By Muriel Bristol | June 20, 2021
Charles H. Looney was born in Milton, July 11, 1849, son of Francis E. and Rhoda A. (Leighton) Looney. (His father, an English immigrant, was naturalized in Dover, NH, May 25, 1842).
The father was a native of Manchester, England, where he learned the cotton manufacturing business. In 1820 came to this country, and for some time acted as agent of the satine mills in Dover, N.H. He finally settled in Milton, where he was engaged in manufacturing cotton warp for a number of years (Biographical Review, 1897).
Francis Looney, a manufacturer, aged forty-eight years (b. England), headed a Milton household at the time of the Seventh (1850) Federal Census. His household included Rhoda A. Looney, aged twenty-three years (b. NH), Edwin F. Looney, aged two years (b. NH), Charles H. Looney, aged one year (b. NH), Margaret F. Looney, aged twenty-three years (b. RI), and Ann F. Looney, aged sixty years (b. England). Their household appeared in the enumeration between the households of Cyrus K. Leighton, a farmer, aged twenty-five years (b. NH), and Isaac Worster, a hoe & tool manufacturer, aged forty-eight years (b. NH). (Their neighbor, Isaac Worster, was an ardent abolitionist).
Charles H. Looney’s father, Francis Looney, died of laryngitis in Milton, January 24, 1854, aged fifty-one years, and six months. D.E. Palmer, M.D., signed the death certificate. (Charles was then but four years of age).
Rhoda A. [(Leighton)] Looney, aged forty-three years (b. NH), headed a Milton household at the time of the Eighth (1860) Federal Census. Her household included Edwin F. Looney, aged twelve years (b. NH), Charley H. Looney, aged ten years (b. NH), David J. Corson, a shoemaker, aged twenty-three years (b. NH), Jane [(Warren)] Corson, aged thirty-four years (b. NH), Charles M. Corson, aged eight years (b. NH), and Samuel Corson, aged six months (b. NH). Rhoda A. Looney had personal estate valued at $200. Their household was enumerated between those of Oliver Pierce, a shoemaker, aged thirty-seven years (b. NH), and Jacob P. Whitehouse, a shoemaker, aged twenty-seven years (b. NH).
Charles H. Looney’s elder brother, Edwin F. “Ned” Looney, died in 1865, aged seventeen years.
Charles H. Looney was educated in the common schools and at the Classical Institute of Milton, N.H. When his studies were completed he entered Twombly’s grocery store as a clerk; and two years later he was employed in the same capacity in Farmington, N.H., by Captain Herring, with whom he remained a year (Biographical Review, 1897).
Charles H. Looney worked first for two years in the Milton store and post-office of John E. Twombly (1836-1888), and then for one year in Captain Herring’s dry goods and grocery store in neighboring Farmington, NH.
In some respects the life of “Captain” George M. Herring (1812-1875) had many interesting parallels with that of Looney. Herring kept a dry goods and grocery store, and was for some years Farmington postmaster. He was president of the Farmington Savings Bank and the Farmington M.F.I. (a shoe factory), became a NH state senator and even worked for the U.S. Customs department. He had been the assessor for the wartime U.S. excise taxes. At the time of the Ninth (1870) Federal Census, when he was Looney’s employer, he was a trader, aged fifty-eight years (b. MA).
Rhoda A. [(Leighton)] Looney, keeping house, aged fifty-three years (b. NH), headed a Milton household at the time of the Ninth (1870) Federal Census. Her household included Charles H. Looney, works for shoe factory, aged twenty years (b. NH), and Ann F. Looney, aged sixty  years (b. England). Rhoda A. Looney had real estate valued at $500 and personal estate valued at $200. Their household appeared in the enumeration between the households of Oliver Pierce, a shoe finisher, aged forty-nine years (b. ME), and Thomas P. French, works in shoe factory, aged forty-five years (b. NH).
In 1871 he engaged in the grocery business upon his own account in Milton, there conducted a flourishing trade until 1889, when he was appointed Deputy Collector of Customs for the Portsmouth district (Biographical Review, 1897).
Charles H. Luney married in Rochester, NH, September 28, 1871, Emily E. Miller, both of Milton. He was a clerk, aged twenty-two years, and she was aged seventeen years. Rev. H.M. Stone performed the ceremony. She was born in Milton, September 28, 1854, daughter of Robert and Sarah M. (Hodgdon) Miller.
Emily E. Looney was reared at Milton and attended school here and at Lebanon, [ME,] where she had academic advantages. For a short time prior to her marriage she taught school (Scales, 1914).
Charles H. Looney replaced Ezra H. Twombly, as Milton postmaster, January 17, 1872. (Ezra H. Twombly was brother to Looney’s former employer, John E. Twombly).
He was appointed Postmaster in Milton by President Grant in 1871 and held the office with general satisfaction for thirteen years (Biographical Review, 1897).
Looney had received $110 in salary for being Milton postmaster as of September 30, 1873.
Looney & Avery appeared in the Milton directories of 1874, and 1875, as Milton merchants. There were several Averys in town at the time, and little evidence with which to identify Looney’s partner. (As we shall see, he might have been best acquainted with Brackett F. Avery (1828-1911)).
Charles H. Looney served as Milton town clerk at this time. One source said he was clerk for a period of twelve years, while, elsewhere, he was said to have replaced Joseph Mathes (1815-1882) in that office between 1875 and 1884 (a period of only nine to ten years) (Biographical Review, 1897; Scales, 1914). An examination of town vital records reveals that he made entries dated between April 1874 and November 1887, a period of thirteen years. One particularly poignant one concerned young Annie E. Mather. She had been “taken from the orphan home in Boston, Ms. [MA],” only to die of diphtheria in Milton, at the age of only eleven years.
From the following we learn that Brackett Avery, Charles Ricker, and Charles H. Looney were engineers for the the Milton Three-Ponds precinct’s volunteer fire department in 1880.
MILTON. Precinct meeting was held in the Institute, Saturday the 20[th]. The following officers were elected: Charles Ricker, Moderator; George Tasker, Clerk; Brackett Avery, Charles Ricker, Charles Looney, Engineers. They also voted to raise a sum of money not exceeding $60.00 to be expended for hose & c. The last year’s report was read and accepted; they then repaired to the Post-office where a treat was awaiting them (Farmington News, March 26, 1880).
Charles H. Looney, postmaster, aged thirty years (b. NH), headed a Milton (“Milton 3-Ponds”) household at the time of the Tenth (1880) Federal Census. His household included his wife, Emma E. Looney, keeping house, aged twenty-five years (b. NH), his children, Ned F. Looney, aged seven years (b. NH), and Walter E. Looney, aged two years (b. NH), his mother, Rhoda A. Looney, keeping house, aged sixty-three years (b. NH), his aunt, Ann F. Looney, at home, aged eighty-four years (b. England), and his help, Eliza A. Galnagh, a housekeeper, aged sixty-two years (b. ME). Their household appeared in the enumeration between the households of Eliza A. Fernald, keeping house, aged fifty-seven years (b. NH), and Frank Leighton, works on shoes, aged thirty-two years (b. NH). (Housekeeper Eliza A. Galnagh was the mother of the little girl whose pet dog had killed her other pet, a pet chicken, in 1869).
Looney & Downes appeared in the Milton directories of 1881, 1882, 1884, 1887, and 1889, as Milton merchants.
Charles H. Looney and Hazen W. “Wesley” Downs became partners in a grocery store on Main Street in Milton in April 1881. (Joseph Willey, a competing merchant, decided to expand his line of goods a bit).
MILTON. Mr. Charles Looney has moved his goods and post office into Wentworth’s Block on Main St., with Mr. Wesley Downs, formerly of this [Farmington] place, and has put in a large lot of groceries and crockery ware, and is now ready to do business on the square. Joseph Willey is about to put in a stock of boots and shoes in connection with groceries and dry goods (Farmington News, April 29, 1881).
MILTON. W. Jones has opened a Watch and Jewelry Store on Main Street, formerly occupied by Charles Looney as Post-office (Farmington News, May 20, 1881).
[Charles Looney] … was elected to the legislature in 1885 and to the State Senate in 1887 (Biographical Review, 1897).
Charles H. Looney ran for the District 12 seat in the NH State Senate in November 1886. John F. Hall (D) of Farmington, NH, received 1,743 votes (49.9%), Charles H. Looney (R) of Milton received 1,686 votes (48.3%), and Nathaniel Burnham (P) received 65 votes (1.9%). The result in this District 12 election and those in two other districts were not considered sufficiently conclusive (nobody achieving 50% or over), so the final decision was given over to a joint session of the NH House and Senate.
NEW HAMPSHIRE LEGISLATURE. Organization Perfected and Republicans Elected to Fill Vacancies. Concord, N.H., June 1. The fifth biennial session of the Legislature began at the State House this forenoon. Both branches met at 11 o’clock and the oath of office was administered to the members by Governor Currier. The Senate organized by choosing Frank D. Currier, president; Ira A. Chase, clerk; Charles J. Hamblet, assistant clerk; Edward H. Wasson, sergeant-at-arms, and James M. Adams, messenger. Notice was sent the House that vacancies existed in senatorial districts 9, 12 and 17. In the House the roll call showed all the members present but three. John J. Bell of Exeter was chosen temporary Speaker. An organization was then effected by choosing Alvin Burleigh of Plymouth, Speaker; G.A. Dickey, clerk; Stephen S. Jewett, assistant clerk; Lewis Jenkins, sergeant-at-arms; Hiram E. Currier, George W. Varnum, Horace L. Ingalls, doorkeepers. The hours of meeting were fixed at 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. The rules of the last session were adopted. The officers of both branches are all Republicans. Both branches of the Legislature met in joint convention this afternoon and filled vacancies in the senatorial districts by electing Edmund E. Truesdell of Pembroke in district No. 9, Charles H. Looney of Milton in No. 12 and Edward O. Blunt of Nashua in No. 17. All those are Republicans. The ballot for Governor resulted as follows: Thomas Cogswell of Gilmanton, Democrat, 146; Charles H. Sawyer of Dover, Republican, 178. Mr. Sawyer was declared elected. A committee of one Senator and two Representatives was appointed to inform him of his election and to say that the Legislature awaited any communication he desired to make. Tuesday was designated as the day for drawing seats in the House. The sergeant-at-arms was directed to allow General Gilman Marston of Exeter and the Hon. Samuel B. Page of Haverhill to draw seats prior to that date. The Legislature then adjourned. Governor-elect Sawyer will be inaugurated tomorrow forenoon. There will be a procession of the entire State militia, with several independent military companies, and a large number of distinguished invited guests in carnages, should the weather be pleasant the parade will be one of the finest ever seen here (Boston Post, June 2, 1887).
One of the two losing candidates, John F. Hall (D) of Farmington, NH, petitioned for a recount of the original election. His petition was considered in July 1887 and rejected, leaving Senator Charles H. Looney (R) still in the District 12 senate seat.
New Hampshire Legislature. Concord, N.H., July 28. In the Senate this forenoon two reports were presented on petition of John F. Hall of Farmington, stating his belief that he had been chosen senator, and asking for a recount of the votes cast in the twelfth or Somersworth senatorial district at the last election. Senators Bailey, Stearns and Gilman reported that the vote of the district, as returned in the office of the secretary of state, was follows: Nathaniel Burnham (Prohibition) 65; Charles A. Looney (Republican) 1688; John F. Hall (Democrat) 1743. There being no choice, Mr. Looney was elected by the Legislature in joint convention. They reported recount unnecessary, and inexpedient, and they recommended, petitioners have leave to withdraw. Minority, Senators Rollins and Paine, recommended that the elections committee be instructed to immediately obtain and count the ballots cast in the district, now in custody of the secretary of state. On motion to substitute the minority for the majority report the first political debate of the session occurred, Senators Rollins, Pittman, Jameson, Paine and George advocating, and Senators Stearns, French Hersey opposing it. The motion was lost on a strict party vote, the Democrats voting affirmative and the Republicans in the negative. The report of the majority was than adopted and Mr. Hall given leave to withdraw, Senator Jameson said the minority desired to enter their protest against the action of the Senate in depriving Mr. Hall of his constitutional rights. Leave was granted and the formal protest of Democratic senators will be spread upon the records. In the House bills taking action against tenants and for the better enforcement of the pauper law were killed. An animated discussion occurred on the bill proposing to abolish highway districts and the office of highway surveyor, pending which the House adjourned. (Boston Evening Transcript, July 29, 1887).
Both Hall and Looney had been state representatives, from Farmington and Milton respectively, in the 1885-86 biennium.
REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS. E.E. and C.H. Looney, to J.F. Spinney, Milton, $100 (Farmington News, November 2, 1888).
Amos M. Roberts purchased the Looney & Downs grocery store in April 1889. Roberts appeared in the Milton directories of 1892, and 1894, as a Milton grocer or merchant.
LOCALS. Amos Roberts, of Milton, who formerly worked in [Farmington] town, has, with a Mr. Barrows, purchased the grocery business of Looney & Downs, and will attempt to scale the giddy heights of fortune from behind a counter (Farmington News, April 12, 1889).
Charles H. Looney was appointed an inspector of customs for the U.S. Customs House in Portsmouth, NH, in 1890. (He presumably commuted via Milton’s Railroad Line). He appeared in the Portsmouth directory of 1890, as an inspector at the Customs House. He was promoted to Deputy Collector there in March 1891. He held that office until November 1894.
NEW HAMPSHIRE NOTES. Hon. Charles H. Looney of Milton, N.H., an ex-member of the New Hampshire Senate, has been appointed Deputy Collector of the port of Portsmouth, N.H. (Springfield Reporter (Springfield, VT), March 27, 1891).
MILTON. At the republican caucus Saturday afternoon the following delegates were chosen to the different conventions: State – E.W. Fox and Frank Horner. Congressional – R.M. Kimball and C.D. Fox. Senatorial – Luther Hayes and B.B. Plummer. Councillor – Chas. A. Jones and S.W. Wallingford. County – Fred B. Roberts and C.W. Gross. Town Committee – Chas. H. Looney, president; B.B. Plummer, secretary; Luther Hayes, C.A. Jones, J.H. Avery, W.H.H. Pinkham, Fred B. Roberts, S.W. Wallingford, Charles D. Fox and Charles W. Gross (Farmington News, 1892).
Prior to leaving his Deputy Collector post at the U.S. Customs House in 1894, Charles H. Looney had entered into a grocery partnership with Amos M. Roberts (the same grocer who had bought out Looney & Downs in April 1889) in 1893.
MILTON. Repairs are being made on the house lately purchased by Looney & Avery [Looney & Roberts] of Albert Downes (Farmington News, September 15, 1893).
MILTON. C.H. Looney of the firm Looney & Roberts, was confined to the house with an attack of the grip last week, and this week his partner A.M. Roberts is taking his turn (Farmington News, February 15, 1895).
Charles H. Looney’s mother, Rhoda A. (Leighton) Looney, died of apoplexy in Milton, June 23, 1896, aged seventy-nine years, three months, and twenty-eight days. M.A.H. Hart, M.D., signed the death certificate.
HERE AND THERE. The funeral of Mrs. Rhoda Leighton Looney of Milton, the widow of the late Francis Looney formerly of England, took place at the home of her son, the Hon. C.H. Looney, on Wednesday. Among relations present were Mr. J.F. Hussey and his daughter, Mrs. Ned I. Parker of this [Farmington] town (Farmington News, June 26, 1896).
MILTON NEWS LETTER. C.H. Looney and family are at Oak Island cottage, York Beach, for two weeks (Farmington News, August 6, 1897).
Looney & Roberts appeared in the Milton directory of 1898, as Milton merchants. They appeared in both the grocer and general store categories.
At this time Looney accepted, after a gap of several years, a second appointment as Deputy Collector for the U.S. Customs office in Portsmouth, NH. He held this position for the remainder of his life.
Appointment for Charles Looney of Milton. PORTSMOUTH, N.H., March 12 – Collector of Customs Rufus N. Elwell has appointed Charles H. Looney of Milton deputy collector of customs, to succeed Nathaniel Winn, deceased. Mr. Looney is well known here, and served under Collector James E. Dodge from 1891 to 1895. His nomination has been forwarded to Washington (Boston Globe, March 12, 1898).
Charles H Looney, aged fifty years (b. NH), headed a Milton (“Milton 3-Ponds”) household at the time of the Twelfth (1900) Federal Census. His household included his wife (of twenty-nine years), Emily E. Looney, aged forty-five years (b. NH), his children, Ned F. Looney, a fair stitcher (shoes), aged twenty-seven years (b. NH), Walter E. Looney, aged twenty-two years (b. NH), Robert N. Looney, aged nineteen years (b. NH), and Harry H. Looney, at school, aged seventeen years (b. NH), and his daughter-in-law (Ned F. Looney’s wife; married within the year), Adelaide C. [(Sloan)] Looney, aged twenty-seven years (b. NH). Emily E. Looney was the mother of four children, of whom four were still living. Their household appeared in the enumeration between the households of Elvira V. Pierce, a housekeeper, aged seventy-nine years (b. NH), and Sophia Leighton, a housekeeper, aged seventy-six years (b. NH).
The NH General Court authorized incorporation of the Milton Water Works Company, March 21, 1901, with initial board members Malcom A.H. Hart, Charles H. Looney, S. Lyman Hayes, Charles D. Jones, Fred B. Roberts, Harry Avery, George E. Wentworth, Joseph H. Avery, Ira W. Jones, Arthur W. Dudley, Everett F. Fox, Henry F. Townsend, Freeman H. Lowd, William T. Wallace, Frank G. Horne, Charles A. Jones, and Nathaniel G. Pinkham. It established itself July 19, 1899, with Harry L. Avery as its treasurer (NH Secretary of State, 1901).
Hon. Charles H. Looney appeared in the Milton directory of 1902, as working at the Customs House in Portsmouth, NH, with his house at 54 South Main street, near Tappan street. Two of his sons, Walter E. Looney and Robert M. Looney, boarded with him; son Edward F. Looney had removed to Roxbury, MA.
Charles H. Looney died of apoplexy, i.e., a stroke, in Milton, April 23, 1902, aged fifty-two years. M.A.H. Hart, M.D., signed the death certificate.
HON. CHARLES H. LOONEY. Deputy Collector of This Port Dies at His Home in Milton. Word was received here at 10:30 o’clock this Wednesday morning of death at his home in Milton early in the morning hours of Hon. Charles H. Looney, deputy collector of customs of this port. Deceased suffered an apoplectic stroke Tuesday afternoon and from the first there was no hope for the sufferer. He lingered until 12:30 this Wednesday morning when he breathed his last. Hon. Charles H. Looney was born in Milton in 1849. He was educated in the public schools of his own town and at Berwick academy. After graduation he entered into business and was successful for a number of years. He drifted into politics and after holding all town offices of trust was made postmaster. In the years 1885-86 he represented his town in the legislature and the two following years he put in as state senator. He was appointed inspector of customs in 1890 and in 1892 was promoted to Deputy Collector which office he held until November, 1894. Again in 1898 he was appointed Deputy Collector and held the same at the time of his death. Deceased leaves a wife and four grown up sons on whom the sudden blow falls with an almost crushing force. He was a man of essentially home qualities and was bound up in the sons in whom he took great pride. He was a member of the Congregational church and also a Free Mason. The funeral will be held Saturday afternoon at two o’clock in Milton and the collector’s office in this city will undoubtedly be closed that afternoon in order that the collector and inspectors may attend the obsequies (Portsmouth Herald, April 23, 1902).
DECEASE OF HON. C.H. LOONEY. The many readers of the News who have enjoyed acquaintance with Charles H. Looney of Milton, for some time in his youth, of this town, will mourn deeply his sudden decease, early Wednesday morning. He had remained at home from Portsmouth, Tuesday, to attend the funeral of Charles Downs, and was taken ill in the cemetery, becoming unconscious immediately. Dr. M.A.H. Hart was called instantly to the side of his friend and neighbor, and superintended his removal to his home, while everything possible was done to restore him to consciousness. But nothing availed, and he passed away at about half-past twelve o’clock of the morning referred to, April 23. Mr. Looney has been always active in all good works, having at heart the welfare of the town, and having been a man of genuine public spirit. In 1887,88 he was a member of the state senate. He had been for two terms the deputy collector of customs at Portsmouth, and was in office at the time of his decease. He was a trustee of the Nute high school and a note received from Farmington friends, from one of the younger people in Milton, says that “the whole town was sad, for everyone loved Mr. Looney, and sympathized with the intense grief of of his wife and children.” And with deep sorrow for the loss of so good a friend there is prevalent in Milton the natural grief consequent upon the taking away of so generous and helpful a citizen. Mr. Looney was the son of the late Francis Looney of Manchester, England, and of Mrs. Rhoda Leighton Looney of Milton, and was in the fifty-third year of his age. He is survived by his wife, formerly Miss Emma Miller, and by their four sons, the eldest of whom is married. The younger two sons were with their father at the time of his death, and the others, with his daughter-in-law, arrived as soon as possible after learning of his illness. As a husband and father, Mr. Looney was most tender and indulgent, and liked to have his children ever with him. Words can not console the family thus bereaved of one so beloved, but sympathy for them who are so afflicted is warm and deep. The funeral will be held Saturday afternoon at 2 o’clock (Farmington News, April 25, 1902).
Emma E Looney, a widow, aged fifty-six years (b. NH), headed a Milton (“Milton 3-Ponds”) household at the time of the Thirteenth (1910) Federal Census. Her household included her children, Walter Looney, a customs house clerk, aged thirty-two years (b. NH), Robert M. Looney, a grammar school teacher, aged thirty years (b. NH), Harry N. Looney, a shoe factory cutter, aged twenty-seven years (b. NH), and John H. Looney, aged twenty-four years (b. NH). Emma E. Looney owned their house, free-and-clear. Emily E. Looney was the mother of four children, of whom four were still living. Their household appeared in the enumeration between the households of Seth F. Dawson, Jr., a leather-board manufacturer, aged thirty years years (b. MA), and Martha E. Bean, a widow, aged forty-five years (b. NH).
Local. At the regular meeting of Mary Torr Chapter, D.A.R., of Rochester, last Tuesday, Mrs. Emily Looney of Milton was elected regent (Farmington News, May 5, 1916).
Mrs. Charles H. Looney was president of the Milton Women’s Club on 1916 (Winslow, 1916).
Local. Many local friends were saddened to learn of the death of Ned Francis Looney, who died at the Haverhill hospital last Friday after a long illness of tuberculosis. He was 45 years of age and a native of Milton, the oldest son of Hon. Charles H. and Emma (Miller) Looney. He was married to the only daughter of John Waldron and the late Adelaide Cilley Waldron of this [Farmington] village in 1897. He is survived by his wife, his mother and three brothers, for whom much sympathy is felt. Funeral was held from the home of his mother at Milton last Sunday afternoon. Remains were placed in the family lot in the cemetery at Lebanon, Me. (Farmington News, April 26, 1918).
Emily E. Looney, a widow, aged sixty-five years (b. NH), headed a Milton (“Milton 3-Ponds”) household at the time of the Fourteenth (1920) Federal Census. Her household included her children, Walter E. Looney, a deputy collector, aged forty-one years (b. NH), Robert M. Looney, a broker, aged thirty-nine years (b. NH), and Harry H. Looney, a shoe shop cutter, aged thirty-seven years (b. NH). Their household appeared in the enumeration between the households of Arthur F. Remick, a house carpenter, aged thirty-eight years (b. NH), and S. Frank Dawson, a manufacturer (owner), aged forty years years (b. MA).
Emily Ellen (Miller) Looney died of a cerebral hemorrhage in Milton, April 22, 1921, aged sixty-six years, six months, and twenty-four days. M.A.H. Hart, M.D., signed the death certificate
NEW HAMPSHIRE. Milton Church Presented Flag. On Sunday evening, April 15, Milton Rev. N.W. Whitman, pastor, held a special service to receive a silk flag which has been placed in the church. The flag was presented to the town of Milton by the State Relief Corps in memory of Mrs. Emily E. Looney. At the desire of her sons it was placed in the church of which she was for many years a member and the faithful clerk (The Congregationalist, May 10, 1923).
Biographical Review. (1897). Biographical Review: Containing Life Sketches of Leading Citizens of Merrimack and Sullivan Counties, New Hampshire. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=C2sjAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA102
Find a Grave. (2018, August 7). George M. Herring. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/192045434/george-m.-herring
Find a Grave. (2017, September 17). John E. Twombly. Retrieved from www.findagrave.com/memorial/183480194/john-e-twombly
NH General Court. (1885). Journals of the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the State of New Hampshire. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=U-Y3AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA291
NH General Court. (1888). Journal of the Honorable Senate of the State of New Hampshire, June Session, 1887. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=7jwtAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA10
Scales, John. (1914). History of Strafford County, New Hampshire and Representative Citizens. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=nGsjAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA874
Winslow, Helen M. (1916). Register of Women’s Clubs. Retrieved from books.google.com/books?id=cXwfAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA137