl and was graduated from Brattleboro, Vt., High School in 1884, and from Smith College in 1888. She received her graduate degree from Oxford University in 1906. Miss Benson taught school at Milton, N.H., Norwich, Conn., and Adams and Lynn, Mass. She is survived by a half-brother, Oscar Frederick Benson, and a niece, Mrs. Edmund T. Manley, both of Longmeadow, Mass (Troy Record, October 13, 1953).

See also Nute High School Principals, 1891-21 and Miss Benson’s Successors, 1895-14


Lost New England. (2018, June 27). Lawrence House, Smith College, Northampton, Mass. Retrieved from

Wikipedia. (2019). Normal School. Retrieved from

Wikipedia. (2019, January 31). Norwich Free Academy. Retrieved from

Wikipedia. (2019, April 2). Smith College. Retrieved from

Wikipedia. (2018, October 17). Thumb Fire. Retrieved from

Reflection on Notre Dame

By John S. Frum (Transcriber) | April 19, 2019

One of our writers has a French acquaintance, whom we will call Romain. When asked what the Cathedral of Notre Dame meant to him, he replied:

Regarding Notre Dame per se … it was something always in the landscape. That could not change. That was permanent. Immutable. Something that could only last forever. Just like the Statue of Liberty is a symbol of New York City (and the United States in general), the Eiffel Tower is a symbol of Paris (and France in general) (both engineered by Gustave Eiffel).

But, to French people, the symbol of France was Notre Dame. Should the Eiffel Tower burn tomorrow, well, people would be sad. But nothing comparable as Notre Dame. Nobody would have given any money to rebuild it. Whereas there is money and help coming spontaneously and grassrootsly from everywhere. When a fare was set up to get into Notre Dame, the French people were shocked. French people would rather live close to Notre Dame than to the Eiffel Tower. A small coffee is better enjoyed on a terrace with Notre-Dame in sight.

Notre Dame is part of the identity of the French people. It has been there for the past 800 years. It will be there as long as there is a French people.

Concord Hymn

By Muriel Bristol | April 19, 2019

Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote the Concord Hymn for the July 4, 1837 dedication of an 1836 monument at the Concord Old North Bridge battle site.

In the early hours of Wednesday, April 19, 1775, British soldiers came across the water from Boston to Charlestown (“two if by sea”) and then on towards Concord, where they intended to seize the colonists’ guns. They first encountered opposition on Lexington Green, which they brushed aside. From there, they marched on towards neighboring Concord.

The Concord militia there opposed the British crossing at Concord’s Old North Bridge, firing the “shot heard round the world.”

Concord Hymn, by Ralph Waldo Emerson

By the rude bridge that arched the flood,
Their flag to April’s breeze unfurled,
Here once the embattled farmers stood,
And fired the shot heard round the world.

The foe long since in silence slept;
Alike the conqueror silent sleeps;
And Time the ruined bridge has swept
Down the dark stream which seaward creeps.

On this green bank, by this soft stream,
We set to-day a votive stone;
That memory may their deed redeem,
When, like our sires, our sons are gone.

Spirit, that made those heroes dare,
To die, and leave their children free,
Bid Time and Nature gently spare
The shaft we raise to them and thee.

The British did cross over, but did not get that for which they came. During their retreat from Concord back to Charlestown, ever-increasing swarms of militiamen attacked them.

Two British soldiers of the Fourth Regiment of Foot are buried near the bridge (another in downtown Concord). James Russell Lowell wrote their epitaph:

They came three thousand miles and died,
To keep the past upon its throne.
Unheard beyond the ocean tide,
Their English mother made her moan.

New Hampshire militiamen marched too on news of this British incursion. (The Old North Bridge is 87.5 miles (one hour and twenty minutes by car) from Milton’s Emma Ramsey Center).

Due to the distances involved, most New Hampshire militiamen would have arrived after the pursuit engagement that so damaged the retreating British column. Many of them stayed on for the Siege of Boston that ensued.


National Park Service. (2019). Minute Man National Historical Park. Retrieved from

Wikipedia. (2018, October 20). Concord Hymn. Retrieved from

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